Hexastylis harperi

Family:ARISTOLOCHIACEAE
Species:Hexastylis harperi (Gaddy) B.R. Keener & L.J. Davenp.
Common Name:Harper's Wild Ginger; Callaway Ginger; Harper's Heartleaf
Habitat:Boggy margins or hammocks in bogs in woods, non-alluvial swamps.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Harper's Wild Ginger is a native herbaceous perennial in the Birthwort family (Aristolochiaceae). It is found in scattered locations in the upper Coastal Plain near the Fall Line and in the Piedmont. Harper's Wild Ginger occurs in sites that are persistently wet, but not sites that flood. It occurs in hillside seeps, forested bogs, and along spring runs. It is a perennial from a long creeping rhizome. The rhizomes are cord-like and creep just below the leaf litter or are shallowly buried. The leaves are cordate, evergreen, and leathery in texture. The leaves are widely spaced along the length of the rhizome. Leaves are typically dark green in color or with silver markings. The leaves are small for a Wild Ginger, often only one to three inches across. Leaves and rhizomes emit a strong odor of ginger when crushed. Flowers are urceolate (urn) to campanulate (bell) in shape with three spreading triangular calyx lobes. There are no petals. Flowers are often hidden by the leaf litter, and are thick and leathery in texture. They are mottled in greenish-yellow, white, and purple-maroon. The fruit is a fleshy capsule containing up to fifteen seed. The seed have a white elaiosome along one side. The typical variety (var. shuttleworthii), also occurs in Alabama. It differs in having larger leaves that are crowded at the ends of short rhizomes. The typical variety has a more northern distribution, and occurs primarily on moist slopes under Mountain Laurel or Rhododendrons. Harper's Wild Ginger is listed as an S2 species in Alabama (typically 6 to 20 occurrences, few remaining individuals, acres, or miles of stream, or factors demonstrably making it very vulnerable in the state) and globally as a G4 species (imperiled globally because of rarity (6 - 20 occurrences, or few remaining acres, or miles of stream) or very vulnerable to extinction throughout its range because of other factors). In addition to Alabama, Harper’s Wild Ginger is also found in Georgia. First collected by Ro
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, S2 (State Rank), G4T3 (Global Rank)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyARISTOLOCHIACEAE - Birthwort family
Genus Hexastylis
Species Hexastylis harperi (Gaddy) B.R. Keener & L.J. Davenp. - Harper's Wild Ginger; Callaway Ginger; Harper's Heartleaf

Citation

Citation HEXASTYLIS HARPERI (Gaddy) B.R. Keener & L.J. Davenp., J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 9: 317. 2015
Basionym: Hexastylis shuttleworthii (Britten & Baker f.) Small var. harperi Gaddy, 1987.
Type: GEORGIA: Madison Co., acidic bog under Acer rubrub, Liriodendron tulipifera, and Nyssa sylvatica var. biflora. Growing on small hammocks with Osmunda cinnamomea and along bog edges with Medeola virginiana and Isotria verticillata just N of GA 106, 14.2 mi. NE of Athens, 9 May 1986, Gaddy s.n. (holotype: CLEMS; isotypes: AUA, GA, GH, MO, NCU, NU, TENN, UNA, VDB).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Asarum harperi Asarum harperi (Gaddy) Diamond, Phytoneuron 2016-9: 1–2. 2016.Hexastylis shuttleworthii (Britten & Baker f.) Small var. harperi Gaddy. 1987. 
Asarum shuttlerworthii var. harperi Asarum shuttleworthii Britten & Baker f. var. harperi (Gaddy) Barringer, Novon 3: 226. 1993.Hexastylis shuttleworthii (Britten & Baker f.) Small var. harperi Gaddy. 1987. 
Hexastylis shuttlerworthii var. harperi Hexastylis shuttleworthii (Britten & Baker f.) Small, var. harperi Gaddy, Sida 12: 54. 1987.  

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Chilton, Hale, Macon, Marion, Perry, Randolph

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, TROY, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AMAL00012953 Macon 07 Aug 2007 T. Wayne Barger
AMAL
Hexastylis shuttleworthii (Britten & Baker) Small var. harperi Gaddy
JSU120324 Randolph 5 May 1986 C. F. Nixon
2168
JSU
Hexastylis harperi (Gaddy) B.R. Keener & L.J. Davenport
UWAL0034542 Marion 27 Apr 1981 Kral, R.
66977
UWAL
Hexastylis harperi (Gaddy) B.R. Keener & L.J. Davenp.
UWAL0038152 Randolph 27 Aug 2017 Spaulding, Daniel D.
14962
UWAL
Hexastylis harperi (Gaddy) B.R. Keener & L.J. Davenp.
AUA_ACC033979 Perry 3 MAY 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
1221A
AUA
HEXASTYLIS SHUTTLEWORTHII (BRITTON & BAKER) SMALL var. HARPERI GADDY
UWAL0038049 Randolph 30 Jul 2017 Spaulding, Daniel D.
14910
UWAL
Hexastylis harperi (Gaddy) B.R. Keener & L.J. Davenp.
AUA_ACC073222 Hale 9 MAY 2003 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
13887
AUA
HEXASTYLIS SHUTTLEWORTHII (BRITTON & BAKER) SMALL var. HARPERI GADDY
AUA_ACC026235 Macon 7 MAY 1971 TATUM, E. M.
151
AUA
HEXASTYLIS SHUTTLEWORTHII (BRITTON & BAKER) SMALL var. HARPERI GADDY
UWAL0036793 Marion 11 Apr 2017 Keener, Brian R.
9961
UWAL
Hexastylis harperi (Gaddy) B.R. Keener & L.J. Davenport
AUA_ACC033978 Perry 3 MAY 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
1221B
AUA
HEXASTYLIS SHUTTLEWORTHII (BRITTON & BAKER) SMALL var. HARPERI GADDY
UWAL0034540 Marion 10 Apr 1978 Kral, R.
61423
UWAL
Hexastylis harperi (Gaddy) B.R. Keener & L.J. Davenp.
AUA_ACC027471 Randolph 13 APR 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
270
AUA
HEXASTYLIS SHUTTLEWORTHII (BRITTON & BAKER) SMALL var. HARPERI GADDY
TROY000014167 Hale 09 May 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
13887
TROY
Hexastylis shuttleworthii (Britten & Baker f.) Small var. harperi Gaddy
UWAL0011928 Marion 04 Oct 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7570
UWAL
Hexastylis shuttleworthii (Britton & Baker) Small var. harperi Gaddy
AUA_ACC023974 Chilton 20 MAY 1971 FREEMAN, JOHN D.
731
AUA
HEXASTYLIS SHUTTLEWORTHII (BRITTON & BAKER) SMALL var. HARPERI GADDY
First Page Previous Page Next Page Last Page
Records per Page: