Stenanthium densum

Family:MELANTHIACEAE
Species:Stenanthium densum (Desrousseaux) Zomlefer & Judd
Common Name:Crow Poison; Black Death Camas
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACW+ (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyMELANTHIACEAE - Bunchflower Family family
Genus Stenanthium
Species Stenanthium densum (Desrousseaux) Zomlefer & Judd - Crow Poison; Black Death Camas

Citation

Citation STENANTHIUM DENSUM (Desrousseaux) Zomlefer & Judd, Novon 12: 304. 2002.
Basionym: Melanthium densum Desrousseaux 1796.
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data, Fraser s.n. (holotype: P).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Amianthium angustifolium Amianthium angustifolium (Michaux) A. Gray, Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York 4: 124. 1837.Helonias angustifolia Michaux 1803. 
Amianthium leimanthoides Amianthium leimanthoides A. Gray, Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York 4: 125. 1837. NEW JERSEY: Camden Co.: Near Haddington, 20 Jul 1837, Durand s.n. (lectotype: GH; isolectotype: NY). Lectotypified by Zomlefer & Judd, Novon 12: 304. 2002.
Amianthum texanum Amianthum texanum (Bush) R. R. Gates, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 44: 148. 1918.Tracyanthus angustifolius (Michaux) Small, var. texanus Bush 1906. 
Helonias angustifolia Helonias angustifolia Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 212. 1803. SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data, Michaux s.n. (holotype: P).
Melanthium densum Melanthium densum Desrousseaux, in Lamarck, Encycl. 4: 26. 1796. SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data, Fraser s.n. (holotype: P).
Oceanoros leimanthoides Oceanoros leimanthoides (A. Gray) Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 252, 1328. 1903.Amianthium leimanthoides A. Gray 1837. 
Stenanthium leimanthoides Stenanthium leimanthoides (A. Gray) Zomlefer & Judd, Novon 12: 304. 2002.Amianthium leimanthoides A. Gray 1837. 
Tracyanthus angustifolius var. texanus Tracyanthus angustifolius (Michaux) Small, var. texanus Bush, Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 17: 119. 1906. TEXAS: Smith Co.: Swan, 16 May 1902, Reverchon 2782 (holotype: MO).
Tracyanthus texanus Tracyanthus texanus (Bush) Small, Fl. S.E. U.S., ed. 2. 1329. 1913.Tracyanthus angustifolius (Michaux) Small, var. texanus Bush 1906.  
Tracyanthus angustifolius Tracyanthus angustifolius (Michaux) Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 251, 1328. 1903.Helonias angustifolia Michaux 1803. 
Zigadensus densum Zigadenus densus (Desrousseaux) Fernald, Rhodora 42: 254. 1940.Melanthium densum Desrousseaux 1796. 
Zigadenus leimanthoides Zigadenus leimanthoides (A. Gray) A. Gray, Manual, ed. 2. 476. 1856.Amianthium leimanthoides A. Gray 1837. 
Zigadenus angustifolius Zigadenus angustifolius (Michaux) S. Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 14: 280. 1879.Helonias angustifolia Michaux 1803. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Clarke, Covington, Escambia, Geneva, Henry, Houston, Mobile, Monroe

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AMAL00017965 Escambia 19 May 2004 R. Kral
95243
AMAL
Stenanthium densum (Desrousseaux) Zomlefer & Judd
UWAL0034344 Geneva 07 May 1995 Kral, R.
84558
UWAL
Stenanthium densum (Desrousseaux) Zomlefer & Judd
UNA00007898 Clarke 25 Apr 1888 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Zigadenus densus (Desr.) Fern.
AMAL00010292 Monroe 3 May 1972 R. Kral
46271
AMAL
Stenanthium densum (Desrousseaux) Zomlefer & Judd
AMAL00019803 Mobile 01 Apr 2013 Howard E. Horne
2056
AMAL
Stenanthium densum (Desrousseaux) Zomlefer & Judd
UNA00048668 Mobile 8 Apr 1950 Lloyd C. Crawford
849
UNA
Zigadenus densus (Desr.) Fern.
AMAL00001265 Geneva 8 May 2000 R. Kral
89595
AMAL
Stenanthium densum (Desrousseaux) Zomlefer & Judd
34718 Covington 25 APR 1979 JOHNSON, KENNETH G.
AUA
ZIGADENUS DENSUS (DESR.) FERN.
AMAL00019589 Mobile 1 May 2012 Howard E. Horne
1776
AMAL
Stenanthium densum (Desrousseaux) Zomlefer & Judd
AMAL00012229 Geneva 14 Apr 2001 R. Kral
90765
AMAL
Stenanthium densum (Desrousseaux) Zomlefer & Judd
UWAL0030645 Covington 04 May 1988 Kral, R.
74665
UWAL
Stenanthium densum (Desr.) Zomlefer & Judd
TROY000011329 Geneva 14 Apr 2001 Robert Kral
90765
TROY
Zigadenus densus (Desrousseaux) Fernald
1862B Baldwin 18 APR 1953 BENNETT, ORUS L.
AUA
ZIGADENUS DENSUS (DESR.) FERN.
UWAL0016555 Covington 09 May 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25079
UWAL
Stenanthium densum (Desrousseaux) Zomlefer & Judd
UWAL0033767 Geneva 12 Apr 2015 Keener, Brian R.
8737
UWAL
Stenanthium densum (Desrousseaux) Zomlefer & Judd
AMAL00014552 Geneva 10 May 2005 R. Kral
96371
AMAL
Stenanthium densum (Desrousseaux) Zomlefer & Judd
TROY000026056 Geneva 10 May 2005 Robert Kral
96371
TROY
Zigadenus densus (Desrousseaux) Fernald
TROY000039402 Covington 09 May 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25079
TROY
Stenanthium densum (Desrousseaux) Zomlefer & Judd
TROY000011328 Geneva 14 Apr 2001 Robert Kral
90790
TROY
Zigadenus densus (Desrousseaux) Fernald
UWAL0016971 Mobile 02 Apr 2013 Horne, Howard E.
2058
UWAL
Stenanthium densum (Desrousseaux) Zomlefer & Judd
UWAL0019722 Houston 04 May 1988 Kral, R.
74683
UWAL
Stenanthium densum (Desr.) Zomlefer & Judd
1863 Baldwin 18 APR 1953 SCOTT, C. E.
AUA
ZIGADENUS DENSUS (DESR.) FERN.
TROY000030665 Baldwin 18 Apr 1953 Orus L.Bennett
s.n.
TROY
Zigadenus densus (Desrousseaux) Fernald
55555 Monroe 3 MAY 1972 KRAL, ROBERT
46271
AUA
STENANTHIUM DENSUM (DESR.) ZOMLEFER & JUDD
53728 Henry 25 APR 1992 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8167
AUA
ZIGADENUS DENSUS (DESR.) FERN.
AMAL00004212 Mobile 16 Apr 2013 Howard E. Horne
2087
AMAL
Stenanthium densum (Desrousseaux) Zomlefer & Judd
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