Lolium temulentum

Family:POACEAE
Species:Lolium temulentum Linnaeus
Common Name:Darnel Ryegrass; Darnel; Poison Darnel
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPOACEAE - Grass family
Genus Lolium
Species Lolium temulentum Linnaeus - Darnel Ryegrass; Darnel; Poison Darnel

Citation

Citation LOLIUM TEMULENTUM Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 83. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: CZECH REPUBLIC: Bohemia: Lusatia (Lausitz), s.d., Burser 113 (lectotype: UPS-BURS). Lectotypified by Loos & C. E. Jarvis, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 108: 408. 1992.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Bromus temulentus Bromus temulentus (Linnaeus) Bernhardi, Syst. Verz. 49. 1800.Lolium temulentum Linnaeus 1753. 
Craepalia temulenta Craepalia temulenta (Linnaeus) Schrank, Baier. Fl. 1: 382. 1789.Lolium temulentum Linnaeus 1753. 
Lolium annuum Lolium annuum Lamarck, Fl. Franc. 3: 620. 1779 ("1778"), nom. illegit. et non Linnaeus 1754.Lolium temulentum Linnaeus 1753. 
Lolium annuum Lolium annuum Linnaeus, Fl. Angl. 11. 1754. ENGLAND: Without data (lectotype: Gerard, Herball 71 [icon Lollium album]). Lectotypified by Turland, in Cafferty et al., Taxon 49: 252. 2000.
Lolium arvense Lolium arvense Withering, Bot. Arr. Veg. Brit., ed. 3. 2: 168. 1796. GREAT BRITAIN:
Lolium arvense var. geniculatum Lolium arvense Withering, var. geniculatum Dumortier, Observ. Gramin. Belg. 98. 1824.  
Lolium arvense var. hostii Lolium arvense Withering, var. hostii Dumortier, Observ. Gramin. Belg. 98. 1824.  
Lolium arvense var. liniforme Lolium arvense Withering, var. liniforme Dumortier, Observ. Gramin. Belg. 98. 1824.  
Lolium arvense var. minus Lolium arvense Withering, var. minus Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 1: 354. 1828.  
Lolium arvense var. speciosum Lolium arvense Withering, var. speciosum Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 1: 354. 1828.Lolium speciosum Link 1813, non Steven ex Marschall von Bieberstein 1808. 
Lolium berteronianum Lolium berteronianum Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 340. 1854. CHILE: Without data, Bertero 1108 (lectotype: P; isolectotype: P). Lectotypified by Terrell, U.S.D.A. Techn. Bull. 1392: 56. 1968.
Lolium cuneatum Lolium cuneatum Nevski, Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. 1, Fl. Sist. Vyss. Rast. 2: 40. 1936. RUSSIA: Kuhitang-darja, 18 Jun 1931, Nevski 311 (holotype: LE; isotype: K).
Lolium decipiens Lolium decipiens Dumortier, Observ. Gramin. Belg. 98, pl. 2(8). 1824. BELGIUM
Lolium gracile Lolium gracile Dumortier, Observ. Gramin. Belg. 99. 1824. BELGIUM
Lolium gracile Lolium gracile Hegetschweiler-Bodmer & Heer, Fl. Schweiz 105. 1838, non Dumortier 1824. SWITZERLAND
Lolium infelix Lolium infelix Rouville, Monogr. Lolium 39. 1853, nom. illegit.Lolium temulentum Linnaeus 1753. 
Lolium linicola var. pseudolinicola Lolium linicola A. Braun, var. pseudolinicola (Gennari) K. Richter, Pl. Eur. 1: 121. 1890.Lolium pseudolinicola Gennari 1870. 
Lolium longiglume Lolium longiglume Cariot & Saint-Lager, Etude Fl., ed. 8. 2: 955. 1889, nom. illegit.Lolium temulentum Linnaeus 1753. 
Lolium maximum Lolium maximum Willdenow, Sp. Pl. 1: 462. 1797. JAMAICA
Lolium pseudolinicola Lolium pseudolinicola Gennari, Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 2: 97. 1870. ITALY
Lolium robustum Lolium robustum Reichenbach, Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 1: 2, pl. 4(1340). 1834. GERMANY
Lolium speciosum Lolium speciosum Steven ex Marschall von Bieberstein, Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 1: 80. 1808. RUSSIA: Georgia: Without data, Steven s.n. (holotype: LE).
Lolium speciosum Lolium speciosum Link, Enum. Pl. Hort. Berol. 1: 98. 1813, non Steven ex Marschall von Bieberstein 1808.  
Lolium temulentum Lolium temulentum Linnaeus, subsp. gussonii (Parlatore) Pignatti, Arch. Bot. Biogeogr. Ital. 34: 7. 1958.Lolium temulentum Linnaeus, var. gussonii Parlatore 1848. 
Lolium temulentum var. agricola Lolium temulentum Linnaeus, var. agricola Neuman, Sver. Fl. 730. 1901. SWEDEN
Lolium temulentum var. aristatum Lolium temulentum Linnaeus, var. aristatum Stokes, Bot. Mater. Med. 1: 161. 1812.  
Lolium temulentum var. arvense Lolium temulentum Linnaeus, var. arvense Liljeblad, Utkast Sv. Fl., ed. 3. 80. 1816. SWEDEN
Lolium temulentum var. arvense Lolium temulentum Linnaeus, var. arvense (Withering) Babington, Man. Brit. Bot. 377. 1843, nom. illegit. et non Liljeblad 1816.Lolium temulentum Linnaeus, var. submuticum Stokes 1812; Lolium arvense Withering 1796. 
Lolium temulentum var. cylindricum Lolium temulentum Linnaeus, var. cylindricum Jansen & Wachter, Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 52: 212. 1942.  
Lolium temulentum var. dissitum Lolium temulentum Linnaeus, var. dissitum Mutel, Fl. Franc. 4: 142, pl. 91(644). 1837. FRANCE
Lolium temulentum var. gracile Lolium temulentum Linnaeus, var. gracile (Dumortier) Goiran, Boll. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1899: 288. 1899, non Regel 1881.Lolium gracile Dumortier 1824. 
Lolium temulentum var. gracile Lolium temulentum Linnaeus, var. gracile Regel, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 7: 593. 1881. TAJIKISTAN: Zeravschan Valley, 14 May 1869, Fedschenko s.n. (holotype: LE; isotype: W).
Lolium temulentum var. gussonii Lolium temulentum Linnaeus, var. gussonii Parlatore, Fl. Ital. 1: 535. 1848. ITALY
Lolium temulentum var. laeve Lolium temulentum Linnaeus, var. laeve W. D. J. Koch, Taschenb. Deut. Schweiz. Fl. 596. 1843.  
Lolium temulentum var. laevigatum Lolium temulentum Linnaeus, var. laevigatum Mutel, Fl. Franc. 4: 142, pl. 91(643). 1837. FRANCE
Lolium temulentum var. longiaristatum Lolium temulentum Linnaeus, var. longiaristatum Parnell, Grasses Brit. 304, pl. 142. 1845. GREAT BRITAIN: Scotland: Near Cantire, s.d., Parnell (?) s.d. (holotype: K).
Lolium temulentum var. muticum Lolium temulentum Linnaeus, var. muticum Koeler ex N. H. F. Desportes, Fl. Sarthe 329. 1838, non Noulet 1837. FRANCE
Lolium temulentum var. muticum Lolium temulentum Linnaeus, var. muticum Noulet, Fl. Bass. Sous-Pyren. 732. 1837. FRANCE
Lolium temulentum var. muticum Lolium temulentum Linnaeus, var. muticum Boissier, Fl. Orient. 5: 681. 1884, non Noulet 1837, nec Koeler ex N. H. F. Desportes 1838.  
Lolium temulentum var. oliganthum Lolium temulentum Linnaeus, var. oliganthum Godron, in Grenier & Godron, Fl. France 3: 615. 1856. FRANCE: Esterel, 1859, Loret s.n. (lectotype: P). Lectotypified by Terrell, U.S.D.A. Techn. Bull. 1392: 56. 1968.
Lolium temulentum var. pauciflorum Lolium temulentum Linnaeus, var. pauciflorum K. Koch, Linnaea 21: 434. 1848.  
Lolium temulentum var. prostratum Lolium temulentum Linnaeus, var. prostratum Kuntze, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 252. 1887. AZERBAIJAN: Near Lenkoran, May 1886, Kuntze s.n. (lectotype: NY; isotype: NY). Lectotypified by Terrell, U.S.D.A. Techn. Bull. 1392: 56. 1968.
Lolium temulentum var. ramosum Lolium temulentum Linnaeus, var. ramosum Gussone, Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 1: 152. 1827. ITALY: Sicily:
Lolium temulentum var. robustissimum Lolium temulentum Linnaeus, var. robustissimum Mutel, Fl. Franc. 4: 142, pl. 91(642). 1837. FRANCE
Lolium temulentum var. robustum Lolium temulentum Linnaeus, var. robustum (Reichenbach) Mutel, Fl. Franc. 4: 142. 1837.Lolium robustum Reichenbach 1834. 
Lolium temulentum var. semiglabrum Lolium temulentum Linnaeus, var. semiglabrum Litvinov, Sched. Herb. Fl. Ross. 5: 135. 1905. TURKMENISTAN: Near Farab, 15 May 1902, Androssow s.n. (holotype: LE; isotype: G).
Lolium temulentum var. speciosum Lolium temulentum Linnaeus, var. speciosum (Steven ex Marschall von Bieberstein) W. D. J. Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., ed. 2. 957. 1844.Lolium speciosum Steven ex Marschall von Bieberstein 1808. 
Lolium temulentum var. subbivalve Lolium temulentum Linnaeus, var. subbivalve Saint-Amans, Fl. Agen. 50. 1821. FRANCE
Lolium temulentum var. submuticum Lolium temulentum Linnaeus, var. submuticum Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 1: 162. 1812.Lolium arvense Withering 1796. 
Lolium temulentum var. leptochaetum Lolium temulentum Linnaeus, var. leptochaeton A. Braun, Flora 17: 252. 1834. GERMANY
Lolium temulentum var. macrochaeton Lolium temulentum Linnaeus, var. macrochaeton A. Braun, Flora 17: 252. 1834.Lolium temulentum Linnaeus 1753. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Calhoun, Dallas, Greene, Hale, Lee, Mobile

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1964 - 1967

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UWAL0009017 Lee 01 May 1952 Cunningham, H.B.
s.n.
UWAL
Lolium temulentum L.
UWAL0009016 Autauga 28 Apr 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3563
UWAL
Lolium temulentum L.
AUA000017876 Dallas 7 MAY 1959 BANKS, DONALD J.
AUA
LOLIUM TEMULENTUM L.
AUA000017877 Lee 1 MAY 1952 CUNNINGHAM, HUGH B.
AUA
LOLIUM TEMULENTUM L.
JSU105678 Calhoun 09 Jun 1994 S. E. Hruska
238
JSU
Lolium temulentum Linnaeus
UNA00004408 Greene 06 May 1967 H. Naugle
G 251
UNA
Lolium temulentum L.
TROY000030733 Lee 01 May 1952 H.B. Cunningham
s.n.
TROY
Lolium temulentum Linnaeus
UNA00004403 Hale 09 May 1966 Sherrie E. Maginness
234
UNA
Lolium temulentum L.
UNA00004413 Mobile 09 May 1964 Rebecca Deramus
D36
UNA
Lolium temulentum L.
AUA000017878 Lee 20 APR 1922 GRD?
AUA
LOLIUM TEMULENTUM L.
UWAL0047596 Greene 19 Apr 2017 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#2953
UWAL
Lolium temulentum L.
UNA00004418 Mobile s.d. Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Lolium temulentum L.
First Page Previous Page Next Page Last Page
Records per Page: