Bromus catharticus

Family:POACEAE
Species:Bromus catharticus Vahl
Common Name:Rescue Grass
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPOACEAE - Grass family
Genus Bromus
Species Bromus catharticus Vahl - Rescue Grass

Citation

Citation BROMUS CATHARTICUS Vahl, Symb. Bot. 2: 22. 1791.
Basionym: **
Type: PERU: Lima, s.d., Dombey s.n. (lectotype: P; isolectotype: P). Lectotypified by Pinto-Escobar, Caldasia 11(54): 12. 1976.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Bromus angustatus Bromus angustatus Pilger, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 25: 719. 1898. BOLIVIA: Lake Titicaca, s.d., Stuebel 60c (holotype: B).
Bromus breviaristatus Bromus breviaristatus (Hooker) Thurber, in Wilkes, U.S. Expl. Exped. Bot. 17(2): 493. 1874, non Buckley 1862.Ceratochloa breviaristata Hooker 1840. 
Bromus brongniartii Bromus brongniartii Kunth, Enum. Pl. 1: 421. 1833.Bromus strictus Brongniart 1831, non Scopoli 1772. 
Bromus mathewsii Bromus mathewsii Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 323. 1854. PERU
Bromus preslii Bromus preslii Kunth, Enum. Pl. 1: 416. 1833.Ceratochloa secunda J. Presl 1830. 
Bromus schraderi Bromus schraderi Kunth, Enum. Pl. 1: 416. 1833, nom. illegit.Ceratochloa pendula Schrader 1831. 
Bromus strictus Bromus strictus Brongniart, in Duperry, Voy. Monde, Bot. 2: 45. 1831, non Scopoli 1772. BRAZIL: Santa Catarina: Without locality, 1825, d'Urville s.n. (holotype: P).
Bromus unioloides Bromus unioloides (Willdenow) Raspail, Ann. Sci. Nat. (Paris) 5: 439. 1825, non Kunth 1816.Festuca unioloides Willdenow 1803. 
Bromus unioloides var. glaucescens Bromus unioloides (Willdenow) Raspail, var. glaucescens Nees von Esenbeck, in Martius, Fl. Bras. Enum. Pl. 2(1): 470. 1829, nom. inadmiss..Bromus unioloides (Willdenow) Raspail 1825, non Kunth 1816; Festuca unioloides Willdenow 1803. 
Bromus unioloides var. haenkeanus Bromus unioloides Kunth, var. haenkeanus (J. Presl) Shear, U.S.D.A. Div. Agrost. Bull. 23: 52. 1900.Ceratochloa haenkeana J. Presl 1830. 
Bromus unioloides var. humilis Bromus unioloides Kunth, var. humilis Spegazzini, Revista Fac. Agron. Veterin. (Buenos Aires) 30-31: 587. 1897. ARGENTINA: Patagonia: León Range, Río Gallegos y Río Santa Cruz, 1882, Spegazzini s.n. (holotype: ?).
Bromus unioloides var. sanjuaninus Bromus unioloides Kunth, var. sanjuaninus Hieronymus, Bol. Acad. Nac. Ci. 4: 69. 1881. ARGENTINA: San Juan: Without data, Echegaray s.n. (holotype: ?; isotypes: BAA, CORD).
Bromus unioloides var. virens Bromus unioloides (Willdenow) Raspail, var. virens Nees von Esenbeck, in Martius, Fl. Bras. Enum. Pl. 2(1): 470. 1829.Bromus unioloides Kunth 1816. 
Ceratochloa breviaristata Ceratochloa breviaristata Hooker, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 253, pl. 234. 1840. "Lewis and Clark River and near the sources of the Columbia", without data, 1826, Douglas s.n. (holotype: K?).
Ceratochloa haenkeana Ceratochloa haenkeana J. Presl, in C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 285. 1830. PERU: "In Cordilleris chilensibus inque montanis Paruviae", without data, Haenke s.n. (holotype: PR).
Ceratochloa pendula Ceratochloa pendula Schrader, Linnaea 6(Litt.): 72. 1831. Cultivated at Goettingen from seed sent from "Carolina",
Ceratochloa secunda Ceratochloa secunda J. Presl, in C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 285. 1830. PERU: Huánuco:
Ceratochloa unioloides Ceratochloa unioloides (Willdenow) Palisot de Beauvois, Ess. Agrostogr. 75, 158, 164, pl. 15(7). 1812. Festuca unioloides Willdenow 1803.  
Ceratochloa willdenowii Ceratochloa willdenowii (Kunth) W. A. Weber, Phytologia 51: 371. 1982, nom. illegit.Bromus willdenowii Kunth 1829; Festuca unioloides Willdenow 1803. 
Festuca unioloides Festuca unioloides Willdenow, Hort. Berol. 1: 3, pl. 3. 1803. Cultivated at Berlin; seeds from "Carolina", where doubtless cultivated, Willdenow s.n. (holotype: B-W; isotype: US fragm).
Forasaccus breviaristatus Forasaccus breviaristatus (Hooker) Lunell, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 225. 1915.Ceratochloa breviaristata Hooker 1840. 
Schedonorus unioloides Schedonorus unioloides (Kunth) Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 2: 708. 1817.Bromus unioloides Kunth 1816. 
Zerna unioloides Zerna unioloides (Kunth) Lindman, Sv. Fanerogamfl. 101. 1918.Bromus unioloides Kunth 1816. 
Bromus haenkeanus Bromus haenkeanus (J. Presl) Kunth, Enum. Pl. 1: 416. 1833.Ceratochloa haenkeana J. Presl 1830. 
Bromus unioloides Bromus unioloides Kunth, in Humboldt et al., Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 151. 1816. ECUADOR: Pichincha: Quito, near Chillo, Conocoto and Sangolqui, Feb, Humboldt & Bonpland 2286 (holotype: P; isotype: US fragm).
Bromus willdenowii Bromus willdenowii Kunth, Revis. Gramin. 134. 1829.Festuca unioloides Willdenow 1803.Cultivated at Berlin; seeds from "Carolina", where doubtless cultivated, Willdenow s.n. (holotype: B-W; isotype: US fragm).
Ceratochloa cathartica Ceratochloa cathartica (Vahl) Herter, Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 144. 1940.Bromus catharticus Vahl 1791. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Cleburne, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Cullman, Dale, DeKalb, Elmore, Geneva, Hale, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lamar, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Montgomery, Morgan, Perry, Pike, St. Clair, Tuscaloosa, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1955 - 2007

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UNA00003956 Tuscaloosa 20 Apr 1955 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Bromus catharticus Vahl
JSU106652 Jackson 26 May 1999 K. R. Brodeur
1913
JSU
Bromus catharticus Vahl
JSU106648 Cleburne 09 May 1979 R. D. Whetstone
9704
JSU
Bromus catharticus Vahl
AUA000015495 Crenshaw 30 APR 1995 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9534
AUA
BROMUS CATHARTICUS VAHL
JSU106656 Jefferson 28 May 1984 J. P. Barber
422
JSU
Bromus catharticus Vahl
AUA000015516 Lee 21 APR 1966 NEPTUNE, DEAN
AUA
BROMUS CATHARTICUS VAHL
UWAL0035640 Mobile 26 Apr 2014 Horne, Howard E.
2528
UWAL
Bromus catharticus Vahl
TROY000011728 Pike 18 Apr 1998 Jason Bryant
6
TROY
Bromus catharticus Vahl
UNA00064431 Dale 23 Mar 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15026
UNA
Bromus catharticus Vahl
UNA00003963 Tuscaloosa 13 Jun 1955 Joe A. Farmer
s.n.
UNA
Bromus catharticus Vahl
AUA000015521 Pike 10 MAY 1994 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9156
AUA
BROMUS CATHARTICUS VAHL
TROY000011720 Coffee 06 Jun 1999 Brian H. Martin
14
TROY
Bromus catharticus Vahl
JSU106647 Cherokee 03 Nov 1996 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Bromus catharticus Vahl
TROY000011725 Geneva 20 Apr 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
18998
TROY
Bromus catharticus Vahl
SAMF0001634 Dale 23 Mar 2005 Diamond, A. R.
15026
SAMF
Bromus catharticus Vahl
AUA000015511 Lee 2 MAY 1969 ATKINSON, JR., A. W.
033
AUA
BROMUS CATHARTICUS VAHL
JSU106651 Elmore 27 Apr 1979 R. D. Whetstone
9597
JSU
Bromus catharticus Vahl
AUA000015501 Geneva 17 APR 1970 KRAL, ROBERT
38683
AUA
BROMUS CATHARTICUS VAHL
TROY000045222 Marengo 09 Apr 2009 J. Kevin England
1879
TROY
Bromus catharticus Vahl
AUA000015504 Lee 1 MAY 1952 CUNNINGHAM, HUGH B.
AUA
BROMUS CATHARTICUS VAHL
JSU106646 Calhoun 21 Apr 1967 Gary Collier
s.n.
JSU
Bromus catharticus Vahl
UNA00003961 Tuscaloosa 12 Apr 1959 Jackie Edwards
74
UNA
Bromus catharticus Vahl
AUA000015506 Lee 23 AUG 1934 BROSWELL, L. B.
AUA
BROMUS CATHARTICUS VAHL
TROY000011721 Dale 29 Mar 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15048
TROY
Bromus catharticus Vahl
TROY000026528 Butler 24 Apr 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19025
TROY
Bromus catharticus Vahl
AUA000015510 Lee 15 APR 1922 MCCARLEY, T. C.
AUA
BROMUS CATHARTICUS VAHL
TROY000011727 Montgomery 09 May 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16363
TROY
Bromus catharticus Vahl
JSU106653 Jackson 20 May 1974 R. D. Whetstone
2725
JSU
Bromus catharticus Vahl
SAMF0001272 Tuscaloosa 11 May 1965 Shull, J. Kenneth
29
SAMF
Bromus catharticus Vahl
JSU106650 DeKalb 01 Sep 1982 Randall Black
s.n.
JSU
Bromus catharticus Vahl
AUA000015498 Dale 23 MAR 2005 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
15026
AUA
BROMUS CATHARTICUS VAHL
JSU107205 St. Clair 10 May 1984 Donna Beavers
s.n.
JSU
Bromus catharticus Vahl
UNA00003715 Hale _ Jun 1893 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Bromus catharticus Vahl
TROY000036721 Bullock 19 Apr 2012 Bailee Dykes
514
TROY
Bromus catharticus Vahl
AUA000015505 Lee 6 MAY 1934 STONE, L. W.
AUA
BROMUS CATHARTICUS VAHL
UNA00003938 Tuscaloosa 20 Apr 1955 O. D. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Bromus willdenowii Kunth
TROY000011718 Coffee 10 Apr 2000 Brian H. Martin
554
TROY
Bromus catharticus Vahl
JSU106658 Lawrence 06 Jun 1975 R. D. Whetstone
4430
JSU
Bromus catharticus Vahl
AUA000015503 Lee 29 APR 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
132-69
AUA
BROMUS CATHARTICUS VAHL
AUA000015515 12 MAY 1926 ANONYMOUS
AUA
BROMUS CATHARTICUS VAHL
TROY000026327 Lamar 06 Apr 2002 Daniel D. Spaulding
11177
TROY
Bromus catharticus Vahl
TROY000030890 Lee 01 May 1952 H.B. Cunningham
s.n.
TROY
Bromus catharticus Vahl
AUA000015493 Conecuh 31 MAY 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2532
AUA
BROMUS CATHARTICUS VAHL
JSU106659 Limestone 10 May 1997 T. L. Hofmann
473
JSU
Bromus catharticus Vahl
UNA00003951 Tuscaloosa 14 Apr 1955 Joe A. Farmer
s.n.
UNA
Bromus catharticus Vahl
AUA000015518 Montgomery 11 MAY 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2501
AUA
BROMUS CATHARTICUS VAHL
TROY000011722 Dale 23 Mar 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15026
TROY
Bromus catharticus Vahl
TROY000011723 Dale 14 Sep 2000 Tiffany Pennington
1001
TROY
Bromus catharticus Vahl
JSU106645 Bibb 13 May 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13450
JSU
Bromus catharticus Vahl
AUA000015494 Covington 6 MAY 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4701
AUA
BROMUS CATHARTICUS VAHL
UWAL0013811 Bullock 19 Apr 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0514
UWAL
Bromus catharticus Vahl
AUA000015507 Lee 21 AUG 1934 ROBERTSON, L. H.
AUA
BROMUS CATHARTICUS VAHL
JSU107204 Morgan 30 May 1974 R. D. Whetstone
2993
JSU
Bromus catharticus Vahl
UWAL0039088 Bullock 27 May 2016 Horne, Howard E.
3261
UWAL
Bromus catharticus Vahl
JSU107201 Marshall 10 May 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1564
JSU
Bromus catharticus Vahl
UNA00003720 Montgomery _ Jun 1884 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Bromus catharticus Vahl
UNA00003725 Tuscaloosa 15 Apr 1959 Nelda Kathleen Williamson
s.n.
UNA
Bromus catharticus Vahl
AUA000015497 Dale 15 APR 1992 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8106
AUA
BROMUS CATHARTICUS VAHL
UNA00003943 Tuscaloosa 20 Apr 1955 O. D. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Bromus willdenowii Kunth
UWAL0042811 Baldwin 24 Mar 2003 Larsen, H.S.
1169
UWAL
Bromus catharticus Vahl.
JSU106644 Baldwin 02 Mar 1998 K. R. Brodeur
452
JSU
Bromus catharticus Vahl
JSU107206 Winston 07 Jun 1975 R. D. Whetstone
4532
JSU
Bromus catharticus Vahl
AUA000015513 Lee 2 NOV 1971 HUDSON, MARY
176
AUA
BROMUS CATHARTICUS VAHL
AUA000015512 Lee 10 JUL 1972 STREET, JIMMY J.
080
AUA
BROMUS CATHARTICUS VAHL
UWAL0008807 Butler 22 Apr 2007 Diamond, A.R.
17427
UWAL
Bromus catharticus Vahl
UWAL0009666 Montgomery 25 Apr 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21291
UWAL
Bromus catharticus Vahl
AUA000015500 Elmore 5 AUG 1969 REBOIS, R. V.
135
AUA
BROMUS CATHARTICUS VAHL
UNA00066839 Butler 22 Apr 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17427
UNA
Bromus catharticus Vahl
UNA00003978 Tuscaloosa 14 Apr 1955 Joe A. Farmer
s.n.
UNA
Bromus catharticus Vahl
AUA000015492 Bullock 15 MAY 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4767
AUA
BROMUS CATHARTICUS VAHL
TROY000011716 Butler 22 Apr 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17427
TROY
Bromus catharticus Vahl
JSU106655 Jefferson 02 Apr 1976 R. D. Whetstone
7986
JSU
Bromus catharticus Vahl
JSU106649 Cullman 12 Aug 1974 R. D. Whetstone
3646
JSU
Bromus catharticus Vahl
AUA000015496 Crenshaw 9 MAY 1996 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
10224
AUA
BROMUS CATHARTICUS VAHL
JSU106657 Jefferson 30 Mar 1985 J. P. Barber
1358
JSU
Bromus catharticus Vahl
AUA000015509 Lee 15 MAY 1922 SIMMONS, W. ELLIS
AUA
BROMUS CATHARTICUS VAHL
TROY000011719 Coffee 21 Apr 2000 Brian H. Martin
608
TROY
Bromus catharticus Vahl
JSU106660 Marshall 04 Jun 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1890
JSU
Bromus catharticus Vahl
TROY000011724 Dale 18 Jul 2000 Michael Woods
8172
TROY
Bromus catharticus Vahl
UNA00066749 Montgomery 09 May 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16363
UNA
Bromus catharticus Vahl
UNA00050626 Barbour 14 Jun 1997 John R. MacDonald
10679
UNA
Bromus catharticus Vahl
AUA000015517 Montgomery 14 MAY 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2505
AUA
BROMUS CATHARTICUS VAHL
TROY000011729 Pike 14 May 1996 Astrid Evers
128
TROY
Bromus catharticus Vahl
TROY000026860 Montgomery 27 Apr 2009 Alvin R. Diamond
20636
TROY
Bromus catharticus Vahl
AUA000015508 Lee 26 APR 1936 THOMPSON, C. J.
AUA
BROMUS CATHARTICUS VAHL
TROY000011726 Houston 10 Apr 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19814
TROY
Bromus catharticus Vahl
JSU107202 Marshall 21 Jul 1975 R. D. Whetstone
5196
JSU
Bromus catharticus Vahl
AUA000015519 Perry 15 MAY 1971 FULLER, C. W.
077
AUA
BROMUS CATHARTICUS VAHL
JSU106654 Jefferson 02 Apr 1976 T. A. Atkinson
1072
JSU
Bromus catharticus Vahl
AUA000015499 Elmore 26 APR 1966 BURNS, EARL R.
AUA
BROMUS CATHARTICUS VAHL
JSU107203 Mobile 09 Apr 1976 G. Wayner
619
JSU
Bromus catharticus Vahl
UNA00003705 Mobile _ May 1870 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Bromus catharticus Vahl
UWAL0013569 Marengo 09 Apr 2009 England, J. Kevin
1879
UWAL
Bromus catharticus Vahl
AUA000015520 Pike 5 MAY 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4646
AUA
BROMUS CATHARTICUS VAHL
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