Amianthium muscaetoxicum

Family:MELANTHIACEAE
Species:Amianthium muscaetoxicum (Walter) A. Gray
Common Name:Fly Poison
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:The epithet is often misspelled as "muscitoxicum".
Status:Native, FAC (NWI), G4G5 (Global Rank)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyMELANTHIACEAE - Bunchflower Family family
Genus Amianthium
Species Amianthium muscaetoxicum (Walter) A. Gray - Fly Poison

Citation

Citation Amianthium muscaetoxicum (Walter) A. Gray, Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York 4: 122. 1837.
Basionym: Melanthium muscaetoxicum Walter 1788.
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Horry Co.: Myrtle Beach 1 May 1932, Weatherby & Griscom 16486 (neotype: GH; isoneotype: NY). Neotypified by D.B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 2: 480. 2008.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Amiantanthus muscaetoxicum Amiantanthus muscaetoxicum (Walter) Kunth, Enum. Pl. 4: 180. 1843.Melanthium muscaetoxicum Walter 1788. 
Helonias erythrosperma Helonias erythrosperma Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 212. 1803.  
Helonias laeta Helonias laeta (Aiton) Ker Gawler, Bot. Mag. 21: t. 803. 1805.Melanthium laetum Aiton 1789. 
Melanthium laetum Melanthium laetum Aiton, Hort. Kew. 1: 488. 1789.  
Melanthium muscaetoxicum Melanthium muscaetoxicum Walter, Fl. Carol. 125. 1788. SOUTH CAROLINA: Horry Co.: Myrtle Beach 1 May 1932, Weatherby & Griscom 16486 (neotype: GH; isoneotype: NY). Neotypified by D. B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 2: 480. 2008.
Melanthium myoctonum Melanthium myoctonum J. F. Gmelin, Syst. Nat. 2: 587. 1791.  
Chrosperma muscitoxicum Chrosperma muscaetoxicum (Walter) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 708. 1891.Melanthium muscaetoxicum Walter 1788. 
Zigadenus muscitoxicus Zigadenus muscaetoxicum (Walter) Regel, Gartenflora 32: 164, t. 1121(1). 1883.Melanthium muscaetoxicum Walter 1788. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Bibb, Cherokee, Chilton, Clarke, Clay, Cleburne, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, DeKalb, Escambia, Geneva, Hale, Henry, Jackson, Jefferson, Lee, Mobile, Monroe, Pike, Randolph, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AMAL, AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1874 - 1984

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AMAL00001125 Covington 19 May 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13210
AMAL
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
USAM000008129 Mobile 28 Apr 1967 LeLong, Michel G.
3095
USAM
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Walter) A. Gray
UNA00007209 Mobile _ May _ Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
UWAL0005444 Lee 03 Jun 1953 Davis, D.E.
s.n.
UWAL
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
AMAL00018845 Covington 21 May 2009 Hansen, Curtis J.
4054
AMAL
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
TROY000011143 Covington 19 May 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13210
TROY
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Nuttall) Gray
JSU101925 Baldwin 03 May 1964 Bozarth, Gene A.
JSU
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Nuttall) Gray
AMAL00007579 Cleburne 04 Aug 1978 Kral, Robert
62399
AMAL
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
AUA_ACC_37128 Monroe 22 Apr 1981 O'Halloran, K.
086
AUA
Amianthium Muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
AUA_ACC_46177 Conecuh 27 Jun 1987 Diamond, Alvin R.
3426
AUA
Amianthium Muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
AUA_ACC_37260 Sumter 22 Jun 1981 Henderson, T.
209
AUA
Amianthium Muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
TROY000026253 Randolph 31 May 1984 Nixon, Christopher F.
780
TROY
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Nuttall) Gray
UWAL0043962 Baldwin 19 Jun 2002 Nation, N. Fred
971
UWAL
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Walter) A. Gray
JSU101933 Randolph 28 May 1986 Nixon, Christopher F.
2188
JSU
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Nuttall) Gray
USAM000008132 Washington 03 May 1980 Shepard, Susie Hentschel
s.n.
USAM
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Walter) A. Gray
USAM000008125 Mobile 20 Apr 1967 LeLong, Michel G.
3047
USAM
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Walter) A. Gray
AUA_ACC_73230 Hale 28 May 2003 Woods, Michael
9752
AUA
Amianthium Muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
UWAL0034318 Covington 08 May 1995 Kral, R.
84571
UWAL
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Walter) A.Gray
AUA_ACC_1864 Baldwin 4 May 1956 Hall, C.W.
AUA
Amianthium Muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
ALNHS00006526 St. Clair 19 Jun 2019 Barger, T. Wayne
BCC#206
ALNHS
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
UNA00007220 Mobile 21 Apr 1963 Wood, Ernest C.
73
UNA
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
AUA_ACC_39875 Conecuh 5 May 1983 Diamond, Alvin R.
AUA
Amianthium Muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
USAM000008126 Mobile 10 Apr 1967 LeLong, Michel G.
3028
USAM
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Walter) A. Gray
JSU101928 Covington 01 Jun 1970 Kral, Robert
39424
JSU
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Nuttall) Gray
AUA_ACC_35231 Covington 25 Apr 1979 Johnson, Kenneth G.
AUA
Amianthium Muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
USAM000008130 Mobile 04 May 1968 Scott, D.L.
167
USAM
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Walter) A. Gray
AMAL00019644 Monroe 25 May 2011 Barger, T. Wayne
219
AMAL
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
JSU101929 DeKalb 19 Jun 1986 Whetstone, R. David
15214
JSU
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Nuttall) Gray
USAM000011165 Mobile 28 May 2004 Zebryk, Tad
8535
USAM
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Walter) A. Gray
UNA00007219 Tuscaloosa 10 Jun 1877 Smith, Eugene A.
s.n.
UNA
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
TROY000026252 Hale 28 May 2003 Woods, Michael
9752
TROY
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Nuttall) Gray
JSU101936 St. Clair 15 Jun 1969 Day, Randy
JSU
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Nuttall) Gray
TROY000033111 Covington 21 May 2009 Hansen, Curtis J.
4054
TROY
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Walter) A. Gray
JSU101927 Clay 14 Jun 1993 Ballard, J. Mark
2806
JSU
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Nuttall) Gray
TROY000030664 Lee 03 Jun 1953 Davis, Donald E.
s.n.
TROY
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Nuttall) Gray
JSU101931 Henry 19 Jul 1978 Kral, Robert
62310
JSU
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Nuttall) Gray
AUA_ACC_10188 Baldwin 12 May 1962 Jones, Jr., Ralph R.
AUA
Amianthium Muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
USAM000008128 Mobile 04 May 1968 Scott, D.L.
178
USAM
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Walter) A. Gray
UWAL0043963 Baldwin 02 May 2005 Larsen, H.S.
1444
UWAL
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Walter) A. Gray
AUA_ACC_37134 Covington 9 Jun 1981 O'Halloran, K.
175
AUA
Amianthium Muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
UNA00009228 Randolph 31 May 1984 Nixon, Christopher F.
780
UNA
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
AMAL00001124 Chilton 31 May 1980 Meigs, Russell A.
690
AMAL
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
UNA00007210 Hale 05 Aug 1966 Williams, Norris H.
370
UNA
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
AMAL00008890 DeKalb 19 Jun 1986 Whetstone, R. David
15214
AMAL
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
UNA00007230 Jackson 06 Jun 1980 Meigs, Russell A.
795
UNA
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
AUA_ACC_47513 Bibb 28 Jun 1979 Beckett, Scott W.
202
AUA
Amianthium Muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
JSU101926 Clay 19 Jun 1993 Ballard, J. Mark
2841
JSU
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Nuttall) Gray
TROY000026249 Chilton 31 May 1980 Meigs, Russsell A.
690
TROY
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Nuttall) Gray
JSU101934 Randolph 20 Jun 1973 Landers, Kenneth E.
JSU
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Nuttall) Gray
AUA_ACC_34056 Bibb 12 May 1977 Sessler, Ann H.
1328
AUA
Amianthium Muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
USAM000008131 Mobile 04 May 1968 Scott, D.L.
178
USAM
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Walter) A. Gray
UWAL0050389 Covington 31 May 2012 Hansen, Curtis J.
5606
UWAL
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
AUA_ACC_64458 DeKalb 31 May 1985 Whetstone, R.David
15039
AUA
Amianthium Muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
UWAL0001924 Covington 21 May 2009 Hansen, C.J.
4054
UWAL
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
AUA_ACC_1778 Lee 3 Jun 1953 Davis, Donald E.
AUA
Amianthium Muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
AMAL00009900 DeKalb 31 May 1985 Whetstone, R. David
15039
AMAL
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
UNA00007214 Chilton 31 May 1980 Meigs, Russell A.
690
UNA
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
AUA_ACC_12876 Escambia 14 May 1966 Burns, Earl R.
AUA
Amianthium Muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
AUA_ACC_51614 Crenshaw 23 Apr 1991 Diamond, Alvin R.
7351
AUA
Amianthium Muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
AMAL00014382 St. Clair 16 Jun 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4627
AMAL
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
USAM000008127 Mobile 04 May 1968 Scott, D.L.
167
USAM
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Walter) A. Gray
JSU101932 Jefferson 22 Aug 1985 Barber, J. Patrick
1694
JSU
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Nuttall) Gray
AMAL00014808 Cherokee 22 Aug 2007 Barger, T. Wayne
214
AMAL
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
AUA000040470 Covington 31 May 2012 Hansen, Curtis J.
5606
AUA
Amianthium Muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
UWAL0004678 Bibb 27 May 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4499
UWAL
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
UNA00007215 Talladega 28 Aug 1874 Smith, Eugene A.
s.n.
UNA
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
TROY000026251 Hale 15 Jul 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
14027
TROY
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Nuttall) Gray
JSU101935 St. Clair 15 Jun 1969 Day, Randy
JSU
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Nuttall) Gray
TROY000026250 Hale 23 May 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
13931a
TROY
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Nuttall) Gray
AUA_ACC_26821 Tallapoosa 22 Jul 1974 Hutto, T.A.
416
AUA
Amianthium Muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
AUA_ACC_62810 Cleburne 14 Jun 1957 Adams, W.H.
AUA
Amianthium Muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
TROY000028898 Bibb 27 May 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4499
TROY
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Walter) A. Gray
UNA00017087 Mobile 27 Apr 1968 Thomas, Joab L.
1667
UNA
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
UWAL0004680 St. Clair 16 Jun 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4627
UWAL
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
AUA_ACC_70375 Covington 21 May 2009 Hansen, Curtis J.
4054
AUA
Amianthium Muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
AMAL00019613 Geneva 08 Jun 2010 Barger, T. Wayne
206
AMAL
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
UNA00060511 Escambia 1 Jul 1950 Gaines, Edward M.
s.n.
UNA
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
AMAL00008004 Geneva 04 May 2002 Kral, Robert
92509
AMAL
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
JSU101937 Shelby 17 Aug 1997 Morrow, D. Keener
124
JSU
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Nuttall) Gray
UWAL0004679 Jackson 09 Jun 1981 Kral, R.
67404
UWAL
Amianthium musctoxicum (Walt.) Gray
AUA_ACC_37193 Clarke 11 May 1981 Henderson, T.
061
AUA
Amianthium Muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
AUA_ACC_37208 Clarke 30 May 1981 Henderson, T.
107
AUA
Amianthium Muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
AUA_ACC_50774 Pike 20 May 1990 Diamond, Alvin R.
6912
AUA
Amianthium Muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
TROY000028189 St. Clair 16 Jun 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4627
TROY
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Nuttall) Gray
USAM000008124 Baldwin 04 May 1980 Ewing, Elvin G. Jr.
s.n.
USAM
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Walter) A. Gray
JSU101930 DeKalb 06 Sep 1984 Barber, J. Patrick
973
JSU
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Nuttall) Gray
AMAL00014359 Baldwin 15 May 2008 Barger, T. Wayne
372
AMAL
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
AMAL00001126 Geneva 08 May 2000 Kral, Robert
89597
AMAL
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
UNA00007204 Autauga 17 Sep 1977 Smith, Chic
54
UNA
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
TROY000011144 Escambia 20 May 1995 Brittain, Cynthia L.
197
TROY
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Nuttall) Gray
AUA000012393 DeKalb 19 Aug 1981 O'Halloran, K.
394
AUA
Amianthium Muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
UWAL0052276 Bibb 16 Jun 2017 Keener, Brian R.
10185
UWAL
Amianthium muscitoxicum (Walter) A. Gray
AUA_ACC_37313 Clarke 4 May 1981 Henderson, T.
034
AUA
Amianthium Muscitoxicum (Walt.) Gray
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