Schizachyrium tenerum

Family:POACEAE
Species:Schizachyrium tenerum Nees
Common Name:Slender Bluestem; Slender False Bluestem
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:SCTE5
Plant Notes:Slender Bluestem is a native herbaceous perennial in the Grass family (Poaceae). It can be found in the southern third of Alabama. Slender Bluestem occurs in dry Longleaf Pine forests, in scrub oak woods, in coastal prairies, and in sandhills. It is a perennial with a fibrous root system. Plants are cespitose, forming distinct clumps. Stems are 2-3 feet in length and are reclining or decumbent. Leaves are linear and usually glabrous. They are often revolute. Along the center of the upper surface of the leaf there is a wide central stripe of white, spongy tissue. Flowers are produced in pairs of spikelets arranged in a terminal raceme. One spikelet of the pair is sessile, the other pedicellate. Sessile spikelets have lower glumes that are glabrous and upper lemmas that are entire and acute. The lemmas have long twisted awns. The pedicellate spikelets are sterile and lack an awn. Slender Bluestem was once an important component of coastal prairie grasslands and of the Longleaf Pine/Wiregrass community. Slender Bluestem is not as shade tolerant as other grasses and requires frequent fire to remove competition from woody species and accumulated litter. It also does not tolerate close grazing, trampling, or mechanical disturbance.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FAC (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPOACEAE - Grass family
Genus Schizachyrium
Species Schizachyrium tenerum Nees - Slender Bluestem; Slender False Bluestem

Citation

Citation SCHIZACHYRIUM TENERUM Nees von Esenbeck, in Martius, Fl. Bras. Enum. Pl. 2(1): 336. 1829.
Basionym: **
Type: BRAZIL: Rio Grande do Sul: Without data, Sellow s.n. (holotype: B; isotypes: K, US).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Andropogon campestris Andropogon campestris Kunth, Enum. Pl. 1: 489. 1833, nom. illegit. et non Trinius 1832.Andropogon neesii Trinius 1832; Schizachyrium filiforme Nees von Esenbeck 1829. 
Andropogon gracile Andropogon gracile J. Presl, in C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 336. 1830, non Sprengel 1825. PERU: Huánuco: Without data, Haenke s.n. (holotype: PR; isotypes: BM, MO, W).
Andropogon leptophyllus Andropogon leptophyllus Trinius, Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Petersbourg, Ser. 6, Sci. Math. 2: 264. 1832, nom. illegit.Schizachyrium tenerum Nees von Esenbeck 1829. 
Andropogon neesii Andropogon neesii Trinius, Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Petersburg, Ser. 6, Sci. Math. 2(3): 263. 1832.Schizachyrium filiforme Nees von Esenbeck 1829. 
Andropogon preslii Andropogon preslii Kunth, Revis. Gramin., Suppl. 39. 1830.Andropogon gracile J. Presl 1830, non Sprengel 1825.  
Andropogon tener var. dubius Andropogon tener (Nees von Esenbeck) Kunth, var. dubius (Nees von Esenbeck) Hackel, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 2(3): 302. 1883.Elionurus dubius Nees von Esenbeck 1829. 
Andropogon tener var. filiformis Andropogon tener (Nees von Esenbeck) Kunth, var. filiformis (Nees von Esenbeck) Hackel, in Alph. de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 6: 379. 1889, nom. illegit.Andropogon tener (Nees) Kunth, var. neesii (Trinius) Hackel 1883; Andropogon neesii Trinius 1832; Schizachyrium filiforme Nees von Esenbeck 1829. 
Andropogon tener var. genuinus Andropogon tener (Nees von Esenbeck) Kunth, var. genuinus Hackel, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 2(3): 301. 1883, nom. inadmiss.Andropogon tener (Nees von Esenbeck) Kunth 1830; Schizachyrium tenerum Nees von Esenbeck 1829. 
Andropogon tener var. neesii Andropogon tener (Nees von Esenbeck) Kunth, var. neesii (Trinius) Hackel, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 2(3): 301. 1883.Andropogon neesii Trinius 1832; Schizachyrium filiforme Nees von Esenbeck 1829. 
Andropogon tener Andropogon tener (Nees von Esenbeck) Kunth, Revis. Gramin., Suppl. 39. 1830.Schizachyrium tenerum Nees von Esenbeck 1829. 
Elionurus dubius Elionurus dubius Nees von Esenbeck, in Martius, Fl. Bras. Enum. Pl. 2: 358. 1829. RAZIL: Bahia:
Schizachyrium filiforme Schizachyrium filiforme Nees von Esenbeck, in Martius, Fl. Bras. Enum. Pl. 2: 338. 1829. BRAZIL: Minas Gerais: Itambe do Mato, s.d., Martius s.n. (holotype: M).
Schizachyrium tenerum var. filiforme Schizachyrium tenerum Nees von Esenbeck, var. filiforme (Nees von Esenbeck) Roberty, Boissiera 9: 226. 1960, nom. illegit.Andropogon tener (Nees) Kunth, var. neesii (Trinius) Hackel 1883; Andropogon neesii Trinius 1832; Schizachyrium filiforme Nees von Esenbeck 1829. 
Schizachyrium tenerum var. scabriglume Schizachyrium tenerum Nees von Esenbeck, var. scabriglume (Hackel) Roberty, Boissiera 9: 226. 1960.Andropogon tener (Nees von Esenbeck) Kunth, subvar. scabriglumis Hackel 1889. 
Sorghum tenerum Sorghum tenerum (Nees von Esenbeck) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 792. 1891.Schizachyrium tenerum Nees von Esenbeck 1829. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Barbour, Butler, Choctaw, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Escambia, Geneva, Henry, Houston, Mobile, Monroe, Pike

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1885 - 1992

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000012677 Conecuh 14 Oct 2000 Diamond, Alvin R.
12176
TROY
Schizachyrium tenerum Nees
JSU100794 Conecuh 01 Sep 1970 Kral, Robert
40957
JSU
Schizachyrium tenerum Nees
UWAL0035521 Mobile 11 Jun 2014 Horne, Howard E.
2577
UWAL
Schizachyrium tenerum Nees
USAM000012564 Mobile 26 Jul 1967 LeLong, Michel G.
3416
USAM
Schizachyrium tenerum Nees
AUA000019117 Conecuh 1 Sep 1970 Kral, Robert
40957
AUA
Schizachyrium Tenerum Nees
UNA00003359 Mobile 08 Sep 1965 Deramus, Rebecca
D783
UNA
Andropogon tener (Nees) Kunth
TROY000034094 Pike 16 Dec 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22766
TROY
Schizachyrium tenerum Nees
USAM000012562 Baldwin 23 Aug 1976 LeLong, Michel G.
9432
USAM
Schizachyrium tenerum Nees
UWAL0009105 Covington 25 Oct 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
20353
UWAL
Schizachyrium tenerum Nees
TROY000012675 Conecuh 09 Sep 2000 Diamond, Alvin R.
12111
TROY
Schizachyrium tenerum Nees
AUA000019114 Baldwin 21 Aug 1960 Searcy, V.S.
AUA
Schizachyrium Tenerum Nees
TROY000026915 Covington 25 Oct 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
20353
TROY
Schizachyrium tenerum Nees
AUA000019120 Crenshaw 1 Sep 1989 Diamond, Alvin R.
6316
AUA
Schizachyrium Tenerum Nees
AUA000019115 Butler 11 Sep 1987 Diamond, Alvin R.
3604
AUA
Schizachyrium Tenerum Nees
UNA00003364 Mobile 01 Aug 1885 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Andropogon tener (Nees) Kunth
UNA00048580 Houston 06 Sep 1992 MacDonald, John R.
5407
UNA
Andropogon tener (Nees) Kunth
AUA000019121 Crenshaw 26 Nov 1995 Diamond, Alvin R.
10117
AUA
Schizachyrium Tenerum Nees
UWAL0030841 Mobile 18 Aug 1987 Kral, Robert
74375
UWAL
Andropogon tenera (Nees) Kunth
USAM000012563 Choctaw 10 Oct 1974 Kral, Robert
54675
USAM
Schizachyrium tenerum Nees
TROY000028303 Butler 10 Aug 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19747
TROY
Schizachyrium tenerum Nees
AUA000037830 Escambia 25 Oct 2011 Hansen, Curtis J.
5328
AUA
Schizachyrium Tenerum Nees
TROY000012678 Monroe 03 Nov 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
16017
TROY
Schizachyrium tenerum Nees
AUA000019125 Pike 11 Oct 1992 Diamond, Alvin R.
8480
AUA
Schizachyrium Tenerum Nees
ALNHS00003550 Baldwin 27 Aug 2015 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#1955
ALNHS
Schizachyrium tenerum Nees
TROY000012676 Conecuh 08 Sep 2001 Diamond, Alvin R.
12638
TROY
Schizachyrium tenerum Nees
AUA000019124 Monroe 3 Nov 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
16017
AUA
Schizachyrium Tenerum Nees
UWAL0043703 Baldwin 03 Sep 2006 Larsen, Harry S.
1537
UWAL
Schizachyrium tenerum Nees
AUA000019126 Pike 10 Aug 1989 Diamond, Alvin R.
6261
AUA
Schizachyrium Tenerum Nees
AUA000019118 Conecuh 12 Sep 1987 Diamond, Alvin R.
3609
AUA
Schizachyrium Tenerum Nees
TROY000026916 Henry 07 Nov 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
20405
TROY
Schizachyrium tenerum Nees
AUA000019123 Mobile 23 Sep 1981 Henderson, T.
616
AUA
Schizachyrium Tenerum Nees
TROY000026914 Barbour 11 Sep 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19960
TROY
Schizachyrium tenerum Nees
TROY000045313 Geneva 27 Aug 2017 Byrd, Cameron
1453
TROY
Schizachyrium tenerum Nees
UWAL0006278 Escambia 23 Sep 1982 Kral, Robert
69586
UWAL
Schzachyrium tenerum Nees
AUA000019122 Dale 20 Sep 1992 Diamond, Alvin R.
8457
AUA
Schizachyrium Tenerum Nees
JSU100795 Covington 01 Sep 1970 Kral, Robert
41000
JSU
Schizachyrium tenerum Nees
USAM000012561 Mobile 26 Oct 1967 LeLong, Michel G.
3882
USAM
Schizachyrium tenerum Nees
UWAL0010038 Pike 16 Dec 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22766
UWAL
Schizachyrium tenerum Nees
UWAL0006208 Houston 25 Sep 1982 Kral, Robert
69714
UWAL
Schizachyrium tenerum Nees
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