Urochloa texana

Family:POACEAE
Species:Urochloa texana (Buckley) R. Webster
Common Name:Texas Millet; Texas Signalgrass; Texas Liverseed Grass
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:URTE2
Plant Notes:Texas Millet is an introduced warm season annual in the Grass family (Poaceae). It is native to Texan and northern Mexico. In Alabama it can be found in the southern half of the state. Texas Millet occurs on roadsides, in fields, along rail roads, on vacant lots, and in other disturbed, sandy sites. It is an erect or decumbent herbaceous annual with fibrous roots. The stems root at the nodes when in contact with the soil. The stems are green and pubescent. Leaf sheaths are pubescent with papillose-based hairs. The sheath margin is shortly ciliate, and the collars are pubescent. The leaves are alternate, lanceolate in outline, soft velvety pubescent on both surfaces, with ciliate margins basally. Flowers are produced in spike-like terminal panicles. The branches of the panicle are appressed/ascending. Spikelets are in 2-4 rows and appressed to the branches. The fruit is a grain. Texas Millet is sometimes planted for erosion control on roadsides and along newly constructed roads. It is also used as a wildlife food plot species for game birds such as dove and quail. It is a difficult weed to control in row crops as it is resistant to many commonly used herbicides. Texas Millet is available from many seed companies that sell grains or wildlife food species. It may be listed under older names such as Brachiaria texana (Buckley) S. T. Blake, or Panicum texanum Buckley.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPOACEAE - Grass family
Genus Urochloa
Species Urochloa texana (Buckley) R. Webster - Texas Millet; Texas Signalgrass; Texas Liverseed Grass

Citation

Citation UROCHLOA TEXANA (Buckley) R. D. Webster, Austral. Panic. 253. 1987.
Basionym: Panicum texanum Buckley 1866.
Type: TEXAS: Travis Co.: Austin, s.d., Buckley s.n. (lectotype: PH). Lectotypified by Hitchcock & Chase, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 15: 46. 1910.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Brachiaria texana Brachiaria texana (Buckley) S. T. Blake, Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 81: 7. 1969.Panicum texanum Buckley 1866. 
Panicum texanum Panicum texanum Buckley, Prelim. Rep. Surv. Texas, App. 3. 1866. TEXAS: Travis Co.: Austin, s.d., Buckley s.n. (lectotype: PH). Lectotypified by Hitchcock & Chase, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 15: 46. 1910.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Barbour, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Geneva, Henry, Houston, Lee, Marengo, Monroe, Montgomery, Pike, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL, UWFP

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1896 - 1896

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AUA000019851 Henry 2 Nov 1980 Webb, A.L.
224
AUA
Urochloa Texana (Buckley) R. Webster
UWAL0014808 Covington 10 Nov 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23553
UWAL
Urochloa texana (Buckley) R. Webster
UNA00058887 Blount 23 Oct 1999 Kral, Robert
88996
UNA
Urochloa texana (Buckl.) R. Webster
USAM000010808 Pike 09 Jul 1994 Diamond, Alvin R.
9262
USAM
Urochloa texana (Buckley) R. Webster
AUA000019852 Lee 5 Aug 1971 Spratling, R.E.
199
AUA
Urochloa Texana (Buckley) R. Webster
TROY000012896 Coffee 29 Sep 2000 Martin, Brian H.
973
TROY
Urochloa texana (Buckley) R. Webster
UWAL0012507 Marengo 25 Sep 2012 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13663
UWAL
Urochloa texana (Buckley) R. Webster
UWAL0042486 Bullock 26 Aug 2017 Horne, Howard E.
4148
UWAL
Urochloa texana (Buckley) R. Webster
TROY000026940 Pike 03 Aug 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19691
TROY
Urochloa texana (Buckley) R. Webster
TROY000043747 Houston 22 Oct 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26976
TROY
Urochloa texana (Buckley) R. Webster
UWAL0009162 Monroe 20 Sep 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
18285
UWAL
Urochloa texana (Buckl.) R. Webster
TROY000042831 Houston 03 Sep 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26774
TROY
Urochloa texana (Buckley) R. Webster
UNA00056918 Henry 14 Aug 1998 MacDonald, John R.
11748
UNA
Urochloa texana (Buckl.) R. Webster
TROY000012904 Monroe 20 Sep 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
18285
TROY
Urochloa texana (Buckley) R. Webster
TROY000012902 Dale 03 Jul 2000 Pennington, Tiffany
877
TROY
Urochloa texana (Buckley) R. Webster
TROY000012898 Coffee 30 Oct 2002 Shea, Thomas
4
TROY
Urochloa texana (Buckley) R. Webster
AUA000019853 Lee 6 Sep 1958 Banks, Donald J.
AUA
Urochloa Texana (Buckley) R. Webster
UNA00059485 Houston 08 Sep 2002 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11578
UNA
Urochloa texana (Buckl.) R. Webster
UWFP000020527acc Pike 06 Oct 2006 James R. Burkhalter
21177
UWFP
Urochloa texana (Buckley) R. Webster
TROY000012900 Coffee 09 Sep 2006 Hendrix, Jake
76
TROY
Urochloa texana (Buckley) R. Webster
AUA000019847 Coffee 17 Sep 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
5504
AUA
Urochloa Texana (Buckley) R. Webster
UWAL0013912 Bullock 14 Sep 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1282
UWAL
Urochloa texana (Buckley) R. Webster
AUA000019854 Lee 8 Aug 1971 Geno, Connie
184
AUA
Urochloa Texana (Buckley) R. Webster
AUA000027305 Calhoun 8 Oct 2009 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13212
AUA
Urochloa Texana (Buckley) R. Webster
TROY000012894 Butler 14 Jul 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
17800
TROY
Urochloa texana (Buckley) R. Webster
ALNHS00004295 Houston 02 Nov 2016 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#2703
ALNHS
Urochloa texana (Buckl.) R. Webster
AUA000019857 Pike 9 Jul 1994 Diamond, Alvin R.
9262
AUA
Urochloa Texana (Buckley) R. Webster
TROY000036259 Covington 10 Nov 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23553
TROY
Urochloa texana (Buckley) R. Webster
TROY000044535 Calhoun 08 Oct 2009 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13212
TROY
Urochloa texana (Buckley) R. Webster
TROY000012897 Coffee 08 Aug 2000 Martin, Brian H.
860
TROY
Urochloa texana (Buckley) R. Webster
UWAL0030935 Henry 25 Aug 1998 Kral, Robert
87738
UWAL
Urochloa texana (Buckl.) R. Webster
TROY000012899 Coffee 08 Sep 2002 Walters, Olivia
2
TROY
Urochloa texana (Buckley) R. Webster
UNA00065618 Butler 30 Sep 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16976
UNA
Urochloa texana (Buckl.) R. Webster
AUA000019849 Crenshaw 7 Aug 1995 Diamond, Alvin R.
9805
AUA
Urochloa Texana (Buckley) R. Webster
TROY000033462 Barbour 03 Sep 2011 Ryan, Lauren
75
TROY
Urochloa texana (Buckley) R. Webster
TROY000012903 Houston 08 Sep 2002 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11578
TROY
Urochloa texana (Buckley) R. Webster
UWAL0032020 Houston 03 Sep 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26774
UWAL
Urochloa texana (Buckley) R. Webster
TROY000012893 Wilcox 26 Jul 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
17819
TROY
Urochloa texana (Buckley) R. Webster
UWAL0018340 Covington 22 Aug 1995 Kral, Robert
85590
UWAL
Urochloa texana (Buckl.) R. Webster.
UWAL0033025 Houston 22 Oct 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26976
UWAL
Urochloa texana (Buckley) R. Webster
UWAL0045562 Bullock 28 Sep 2017 Horne, Howard E.
4240
UWAL
Urochloa texana (Buckley) R. Webster
TROY000029497 Montgomery 20 Oct 2009 Diamond, Alvin R.
21070
TROY
Urochloa texana (Buckley) R. Webster
TROY000036236 Bullock 14 Sep 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1282
TROY
Urochloa texana (Buckley) R. Webster
TROY000012895 Butler 30 Sep 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16976
TROY
Urochloa texana (Buckley) R. Webster
UWAL0009161 Dale 09 Nov 1980 Kral, Robert
66657
UWAL
Urochloa texana (Buckl.) R. Webster
AUA000019848 Conecuh 28 Aug 1987 Diamond, Alvin R.
3561
AUA
Urochloa Texana (Buckley) R. Webster
TROY000012901 Crenshaw 11 Oct 1998 Diamond, Alvin R.
11426
TROY
Urochloa texana (Buckley) R. Webster
AUA000019850 Henry 23 Oct 1981 Patterson, Mike
101
AUA
Urochloa Texana (Buckley) R. Webster
AUA000019856 Pike 15 Aug 1995 Diamond, Alvin R.
9845
AUA
Urochloa Texana (Buckley) R. Webster
UWAL0048091 Barbour 18 Nov 2018 Horne, Howard E.
4697
UWAL
Urochloa texana (Buckley) R. Webster
ALNHS00004295 Houston 02 Nov 2016 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#2703
ALNHS
Urochloa texana (Buckl.) R. Webster
AUA000019855 Pike 21 Aug 1996 Diamond, Alvin R.
10483
AUA
Urochloa Texana (Buckley) R. Webster
TROY000044664 Geneva 17 Aug 2017 Byrd, Cameron
1408
TROY
Urochloa texana (Buckley) R. Webster
UNA00005305 Lee 12 Oct 1896 Earle, Franklin S.
s.n.
UNA
Panicum texanum Buckl.
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