Triticum aestivum

Family:POACEAE
Species:Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
Common Name:Bread Wheat
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:TRAE
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPOACEAE - Grass family
Genus Triticum
Species Triticum aestivum Linnaeus - Bread Wheat

Citation

Citation TRITICUM AESTIVUM Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 85. 1753, nom. cons. vs. Triticum hybernum Linnaeus 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: Without data, Herb. Clifford 24(Triticum 3) (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Bowden, Canad. J. Bot. 37: 674. 1959.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Frumentum triticum Frumentum triticum E. H. L. Krause, Bot. Centralbl. 73: 339. 1898, nom. illegit.Triticum aestivum Linnaeus 1753. 
Triticum aegyptiacum Triticum aegyptiacum Mazzucato, Sopra Alc. Sp. Frum. 47, pl. 3. 1807.  
Triticum aestivum , var. hybernum Triticum aestivum Linnaeus, var. hybernum (Linnaeus) Fiori, in Fiori & Paoletti, Fl. Italia 1: 107. 1896.Triticum hybernum Linnaeus 1753. 
Triticum aestivum subsp. compactum Triticum aestivum Linnaeus, subsp. compactum (Host) Thellung, Naturwiss. Wochenschr. 17: 471. 1918.Triticum compactum Host 1809. 
Triticum aestivum subsp. hybernum Triticum aestivum Linnaeus, subsp. hybernum (Linnaeus) Hayek, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(3): 230. 1932.Triticum hybernum Linnaeus 1753. 
Triticum aestivum subsp. vulgare Triticum aestivum Linnaeus, subsp. vulgare (Villars) Thellung, Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 38: 142. 1912.Triticum vulgare Villars 1787. 
Triticum aestivum subsp. vulgare Triticum aestivum Linnaeus, subsp. vulgare (Ascherson & Graebner) Thellung, Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 38: 142. 1912, nom. inadmiss.Triticum tenax (Hackel) Ascherson & Graebner, subsp. vulgare Ascherson & Graebner 1901; Triticum vulgare Villars 1787, nom. illegit.; Triticum aestivum Linnaeus 1753. 
Triticum aestivum var. compactum Triticum aestivum Linnaeus, var. compactum (Host) Fiori, in Fiori & Paoletti, Fl. Italia 1: 107. 1896.Triticum compactum Host 1809. 
Triticum aestivum var. erythrospermum Triticum aestivum Linnaeus, var. erythrospermum (Körnicke) Hayek, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(3): 229. 1932.Triticum vulgare Villars, var. erythrospermum Körnicke 1873. 
Triticum aestivum var. typicum Triticum aestivum Linnaeus, var. typicum Fiori, in Fiori & Paoletti, Fl. Italia 1: 107. 1896, nom. inadmiss.Triticum aestivum Linnaeus 1753. 
Triticum cereale Triticum cereale Schrank, Baier. Fl. 1: 387. 1789, nom. illegit.Triticum aestivum Linnaeus 1753. 
Triticum cereale var. aestivum Triticum cereale Schrank, var. aestivum (Linnaeus) Schrank, Baier. Fl. 1: 387. 1789.Triticum aestivum Linnaeus 1753. 
Triticum cereale var. hybernum Triticum cereale Schrank, var. hybernum (Linnaeus) Schrank, Baier. Fl. 1: 387. 1789.Triticum hybernum Linnaeus 1753. 
Triticum compactum Triticum compactum Host, Icon. Descr. Gram. Austriac. 4: 4, t. 7. 1809. AUSTRIA
Triticum creticum Triticum creticum Mazzucato, Sopra Alc. Sp. Frum. 2, pl. 2. 1807.  
Triticum hybernum Triticum hybernum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 86. 1753, nom. rej. vs. Triticum aestivum Linnaeus 1753. Without data, Herb. Clifford 24(Triticum 2) (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Hanelt et al., Taxon 32: 492, 496. 1983.
Triticum imberbe Triticum imberbe Desvaux, Opusc. Sci. Phys. Nat. 166. 1831, nom. illegit.Triticum hybernum Linnaeus 1753. 
Triticum orientale Triticum orientale Percival, Wheat Pl. Monogr. 155, 204, f. 134. 1921, non Marschall von Bieberstein 1808.  
Triticum persicum Triticum persicum Vavilov, in Zhukov, Trudy Prikl. Bot. Selekc. 13: 46. 1923, non Aitchison & Hemsley 1888.  
Triticum pyramidale Triticum pyramidale Percival, Wheat Pl. Monogr. 156, 262, f. 161-162. 1921. EGYPT
Triticum sativum Triticum sativum Lamarck, Fl. Franc. 3: 625. 1779 ("1778"), nom. illegit.Triticum aestivum Linnaeus 1753. 
Triticum sativum subsp. vulgare Triticum sativum Lamarck, subsp. vulgare (Ascherson & Graebner) Hiitonen, Suom. Kasvio 224. 1933, nom. inadmiss.Triticum tenax (Hackel) Ascherson & Graebner, subsp. vulgare Ascherson & Graebner 1901; Triticum vulgare Villars 1787, nom. illegit.; Triticum aestivum Linnaeus 1753. 
Triticum sativum var. aestivum Triticum sativum Lamarck, var. aestivum A. W. Wood, Class-Book Bot., ed. 2. 619. 1847.  
Triticum sativum var. compactum Triticum sativum Lamarck, var. compactum (Host) Desvaux, Opusc. Sci. Phys. Nat. 164. 1831.Triticum compactum Host 1809. 
Triticum sativum var. erythrospermum Triticum sativum Lamarck, var. erythrospermum (Körnicke) Degen, Fl. Veleb. 1: 575. 1936.Triticum vulgare Villars, var. erythrospermum Körnicke 1873. 
Triticum sativum var. hybernum Triticum sativum Lamarck, var. hybernum A. W. Wood, Class-Book Bot., ed. 2. 619. 1847, non (Linnaeus) Saint-Amans 1821.  
Triticum sativum var. hybernum Triticum sativum Lamarck, var. hybernum (Linnaeus) Saint-Amans, Fl. Agen. 53. 1821.Triticum hybernum Linnaeus 1753. 
Triticum sativum var. vulgare Triticum sativum Lamarck, var. vulgare Desvaux, Opusc. Sci. Phys. Nat. 162. 1831, nom. illegit.Triticum cereale Schrank, var. aestivum (Linnaeus) Baumgarten 1817; Triticum vulgare Villars 1787, nom. illegit.; Triticum aestivum Linnaeus 1753. 
Triticum segetale Triticum segetale Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 27. 1796, nom. illegit.Triticum aestivum Linnaeus 1753. 
Triticum tenax subsp. compactum Triticum tenax (Hackel) Ascherson & Graebner, subspr. compactum (Host) Ascherson & Graebner, Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2: 686. 1901.Triticum compactum Host 1809. 
Triticum tenax subsp. vulgare Triticum tenax (Hackel) Ascherson & Graebner, subsp. vulgare Ascherson & Graebner, Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2: 683. 1901.Triticum vulgare Villars 1787, nom. illegit.; Triticum aestivum Linnaeus 1753. 
Triticum tenax var. aegyptiacum Triticum tenax (Hackel) Ascherson & Graebner, var. aegyptiacum (Mazzucato) Ascherson & Graebner, Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2: 684. 1901.Triticum aegyptiacum Mazzucato 1807. 
Triticum tenax var. creticum Triticum tenax (Hackel) Ascherson & Graebner, var. creticum (Mazzucato) Ascherson & Graebner, Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2: 687. 1901.Triticum creticum Mazzucato 1807. 
Triticum tenax var. erythrospermum Triticum tenax (Hackel) Ascherson & Graebner, var. erythrospermum (Körnicke) Ascherson & Graebner, Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2: 685. 1901.Triticum vulgare Villars, var. erythrospermum Körnicke 1873. 
Triticum vulgare Triticum vulgare Villars, Hist. Pl. Dauphine 2: 153. 1787, nom. illegit.Triticum aestivum Linnaeus 1753. 
Triticum vulgare subsp. compactum Triticum vulgare Villars, subsp. compactum (Host) Link, Hort. Berol. 2: 182. 1833.Triticum compactum Host 1809. 
Triticum vulgare subsp. euvulgare Triticum vulgare Villars, subsp. euvulgare Brand, in W. D. J. Koch, Syn. Deut. Schweiz. Fl., ed. 3. 2792. 1907, nom. inadmiss.Triticum vulgare Villars 1787, nom. inadmiss.; Triticum aestivum Linnaeus) 
Triticum vulgare var. aestivum Triticum vulgare Villars, var. aestivum (Linnaeus) Spenner, Fl. Friburg. 1: 163. 1825.Triticum aestivum Linnaeus 1753. 
Triticum vulgare var. compactum Triticum vulgare Villars, var. compactum (Host) Spenner, Fl. Friburg. 1: 163. 1825.Triticum compactum Host 1809. 
Triticum vulgare var. creticum Triticum vulgare Villars, var. creticum (Mazzucato) Seringe, Ann. Soc. Roy. Agric. Lyon 5: 142. 1842.Triticum creticum Mazzucato 1807. 
Triticum vulgare var. erythrospermum Triticum vulgare Villars, var. erythrospermum Körnicke, Syst. Uebers. Cereal. 11. 1873. GERMANY
Triticum vulgare var. hybernum Triticum vulgare Villars, var. hybernum (Linnaeus) Spenner, Fl. Friburg. 1: 163. 1825.Triticum hybernum Linnaeus 1753. 
Zeia vulgaris Zeia vulgaris (Ascherson & Graebner) Lunell, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 226. 1915, nom. illegit.Triticum tenax (Hackel) Ascherson & Graebner, subsp. vulgare Ascherson & Graebner 1901; Triticum vulgare Villars 1787, nom. illegit.; Triticum aestivum Linnaeus 1753. 
Zeia vulgaris var. aestiva Zeia vulgaris (Ascherson & Graebner) Lunell, var. aestiva (Linnaeus) Lunell, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 226. 1915.Triticum aestivum Linnaeus 1753. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Blount, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Clay, Cleburne, Colbert, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, DeKalb, Etowah, Franklin, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Madison, Marion, Marshall, Mobile, Montgomery, Morgan, Randolph, Shelby, St. Clair, Talladega, Walker, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1996 - 2003

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AUA000019790 Limestone 22 JUN 1969 ATKESON, THOMAS D.
051
AUA
TRITICUM AESTIVUM L.
JSU105566 Lawrence 23 May 1974 R. D. Whetstone
3165
JSU
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
JSU105556 Cherokee 21 Jun 1985 B. B. Lyons
77
JSU
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
UNA00059920 Limestone 26 May 1996 D. D. Spaulding
8930
UNA
Triticum aestivum L.
TROY000012861 Butler 06 May 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17512
TROY
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
TROY000030076 Covington 15 Apr 2009 Curtis J. Hansen
3666
TROY
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
TROY000027593 Calhoun 13 May 1976 G. Wayner
616
TROY
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
JSU105560 Etowah 05 May 1994 L. M. Hodge
1368
JSU
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
AUA000019792 Montgomery 6 MAY 1978 NELSON, GLENN
137
AUA
TRITICUM AESTIVUM L.
JSU105553 Calhoun 27 May 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11132
JSU
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
TROY000029627 Baldwin 15 May 2008 Terry Wayne Barger
627
TROY
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
JSU105575 Talladega 15 Oct 1994 J. M. Ballard
5263
JSU
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
JSU105554 Calhoun 12 May 1986 C. L. Lawler
447
JSU
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
JSU105573 St. Clair 10 May 1984 Donna Beavers
s.n.
JSU
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
UWAL0014317 Lawrence 27 Apr 2012 England, J. Kevin
3346
UWAL
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
AUA000019791 Marshall 7 JUN 1960 BANKS, DONALD J.
209
AUA
TRITICUM AESTIVUM L.
JSU105567 Limestone 26 May 1996 R. D. Whetstone
17810
JSU
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
JSU105572 St. Clair 12 May 1981 Burk Yarbrough
61
JSU
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
UNA00061093 Walker 03 May 2003 D. D. Spaulding
11809
UNA
Triticum aestivum L.
TROY000012862 Butler 10 May 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17531
TROY
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
JSU142757 Madison 11 May 1996 D. D. Spaulding
8373
JSU
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
AUA000019783 Conecuh 11 MAY 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2485
AUA
TRITICUM AESTIVUM L.
UWAL0009880 Limestone 28 Mar 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7036
UWAL
Triticum aestivum L.
JSU105565 Lawrence 04 May 1996 R. D. Whetstone
17465
JSU
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
TROY000027594 DeKalb 13 May 2002 Daniel D. Spaulding
11280
TROY
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
JSU105570 Morgan 19 May 1996 R. D. Whetstone
17644
JSU
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
UWAL0010089 Butler 10 Apr 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
21884
UWAL
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
UWAL0017254 Lawrence 10 May 2013 England, J. Kevin
4216
UWAL
Triticum aestivum L.
AUA000019788 Lee 2 MAY 1969 WHATLEY, JAMES L.
032
AUA
TRITICUM AESTIVUM L.
TROY000027595 Marion 03 Jun 2002 Brian R. Keener
2154
TROY
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
JSU105551 Blount 29 May 1974 T. A. Atkinson
280
JSU
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
USAM000012781 Baldwin 20 Apr 1974 Michael G. LeLong
7646
USAM
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
USAM000012780 Mobile 18 May 1969 Michael G. LeLong
5108
USAM
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
AUA000025019 Covington 15 APR 2009 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3666
AUA
TRITICUM AESTIVUM L.
JSU105559 Colbert 26 May 1996 R. D. Whetstone
17835
JSU
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
USAM000012779 Mobile 09 May 1968 Michael G. LeLong
4527
USAM
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
UNA00055954 Dale 10 Apr 1998 John R. MacDonald
11011
UNA
Triticum aestivum L.
TROY000012863 Montgomery 11 May 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17557
TROY
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
UNA00058053 Marion 03 Jun 2002 Brian R. Keener
2154
UNA
Triticum aestivum L.
JSU105568 Marshall 19 May 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1734
JSU
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
AUA000019784 Covington 6 MAY 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4699
AUA
TRITICUM AESTIVUM L.
TROY000045556 Lawrence 27 Apr 2012 J. Kevin England
3346
TROY
triticum aestivum Linnaeus
JSU105562 Jackson 01 Jun 1993 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
TROY000027597 Walker 03 May 2003 Daniel D. Spaulding
11809
TROY
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
JSU105552 Blount 28 May 1975 R. D. Whetstone
4038
JSU
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
TROY000012865 Dale 26 Apr 1998 Hannelore Rundell
597
TROY
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
JSU105564 Jefferson 09 May 1984 J. P. Barber
180
JSU
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
AUA000019785 Crenshaw 30 APR 1995 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9532
AUA
TRITICUM AESTIVUM L.
JSU105557 Clay 11 May 1994 J. M. Ballard
3939
JSU
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
UWAL0036255 Mobile 07 May 2017 Horne, Howard E.
3898
UWAL
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
JSU105576 Winston 07 Jun 1975 R. D. Whetstone
4514
JSU
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
TROY000034452 Montgomery 25 Apr 2010 Alvin R. Diamond
21290
TROY
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
JSU105569 Marshall 20 May 1974 R. D. Whetstone
2759
JSU
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
JSU105555 Cherokee 21 Jun 1985 B. B. Lyons
77
JSU
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
UWAL0014361 Franklin 16 May 2014 England, J. Kevin
4847
UWAL
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
AUA000019786 Lee 26 APR 1955 MOORE, WILLIAM H.
AUA
TRITICUM AESTIVUM L.
UWAL0010926 Houston 05 Apr 2007 Kral, R.
97852
UWAL
Triticum aestivum L.
TROY000035978 Limestone 28 Mar 2012 Brian R. Keener
7036
TROY
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
AUA000019789 Lee 15 MAY 1922 SIMMONS, W. ELLIS
AUA
TRITICUM AESTIVUM L.
TROY000012864 Crenshaw 16 Apr 1995 Michael Woods
6501
TROY
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
JSU105574 Shelby 04 Apr 1993 R. D. Whetstone
16309
JSU
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
TROY000027596 Randolph 05 May 2002 Daniel D. Spaulding
11238
TROY
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
JSU105571 Morgan 31 May 1974 R. D. Whetstone
2904
JSU
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
UWAL0009665 Montgomery 25 Apr 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21290
UWAL
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
JSU105561 Jackson 29 Apr 1998 K. R. Brodeur
552
JSU
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
AUA000019787 Lee 30 MAY 1970 EVANS, R. W.
187
AUA
TRITICUM AESTIVUM L.
JSU105563 Jackson 27 May 1974 T. A. Atkinson
257
JSU
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
JSU105558 Cleburne 09 May 1979 R. D. Whetstone
9708
JSU
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
USAM000012778 Mobile 16 May 1980 Michael G. LeLong
11075
USAM
Triticum aestivum Linnaeus
First Page Previous Page Next Page Last Page
Records per Page: