Aletris aurea

Family:NARTHECIACEAE
Species:Aletris aurea Walter
Common Name:Golden Colic Root
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:**
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Golden Colic Root is a native herbaceous perennial in the Bog Asphodel family (Nartheciaceae). It occurs in the southern half of Alabama. Golden Colic Root grows in bogs, in wet sandy pine woods, and in seeps. It is a perennial from a short rhizome. The plant is scapose (lacking a leafy stem), and consists of a basal rosette of linear, leathery, grass like leaves. The flowers are produced in a raceme. The flowering stalks are from one to two feet in height. Flowers are campanulate, more than 2 times or less as long as broad, with erect lobes. The tepals (petals and sepals) are golden yellow in color and have a “mealy” surface. The fruit is a capsule. Aletris was the name of a legendary female slave who ground grain into meal. The roughened texture of the tepals is reminiscent of coarsely ground meal and led to the naming of this genus. Aurea is Latin for “golden”. Aletris root is used in herbal medicine to treat stomach problems such as colic, constipation, diarrhea, gas, and upset stomach. Golden Colic Root is difficult to maintain in cultivation, and is rarely offered for sale. It requires full sun and moist soil, but does not like standing water. It can sometimes be cultivated in a bog garden.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACW+ (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyNARTHECIACEAE - Bog Asphodel Family family
Genus Aletris
Species Aletris aurea Walter - Golden Colic Root

Citation

Citation ALETRIS AUREA Walter, Fl. Carol. 121. 1788.
Basionym: **
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Colleton Co.: Along SC 63, 5.1 mi. W of its junction with SC 21, 25 Jun 1956, Ahles 15423 (neotype: GH; isoneotypes: NCU, NY). Neotypified by D. B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 1: 1093. 2007.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

No synonyms exist for this species.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Butler, Choctaw, Coffee, Conecuh, Coosa, Covington, Crenshaw, Dallas, Elmore, Escambia, Geneva, Houston, Lee, Macon, Mobile, Montgomery, Perry, Pike, Russell, Sumter, Tallapoosa, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1939 - 1995

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
USAM000008088 Mobile 14 May 1968 LeLong, Michel G.
4588
USAM
Aletris aurea Walter
UWAL0004664 Baldwin 09 May 2008 Davenport, L.J.
3821
UWAL
Aletris aurea Walt.
UWAL0004666 Sumter 28 Jun 1935 Spieth, Alda M.
s.n.
UWAL
Aletris aurea Walt.
TROY000032679 Conecuh 27 Jun 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22268
TROY
Aletris aurea Walter
UWAL0004665 Covington 17 Jun 2009 Diamond, Alvin R.
20772
UWAL
Aletris aurea Walt.
TROY000028328 Covington 17 Jun 2009 Diamond, Alvin R.
20772
TROY
Aletris aurea Walter
UWAL0013264 Coosa 12 Jul 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24337
UWAL
Aletris aurea Walter
AUA_ACC_17385 Baldwin 26 Jul 1969 Miller, L.C.
177
AUA
Aletris Aurea Walt.
AUA_ACC_2140 Baldwin 8 May 1964 Creel, John
AUA
Aletris Aurea Walt.
TROY000026013 Crenshaw 01 Jul 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19514
TROY
Aletris aurea Walter
UWAL0031817 Conecuh 29 Jun 1989 Kral, Robert
76723
UWAL
Aletris aurea Walter
UNA00015096 Lee 21 Jun 1980 Haynes, Robert R.
7848
UNA
Aletris aurea Walt.
AUA_ACC_67694 Mobile 15 Apr 2007 Hinkle, R.S.
17-24
AUA
Aletris Aurea Walt.
UNA00068851 Autauga 23 Jun 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3714
UNA
Aletris aurea Walt.
TROY000026486 Autauga 26 May 2006 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12448
TROY
Aletris aurea Walter
AUA_ACC_42377 Macon 14 Jul 1972 Eudaly, Edwin M.
093
AUA
Aletris Aurea Walt.
TROY000011094 Covington 09 Jun 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13274
TROY
Aletris aurea Walter
AUA_ACC_21135 Elmore 27 Jun 1969 Moore, Harold D.
242-69
AUA
Aletris Aurea Walt.
UNA00066910 Sumter 10 Jul 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3163
UNA
Aletris aurea Walt.
AMAL00010735 Tallapoosa 13 Jun 2006 Barger, T. Wayne
225
AMAL
Aletris aurea Walt.
UNA00015097 Mobile _ May 1878 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Aletris aurea Walt.
AMAL00014188 Autauga 23 Jun 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3714
AMAL
Aletris aurea Walt.
UWAL0004667 Sumter 10 Jul 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3163
UWAL
Aletris aurea Walt.
AUA_ACC_69606 Covington 21 May 2009 Hansen, Curtis J.
4061
AUA
Aletris Aurea Walt.
AUA_ACC_13141 Macon 19 Jun 1967 James, O.
AUA
Aletris Aurea Walt.
AUA000031182 Covington 24 Jun 2010 Hansen, Curtis J.
4784
AUA
Aletris Aurea Walt.
UNA00017079 Mobile 27 Apr 1968 Thomas, Joab L.
1657
UNA
Aletris aurea Walt.
AMAL00013520 Covington 09 Jul 1980 Pendergrass, Levester
51
AMAL
Aletris aurea Walt.
USAM000008087 Mobile 08 Jun 1967 LeLong, Michel G.
3252.2
USAM
Aletris aurea Walter
AUA_ACC_53 Baldwin 3 May 1957 Giandra, M.J.
AUA
Aletris Aurea Walt.
TROY000047103 Pike 11 Jul 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25297
TROY
Aletris aurea Walter
AUA_ACC_20713 Houston 30 Jul 1970 Moore, Harold D.
516
AUA
Aletris Aurea Walt.
JSU101369 Houston 22 Jun 1984 Whetstone, R. David
14207
JSU
Aletris aurea Walter
AMAL00013522 Autauga 26 May 2006 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12448
AMAL
Aletris aurea Walt.
JSU101365 Baldwin 10 Aug 1993 Spaulding, Daniel D.
4296
JSU
Aletris aurea Walter
AMAL00001103 Baldwin 26 May 2002 Keener, Brian R.
2084
AMAL
Aletris aurea Walt.
JSU101364 Baldwin 21 Jul 1973 French, Tom W.
273
JSU
Aletris aurea Walter
AUA_ACC_21196 Macon 20 Jun 1970 Rogers, Norman
030
AUA
Aletris Aurea Walt.
UNA00015094 Houston 12 Jul 1978 Haynes, Robert R.
6682
UNA
Aletris aurea Walt.
USAM000008090 Baldwin 15 Jun 1974 LeLong, Michel G.
7893
USAM
Aletris aurea Walter
UWAL0004663 Autauga 23 Jun 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3714
UWAL
Aletris aurea Walt.
UNA00023686 Escambia 17 Aug 1994 Haynes, Robert R.
9489
UNA
Aletris aurea Walt.
TROY000030660 Covington 03 Jun 1952 Davis, Donald E.
s.n.
TROY
Aletris aurea Walter
UWAL0044091 Baldwin 05 Jul 2000 Larsen, Harry S.
381
UWAL
Aletris aurea Walter
AUA_ACC_46146 Crenshaw 26 Jun 1987 Diamond, Alvin R.
3395
AUA
Aletris Aurea Walt.
UWAL0018902 Autauga 20 Jun 1992 Kral, Robert
80955
UWAL
Aletris aurea Walt.
UWAL0038268 Baldwin 27 Apr 1978 LeLong, Michel G.
7676
UWAL
Aletris aurea Walter
SAMF0000440 Escambia 19 Jun 2010 Davenport, Lawrence J.
4379
SAMF
Aletris aurea Walter
AUA_ACC_13861 Macon 23 Jun 1966 Diem, John Robert
AUA
Aletris Aurea Walt.
TROY000011095 Covington 01 Jul 2004 Diamond, Alvin R.
14454
TROY
Aletris aurea Walter
UWAL0044086 Baldwin 14 Jun 2000 McArthur, Jill D.
625
UWAL
Aletris aurea Walter
UNA00028626 Autauga 25 Jun 1995 Haynes, Robert R.
9543
UNA
Aletris aurea Walt.
AMAL00013568 Escambia 16 May 1959 Huff, C.L.
5
AMAL
Aletris aurea Walt.
UWAL0052475 Mobile 26 Jun 1964 Deramus, Rebecca
D176
UWAL
Aletris aurea Walt.
UNA00015082 Escambia 07 Aug 1979 Haynes, Robert R.
7539
UNA
Aletris aurea Walt.
AUA_ACC_63822 Covington 1 Jul 2004 Diamond, Alvin R.
14454
AUA
Aletris Aurea Walt.
TROY000043792 Escambia 15 May 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27407
TROY
Aletris aurea Walter
AUA_ACC_13992 Macon 27 Jun 1967 Hamilton, James H.
AUA
Aletris Aurea Walt.
UWAL0052270 Baldwin 10 Jun 2017 Keener, Brian R.
10163
UWAL
Aletris aurea Walter
UNA00015091 Montgomery 15 Jun 1939 Harper, Roland M.
3739
UNA
Aletris aurea Walt.
TROY000028905 Autauga 23 Jun 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3714
TROY
Aletris aurea Walter
AUA_ACC_12648 Escambia 14 May 1966 Woodruff, John M.
67
AUA
Aletris Aurea Walt.
AUA_ACC_1766A Covington 3 Jun 1952 Davis, Donald E.
AUA
Aletris Aurea Walt.
AMAL00012386 Choctaw 03 Jul 1980 Kral, Robert
65925
AMAL
Aletris aurea Walt.
JSU101370 Russell 27 Jun 1978 Kral, Robert
62199
JSU
Aletris aurea Walter
TROY000011093 Covington 19 May 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13209
TROY
Aletris aurea Walter
UWAL0033046 Escambia 15 May 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27407
UWAL
Aletris aurea Walter
UNA00015075 Washington 05 Aug 1980 Haynes, Robert R.
8139
UNA
Aletris aurea Walt.
TROY000042128 Escambia 03 May 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26259
TROY
Aletris aurea Walter
AUA_ACC_46149 Butler 26 Jun 1987 Diamond, Alvin R.
3400
AUA
Aletris Aurea Walt.
UWAL0052474 Coosa 15 Jun 1969 Kaul, Mrs. Hugh
187
UWAL
Aletris aurea
UNA00015092 Barbour 24 Jun 1950 Crawford, Lloyd C.
1264
UNA
Aletris aurea Walt.
TROY000011092 Covington 03 Jul 2000 Diamond, Alvin R.
11761
TROY
Aletris aurea Walter
AUA_ACC_71242 Covington 14 Jul 1994 Oberholster, Suzanne
719
AUA
Aletris Aurea Walt.
AMAL00001104 Covington 09 Jun 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13274
AMAL
Aletris aurea Walt.
ALNHS00002184 Mobile 20 Jun 2013 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#1103
ALNHS
Aletris aurea Walt.
TROY000026011 Butler 20 Jul 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19595
TROY
Aletris aurea Walter
JSU101371 Russell 27 Jun 1978 Kral, Robert
62188
JSU
Aletris aurea Walter
AUA_ACC_72687 Baldwin 15 May 2008 Barger, T. Wayne
PERD-377
AUA
Aletris Aurea Walt.
UNA00015090 Covington 13 Jul 1978 Davenport, Lawrence J.
585
UNA
Aletris aurea Walt.
ALNHS00002276 Dallas 25 Jul 2013 Barger, T. Wayne
OC-686
ALNHS
Aletris aurea Walt.
AUA_ACC_50277 Pike 11 Aug 1990 Diamond, Alvin R.
7074
AUA
Aletris Aurea Walt.
TROY000011091 Choctaw 03 Jul 1980 Kral, Robert
65925
TROY
Aletris aurea Walter
AUA_ACC_19523 Coffee 25 Jul 1969 Moore, Harold D.
384-69
AUA
Aletris Aurea Walt.
UNA00007161 Mobile 26 Jun 1964 Deramus, Rebecca
D176
UNA
Aletris aurea Walt.
USAM000008089 Baldwin 27 Apr 1978 LeLong, Michel G.
7676
USAM
Aletris aurea Walter
UNA00058095 Baldwin 26 May 2002 Keener, Brian R.
2084
UNA
Aletris aurea Walt.
TROY000026012 Covington 09 Jul 1980 Pendergrass
51
TROY
Aletris aurea Walter
UWAL0008461 Conecuh 27 Jun 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22268
UWAL
Aletris aurea Walter
AUA_ACC_69816 Covington 20 Jun 2008 Hansen, Curtis J.
3361
AUA
Aletris Aurea Walt.
AMAL00007517 Houston 19 Jun 1978 Kral, Robert
62114
AMAL
Aletris aurea Walt.
JSU101367 Barbour 27 Jun 1978 Kral, Robert
62200
JSU
Aletris aurea Walter
AUA000041411 Covington 26 Jul 2012 Hansen, Curtis J.
5701
AUA
Aletris Aurea Walt.
UWAL0016740 Covington 17 Jul 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25330
UWAL
Aletris aurea Walter
USAM000008086 Mobile 25 Jun 1968 Wofford, B. Eugene
246
USAM
Aletris aurea Walter
AUA_ACC_26456 Geneva 7 Jun 1969 Kral, Robert
35118
AUA
Aletris Aurea Walt.
TROY000039891 Coosa 12 Jul 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24337
TROY
Aletris aurea Walter
UWAL0016421 Pike 11 Jul 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25297
UWAL
Aletris aurea Walter
AUA_ACC_53061 Butler 23 Jul 1989 Diamond, Alvin R.
6034
AUA
Aletris Aurea Walt.
JSU101366 Baldwin 17 May 1974 Whetstone, R. David
2673
JSU
Aletris aurea Walter
AUA_ACC_35355 Covington 15 May 1979 Crawford, Lloyd C.
AUA
Aletris Aurea Walt.
JSU101368 Escambia 17 Jun 1993 Spaulding, Daniel D.
4146
JSU
Aletris aurea Walter
USAM000008091 Baldwin 16 Jun 1979 LeLong, Michel G.
10880
USAM
Aletris aurea Walter
UWAL0017615 Escambia 03 May 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26259
UWAL
Aletris aurea Walter
UNA00015093 Perry 09 Jul 1987 Haynes, Robert R.
9244
UNA
Aletris aurea Walt.
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