Poa pratensis

Family:POACEAE
Species:Poa pratensis Linnaeus
Common Name:Kentucky Bluegrass; June Bluegrass; Speargrass
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:POPR
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native, FACU+ (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPOACEAE - Grass family
Genus Poa
Species Poa pratensis Linnaeus - Kentucky Bluegrass; June Bluegrass; Speargrass

Citation

Citation POA PRATENSIS Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 67. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: RUSSIA: Prov. Saint Petersburg, 5 km SW, 26 Jun 1997, Tzvelev N-257 (holotype: BM; isotypes: B, C, CAN, CONC, H, K, KW, L, LE, LIV, MA, MO, MW, NSW, P, PE, PR, S, SI, TNS, US, W), typ. cons.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Paneion pratense Paneion pratense (Linnaeus) Lunell, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 222. 1915.Poa pratensis Linnaeus 1753. 
Poa anceps Poa anceps (Gaudin) Hegetschweiler-Bodmer & Heer, in Hegetschweiler-Bodmer, Fl. Schweiz 81. 1838, non G. Forster 1786, nec C. Presl 1820.Poa pratensis Linnaeus, var. anceps Gaudin 1828. 
Poa angustifolia subsp. costata Poa angustifolia Linnaeus, subsp. costata (Schumacher) K. Richter, Pl. Eur. 1: 87. 1890.Poa costata Schumacher 1801. 
Poa angustifolia var. angustiglumis Poa angustifolia Linnaeus, var. angustiglumis (Roshevitz) Voroschilov, Byull. Glavn. Bot. Sada (Moscow) 150: 56. 1988.Poa angustiglumis Roshevitz 1932. 
Poa angustifolia var. pratensis Poa angustifolia Linnaeus, var. pratensis (Linnaeus) Simonkai, Enum. Fl. Transsilv. 580. 1887.Poa pratensis Linnaeus 1753. 
Poa angustiglumis Poa angustiglumis Roshevitz, Izv. Bot. Sada Akad. Nauk SSSR 30: 773. 1932. RUSSIA: Siberia: Basin of Ussuri-Daubikhy Rivers, Izvestka village, 28 Jun 1913, Komarov 347 (lectotype: LE). Lectotypified by Tzvelev, Zlaki SSSR 456. 1976.
Poa articulata Poa articulata Ovczinnikov, Izv. Otd. Estestv. Nauk 17: 38. 1957 ("1956"), non Schrank 1824, nec Kunth 1833.  
Poa boliviensis Poa boliviensis Hackel, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 25. 1912. BOLIVIA: La Paz: Hacienda Huancapampa near Palca, May 1910, Buchtien 2536 (holotype: W; isotype: US(fragm)).
Poa bourgeaei Poa bourgeaei E. Fournier, Mexic. Pl. 2: 113. 1886. MEXICO: Distrito Federal: Near San Angel, 23 May 1865, Bourgeau 225 (holotype: P; isotype: US).
Poa costata Poa costata Schumacher, Enum. Pl. 1: 28. 1801. DENMARK
Poa garanica Poa garanica Ikonnikov, Novosti Sist. Vyss. Rast. 15: 221. 1979.Poa articulata Ovczinnikov 1957, non Schrank 1824, nec Kunth 1833. 
Poa gelida Poa gelida Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 2: 540. 1817. GREENLAND
Poa heterophylla Poa heterophylla Scheele, Flora 27: 58. 1844. GERMANY
Poa ianthoides Poa ianthoides Roivainen, Ann. Bot. Soc. Zool.-Bot. Fenn. "Vanamo" 28: 199. 1954. ARGENTINA
Poa intermedia Poa intermedia Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 252. 1854, non Koeler 1802. GREENLAND: Near Col. Friedrichsthal, s.d., Herb. Hohenacker s.n. (holotype: P?; isotypes: LE(2 shts), US).
Poa lejeunei Poa lejeunei Dumortier, Observ. Gramin. Belg. 112. 1824. BELGIUM
Poa magensiana Poa magensiana Potztal, Willdenowia 2: 168. 1959. CHILE: Cult. in Berlin, 1957, Magens 3350A (holotype: B; isotype: HIP).
Poa malmundariensis Poa malmundariensis Lejeune, Fl. Spa 1: 50. 1811. BELGIUM
Poa maydellii Poa maydellii Roshevitz, Izv. Bot. Sada Akad. Nauk SSSR 30: 774. 1932. RUSSIA: Siberia: Prov. Irkutskaya: Koeskoemdae, 7-24 Jul 1867, Maydell s.n. (holotype: LE; isotype: LE).
Poa oligeria Poa oligeria Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 426. 1854. CHILE: Magallanes: Near Sandy Point, s.d., Lechler 1192 (holotype: P?; isotypes: LE, US(fragm), W).
Poa peckii Poa peckii Chase, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 28: 54, f. 2. 1938. OREGON: Jefferson Co.: Along Metolius River near Camp Sherman, 11 Jul 1937, Peck 19804 (holotype: US).
Poa pinegensis Poa pinegensis Roshevitz, Izv. Bot. Sada Akad. Nauk SSSR 30: 775. 1932.  
Poa pratensis var. anceps Poa pratensis Linnaeus, var. anceps Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 1: 260. 1828. SWITZERLAND
Poa pratensis var. angustiglumis Poa pratensis Linnaeus, var. angustiglumis (Roshevitz) Bondar ex O. N. Korovina, Nauchno-Tekhn. Byull. Vsesoyuzn. Ordena Druzhby Narodov Nauchno-Issl. Inst. Rasteniev N. I. Vavilova 81: 35. 1978.Poa angustiglumis Roshevitz 1932. 
Poa pratensis var. costata Poa pratensis Linnaeus, var. costata (Schumacher) Fries, Summa Veg. Scand. 76. 1846.Poa costata Schumacher 1801. 
Poa pratensis var. domestica Poa pratensis Linnaeus, var. domestica Laestadius, Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Handl. 22: 328. 1822. SWEDEN
Poa pratensis var. heterophylla Poa pratensis Linnaeus, var. heterophylla (Scheele) Ascherson & Graebner, Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 433. 1900.Poa heterophylla Scheele 1844. 
Poa pratensis var. laxiflora Poa pratensis Linnaeus, var. laxiflora Lange, Consp. Fl. Groenland 1: 177. 1880. GREENLAND
Poa pratensis var. lejeunei Poa pratensis Linnaeus, var. lejeunei (Dumortier) Ascherson & Graebner, Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 430. 1900.Poa Dumortier 1824. 
Poa pratensis var. macounii Poa pratensis Linnaeus, var. macounii B. Boivin, Provancheria 12: 62. 1981. CANADA: British Columbia: Kicking Horse Lake, Rocky Mts., s.d., Macoun 29182 (holotype: CAN).
Poa pratensis var. pinegensis Poa pratensis Linnaeus, var. pinegensis (Roshevitz) Bondar ex O. N. Korovina, Nauchno-Tekhn. Byull Vsesoyuzn. Ordena Druzhby Narodov Nauchno-Issl. Inst. Rasteniev. N. I. Vavilova 81: 36. 1978.Poa pinegensis Roshevitz 1932. 
Poa pratensis var. stricta Poa pratensis Linnaeus, var. stricta Hooker, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 246. 1840. CANADA: Saskatchewan: Cumberland House to Bear Lake, s.d., Richardson s.n. (holotype: K; isotype: US(fragm)).
Poa pratensis var. transnominata Poa pratensis Linnaeus, var. transnominata Bondar ex O. N. Korovina, Nauchno-Tekhn. Byull. Vsesoyuzn. Ordena Druzhby Narodov Nauchno-Issl. Inst. Rasteniev. N. I. Vavilova 81: 36. 1979.Poa articulata Ovczinnikov 1957, non Schrank 1824, nec Kunth 1833. 
Poa pratensis var. urjanchaica Poa pratensis Linnaeus, var. urjanchaica (Roshevitz) Bondar ex O. N. Korovina, Nauchno-Tekhn. Byull Vsesoyuzn. Ordena Druzhby Narodov Nauchno-Issl. Inst. Rasteniev. N. I. Vavilova 81: 36. 1978.Poa urjanchaica Roshevitz 1932. 
Poa pubescens Poa pubescens Lejeune, Fl. Spa 1: 50. 1811, non R. Brown 1810. BELGIUM
Poa urjanchaica Poa urjanchaica Roshevitz, Izv. Bot. Sada Akad. Nauk SSSR 30: 777. 1932. CHINA: Mongolia: Usinsk territory and adjoining parts of Uryankhaiske steppes, 1907, Shulga s.n. (holotype: MW; isotype: LE).
Poa viridis Poa viridis Schreber ex Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 1: 79. 1814, non Rafinesque 1809..  

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Blount, Butler, Calhoun, Cleburne, Cullman, DeKalb, Etowah, Geneva, Greene, Hale, Jackson, Jefferson, Lee, Marshall, Montgomery, Shelby, St. Clair, Tuscaloosa, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1875 - 1997

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UNA00005724 Cullman _ May 1892 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Poa pratensis L.
JSU100727 Jackson 23 Apr 1999 K. R. Brodeur
1751
JSU
Poa pratensis Linnaeus
JSU142758 Marshall 22 Apr 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1372
JSU
Poa pratensis Linnaeus
UNA00005704 Hale 25 May 1893 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Poa pratensis L.
AUA000018904 Cleburne 16 MAY 1976 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
2827
AUA
POA PRATENSIS L.
JSU100726 Etowah 06 May 1996 L. Hodge-Spaulding
4467
JSU
Poa pratensis Linnaeus
JSU100732 Marshall 23 Apr 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1454
JSU
Poa pratensis Linnaeus
UNA00005754 Tuscaloosa 06 May 1875 Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Poa pratensis L.
JSU142729 Etowah 16 Apr 1994 L. M. Hodge
1176
JSU
Poa pratensis Linnaeus
JSU100728 Jackson 29 Apr 1998 K. R. Brodeur
573
JSU
Poa pratensis Linnaeus
JSU100733 Marshall 22 Apr 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1353
JSU
Poa pratensis Linnaeus
UNA00005734 Tuscaloosa s.d. Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Poa pratensis L.
UNA00005744 Winston _ May 1881 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Poa pratensis L.
JSU100730 Jefferson 09 May 1984 J. P. Barber
199
JSU
Poa pratensis Linnaeus
UNA00005709 Hale 09 May 1966 Sherrie E. Maginness
236
UNA
Poa pratensis L.
UNA00005798 Butler 16 May 1898 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Poa pratensis L.
AUA000038154 Jackson 08 Apr 2016 ENGLAND, J. KEVIN
6104
AUA
POA PRATENSIS L. SSP. PRATENSIS
AUA000018905 Cleburne 16 MAY 1976 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
2749
AUA
POA PRATENSIS L.
JSU100729 Jackson 04 May 1994 D. D. Spaulding
6123
JSU
Poa pratensis Linnaeus
AUA000018885 Lee 20 APR 1960 BANKS, DONALD J.
23
AUA
POA PRATENSIS L.
AUA000018908 Lee 8 MAY 1952 CUNNINGHAM, HUGH B.
AUA
POA PRATENSIS L.
UNA00027220 Tuscaloosa 20 Apr 1955 O. D. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Poa pratensis L.
JSU100731 Jefferson 02 Apr 1976 R. D. Whetstone
7987
JSU
Poa pratensis Linnaeus
AUA000018907 Lee 19 MAY 1969 HARMON, CRYSTAL
167
AUA
POA PRATENSIS L.
UNA00054066 Blount 30 Apr 1997 Brian R. Keener
121
UNA
Poa pratensis L.
UNA00005739 Montgomery _-_-1880 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Poa pratensis L.
JSU100734 Shelby 04 Apr 1993 R. D. Whetstone
16275
JSU
Poa pratensis Linnaeus
UWAL0032915 Jackson 08 Apr 2016 England, J. Kevin
6104
UWAL
Poa pratensis Linnaeus
UNA00005714 Cullman _ Jul 1893 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Poa pratensis L.
UNA00005774 DeKalb 5 Jun _ Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Poa pratensis L.
JSU100725 Calhoun 26 May 1996 S. E. Hruska
1278
JSU
Poa pratensis Linnaeus
JSU100735 St. Clair 05 May 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13059
JSU
Poa pratensis Linnaeus
AUA000018900 Cleburne 13 MAY 1964 ANONYMOUS
AUA
POA PRATENSIS L.
AUA000018906 Lee 12 MAY 1952 CUNNINGHAM, HUGH B.
AUA
POA PRATENSIS L.
UNA00005719 Greene 25 Apr 1967 H. Naugle
G 199
UNA
Poa pratensis L.
TROY000012609 Geneva 20 Apr 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
18999
TROY
Poa pratensis Linnaeus
UWAL0043509 Baldwin 27 May 2004 Larsen, H.S.
1391
UWAL
Poa pratensis L.
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