Dactyloctenium aegyptium

Family:POACEAE
Species:Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Beauvois
Common Name:Crowfoot Grass; Egyptian Grass
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Crowfoot Grass is an introduced annual in the Grass family (Poaceae). It is native to Africa, but is widely distributed in Alabama. It occurs statewide, but is most common in the southern half of the state. Crowfoot Grass occurs as a weed in lawns and flower beds, in row crops, in pastures, on roadsides, and in other disturbed sites. It is an erect or slightly mat forming species with stems rooting at the nodes. Rarely it’s stoloniferous, with long creeping stems. The leaves are alternate, linear in outline, pubescent with hairs having a swollen base, and dark green in color. The leaves are alternate and have pubescent sheaths. The flowers are produced in spikelets arranged in a digitate terminal inflorescence with 2-9 radiating branches. The fruit is a grain. Crowfoot Grass is a very distinctive and easily recognizable species. In Africa the seed have sometimes been eaten, especially in times of famine. In Australia and India it is sometimes planted to stabilize sand dunes. At certain growth stages this species is used for livestock food, but there are also reports that this species produces cyanogenetic glycosides that can poison livestock.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Persisting, Not Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPOACEAE - Grass family
Genus Dactyloctenium
Species Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Beauvois - Crowfoot Grass; Egyptian Grass

Citation

Citation DACTYLOCTENIUM AEGYPTIUM (Linnaeus) Willdenow ex Ascherson & Schweinfurth, Mem. Inst. Egypt. 2: 171. 1887.
Basionym: Cynosurus aegyptius Linnaeus 1753.
Type: Without data (lectotype: LINN 91.11). Lectotypified by Kit Tan, in P. H. Davis, Fl. Turkey 9: 578. 1985.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Aegilops saccharinum Aegilops saccharinum Walter, Fl. Carol. 249. 1788. SOUTH CAROLINA: Williamsburg Co.: 8 mi. SE of Kingstree, 22 Aug 1939, Godfrey & Tryon 1666 (neotype: GH; isoneotypes: BH, CA, CAS, DUKE, MO, NY, PH, US). Neotypified by D. B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 1: 1092. 2007.
Chloris mucronata Chloris mucronata Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 59. 1803. "Carolina", without data, Michaux s.n. (holotype: P).
Cynosurus aegyptius Cynosurus aegyptius Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 72. 1753. Without data (lectotype: LINN 91.11). Lectotypified by Kit Tan, in P. H. Davis, Fl. Turkey 9: 578. 1985.
Cynosurus cavara Cynosurus cavara Hamilton ex Dillwyn, Rev. Hortus Malab. 68. 1839. INDIA: Kerala: Without data (holotype: Rheede, Hort. Malab. 12: t. 69. 1693).
Dactyloctenium figarei Dactyloctenium figarei De Notaris, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., ser. 3. 9: 325. 1848. EGYPT: Without data, Figari s.n. (holotype: GE(destroyed); isotype: FI).
Dactyloctenium aegyptiacum Dactyloctenium aegyptiacum Willdenow, Enum. Pl. 1029. 1809, nom. illegit.Eleusine aegyptiaca Desfontaines 1798, nom. illegit.; Cynosurus aegyptius Linnaeus 1753. 
Dactyloctenium aegyptium var. mucronatum Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Willdenow ex Ascherson & Schweinfurth, var. mucronatum (Michaux) Schweinfurth, Bull. Herb. Boissier 2(App. 2): 34. 1894.Chloris mucronata Michaux 1803. 
Dactyloctenium meridionale Dactyloctenium meridionale Hamilton, Prodr. 6. 1825, nom. illegit.Cynosurus aegyptius Linnaeus 1753. 
Dactyloctenium mpuetensis Dactyloctenium mpuetensis De Wildeman, Miss. Em. Laurent 206. 1906. ZAIRE: Katanga, Pweto, s.d., Without collector s.n. (holotype: BR).
Dactyloctenium mucronatum Dactyloctenium mucronatum (Michaux) Willdenow, Enum. Pl. 1029. 1809.Chloris mucronata Michaux 1803. 
Dactyloctenium mucronatum var. erectum Dactyloctenium mucronatum (Michaux) Willdenow, var. erectum E. Fournier, Mexic. Pl. 2: 144. 1886. MEXICO
Eleusine aegyptia Eleusine aegyptia (Linnaeus) Persoon, Syn. Pl. 1: 87. 1805.Cynosurus aegyptius Linnaeus 1753. 
Eleusine aegyptiaca Eleusine aegyptiaca Desfontaines, Fl. Atlant. 1: 85. 1798, nom. illegit.Cynosurus aegyptius Linnaeus 1753. 
Eleusine cruciata Eleusine cruciata Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1: 176. 1816, non Lamarck 1791.Chloris mucronata Michaux 1803. 
Eleusine cruciata Eleusine cruciata Lamarck, Tabl. Encycl. 1: 203. 1791, nom. illegit.Cynosurus aegyptius Linnaeus 1753. 
Eleusine mucronata Eleusine mucronata (Michaux) Hornemann, Hort. Bot. Hafn. 116. 1819, non Michaux 1803, nec Stokes 1812.Chloris mucronata Michaux 1803. 
Eleusine mucronata Eleusine mucronata Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 1: 150. 1812, nom. illegit. et non Michaux 1803.Cynosurus aegyptius Linnaeus 1753. 
Eleusine pectinata Eleusine pectinata Moench, Suppl. Meth. 68. 1802, nom. illegit.Cynosurus aegyptius Linnaeus 1753. 
Rabdochloa mucronata Rabdochloa mucronata (Michaux) Palisot de Beauvois, Ess. Agrostogr. 84, 158, 176. 1812.Chloris mucronata Michaux 1803. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Butler, Calhoun, Chambers, Choctaw, Clarke, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Escambia, Franklin, Geneva, Hale, Henry, Houston, Lee, Madison, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Pike, Randolph, Tuscaloosa, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1891 - 2004

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AUA000016046 Chambers 13 SEP 2000 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
2000-64
AUA
DACTYLOCTENIUM AEGYPTIUM (L.) WILLD.
TROY000011856 Geneva 19 Oct 2002 Aaron Peters
6
TROY
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Beauvois
JSU108387 Calhoun 31 Jul 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2510
JSU
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Beauvois
JSU108386 Baldwin 17 Oct 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12895
JSU
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Beauvois
TROY000011861 Pike 05 Oct 2002 April Vinson
1
TROY
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Beauvois
TROY000011852 Dale 13 Jul 1997 Hannelore Rundell
274
TROY
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Beauvois
UNA00003603 Mobile 30 Sep 1891 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd.
UWAL0010259 Baldwin 13 Oct 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3957
UWAL
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd.
TROY000040894 Hale 30 Aug 2012 Brian R. Keener
7464
TROY
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Beauvois
JSU108392 Washington 13 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18679
JSU
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Beauvois
AUA000024461 Choctaw 13 AUG 2007 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
12731
AUA
DACTYLOCTENIUM AEGYPTIUM (L.) WILLD.
TROY000011859 Pike 02 Oct 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15888
TROY
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Beauvois
AUA000016052 Crenshaw 24 JUL 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5219
AUA
DACTYLOCTENIUM AEGYPTIUM (L.) WILLD.
TROY000042834 Houston 03 Sep 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26776
TROY
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Beauvois
UNA00003643 Tuscaloosa s.d. Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd.
TROY000011843 Coffee 02 Nov 2002 Steven Colbert
s.n.
TROY
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Beauvois
AUA000016056 Lee 29 SEP 1971 BOONE, ALLISON
056C
AUA
DACTYLOCTENIUM AEGYPTIUM (L.) WILLD.
TROY000011837 Monroe 13 Sep 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18107
TROY
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Beauvois
TROY000026858 Choctaw 13 Aug 2007 Daniel D. Spaulding
12731
TROY
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Beauvois
AUA000016050 Conecuh 10 AUG 1969 WEAVER, JIMMY
218
AUA
DACTYLOCTENIUM AEGYPTIUM (L.) WILLD.
TROY000011853 Dale 12 Oct 2002 Jenna Weber
4
TROY
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Beauvois
JSU108391 Monroe 14 Oct 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12812
JSU
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Beauvois
TROY000011858 Pike 29 Oct 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14861
TROY
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Beauvois
UWAL0008274 Montgomery 22 Jul 2011 Diamond, Alvin
22374
UWAL
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Beauvois
AUA000016062 Pike 2 OCT 2005 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
15888
AUA
DACTYLOCTENIUM AEGYPTIUM (L.) WILLD.
TROY000011857 Pike 08 Nov 2002 Wes Edmonds
21
TROY
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Beauvois
AUA000016055 Lee 30 JUL 1969 HAYES, J. L.
161
AUA
DACTYLOCTENIUM AEGYPTIUM (L.) WILLD.
UNA00003648 Mobile 24 Sep 1966 Rebecca Deramus
D1016
UNA
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd.
TROY000011838 Montgomery 01 Nov 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18581
TROY
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Beauvois
AUA000016053 Dale 23 JUL 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6091
AUA
DACTYLOCTENIUM AEGYPTIUM (L.) WILLD.
JSU108388 Escambia 26 Sep 1985 R. D. Whetstone
15234
JSU
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Beauvois
TROY000011845 Coffee 08 Aug 2000 Brian H. Martin
837
TROY
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Beauvois
TROY000011846 Coffee 02 Nov 2002 Heather Munn
8
TROY
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Beauvois
UNA00059507 Autauga 07 Sep 2002 D. D. Spaulding
11564
UNA
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd.
UWAL0033324 Franklin 13 Aug 2016 England, J. Kevin
6732
UWAL
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Beauvois
UWAL0008837 Pike 22 Sep 2009 Hooks, Ryanne
0001
UWAL
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd.
AUA000016051 Crenshaw 31 JUL 1994 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9277
AUA
DACTYLOCTENIUM AEGYPTIUM (L.) WILLD.
AUA000016063 Randolph 14 AUG 1973 SPENCER, S. K.
165
AUA
DACTYLOCTENIUM AEGYPTIUM (L.) WILLD.
TROY000011849 Conecuh 05 Oct 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13682
TROY
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Beauvois
AUA000016045 Butler 25 SEP 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5554
AUA
DACTYLOCTENIUM AEGYPTIUM (L.) WILLD.
TROY000011850 Crenshaw 23 Sep 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16936
TROY
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Beauvois
AUA000016054 Henry 13 AUG 1960 JONES, JR., SAMUEL B.
204
AUA
DACTYLOCTENIUM AEGYPTIUM (L.) WILLD.
AUA000016049 Conecuh 15 SEP 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
1809
AUA
DACTYLOCTENIUM AEGYPTIUM (L.) WILLD.
TROY000011848 Coffee 05 Oct 2002 Thomas Shea
3
TROY
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Beauvois
TROY000043155 Covington 31 Oct 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
27026
TROY
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Beauvois
AUA000016059 Lee 16 JUL 1971 GENO, CONNIE
098
AUA
DACTYLOCTENIUM AEGYPTIUM (L.) WILLD.
TROY000011841 Baldwin 21 Oct 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14851
TROY
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Beauvois
UWAL0033113 Covington 31 Oct 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
27026
UWAL
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Beauvois
TROY000011854 Dale 15 Sep 2000 Michael Woods
8230
TROY
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Beauvois
JSU108390 Madison 15 Oct 1975 R. D. Whetstone
6972
JSU
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Beauvois
TROY000011855 Geneva 09 Nov 2003 Amanda McCall
12
TROY
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Beauvois
TROY000011860 Pike 24 Oct 2002 Christopher Terrell
7
TROY
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Beauvois
UNA00003608 Montgomery s.d. Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd.
TROY000026540 Houston 25 Sep 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
20101
TROY
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Beauvois
AUA000016047 Clarke 4 NOV 1973 BEDWELL, C. R.
212
AUA
DACTYLOCTENIUM AEGYPTIUM (L.) WILLD.
UWAL0011897 Hale 30 Aug 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7464
UWAL
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Beauvois
TROY000026709 Autauga 07 Sep 2002 Daniel D. Spaulding
11564
TROY
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Beauvois
AUA000016058 Lee 5 AUG 1971 SPRATLING, R. E.
185
AUA
DACTYLOCTENIUM AEGYPTIUM (L.) WILLD.
SAMF0001705 Hale 30 Aug 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7464
SAMF
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Beauvois
AUA000016061 Pike 29 OCT 2004 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14861
AUA
DACTYLOCTENIUM AEGYPTIUM (L.) WILLD.
TROY000011836 Butler 26 Jul 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17820
TROY
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Beauvois
TROY000032966 Montgomery 23 Jul 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22374
TROY
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Beauvois
AUA000016060 Pike 2 AUG 1998 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
11357
AUA
DACTYLOCTENIUM AEGYPTIUM (L.) WILLD.
TROY000011851 Dale 14 Sep 2000 Tiffany Pennington
974
TROY
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Beauvois
AUA000016057 Lee 8 JAN 1948 BRETZMAN, C.
AUA
DACTYLOCTENIUM AEGYPTIUM (L.) WILLD.
TROY000012146 Butler 19 Aug 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16803
TROY
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Beauvois
TROY000011844 Coffee 17 Jul 1999 Brian H. Martin
94
TROY
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Beauvois
UWAL0008836 Choctaw 13 Aug 2007 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12731
UWAL
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd.
TROY000011847 Coffee 14 Oct 2000 Mark Windham
6
TROY
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Beauvois
JSU108389 Madison 15 Oct 1975 R. D. Whetstone
6972
JSU
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Beauvois
TROY000011842 Butler 30 Sep 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16977
TROY
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Beauvois
UWAL0032018 Houston 03 Sep 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26776
UWAL
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (Linnaeus) Beauvois
UNA00064318 Pike 29 Oct 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14861
UNA
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd.
AUA000016048 Coffee 22 JUL 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6067
AUA
DACTYLOCTENIUM AEGYPTIUM (L.) WILLD.
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