Trillium lancifolium

Family:MELANTHIACEAE
Species:Trillium lancifolium Rafinesque
Common Name:Lance Leaf Trillium; Lance Leaf Wakerobin; Narrowleaf Trillium
Habitat:Alluvial to low woods and adjacent slopes.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:TRLA15
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, S2S3 (State Rank), G3 (Global Rank)
References:Freeman, J.D. 1975. Revision of Trillium Subgenus Phyllantherum (Liliaceae). Brittonia 27: 1-62.
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyMELANTHIACEAE - Bunchflower Family family
Genus Trillium
Species Trillium lancifolium Rafinesque - Lance Leaf Trillium; Lance Leaf Wakerobin; Narrowleaf Trillium

Citation

Citation Trillium lancifolium Rafinesque, Autik. Bot. 132. 1840.
Basionym: **
Type: FLORIDA: Gadsden Co.: Chattahoochee, 14 Mar 1901, Curtiss 6747 (neotype: GH; isoneotypes: GH 2 shts, ILL, KSC, MIN 2 shts, MO, NA, NY 2 shts, UC, US). Neotypified by Freeman, Brittonia 27: 10. 1975.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Trillium recurvatum subsp. lanceolatum Trillium recurvatum L. C. Beck, subsp. lanceolatum (S. Watson) E. Murray, Kalmia 13: 32. 1983.Trillium recurvatum L. C. Beck, var. lanceolatum S. Watson 1879. 
Trillium lanceolatum Trillium lanceolatum (S. Watson) Boykin ex Small, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 24: 174. 1897.Trillium recurvatum L. C. Beck, var. lanceolatum S. Watson 1879. 
Trillium recurvatum var. lanceolatum Trillium recurvatum L. C. Beck, var. lanceolatum S. Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 14: 273. 1879. GEORGIA: Without data, Boykin s.n. (holotype: NY; isotypes: CHARL, GH, PH).

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Clarke, Dallas, DeKalb, Etowah, Franklin, Greene, Houston, Macon, Marengo, Marshall, Montgomery, Perry, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter, Tuscaloosa, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AUA000000262 Tuscaloosa 1 APR 1968 KRAL, ROBERT
30001
AUA
TRILLIUM LANCIFOLIUM RAF.
TROY000036107 Clarke 02 Mar 2012 Brian R. Keener
6885
TROY
Trillium lancifolium Rafinesque
AUA000000252 Houston 10 APR 1971 GWALTNEY, JOHN R.
068
AUA
TRILLIUM LANCIFOLIUM RAF.
JSU129282 Etowah 21 May 1995 D. D. Spaulding
8176
JSU
Trillium lancifolium Rafinesque
UWAL0002460 Sumter 20 Mar 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3426
UWAL
Trillium lancifolium Rafinesque
TROY000037415 Macon 18 Mar 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
23841
TROY
Trillium lancifolium Rafinesque
TROY000025914 Tuscaloosa 25 Mar 2003 Robert Kral
93610
TROY
Trillium lancifolium Rafinesque
UNA00058604 Tuscaloosa 22 Mar 2003 Brian R. Keener
2489
UNA
Trillium lancifolium Raf.
AUA000000254 Macon 11 APR 1985 FREEMAN, JOHN D.
S. N.
AUA
TRILLIUM LANCIFOLIUM RAF.
SAMF0000839 Greene 19 Mar 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6351
SAMF
Trillium lancifolium Rafinesque
AUA000000261 Tuscaloosa 22 MAR 2003 KEENER, BRIAN R.
2489
AUA
TRILLIUM LANCIFOLIUM RAF.
AUA000000251 Dallas 10 APR 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
437
AUA
TRILLIUM LANCIFOLIUM RAF.
UWAL0015549 St. Clair 20 Apr 2014 Keener, Brian R.
8378
UWAL
Trillium lancifolium Raf.
JSU112740 Shelby 12 Apr 1998 Alfred Schotz
1609
JSU
Trillium lancifolium Rafinesque
AUA000000257 Montgomery 6 MAR 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6694
AUA
TRILLIUM LANCIFOLIUM RAF.
UNA00066993 Sumter 20 Mar 2007 Brian R. Keener
3426
UNA
Trillium lancifolium Raf.
AMAL00011659 Calhoun 3 Apr 2005 Daniel D. Spaulding
12235
AMAL
Trillium lancifolium Rafinesque
AMAL00012694 St. Clair 7 Apr 2007 Brian R. Keener
3453
AMAL
Trillium lancifolium Rafinesque
AUA000000255 Marengo 27 MAR 1969 KRAL, ROBERT
34027
AUA
TRILLIUM LANCIFOLIUM RAF.
UWAL0019410 Dallas 07 Apr 1993 Kral, R.
82038
UWAL
Trillium lancifolium Raf.
AMAL00012785 Marengo 15 Mar 2003 R. Kral
93631
AMAL
Trillium lancifolium Rafinesque
JSU142228 Clarke 21 Mar 2012 Howard E. Horne
SWS-86
JSU
Trillium lancifolium Rafinesque
AUA000000249 Clarke 20 MAR 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5751
AUA
TRILLIUM LANCIFOLIUM RAF.
AMAL00001223 Tuscaloosa 22 Mar 2003 Brian R. Keener
2489
AMAL
Trillium lancifolium Rafinesque
UNA00058739 Tuscaloosa 8 Apr 2005 Brian R. Keener
2613
UNA
Trillium lancifolium Raf.
TROY000025913 Sumter 20 Mar 2007 Brian R. Keener
3426
TROY
Trillium lancifolium Rafinesque
UWAL0002459 St. Clair 07 Apr 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3453
UWAL
Trillium lancifolium Rafinesque
AUA000000260 Shelby 12 APR 1998 SCHOTZ, ALFRED
1609
AUA
TRILLIUM LANCIFOLIUM RAF.
AUA000024569 St. Clair 7 APR 2007 KEENER, BRIAN R.
3453
AUA
TRILLIUM LANCIFOLIUM RAF.
AUA000000250 Dallas 9 APR 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
394
AUA
TRILLIUM LANCIFOLIUM RAF.
JSU112739 Cherokee 1 Apr 1976 T. A. Atkinson
1016
JSU
Trillium lancifolium Rafinesque
UWAL0003029 Greene 19 Mar 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6351
UWAL
Trillium lancifolium Raf.
TROY000037421 Butler 17 Mar 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
23822
TROY
Trillium lancifolium Rafinesque
TROY000026043 Marengo 15 Mar 2003 Robert Kral
93631
TROY
Trillium lancifolium Rafinesque
UNA00058461 Tuscaloosa 22 Mar 2003 Brian R. Keener
2480
UNA
Trillium lancifolium Raf.
TROY000011280 Perry 05 May 1977 John D. Freeman
s.n.
TROY
Trillium lancifolium Rafinesque
SAMF0001185 Sumter 11 Mar 2012 Keener, Brian R.
6933
SAMF
Trillium lancifolium Rafinesque
AUA000026957 Dallas 29 MAR 2010 BARGER, T. WAYNE
OC-171
AUA
TRILLIUM LANCIFOLIUM RAF.
AMAL00021652 St. Clair 20 Apr 2014 Brian R. Keener
8378
AMAL
Trillium lancifolium Rafinesque
AUA000027993 Greene 19 MAR 2011 KEENER, BRIAN R.
6351
AUA
TRILLIUM LANCIFOLIUM RAF.
UWAL0012218 Butler 17 Mar 2013 Keener, Brian R.
7689
UWAL
Trillium lancifolium Rafinesque
AUA000000259 Wilcox 6 APR 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
343
AUA
TRILLIUM LANCIFOLIUM RAF.
UNA00061334 Dallas 18 Mar 2001 Alfred Schotz
1824
UNA
Trillium lancifolium Raf.
UNA00007733 Wilcox 16 Apr 1980 Robert R. Haynes
7730
UNA
Trillium lanceolatum (S. Wats.) Boykin ex Small
AMAL00014154 Wilcox 31 Mar 2008 Brian R. Keener
4157
AMAL
Trillium lancifolium Rafinesque
TROY000048294 Montgomery 21 Mar 2019 Alvin R. Diamond
28810
TROY
Trillium lancifolium Rafinesque
UWAL0002521 Tuscaloosa 05 Apr 2006 Skinner, Angie
0071
UWAL
Trillium lancifolium Rafinesque
UWAL0034632 Calhoun 03 Apr 1995 Kral, R.
84414
UWAL
Trillium lancifolium Raf.
UWAL0009802 Clarke 02 Mar 2012 Keener, Brian R.
6885
UWAL
Trillium lancifolium Raf.
AMAL00007902 Wilcox 27 Mar 2002 R. Kral
92247
AMAL
Trillium lancifolium Rafinesque
TROY000033681 Greene 19 Mar 2011 Brian R. Keener
6351
TROY
Trillium lancifolium Rafinesque
TROY000025912 St. Clair 07 Apr 2007 Brian R. Keener
3453
TROY
Trillium lancifolium Rafinesque
AUA000000256 Montgomery 28 MAY 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6944
AUA
TRILLIUM LANCIFOLIUM RAF.
UNA00007738 Greene 23 Apr 1969 Joab L. Thomas
1991
UNA
Trillium lancifolium Raf.
TROY000026044 Wilcox 31 Mar 2008 Brian R. Keener
4157
TROY
Trillium lancifolium Rafinesque
UNA00006410 Dallas 10 Apr 1982 S. C. Gunn
437
UNA
Trillium lancifolium Raf.
TROY000025911 Calhoun 03 Apr 2005 Daniel D. Spaulding
12235
TROY
Trillium lancifolium Rafinesque
UWAL0034535 DeKalb 01 Apr 1995 Kral, R.
84371
UWAL
Trillium lancifolium Raf.
UWAL0019071 Franklin 14 Apr 1998 Kral, R.
87278
UWAL
Trillium lancifolium Raf.
AMAL00011379 Tuscaloosa 25 Mar 2003 R. Kral
93610
AMAL
Trillium lancifolium Rafinesque
TROY000037695 Montgomery 11 Apr 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
23915
TROY
Trillium lancifolium Rafinesque
AUA000001804 Calhoun 3 APR 2005 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
12235
AUA
TRILLIUM LANCIFOLIUM RAF.
UWAL0002522 Wilcox 31 Mar 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4157
UWAL
Trillium lancifolium Rafinesque
UNA00065657 Calhoun 3 Apr 2005 D. D. Spaulding
12235
UNA
Trillium lancifolium Raf.
TROY000025915 Tuscaloosa 22 Mar 2003 Brian R. Keener
2489
TROY
Trillium lancifolium Rafinesque
UNA00007728 Marshall 21 May 1980 Russell A. Meigs
587
UNA
Trillium lancifolium Raf.
UWAL0009725 Sumter 11 Mar 2012 Keener, Brian R.
6933
UWAL
Trillium lancifolium Raf.
AUA000000258 Perry 7 APR 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
896
AUA
TRILLIUM LANCIFOLIUM RAF.
AUA000000263 Tuscaloosa 20 APR 1965 KRAL, ROBERT
23773
AUA
TRILLIUM LANCIFOLIUM RAF.
AMAL00019699 Dallas 29 Mar 2010 T. Wayne Barger
171
AMAL
Trillium lancifolium Rafinesque
AMAL00010270 Cherokee 1 Apr 1976 R. D. Whetstone
7960
AMAL
Trillium lancifolium Rafinesque
AUA000000264 Wilcox 20 MAR 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
47
AUA
TRILLIUM LANCIFOLIUM RAF.
AMAL00015920 Sumter 20 Mar 2007 Brian R. Keener
3426
AMAL
Trillium lancifolium Rafinesque
UWAL0047999 Cherokee 27 Mar 2020 England, J. Kevin
10831
UWAL
Trillium lancifolium Rafinesque
UNA00067001 St. Clair 7 Apr 2007 Brian R. Keener
3453
UNA
Trillium lancifolium Raf.
AUA000000253 Macon 11 APR 1985 FREEMAN, JOHN D.
S. N.
AUA
TRILLIUM LANCIFOLIUM RAF.
UWAL0013868 Montgomery 11 Apr 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23915
UWAL
Trillium lancifolium Rafinesque
TROY000030074 Montgomery 06 Mar 1990 Alvin R. Diamond
6694
TROY
Trillium lancifolium Rafinesque
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