Acanthospermum hispidum

Family:ASTERACEAE
Species:Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
Common Name:Hispid Starbur; Bristly Starbur; Hispid Greenstripe
Habitat:Disturbed soils.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Hispid Star burr is an introduced herbaceous annual species in the Sunflower family (Asteraceae). It is native to South America. Hispid Star burr can be found in the southern half of the Alabama, particularly the Wiregrass region of southeast Alabama. It occurs in row crops (especially cotton and peanuts), in hay fields, on roadsides, on sand bars along rivers, and in other disturbed areas. It is an annual with a tap root. Plants are from 1-2 feet in height. Stems are erect, green in color, branched, and pubescent. Leaves are opposite, petiolate, obovate in outline, with entire margins. The leaves are pubescent and gland dotted. Flowers are produced in heads. The heads are located in the forks of the branches. The outer 4-6 phyllaries are large and leaf-like. The heads have 5-8 pistillate flowers surrounding 3-8 functionally staminant flowers. The corollas are yellow in color. The fruit is an achene that is enclosed in a prickly perigynium with 2 terminal spines. The United States Department of Agriculture has identified Hispid Star burr through its weed risk assessment program as a High Risk species for the United States. It has spread through the movement of hay from one area to another, and by its prickly fruit becoming attached to clothing or animal fur.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyASTERACEAE - Aster family
Genus Acanthospermum
Species Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle - Hispid Starbur; Bristly Starbur; Hispid Greenstripe

Citation

Citation ACANTHOSPERMUM HISPIDUM de Candolle, Prodr 5: 522. 1836.
Basionym: **
Type: BRAZIL:

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Acanthospermum humile var. hispidum Acanthospermum humile (Swartz) de Candolle, var. hispidum (de Candolle) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 303. 1891.Acanthospermum hispidum de Candolle 1836. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Butler, Clay, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Escambia, Geneva, Henry, Houston, Montgomery, Pike

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AMAL, AUA, BRIT, JSU, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1946 - 1994

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AMAL00002613 Henry 08 Sep 2002 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11570
AMAL
Acanthospermum hispidum DC.
AUA000001123 Henry 28 Jul 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
5322
AUA
Acanthospermum Hispidum Dc.
UWAL0033008 Houston 24 Nov 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
27082
UWAL
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
BRIT89146 Geneva 25 Jun 1974 Kral, Robert
53494
BRIT
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
BRIT89154 Houston 22 Jun 1991 MacDonald, John R.
2611
BRIT
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
AUA000001124 Henry 13 Aug 1960 Jones, Jr., Samuel B.
257
AUA
Acanthospermum Hispidum Dc.
TROY000029473 Montgomery 20 Oct 2009 Diamond, Alvin R.
21069
TROY
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
JSU139952 Houston 26 Sep 2012 Barger, T. Wayne
SP812
JSU
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
BRIT89147 Geneva 10 Sep 2000 Kral, Robert
90249
BRIT
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
AUA000001119 Crenshaw 29 Oct 1989 Diamond, Alvin R.
6576
AUA
Acanthospermum Hispidum Dc.
AMAL00002611 Dale 08 Sep 2002 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11576
AMAL
Acanthospermum hispidum DC.
UWAL0033119 Covington 31 Oct 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
27025
UWAL
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
BRIT89123 Dale 26 Jun 1991 Kral, Robert
79184
BRIT
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
TROY000043811 Houston 24 Nov 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
27082
TROY
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
BRIT89118 Coffee 13 Aug 1973 Kral, Robert
51278
BRIT
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
TROY000033763 Covington 10 Nov 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22694
TROY
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
AUA000001118 Coffee 13 Aug 1973 Kral, Robert
51278
AUA
Acanthospermum Hispidum Dc.
TROY000001347 Houston 08 Sep 2002 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11588
TROY
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
AMAL00002612 Geneva 09 Sep 2002 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11611
AMAL
Acanthospermum hispidum DC.
AUA000001120 Geneva 4 Jul 1970 Smith, Wayne
057
AUA
Acanthospermum Hispidum Dc.
UWAL0046355 Autauga 18 Jan 2019 Parker, Matthew R.
1865
UWAL
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
AUA000001125 Pike 25 Jul 1989 Diamond, Alvin R.
6095
AUA
Acanthospermum Hispidum Dc.
TROY000029681 Butler 24 Oct 2009 Diamond, Alvin R.
21096
TROY
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
BRIT89117 Coffee 17 Jul 1970 Kral, Robert
40122
BRIT
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
BRIT89115 Autauga 09 Jul 1987 Haynes, Robert R.
9226
BRIT
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0000824 Montgomery 20 Oct 2009 Diamond, A.R.
21069
UWAL
Acanthospermum hispidum DC.
UNA00059513 Henry 8 Sep 2002 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11570
UNA
Acanthospermum hispidum DC.
BRIT89150 Henry 08 Sep 2002 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11570
BRIT
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
AUA000001122 Henry 23 Oct 1981 Patterson, Mike
100
AUA
Acanthospermum Hispidum Dc.
TROY000043731 Covington 31 Oct 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
27025
TROY
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
UNA00044704 Covington 29 Sep 1946 Harper, Roland M.
4035
UNA
Acanthospermum hispidum DC.
UWAL0016027 Conecuh 22 Nov 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23563
UWAL
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
TROY000001346 Henry 08 Sep 2002 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11570
TROY
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
BRIT89116 Clay 17 Sep 2005 Kral, Robert
96843B
BRIT
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
AUA000041428 Covington 27 Jul 2012 Hansen, Curtis J.
5707
AUA
Acanthospermum Hispidum Dc.
UWAL0000822 Butler 24 Oct 2009 Diamond, A.R.
21096
UWAL
Acanthospermum hispidum DC.
AMAL00002614 Houston 08 Sep 2002 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11588
AMAL
Acanthospermum hispidum DC.
AUA000001117 Butler 19 Jul 1971 Hester, D.
093
AUA
Acanthospermum Hispidum Dc.
UWAL0030950 Henry 06 Aug 1996 Kral, R.
86423
UWAL
Acanthospermum hispidum DC
AUA000001121 Henry 2 Nov 1980 Beard, Ben
107
AUA
Acanthospermum Hispidum Dc.
TROY000001348 Pike 24 Oct 2001 Diamond, Alvin R.
12815
TROY
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
BRIT89157 Houston 16 Jul 1970 Kral, Robert
40003
BRIT
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
BRIT89119 Covington 29 Sep 1946 Harper, Roland M.
4035
BRIT
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0000823 Crenshaw 18 Oct 2009 Diamond, A.R.
21062
UWAL
Acanthospermum hispidum DC.
BRIT89152 Houston 08 Sep 2002 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11588
BRIT
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
UNA00023705 Escambia 18 Aug 1994 Haynes, Robert R.
9496
UNA
Acanthospermum hispidum DC.
UWAL0010599 Covington 10 Nov 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22694
UWAL
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
UNA00059494 Houston 8 Sep 2002 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11588
UNA
Acanthospermum hispidum DC.
TROY000030746 Henry 13 Aug 1960 Jones, Samuel B., Jr.
256
TROY
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
UNA00044705 Houston 18 Oct 1969 Kral, Robert
37966
UNA
Acanthospermum hispidum DC.
TROY000001343 Dale 08 Sep 2002 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11576
TROY
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
BRIT89158 Pike 24 Oct 2001 Diamond, Alvin R.
12815
BRIT
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
TROY000029472 Crenshaw 18 Oct 2009 Diamond, Alvin R.
21062
TROY
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
BRIT89155 Houston 18 Oct 1969 Kral, Robert
37966
BRIT
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
BRIT89151 Henry 06 Aug 1996 Kral, Robert
86423
BRIT
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
TROY000014795 Escambia 12 Nov 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
18653
TROY
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
UNA00059905 Geneva 9 Sep 2002 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11611
UNA
Acanthospermum hispidum DC.
BRIT89148 Geneva 09 Sep 2002 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11611
BRIT
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
BRIT89120 Covington 20 Oct 1969 Kral, Robert
38159
BRIT
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
BRIT89153 Houston 04 Aug 1991 MacDonald, John R.
3057
BRIT
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
AMAL00021366 Houston 26 Sep 2012 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#812
AMAL
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
TROY000048834 Autauga 18 Jan 2019 Parker, Matthew R.
1865
TROY
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
BRIT89149 Geneva 19 Oct 1969 Kral, Robert
38053
BRIT
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0031880 Dale 26 Jun 1991 Kral, R.
79184
UWAL
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
BRIT89121 Crenshaw 08 Oct 1973 Kral, Robert
52312
BRIT
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
BRIT89122 Dale 08 Sep 2002 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11576
BRIT
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
ALNHS00001437 Houston 26 Sep 2012 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#812
ALNHS
Acanthospermum hispidum DC.
UWAL0015105 Conecuh 03 Nov 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23545
UWAL
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
UNA00059518 Dale 8 Sep 2002 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11576
UNA
Acanthospermum hispidum DC.
TROY000001344 Dale 19 Oct 1999 Pennington, Tiffany
272
TROY
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
UNA00044706 Houston 16 Jul 1970 Kral, Robert
40008
UNA
Acanthospermum hispidum DC.
TROY000036244 Conecuh 22 Nov 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23563
TROY
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
TROY000001345 Geneva 09 Sep 2002 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11611
TROY
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
BRIT89156 Houston 18 Oct 1969 Kral, Robert
37957
BRIT
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
TROY000036158 Conecuh 03 Nov 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23545
TROY
Acanthospermum hispidum A.P. de Candolle
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