Epidendrum magnoliae

Family:ORCHIDACEAE
Species:Epidendrum magnoliae Muhlenberg
Common Name:Green Fly Orchid
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:**
Duration:**
Category:**
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Green Fly Orchid is a native evergreen herbaceous perennial in the Orchid family (Orchidaceae). It is native to the southern third of Alabama. Green Fly Orchid is an epiphyte (a plant that grows on another plant but is not a parasite) that grows primarily on Southern Magnolia trees overhanging streams and rivers. It is sometimes also found on Live Oak, Bald Cypress, Swamp Black Gum, or American Beech trees. Green Fly Orchid is cespitose, forming mats of creeping stems. The roots are thick and covered in a layer called the vellum. The vellum is greenish in color and adheres tightly to the bark of the tree. Leaves are alternate, petiolate, elliptic in outline, with entire margins. The leaves are thick and leathery and dark green in color. Flowers are produced in racemes of 6-14 flowers. The individual flowers have 3 sepals and 2 petals that are oblanceolate to spatulate in outline, and one petal that forms the lip. The lip is 3-lobed at the apex. The flowers are greenish-yellow in color, sometimes with a faint purple cast. The flowers are fragrant. The fruit is a capsule with many small dust-like seed. Green Fly Orchid is listed as an S2 species in Alabama (typically 6 to 20 occurrences, few remaining individuals, acres, or miles of stream, or factors demonstrably making it very vulnerable in the state), and globally as a G4 species (imperiled globally because of rarity (6 - 20 occurrences, or few remaining acres, or miles of stream) or very vulnerable to extinction throughout its range because of other factors). Green Fly Orchid is available from some nurseries that specialize in species orchids. It can be grown attached to drift wood or a slab of cork bark.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, S2 (State Rank), G4 (Global Rank)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyORCHIDACEAE - Orchid family
Genus Epidendrum
Species Epidendrum magnoliae Muhlenberg - Green Fly Orchid

Citation

Citation **
Basionym: **
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Amphiglottis conopsea    
Epidendrum conopseum    

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Barbour, Butler, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Escambia, Henry, Mobile, Pike

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 2002 - 2002

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
48854AUA_ACC Covington 18 MAR 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4248
AUA
EPIDENDRUM MAGNOLIAE MUHL.
52417AUA_ACC Covington 1 FEB 1994 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9006
AUA
EPIDENDRUM MAGNOLIAE MUHL.
TROY000029622 Baldwin 24 Mar 2009 Terry Wayne Barger
580
TROY
Epidendrum magnoliae Muhlenberg
AMAL00001296 Baldwin 28 Apr 2001 D. D. Spaulding
11024
AMAL
Epidendrum magnoliae Muhl.
51970AUA_ACC Dale 16 JUL 1993 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8729
AUA
EPIDENDRUM MAGNOLIAE MUHL.
55051AUA_ACC Crenshaw 7 AUG 1995 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9799
AUA
EPIDENDRUM MAGNOLIAE MUHL.
AMAL00016934 Baldwin 12 Apr 2007 C. J. Hansen
2927
AMAL
Epidendrum magnoliae Muhl.
50268AUA_ACC Covington 3 JAN 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7203
AUA
EPIDENDRUM MAGNOLIAE MUHL.
58070AUA_ACC Barbour 12 JUL 1998 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
11307
AUA
EPIDENDRUM MAGNOLIAE MUHL.
49783AUA_ACC Escambia 19 MAR 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4260
AUA
EPIDENDRUM MAGNOLIAE MUHL.
49196AUA_ACC Henry 31 MAR 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4330
AUA
EPIDENDRUM MAGNOLIAE MUHL.
UWAL0005068 Conecuh 16 Feb 2008 Diamond, A.R.
18709
UWAL
Epidendrum magnoliae Muhlenberg
AUA000030341 Covington 6 May 2011 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
5030
AUA
EPIDENDRUM MAGNOLIAE MUHL.
TROY000011347 Pike 10 Aug 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13530
TROY
Epidendrum magnoliae Muhlenberg
55050AUA_ACC Pike 7 AUG 1995 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9798
AUA
EPIDENDRUM MAGNOLIAE MUHL.
TROY000027714 Covington 20 Nov 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
20467
TROY
Epidendrum magnoliae Muhlenberg
50829AUA_ACC Dale 27 JUL 1992 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8369
AUA
EPIDENDRUM MAGNOLIAE MUHL.
58072AUA_ACC Henry 12 JUL 1998 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
11308
AUA
EPIDENDRUM MAGNOLIAE MUHL.
43477AUA_ACC Conecuh 20 MAR 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
239
AUA
EPIDENDRUM MAGNOLIAE MUHL.
66995AUA_ACC Baldwin 12 APR 2007 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
2927
AUA
EPIDENDRUM CONOPSEUM AIT. F.
51972AUA_ACC Covington 5 JUL 1993 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8726
AUA
EPIDENDRUM MAGNOLIAE MUHL.
TROY000011344 Butler 28 Jul 2001 Alvin R. Diamond
12561
TROY
Epidendrum magnoliae Muhlenberg
TROY000029634 Dale 28 Aug 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19857
TROY
Epidendrum magnoliae Muhlenberg
50901AUA_ACC Covington 7 AUG 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7617
AUA
EPIDENDRUM MAGNOLIAE MUHL.
65795AUA_ACC Baldwin 8 APR 2005 BIRKHEAD, ROGER
S.N.
AUA
EPIDENDRUM MAGNOLIAE MUHL.
51890AUA_ACC Covington 25 JUL 1993 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8733
AUA
EPIDENDRUM MAGNOLIAE MUHL.
58452AUA_ACC Baldwin 16 JUL 1996 TUCKER, JR., J. W.
AUA
EPIDENDRUM MAGNOLIAE MUHL.
50904AUA_ACC Conecuh 7 AUG 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7615
AUA
EPIDENDRUM MAGNOLIAE MUHL.
UNA00008426 Mobile _ Jul 1872 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Epidendrum magnoliae Muhl.
AMAL00015086 Conecuh 16 Feb 2008 A. R. Diamond
18709
AMAL
Epidendrum magnoliae Muhl.
51305AUA_ACC Dale 21 JUL 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7603
AUA
EPIDENDRUM MAGNOLIAE MUHL.
TROY000011346 Conecuh 16 Feb 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
18709
TROY
Epidendrum magnoliae Muhlenberg
56520AUA_ACC Coffee 13 JUN 1996 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
10327
AUA
EPIDENDRUM MAGNOLIAE MUHL.
52414AUA_ACC Escambia 6 MAR 1994 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9019
AUA
EPIDENDRUM MAGNOLIAE MUHL.
TROY000011345 Coffee 05 Nov 1999 Brian H. Martin
342
TROY
Epidendrum magnoliae Muhlenberg
UNA00059241 Pike 10 Aug 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13530
UNA
Epidendrum magnoliae Muhl.
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