Aletris farinosa

Family:NARTHECIACEAE
Species:Aletris farinosa Linnaeus
Common Name:White Colic Root; White Star Grass; Mealy Colic Root
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:**
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:White Colic Root is a native herbaceous perennial in the Bog Asphodel family (Nartheciaceae). It occurs throughout Alabama. White Colic Root grows in bogs, in wet sandy pine woods, and in dry upland forests. It is a perennial from a short rhizome. The plant is scapose (lacking a leafy stem), and consists of a basal rosette of linear-lanceolate, leathery leaves. The flowers are produced in a raceme. The flowering stalks are from one to three feet in height. Flowers are cylindrical with spreading lobes. The tepals (petals and sepals) are white or creamy white in color and have a “mealy” surface. The fruit is a capsule. Aletris root is used in herbal medicine to treat stomach problems such as colic, constipation, diarrhea, gas, and upset stomach. Aletris was the name of a legendary female slave who ground grain into meal. The roughened texture of the tepals is reminiscent of coarsely ground meal and led to the naming of this genus. White Colic Root is difficult to maintain in cultivation, and is rarely offered for sale. It requires full sun and moist soil, but does not like standing water. It can sometimes be cultivated in a bog garden.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FAC+ (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyNARTHECIACEAE - Bog Asphodel Family family
Genus Aletris
Species Aletris farinosa Linnaeus - White Colic Root; White Star Grass; Mealy Colic Root

Citation

Citation ALETRIS FARINOSA Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 319. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: Without data (lectotype: LINN 440.1). Lectotypified by Reveal, in C. E. Jarvis et al., Regnum Veg. 127: 16. 1993.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

No synonyms exist for this species.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Chilton, Clay, Cleburne, Coffee, Colbert, Conecuh, Coosa, Covington, Crenshaw, Dallas, DeKalb, Etowah, Greene, Henry, Jackson, Jefferson, Lee, Marengo, Mobile, Monroe, Randolph, Russell, Talladega, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AMAL, AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1965 - 2015

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000011100 Butler 10 May 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
17546
TROY
Aletris farinosa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_64457 DeKalb 31 May 1985 Whetstone, R.David
15043
AUA
Aletris Farinosa L.
UWAL0014735 Washington 29 May 2010 Keener, Brian R.
6053
UWAL
Aletris farinosa L.
JSU101396 Cherokee 13 Jun 1986 Whetstone, R. David
15116
JSU
Aletris farinosa Linnaeus
AMAL00007963 Bibb 10 May 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11835
AMAL
Aletris farinosa L.
JSU101402 Talladega 15 May 1982 Bussey, Melanie G.
JSU
Aletris farinosa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_53708 Conecuh 9 May 1993 Diamond, Alvin R.
8611
AUA
Aletris Farinosa L.
JSU101495 Calhoun 12 Jun 1969 Clonts, Jerry A.
JSU
Aletris farinosa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_64185 Randolph 2 Jun 1988 Nixon, C.F.
3928
AUA
Aletris Farinosa L.
AUA_ACC_35992 Bibb 4 May 1979 Beckett, Scott W.
152
AUA
Aletris Farinosa L.
UNA00015088 Jackson 06 Jun 1980 Meigs, Russell A.
803
UNA
Aletris farinosa L.
JSU101494 Cherokee 26 May 1973 Whetstone, R. David
JSU
Aletris farinosa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_47075 DeKalb 24 Jun 1972 Galloway, Juanita
53
AUA
Aletris Farinosa L.
AUA_ACC_60364 Mobile 13 May 1997 Schotz, Alfred
1498
AUA
Aletris Farinosa L.
TROY000034960 Dallas 02 Apr 2012 Webb, Wayne K.
s.n.
TROY
Aletris farinosa Linnaeus
UWAL0012204 Colbert 17 Jun 2013 Keener, Brian R.
7906
UWAL
Aletris farinosa Linnaeus
UWAL0052476 Coosa 15 Jun 1969 Kaul, Mrs. Hugh
188
UWAL
Aletris farinosa
ALNHS00004618 Butler 21 Apr 2017 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#2979
ALNHS
Aletris farinosa L.
AMAL00001107 Cherokee 11 May 2002 Spaulding, Daniel D.
1263
AMAL
Aletris farinosa L.
JSU101496 Cherokee 08 Jul 1969 Tudor, Jessica
s.n.
JSU
Aletris farinosa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_131126 Baldwin 2 May 1965 Dickens, Ray
AUA
Aletris Farinosa L.
JSU101497 Cherokee 08 Jul 1969 Cofield, Jan
JSU
Aletris farinosa Linnaeus
TROY000011099 Bullock 02 May 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13116
TROY
Aletris farinosa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_71252 Cleburne 16 Jun 1994 Oberholster, Suzanne
703
AUA
Aletris Farinosa L.
AUA_ACC_1769A Baldwin 19 Apr 1953 Bennett, Orus L.
AUA
Aletris Farinosa L.
UNA00061121 Bibb 10 May 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11835
UNA
Aletris farinosa L.
AUA_ACC_19420 Henry 25 May 1971 Moore, Harold D.
1175
AUA
Aletris Farinosa L.
UWAL0010370 Baldwin 08 Apr 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7103
UWAL
Aletris farinosa L.
AMAL00001106 Bullock 02 May 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13116
AMAL
Aletris farinosa L.
UWAL0032545 Washington 25 May 2014 England, J. Kevin
4878
UWAL
Aletris farinosa Linnaeus
TROY000026014 Butler 07 May 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19215
TROY
Aletris farinosa Linnaeus
UNA00058342 Bullock 02 May 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13116
UNA
Aletris farinosa L.
AMAL00011775 Jackson 19 Sep 2004 Spaulding, Daniel D.
1180
AMAL
Aletris farinosa L.
ALNHS00002265 Conecuh 16 May 2013 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#1030
ALNHS
Aletris farinosa L.
AUA_ACC_23792 Baldwin 9 May 1971 Donovan, Lois A.
344
AUA
Aletris Farinosa L.
JSU101498 Clay 01 Jul 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
2190
JSU
Aletris farinosa Linnaeus
TROY000038474 Baldwin 08 Apr 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7103
TROY
Aletris farinosa Linnaeus
UNA00006444 Marengo 05 Jun 1971 Kral, Robert
42951
UNA
Aletris farinosa L.
AUA_ACC_46107 DeKalb 5 Jun 1987 Diamond, Alvin R.
3313
AUA
Aletris Farinosa L.
UNA00065451 Jackson 19 Sep 2004 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12180
UNA
Aletris farinosa L.
UWAL0014251 Bullock 24 May 2012 Dykes, Bailee
788
UWAL
Aletris farinosa Linnaeus
UWAL0042784 Baldwin 02 May 2005 Larsen, Harry S.
1443
UWAL
Aletris farinosa L.
AMAL00001108 Crenshaw 05 May 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13128
AMAL
Aletris farinosa L.
UNA00057100 Barbour 10 May 1997 MacDonald, John R.
10429
UNA
Aletris farinosa L.
AMAL00019977 Mobile 12 Apr 2013 Horne, Howard E.
2078
AMAL
Aletris farinosa Linnaeus
UNA00058321 Crenshaw 05 May 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13128
UNA
Aletris farinosa L.
USAM000008092 Mobile 20 Apr 1967 LeLong, Michel G.
3052
USAM
Aletris farinosa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_5333 Baldwin 2 May 1965 Koelling, Alfred C.
2258
AUA
Aletris Farinosa L.
AUA_ACC_1768 Russell 6 May 1954 Rausch, R.A.
AUA
Aletris Farinosa L.
TROY000046598 Autauga 02 May 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
707
TROY
Aletris farinosa Linnaeus
JSU101400 Talladega 01 Jul 1992 Ballard, J. Mark
232
JSU
Aletris farinosa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_28827 Talladega 27 May 1976 Rutland, David W.
3039
AUA
Aletris Farinosa L.
JSU101499 Clay 19 Jun 1993 Ballard, J. Mark
2829
JSU
Aletris farinosa Linnaeus
UWAL0010739 Dallas 02 Apr 2012 Webb, Wayne K.
s.n.
UWAL
Aletris farinosa Linnaeus
UWAL0042783 Baldwin 11 Apr 2001 Larsen, Harry S.
741
UWAL
Aletris farinosa L.
AMAL00009679 Cherokee 16 May 1972 Landers, Kenneth E.
s.n.
AMAL
Aletris farinosa L.
UNA00015079 Jefferson 1 Jun 1976 Gill
48
UNA
Aletris farinosa L.
AUA_ACC_35356 Covington 16 May 1979 Crawford, Lloyd C.
AUA
Aletris Farinosa L.
UNA00015086 Monroe 24 May 1980 Haynes, Robert R.
7820
UNA
Aletris farinosa L.
TROY000030661 Baldwin 19 Apr 1953 Bennett, Orus L.
s.n.
TROY
Aletris farinosa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_45996 Crenshaw 11 Jun 1971 Kral, Robert
43220
AUA
Aletris Farinosa L.
UWAL0018818 Monroe 05 May 1988 Kral, Robert
74693
UWAL
Aletris farinosa L.
TROY000011102 Crenshaw 05 May 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13128
TROY
Aletris farinosa Linnaeus
JSU101397 Etowah 28 May 1994 Hodge, Lesley M.
1505
JSU
Aletris farinosa Linnaeus
TROY000038595 Bullock 24 May 2012 Dykes, Bailee
788
TROY
Aletris farinosa Linnaeus
UWAL0010511 Butler 23 Apr 2012 Webb, Wayne K.
2
UWAL
Aletris farinosa L.
JSU101395 Cleburne 27 May 1994 Ballard, J. Mark
4042
JSU
Aletris farinosa Linnaeus
UNA00015089 Greene 15 May 1965 Naugle, Helen E.
G7
UNA
Aletris farinosa L.
UNA00058090 Baldwin 26 May 2002 Keener, Brian R.
2083
UNA
Aletris farinosa L.
AMAL00001105 Barbour 10 May 1997 MacDonald, John R.
10429
AMAL
Aletris farinosa L.
JSU101500 Clay 06 Aug 1982 Whetstone, R. David
11912
JSU
Aletris farinosa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_49250 Crenshaw 29 May 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
4899
AUA
Aletris Farinosa L.
UNA00015084 Marengo 25 May 1980 Haynes, Robert R.
7823
UNA
Aletris farinosa L.
TROY000011101 Covington 13 May 2001 Diamond, Alvin R.
12424
TROY
Aletris farinosa Linnaeus
UWAL0004669 Butler 07 May 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19215
UWAL
Aletris farinosa L.
AMAL00021211 Colbert 17 Jun 2013 Keener, Brian R.
7906
AMAL
Aletris farinosa Linnaeus
UWAL0018820 Monroe 22 May 1993 Kral, Robert
82452
UWAL
Aletris farinosa L.
AMAL00013554 Butler 10 May 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
17546
AMAL
Aletris farinosa L.
JSU129302 Etowah 21 May 1995 Spaulding, Daniel D.
8172
JSU
Aletris farinosa Linnaeus
TROY000040960 Colbert 17 Jun 2013 Keener, Brian R.
7906
TROY
Aletris farinosa Linnaeus
UWAL0031277 Cherokee 01 Jun 2015 Keener, Brian R.
8941
UWAL
Aletris farinosa L.
JSU101401 Talladega 31 May 1992 Ballard, J. Mark
186
JSU
Aletris farinosa Linnaeus
JSU101398 Jackson 04 Jun 1999 Brodeur, Kristin R.
1955
JSU
Aletris farinosa Linnaeus
una00073086 Bibb 30 May 2016 Kleinman, Jonathan
9
UNA
Aletris farinosa L.
AUA_ACC_39943 Conecuh 11 May 1985 Diamond, Alvin R.
597
AUA
Aletris Farinosa L.
AUA_ACC_53938 Bullock 29 May 1993 Diamond, Alvin R.
8642
AUA
Aletris Farinosa L.
UNA00050620 Henry 28 May 1998 MacDonald, John R.
11308
UNA
Aletris farinosa L.
TROY000039869 Butler 23 Apr 2012 Webb, Wayne K.
2
TROY
Aletris farinosa Linnaeus
UNA00015081 Coffee 15 Jun 1979 Davenport, Lawrence J.
1195a
UNA
Aletris farinosa L.
AMAL00015388 Bibb 27 May 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4504
AMAL
Aletris farinosa L.
UWAL0046694 Autauga 02 May 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
707
UWAL
Aletris farinosa Linnaeus
AMAL00009910 DeKalb 31 May 1985 Whetstone, R. David
15043
AMAL
Aletris farinosa L.
JSU101493 Bibb 22 Jul 1982 Whetstone, R. David
11667
JSU
Aletris farinosa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_72577 Baldwin 15 May 2008 Barger, T. Wayne
PERD-361
AUA
Aletris Farinosa L.
UNA00015085 Talladega 21 Jun 1980 Meigs, Russell A.
876
UNA
Aletris farinosa L.
JSU101394 Cleburne 25 May 1994 Hruska, Susan E.
182
JSU
Aletris farinosa Linnaeus
USAM000008093 Mobile 07 May 1968 LeLong, Michel G.
4482
USAM
Aletris farinosa Linnaeus
JSU101492 Bibb 07 Jun 1999 Brodeur, Kristin R.
2007
JSU
Aletris farinosa Linnaeus
UNA00050277 13 Jun 1986 Whetstone, R. David
15116
UNA
Aletris farinosa L.
AUA_ACC_17386 Baldwin 26 Jul 1969 Miller, L.C.
177
AUA
Aletris Farinosa L.
UWAL0004668 Bibb 27 May 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4504
UWAL
Aletris farinosa L.
JSU101399 Randolph 27 May 1984 Nixon, Christopher F.
725
JSU
Aletris farinosa Linnaeus
AMAL00019084 Calhoun 16 May 1994 Ballard, J. Mark
3840
AMAL
Aletris farinosa L.
UNA00015087 Chilton 31 May 1980 Meigs, Russell A.
692
UNA
Aletris farinosa L.
AUA_ACC_1770 Lee 10 May 1949 Cunningham, Hugh B.
AUA
Aletris Farinosa L.
UNA00015078 Mobile _ May _ Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Aletris farinosa L.
AUA_ACC_66620 DeKalb 1976 Atkinson, T.A.
1903
AUA
Aletris Farinosa L.
ALNHS00003297 Washington 12 May 2015 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#1845
ALNHS
Aletris farinosa L.
AUA_ACC_47512 Bibb 26 May 1979 Beckett, Scott W.
160
AUA
Aletris Farinosa L.
UNA00015083 Jackson 06 Jun 1980 Meigs, Russell A.
803
UNA
Aletris farinosa L.
JSU146248 Cleburne 14 Jun 1996 Hutchinson, Francine
2386A
JSU
Aletris farinosa Linnaeus
TROY000028897 Bibb 27 May 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4504
TROY
Aletris farinosa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_53625 Calhoun 23 May 1994 Hilton, Jarel L.
169
AUA
Aletris Farinosa L.
UNA00015080 Mobile 21 Apr 1963 Wood, Ernest C.
75
UNA
Aletris farinosa L.
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