Trillium catesbaei

Family:TRILLIACEAE
Species:Trillium catesbaei Elliott
Common Name:Catesby's Trillium; Rosy Wakerobin; Bashful Trillium; Bashful Wakerobin
Habitat:Rich hardwood forests, mixed pine and hardwood forests, along streams, and in rocky woods
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Catesby's Trillium is a native perennial in the Bunchflower family (Melanthiaceae). It occurs primarily in eastern and southern Alabama. Catesby's Trillium grows in rich hardwood forests, mixed pine and hardwood forests, along streams, and in rocky woods. It is a perennial from a slender rhizome. Each rhizome usually produces a single stem topped by three bracts (leaves). Stems are from 6-12 inches in height. The bracts are elliptic-ovate in outline, green or tinted with purple in strong light, glabrous, with entire margins. Mature plants produce a single flower. Catesby's Trillium is a member of the pedicellate group of Trilliums. These Trilliums have flowers on a short stalks (the pedicel). The flowers of Catesby's Trillium are usually nodding below the bracts. Each flower has three recurved green sepals, three recurved white petals, and six bright yellow stamens. The petals become pink or rose colored with age. The fruit is a pulpy capsule with several seed. When mature the seed in brown in color with a white elaiosome. Catesby's Trillium was named in honor of Mark Casteby, author of "Natural History of Carolina, Florida and the Bahama Islands”. Catesby's Trillium is often available from wildflower nurseries. Only purchase plants from nurseries who have grown them and not those selling wild collected plants. Catesby's Trillium tolerates drier soil than most Trillium species. It prefers a moist to mesic organic rich soil in partial to full shade. Plants can be naturalized in a woodland or planted in beds under hardwoods.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyTRILLIACEAE - Trillium Family family
Genus Trillium
Species Trillium catesbaei Elliott - Catesby's Trillium; Rosy Wakerobin; Bashful Trillium; Bashful Wakerobin

Citation

Citation Trillium catesbaei Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1: 429. 1817.
Basionym: **
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Pendleton Co.: Baker & Perry s.n.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

No synonyms exist for this species.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Calhoun, Chambers, Cherokee, Clay, Cleburne, Coffee, Conecuh, Crenshaw, Dale, DeKalb, Elmore, Escambia, Henry, Jackson, Lee, Macon, Madison, Marengo, Pike, Randolph, Talladega, Tallapoosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000025849 Jackson 12 Jul 1999 K. R. Brodeur
2079
TROY
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
UNA00057975 Dale 12 May 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13176
UNA
Trillium catesbaei Ell.
JSU112460 Jackson 22 May 1996 R. D. Whetstone
17678
JSU
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
UWAL0031402 Calhoun 21 Apr 2011 England, J. Kevin
2812
UWAL
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
AUA000000014 Cleburne 20 APR 1957 ADAMS, W. H.
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
SAMF0000544 Cleburne 08 Apr 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3469
SAMF
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
AUA000000038 Lee 13 APR 1980 RUSH, BOB
050
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
TROY000025846 DeKalb 11 May 2006 Brian R. Keener
2865
TROY
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
JSU112444 Clay 2 Apr 1993 J. M. Ballard
1313
JSU
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
AUA000000052 Pike 26 MAR 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
231
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
TROY000011266 Coffee 07 Mar 2000 Brian H. Martin
471
TROY
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
AUA000000009 Cherokee 22 APR 1968 KRAL, ROBERT
30414C
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
AUA000000042 Lee 1 APR 1955 MILLER, W.W.
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
JSU112447 Cleburne 29 Apr 1983 M. G. Bussey
585
JSU
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
AUA000000020 Dale 9 JUN 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7458
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
AUA000000004 Chambers 30 MAR 1967 GOLDEN, MICHAEL S.
11
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
SAMF0000542 Clay 09 May 1959 Whitmire, Jan
s.n.
SAMF
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
UNA00044368 Pike 10 Apr 1960 James C. Wilkes
s.n.
UNA
Trillium catesbaei Ell.
UNA00065858 DeKalb 28 Apr 1979 R. Kral
63433
UNA
Trillium catesbaei Ell.
JSU112433 Calhoun 6 May 1986 C. L. Lawler
312
JSU
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
JSU112456 Elmore 9 Apr 1973 Janet Mason
90
JSU
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
AMAL00019094 Calhoun 29 Apr 1994 J. M. Ballard
3675
AMAL
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
JSU112448 Cleburne 16 Apr 1980 R. D. Whetstone
9845
JSU
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
AUA000000057 Tallapoosa 11 APR 1998 TYLER, PATRICIA J.
TYLER181
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
AUA000000012 Cleburne 9 APR 1968 O'NEAL, JUDY
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
AUA000000062 Tallapoosa 6 APR 1976 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
2004
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
JSU112462 Jackson 4 May 1994 D. D. Spaulding
6053
JSU
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
AUA000000021 Dale 21 MAR 1992 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8024
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
UWAL0002519 DeKalb 11 May 2006 Keener, Brian R.
2865
UWAL
Trillium catesbaei Walter
AUA000024570 Cleburne 8 APR 2007 KEENER, BRIAN R.
3469
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
AUA000000034 Jackson 28 APR 1972 KRAL, ROBERT
45792
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
JSU112445 Clay 10 Apr 1981 R. D. Whetstone
10503
JSU
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
AUA000000056 Tallapoosa 15 APR 1972 FREEMAN, JOHN D.
771
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
TROY000011268 Dale 04 Apr 1998 Hannelore Rundell
519
TROY
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
UNA00044363 DeKalb 24 Apr 1969 R. Kral
34364
UNA
Trillium catesbaei Ell.
JSU112465 Lee 8 Apr 1973 RB McCullers
81
JSU
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
AUA000000045 Lee 18 APR 1964 BOZARTH, GENE A.
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
AUA000024952 DeKalb 11 MAY 2012 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
5562
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
JSU112442 Clay 2 May 1980 R. D. Whetstone
9929
JSU
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
AUA000000007 Chambers 12 MAY 1966 WOODRUFF, JOHN M.
68
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
JSU112457 Jackson 12 Jul 1999 K. R. Brodeur
2079
JSU
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
AMAL00009909 DeKalb 31 May 1985 R. D. Whetstone
15027
AMAL
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
AUA000000001 Calhoun 15 APR 1972 REDMOND, BILL
0011
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
TROY000025845 Cleburne 08 Apr 2007 Brian R. Keener
3469
TROY
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
JSU112454 DeKalb 15 Apr 1967 G Collier
s.n.
JSU
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
AUA000000029 Escambia 25 MAR 2003 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
13805
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
TROY000011270 Escambia 25 Mar 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
13805
TROY
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
AUA000000032 Jackson 14 APR 1973 KRAL, ROBERT
49571
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
AUA000024565 Marengo 23 APR 2006 MCKINNEY, K. A.
26
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
JSU112434 Calhoun 9 Apr 1976 Kay Johnston
s.n.
JSU
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
AUA000000019 Dale 7 JUL 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7573
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
AUA000000022 DeKalb 28 APR 1978 GLICK, J. I.
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
SAMF0000543 DeKalb 05 May 1960 Taunton, Bertha Ann
s.n.
SAMF
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
UNA00067010 Cleburne 8 Apr 2007 Brian R. Keener
3469
UNA
Trillium catesbaei Ell.
UNA00017702 Jackson 28 Apr 1972 R. Kral
45792
UNA
Trillium catesbaei Ell.
JSU112446 Cleburne 9 Apr 1995 S. E. Hruska
603
JSU
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
AUA000000011 Cleburne 25 APR 1981 CAUSEY, ANN S.
2128
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
UWAL0002520 DeKalb 28 Apr 1979 Kral, R.
63433
UWAL
Trillium catesbaei Walter
TROY000025847 Cleburne 27 Apr 1979 Robert Kral
63391
TROY
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
JSU112432 Calhoun 25 Sep 1986 C. L. Lawler
1251
JSU
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
UNA00064993 DeKalb 11 May 2006 Brian R. Keener
2865
UNA
Trillium catesbaei Ell.
AUA000000051 Macon 21 APR 1974 SKELTON, M.
096
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
TROY000025851 Randolph 23 Feb 1988 C. F. Nixon
3738
TROY
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
JSU112458 Jackson 14 Apr 1973 R. Kral
49571
JSU
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
AUA000000059 Tallapoosa 15 APR 1976 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
2112
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
AMAL00001199 Escambia 25 Mar 2003 A. R. Diamond
13805
AMAL
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
AUA000000017 Crenshaw 19 MAY 1996 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
10244
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
AUA000000030 Henry 27 FEB 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7228
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
AMAL00004075 Cleburne 8 Apr 2007 Brian R. Keener
3469
AMAL
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
JSU112469 Randolph 1 Apr 1984 C. F. Nixon
657
JSU
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
AUA000000036 Jackson 24 APR 1969 KRAL, ROBERT
34598
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
UWAL0033576 Cleburne 03 Apr 2010 England, J. Kevin
2303
UWAL
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
JSU112459 Jackson 30 Apr 1967 N. Sanford
s.n.
JSU
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
AUA000000026 DeKalb 9 MAY 1959 DOROUGH, WYMAN
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
AUA000000035 Jackson 11 APR 1991 GUNN, SCOTT C.
1929
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
UNA00044359 Cherokee 28 Apr 1979 John H. Wiersema
597
UNA
Trillium catesbaei Ell.
UNA00044357 Jackson 8 May 1980 Russell A. Meigs
428
UNA
Trillium catesbaei Ell.
JSU112464 Lee 13 Jul 1973 Tom W. French
198
JSU
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
JSU112431 Calhoun 6 Apr 1994 S. E. Hruska
112
JSU
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
AUA000000028 Elmore 17 APR 1973 CAMPBELL, BENNY
135
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
UWAL0002517 Cleburne 27 Apr 1979 Kral, R.
63391
UWAL
Trillium catesbaei Walter
JSU112439 Cherokee 6 May 1983 C. F. Nixon
106
JSU
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
UNA00057823 Henry 26 Mar 1988 Alvin R. Diamond
4303
UNA
Trillium catesbaei Ell.
AUA000000006 Chambers 12 JUL 1969 SIMMONDS, E. P.
016
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
AUA000026971 Jackson 17 APR 2009 BARGER, T. WAYNE
HC-169
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
JSU112440 Cherokee 6 May 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13096
JSU
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
AUA000000060 Tallapoosa 1 APR 1976 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
1970
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
AMAL00001200 Dale 12 May 2002 A. R. Diamond
13176
AMAL
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
AUA000000016 Conecuh 18 APR 1983 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
29
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
AUA000000018 Crenshaw 26 MAR 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5769
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
AMAL00001201 Lee 19 Apr 2002 Brian R. Keener
1977
AMAL
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
AUA000000033 Jackson 24 APR 1969 KRAL, ROBERT
34413
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
AUA000000008 Chambers 11 JUL 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
255-69
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
JSU112450 Cleburne 7 May 1983 M. G. Bussey
629
JSU
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
AUA000000010 Clay 10 APR 1971 DONOVAN, LOIS A.
118
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
AUA000000049 Lee 11 APR 1969 GRIFFIN, J. W.
32
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
UNA00044366 Pike 10 May 1960 James C. Wilkes
s.n.
UNA
Trillium catesbaei Ell.
UNA00044364 Randolph 29 Apr 1980 Robert R. Haynes
7754
UNA
Trillium catesbaei Ell.
JSU112449 Cleburne 28 Apr 1976 T. A. Atkinson
1442
JSU
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
TROY000025852 Calhoun 15 Apr 1970 Peggy Tinney
s.n.
TROY
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
AUA000000053 Pike 15 JUN 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
931
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
AUA000000050 Lee 13 JUL 1973 HANLIN, H. G.
194
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
JSU112441 Cherokee 19 Jun 1986 R. D. Whetstone
15147
JSU
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
AUA000000044 Lee 1 MAY 1964 WIGGINS, ROBERT A.
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
JSU112436 Calhoun 15 Apr 1970 Jessica Tudor
s.n.
JSU
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
AMAL00019481 Calhoun 9 Apr 1976 Key Johnston
AMAL
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
AUA000000046 Lee 16 APR 1970 PIPPIN, JEANNINE
065
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
AUA000000023 DeKalb 30 APR 1966 SEARCY, JAMES W.
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
JSU112453 DeKalb 9 May 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1534
JSU
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
AUA000000015 Conecuh 23 MAR 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
249
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
UWAL0033553 Randolph 25 Apr 2010 England, J. Kevin
2350
UWAL
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
AUA000000058 Tallapoosa 17 APR 1966 KOELLING, ALFRED C.
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
AUA000000005 Chambers 9 APR 1974 LANCASTER, D. S.
165
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
JSU112435 Calhoun 5 Apr 1976 Kay Johnston
s.n.
JSU
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
JSU144054 Cleburne 10 Apr 1993 F. Hutchinson
1295
JSU
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
AUA000000040 Lee 9 APR 1971 FULLER, C. W.
016
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
AMAL00010257 Talladega 2 Apr 1996 J. G. Moser
113
AMAL
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
UNA00044353 Jackson 24 Apr 1969 R. Kral
34413
UNA
Trillium catesbaei Ell.
JSU112463 Jackson 8 May 1975 S. D. Durham
392
JSU
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
UNA00055798 Lee 19 Apr 2002 Brian R. Keener
1977
UNA
Trillium catesbaei Ell.
AUA000000043 Lee 17 MAR 1966 SMITH, DAVID M.
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
JSU112430 Calhoun 6 May 1986 C. L. Lawler
312
JSU
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
JSU112438 Chambers 27 Apr 1954 J.T. Edge
s.n.
JSU
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
TROY000025850 Randolph Spring 1985 C. F. Nixon
1157
TROY
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
AUA000000047 Lee 6 APR 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
043-69
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
AUA000000061 Tallapoosa 17 APR 1976 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
2201
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
AUA000000054 Pike 2 MAY 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4614
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
UWAL0002518 Cleburne 08 Apr 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3469
UWAL
Trillium catesbaei Walter
JSU112468 Randolph 1 Jan 1985 C. F. Nixon
1157
JSU
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
AUA000000003 Calhoun 25 APR 1969 KRAL, ROBERT
34443
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
TROY000011271 Henry 31 Mar 1988 John D. Freeman
s.n.
TROY
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
JSU112455 DeKalb 19 Apr 1968 Norman Harris
s.n.
JSU
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
AUA000000055 Randolph 18 APR 1981 FLOYD, ED
049
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
TROY000011269 Escambia 10 Apr 2003 Darryl Searcy
s.n.
TROY
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
UNA00045751 Dale 9 Jun 1998 John R. MacDonald
11446
UNA
Trillium catesbaei Ell.
JSU112461 Jackson 7 May 1978 R. Kral
61702
JSU
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
JSU112437 Calhoun 21 Apr 1956 Wayman Traylor
s.n.
JSU
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
TROY000026040 Pike 10 Apr 1973 R. McNeil
s.n.
TROY
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
JSU112467 Randolph 29 May 1985 C. F. Nixon
1140
JSU
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
UWAL0034639 Calhoun 23 Apr 1990 Kral, R.
77381
UWAL
Trillium catesbaei Ell.
UNA00060366 Escambia 25 Mar 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
13805
UNA
Trillium catesbaei Ell.
JSU112451 Cleburne 25 Apr 1981 R. D. Whetstone
10526
JSU
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
AUA000000027 DeKalb 9 MAY 1959 ADCOCK, LARRY W.
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
AUA000000063 Tallapoosa 1 APR 1976 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
1919
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
TROY000031537 Jackson 24 Apr 1969 Robert Kral
34413
TROY
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
JSU112452 DeKalb 20 May 1992 J. M. Ballard
829
JSU
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
AUA000000031 Henry 26 MAR 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
43030
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
AMAL00012905 DeKalb 11 May 2006 Brian R. Keener
2865
AMAL
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
AUA000000002 Calhoun 22 APR 1968 KRAL, ROBERT
30437
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
AUA000000048 Lee 11 APR 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
077-69
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
JSU112443 Clay 3 May 1983 M. G. Bussey
609
JSU
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
AUA000000037 Jackson 25 JUN 1983 DODD, J. K.
23
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
AUA000000013 Cleburne 2 MAY 1969 GREGORY, J. M.
089
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
UNA00044369 Pike 10 Apr 1960 James C. Wilkes
s.n.
UNA
Trillium catesbaei Ell.
UNA00044358 Calhoun 17 Apr 1979 Robert R. Haynes
7095
UNA
Trillium catesbaei Ell.
JSU112466 Madison 24 Apr 1996 S. J. Threlkeld
212
JSU
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
AUA000000039 Lee 23 JUL 1971 BRUGH, JR., THOMAS H.
092
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
TROY000025848 DeKalb 28 Apr 1979 Robert Kral
63433
TROY
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
AUA000000041 Lee 1950 DAVIS, DONALD E.
AUA
TRILLIUM CATESBAEI ELLIOTT
TROY000011267 Dale 12 May 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13176
TROY
Trillium catesbaei Elliott
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