Zigadenus glaberrimus

Family:MELANTHIACEAE
Species:Zigadenus glaberrimus Michaux
Common Name:Sandbog Death Camas; Atlantic Death Camas; Large Death Camas
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:ZIGL
Plant Notes:Sandbog Death Camas is a native herbaceous perennial in the Bunchflower family (Melanthiaceae). It is native to the southern-most counties in Alabama. Sandbog Death Camas occurs in Pitcher-plant bogs, in wet pine savannahs, in seeps, and along small streams. It is a perennial with a thick rhizome. Leaves are mostly basal. The leaves are linear in outline, glabrous, with entire margins. The leaves are alternate on the stem and rapidly reduced in size to bracts. The leaves are sometimes glaucous. Flowers are produced in open panicles. The flowers have 6 white tepals. The tepals have two large, yellow/greenish nectary glands located towards their base. The fruit is a capsule. All parts of the plant contain toxic alkaloids. Dried portions of the plant, and especially the seed and capsules, are more toxic. Ingesting even a small amount of the plant can lead to serious illness or death, even for adults.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACW+ (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyMELANTHIACEAE - Bunchflower Family family
Genus Zigadenus
Species Zigadenus glaberrimus Michaux - Sandbog Death Camas; Atlantic Death Camas; Large Death Camas

Citation

Citation ZIGADENUS GLABERRIMUS Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 214. 1803.
Basionym: **
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA:

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Helonias glaberrima Helonias glaberrima (Michaux) Link, Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 1: 348. 1821.Zigadenus glaberrimus Michaux 1803. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Covington, Escambia, Geneva, Mobile, Sumter, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UNA00058617 Baldwin 10 Aug 2002 Brian R. Keener
2362
UNA
Zigadenus glaberrimus Michx.
UWAL0005005 Baldwin 13 Sep 2008 England, J. Kevin
1095
UWAL
Zigadenus glaberrimus Michx.
SAMF0000537 Baldwin 06 Aug 2010 Davenport, L. J.
4449
SAMF
Zigadenus glaberrimus Michaux
66007 Washington 14 AUG 2006 KEENER, BRIAN R.
3039
AUA
ZIGADENUS GLABERRIMUS MICHAUX
1865 Mobile 8 AUG 1952 TIPPINS, D.E.D.
AUA
ZIGADENUS GLABERRIMUS MICHAUX
UNA00007951 Mobile 28 Aug 1951 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Zigadenus glaberrimus Michx.
AMAL00008889 Baldwin 28 Sep 1985 R. D. Whetstone
15269
AMAL
Zigadenus glaberrimus Michaux
UWAL0034420 Covington 25 Aug 1991 Kral, R.
79686
UWAL
Zigadenus glaberrimus Michaux
UWAL0018658 Baldwin 15 Aug 1992 Kral, R.
81513
UWAL
Zigadenus glaberrimus Michx.
SAMF0000536 Mobile 23 Sep 1989 Green, LeAnne
45
SAMF
Zigadenus glaberrimus Michaux
AMAL00001268 Baldwin 10 Aug 2002 Brian R. Keener
2362
AMAL
Zigadenus glaberrimus Michaux
USAM000008264 Washington 03 Sep 1972 Michael G. LeLong
6838
USAM
Zigadenus glaberrimus Michaux
JSU129290 Mobile 03 Sep 1970 R. Kral
41055
JSU
Zigadenus glaberrimus Michaux
UNA00007977 Baldwin 1 Nov 1980 John S. Williams
223
UNA
Zigadenus glaberrimus Michx.
UNA00007931 Baldwin 10 Aug 1949 Roland M. Harper
4132
UNA
Zigadenus glaberrimus Michx.
USAM000008269 Mobile 22 Aug 1966 Michael G. LeLong
4022
USAM
Zigadenus glaberrimus Michaux
AMAL00012898 Washington 14 Aug 2006 Brian R. Keener
3039
AMAL
Zigadenus glaberrimus Michaux
USAM000008266 Washington 03 Sep 1972 Michael G. LeLong
6838
USAM
Zigadenus glaberrimus Michaux
TROY000038421 Covington 11 Sep 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
24534
TROY
Zigadenus glaberrimus Michaux
UNA00007926 Washington 30 Jul 1949 Lloyd C. Crawford
s.n.
UNA
Zigadenus glaberrimus Michx.
46762 Escambia 22 AUG 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3545
AUA
ZIGADENUS GLABERRIMUS MICHAUX
UWAL0034280 Baldwin 18 Aug 1994 Kral, R.
84095
UWAL
Zigadenus glaberrimus Michaux
TROY000041103 Washington 22 Jul 2012 Brian R. Keener
7398
TROY
Zigadenus glaberrimus Michx.
UWAL0034301 Baldwin 17 Aug 1987 Kral, R.
74367
UWAL
Zigadenus glaberrimus Michaux
18860 Washington 9 SEP 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
1031
AUA
ZIGADENUS GLABERRIMUS MICHAUX
AMAL00013281 Mobile 13 Aug 2005 Daniel D. Spaulding
12331
AMAL
Zigadenus glaberrimus Michaux
25767 Baldwin 6 SEP 1969 KRAL, ROBERT
25941
AUA
ZIGADENUS GLABERRIMUS MICHAUX
UNA00056099 Geneva 26 Aug 1998 John R. MacDonald
11810
UNA
Zigadenus glaberrimus Michx.
UNA00007987 Washington 5 Aug 1980 Robert R. Haynes
8134
UNA
Zigadenus glaberrimus Michx.
37574 Baldwin 15 SEP 1981 HENDERSON, T.
547
AUA
ZIGADENUS GLABERRIMUS MICHAUX
UWAL0030641 Covington 15 Aug 1987 Kral, R.
74297
UWAL
Zigadenus glaberrimus Michaux
72646 Baldwin 13 AUG 2008 BARGER, T. WAYNE
PERD-474
AUA
ZIGADENUS GLABERRIMUS MICHAUX
40464 Mobile 3 SEP 1970 KRAL, ROBERT
41055
AUA
ZIGADENUS GLABERRIMUS MICHAUX
TROY000011332 Washington 14 Aug 2006 Brian R. Keener
3039
TROY
Zigadenus glaberrimus Michaux
UNA00007941 Mobile s.d. Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Zigadenus glaberrimus Michx.
UNA00023547 Escambia 15 Aug 1994 Robert R. Haynes
9458
UNA
Zigadenus glaberrimus Michx.
USAM000008267 Baldwin 22 Aug 1979 Michael G. LeLong
10941
USAM
Zigadenus glaberrimus Michaux
TROY000042690 Covington 09 Aug 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26696
TROY
Zigadenus glaberrimus Michaux
JSU112872 Baldwin 26 Sep 1985 R. D. Whetstone
15255
JSU
Zigadenus glaberrimus Michaux
USAM000008268 Mobile 08 Sep 1973 Michael G. LeLong
7260
USAM
Zigadenus glaberrimus Michaux
UNA00007982 Washington 30 Jul 1949 Lloyd C. Crawford
s.n.
UNA
Zigadenus glaberrimus Michx.
UWAL0005006 Washington 14 Aug 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3039
UWAL
Zigadenus glaberrimus Michx.
UNA00064823 Washington 14 Aug 2006 Brian R. Keener
3039
UNA
Zigadenus glaberrimus Michx.
UWAL0030676 Covington 09 Aug 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26696
UWAL
Zigadenus glaberrimus Michaux
70853 Sumter 22 JUN 2007 KEENER, BRIAN R.
3695
AUA
ZIGADENUS GLABERRIMUS MICHAUX
48243 Baldwin 19 OCT 1980 WEBB, A. L.
141
AUA
ZIGADENUS GLABERRIMUS MICHAUX
UNA00007946 Mobile _ Jul 1879 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Zigadenus glaberrimus Michx.
UNA00023548 Escambia 15 Aug 1994 Robert R. Haynes
9458
UNA
Zigadenus glaberrimus Michx.
USAM000008265 Baldwin 23 Aug 1975 Michael G. LeLong
8623
USAM
Zigadenus glaberrimus Michaux
UWAL0038159 Baldwin 23 Aug 1975 LeLong, Michel G.
8623
UWAL
Zigadenus glaberrimus Michaux
JSU112871 Baldwin 28 Sep 1985 R. D. Whetstone
15269
JSU
Zigadenus glaberrimus Michaux
UNA00057169 Baldwin 28 Sep 1985 R. D. Whetstone
15269
UNA
Zigadenus glaberrimus Michx.
UWAL0011841 Washington 22 Jul 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7398
UWAL
Zigadenus glaberrimus Michaux
JSU112873 Washington 1 Nov 1997 J. W. Higginbotham
379
JSU
Zigadenus glaberrimus Michaux
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