Arundo donax

Family:POACEAE
Species:Arundo donax Linnaeus
Common Name:Giant Reed
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Giant Reed is an introduced herbaceous perennial in the Grass family (Poaceae). It is native to tropical and subtropical areas of the Old World, including the Tigris and Euphrates River valleys in Iraq. It Alabama it has been planted as a windbreak, as an ornamental, and for erosion control. It has persisted or escaped to roadsides, fields, vacant lots, and along streams. Giant Reed is a perennial from thick rhizomes. The plant forms large clumps, excluding most other vegetation. Stems are from three to thirty feet in height, and are hollow. Leaves are alternate, linear in outline, glabrous, with minutely serrate margins. The leaves have a distinct light tan colored wedge at the base of the blades. Flowers are produced in large, dense panicles at the tops of the stems. The panicles are at first tinged with purple and become tan as they mature. The fruit is a grain. Giant Reed is one of the species referred to as ‘reeds” in the Bible. It has been used for thousands of years to construct houses, boats, screens, mats, animal pens, fish traps, and to make woodwind instruments, walking stinks, fishing poles, and arrows. The Marsh Arab culture of the Tigris and Euphrates river deltas depended heavily on this species. In Alabama variegated forms with white or yellowish striped leaves are often cultivated and known as “Fortune Grass”. Supposedly the more white or yellow on the leaves indicated better fortunes for the owners. Giant Reed is listed on the Alabama Invasive Plant Council's 2012 List of Alabama's Invasive Plants.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native, FACW (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPOACEAE - Grass family
Genus Arundo
Species Arundo donax Linnaeus - Giant Reed

Citation

Citation ARUNDO DONAX Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 81. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: Without data, Herb. van Royen s.n. (lectotype: L 912.356-93). Lectotypified by Renvoize, in C. E. Jarvis et al., Regnum Veg. 127: 21. 1993.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Amphidonax benghalensis Amphidonax benghalensis (Retzius) Roxburgh ex Nees von Esenbeck, in Lindley, Intr. Nat. Syst. Bot., ed. 2. 449. 1836.Arundo benghalensis Retzius 1788. 
Arundo benghalensis Arundo benghalensis Retzius, Observ. Bot. 5: 20. 1788 ("1789"). INDIA
Arundo bifaria Arundo bifaria Retzius, Observ. Bot. 4: 21. 1786. INDIA
Arundo donax var. angustifolia Arundo donax Linnaeus, var. angustifolia Doell, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 2(3): 48. 1878. BRAZIL: Minas Gerais: Estrema, s.d., Pohl 3189 (holotype: W?).
Arundo donax var. lanceolata Arundo donax Linnaeus, var. lanceolata Doell, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 2(3): 48. 1878. BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro: Quinto near Rio de Janeiro, s.d., Glaziou 4334 (holotype: P?).
Arundo donax var. variegata Arundo donax Linnaeus, var. variegata Vilmorin, Fl. Pl. Terre 90. 1863. FRANCE
Arundo glauca Arundo glauca Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 4: 303. 1901, nom. illegit. et non Marschall von Bieberstein 1808, nec Hornemann 1813.Arundo donax Linnaeus 1753. 
Arundo latifolia Arundo latifolia Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 24. 1796, nom. illegit.Arundo donax Linnaeus 1753. 
Arundo sativa Arundo sativa Lamarck, Fl. Franc. 3: 616. 1779 ("1778"), nom. illegit.Arundo donax Linnaeus 1753. 
Arundo versicolor Arundo versicolor Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. 1768. INDIA
Cynodon donax Cynodon donax (Linnaeus) Raspail, Ann. Sci. Nat. (Paris) 5: 302. 1825.Arundo donax Linnaeus 1753. 
Donax donax Donax donax (Linnaeus) Ascherson & Graebner, Fl. Nordostdeut. Flachl. 101. 1898, nom. inadmiss.Arundo donax Linnaeus 1753. 
Donax sativa Donax sativa C. Presl, Cyper. Gramin. Sicul. 32. 1820, nom. illegit.Donax arundinaceus Palisot de Beauvois 1812; Arundo donax Linnaeus 1753. 
Donax arundinaceus Donax arundinaceus Palisot de Beauvois, Ess. Agrostogr. 78, 152, 161. 1812.Arundo donax Linnaeus 1753. 
Scolochloa donax Scolochloa donax (Linnaeus) Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 1: 202. 1828.Arundo donax Linnaeus 1753. 
Scolochloa arundinacea Scolochloa arundinacea (Palisot de Beauvois) Mertens & W. D. J. Koch, in Röhling, Deutschl. Fl., ed. 3. 1(2): 530. 1823, nom. illegit.Donax arundinaceus Palisot de Beauvois 1812; Arundo donax Linnaeus 1753. 
Arundo donax var. versicolor Arundo donax Linnaeus, var. versicolor (Miller) Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 1: 160. 1812.Arundo versicolor Miller 1768. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, DeKalb, Etowah, Geneva, Greene, Hale, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lee, Lowndes, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Montgomery, Morgan, Pike, Randolph, Russell, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1995 - 2004

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000036268 Bullock 14 Sep 2012 Bailee Dykes
1289
TROY
Arundo donax Linnaeus
AUA000015308 Randolph 21 SEP 1986 NIXON, C. F.
3137
AUA
ARUNDO DONAX L.
TROY000011655 Coffee 02 Nov 2003 Stephanie Thomas
17
TROY
Arundo donax Linnaeus
UWAL0016023 Pike 06 Nov 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23548
UWAL
Arundo donax Linnaeus
UWAL0019703 Montgomery 12 Sep 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25501
UWAL
Arundo donax Linnaeus
TROY000011658 Pike 20 Oct 2000 Clint Green
5
TROY
Arundo donax Linnaeus
UWAL0010023 Winston 02 Oct 2010 Spaulding, Dan
13289
UWAL
Arundo donax L.
AUA000018809 Conecuh 10 SEP 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
AUA
ARUNDO DONAX L.
TROY000011654 Butler 30 Sep 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16978
TROY
Arundo donax Linnaeus
JSU106519 Jefferson 02 Nov 1984 J. P. Barber
1240
JSU
Arundo donax Linnaeus
UNA00059926 Marshall 09 Sep 1995 D. D. Spaulding
8732
UNA
Arundo donax L.
AUA000024450 Russell 12 SEP 2004 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
12166
AUA
ARUNDO DONAX L.
JSU106518 Jackson 27 Jun 1998 K. R. Brodeur
882
JSU
Arundo donax Linnaeus
TROY000033997 Conecuh 09 Oct 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22626
TROY
Arundo donax Linnaeus
UWAL0033014 Houston 24 Nov 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
27090
UWAL
Arundo donax Linnaeus
TROY000011657 Dale 28 Jul 1999 Tiffany Pennington
8
TROY
Arundo donax Linnaeus
UWAL0010446 Conecuh 09 Oct 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22626
UWAL
Arundo donax Linnaeus
UWAL0011818 Greene 07 Nov 2010 Keener, Brian R.
6279
UWAL
Arundo donax Linnaeus
JSU106516 DeKalb 02 Aug 1976 R. D. Whetstone
8833
JSU
Arundo donax Linnaeus
UWAL0039257 Lowndes 14 Oct 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28551
UWAL
Arundo donax Linnaeus
TROY000046123 Marengo 28 Jun 2011 J. Kevin England
2966
TROY
Arundo donax Linnaeus
UWAL0034107 Morgan 14 Nov 2015 Spaulding, Dan
14464
UWAL
Arundo donax L.
JSU106521 Randolph 17 Jul 1996 J. M. Ballard
6222
JSU
Arundo donax Linnaeus
UNA00065441 Russell 12 Sep 2004 D. D. Spaulding
12166
UNA
Arundo donax L.
TROY000044102 Geneva 20 Oct 2016 Cameron Byrd
394
TROY
Arundo donax Linnaeus
JSU106517 Etowah 29 Oct 1994 L. M. Hodge
4039
JSU
Arundo donax Linnaeus
UWAL0039901 Geneva 20 Oct 2016 Byrd, Cameron
394
UWAL
Arundo donax Linnaeus
TROY000011659 Pike 30 Sep 1999 Melinda Mims
5-99
TROY
Arundo donax Linnaeus
AUA000038124 Morgan 17 Jul 2017 ENGLAND, J. KEVIN
8211
AUA
ARUNDO DONAX L.
UNA00054555 Blount 02 Nov 1998 Brian R. Keener
1772
UNA
Arundo donax L.
TROY000043873 Houston 24 Nov 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
27090
TROY
Arundo donax Linnaeus
UWAL0037681 Mobile 23 Sep 2017 Horne, E. Howard
4224
UWAL
Arundo donax Linnaeus
TROY000026518 Crenshaw 17 Aug 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19789
TROY
Arundo donax Linnaeus
TROY000040836 Greene 07 Nov 2010 Brian R. Keener
6279
TROY
Arundo donax Linnaeus
AUA000015303 Conecuh 12 SEP 1998 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
11408
AUA
ARUNDO DONAX L.
AUA000015305 Lee 1 MAY 1960 BANKS, DONALD J.
82
AUA
ARUNDO DONAX L.
JSU106515 Calhoun 21 Sep 1973 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Arundo donax Linnaeus
UWAL0042861 Baldwin 12 Sep 2003 Larsen, H.S.
1299
UWAL
Arundo donax L.
JSU156367 Calhoun 05 Oct 1986 Lawler, C.L.
1378
JSU
Arundo donax Linnaeus
AUA000015307 Randolph 21 SEP 1986 NIXON, C. F.
3137
AUA
ARUNDO DONAX L.
TROY000041851 Montgomery 12 Sep 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25501
TROY
Arundo donax Linnaeus
AUA000015304 Lee 8 NOV 1959 BANKS, DONALD J.
AUA
ARUNDO DONAX L.
TROY000011656 Coffee 10 Sep 1999 Brian H. Martin
190
TROY
Arundo donax Linnaeus
SAMF0001264 Hale 09 Sep 1979 Davenport, L. J.
1595
SAMF
Arundo donax Linnaeus
UWAL0014688 Bullock 14 Sep 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1289
UWAL
Arundo donax Linnaeus
AUA000015302 Butler 9 JUN 2006 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
2597
AUA
ARUNDO DONAX L.
AUA000015306 Pike 10 SEP 1994 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9371
AUA
ARUNDO DONAX L.
UWAL0014534 Marengo 28 Jun 2011 England, J. Kevin
2966
UWAL
Arundo donax Linnaeus
JSU106520 Jefferson 02 Nov 1984 J. P. Barber
1240
JSU
Arundo donax Linnaeus
UWAL0036568 Morgan 17 Jul 2017 England, J. Kevin
8211
UWAL
Arundo donax Linnaeus
TROY000034213 Covington 29 Oct 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22668
TROY
Arundo donax Linnaeus
UWAL0036580 Mobile 23 Sep 2017 Horne, Howard E.
4224
UWAL
Arundo donax Linnaeus
First Page Previous Page Next Page Last Page
Records per Page: