Leucojum aestivum

Family:AMARYLLIDACEAE
Species:Leucojum aestivum Linnaeus
Common Name:Summer Snowflake; Giant Snowflake
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:LEAE
Plant Notes:Summer Snowflake is an introduced perennial in the Amaryllis family (Amaryllidaceae). It is native to central and southern Europe. Summer Snowflake is widely cultivated in Alabama and has been collected as an escape primarily in the southern and western counties of the state. Summer Snowflake occurs on roadsides, in pastures, around old home sites, and on vacant lots. It is a perennial from a bulb. The leaves are linear, entire, and dark green in color. The leaves are well developed at flowering. The flowers are produced on a hollow, compressed scape. There is a solitary bract that encloses the developing flowers. Flowers are campanulate, nodding, with 6 white tepals. Each tepal has a bright green spot near its apex. The fruit is a capsule with wedge-shaped corky black seed. Summer Snowflake often produces fruit, but seed rarely develop in Alabama. Its distribution seems to result from humans intentionally or accidentally moving the bulbs around. Bulbs are readily available from nurseries specializing in bulbs or heirloom plants. They prefer a well-draining soil rich in organic matter. Plants flower best when they receive full sun for at least a portion of the day.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyAMARYLLIDACEAE - Amaryllis Family family
Genus Leucojum
Species Leucojum aestivum Linnaeus - Summer Snowflake; Giant Snowflake

Citation

Citation Leucojum aestivum Linnaeus, Syst. Nat. ed. 10. 2: 975. 1759.
Basionym: **
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

No synonyms exist for this species.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Bullock, Butler, Choctaw, Clarke, Conecuh, Covington, Dallas, Elmore, Geneva, Greene, Hale, Lawrence, Macon, Marengo, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Perry, Sumter, Tuscaloosa, Washington, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UWAL0004717 Washington 03 Mar 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3329
UWAL
Leucojum aestivum L.
TROY000033208 Butler 20 Mar 2010 Alvin R. Diamond
21200
TROY
Leucojum aestivum Linnaeus
AMAL00007296 Morgan 13 Apr 2003 D. D. Spaulding
11720
AMAL
Leucojum aestivum L. ssp. aestivum
TROY000035065 Bullock 02 Feb 2012 Bailee Dykes
285
TROY
Leucojum aestivum Linnaeus
TROY000044596 Geneva 23 Mar 2017 Cameron Byrd
789
TROY
Leucojum aestivum Linnaeus
TROY000028697 Clarke 22 Feb 2009 Brian R. Keener
5049
TROY
Leucojum aestivum Linnaeus
UWAL0004713 Hale 03 Mar 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3312
UWAL
Leucojum aestivum L.
TROY000033269 Montgomery 18 Mar 2010 Alvin R. Diamond
21184
TROY
Leucojum aestivum Linnaeus
TROY000037444 Perry 12 Mar 2011 Brian R. Keener
6333
TROY
Leucojum aestivum Linnaeus
TROY000038270 Montgomery 10 Feb 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
23737
TROY
Leucojum aestivum Linnaeus
AUA000027443 Choctaw 3 MAR 1995 CROUCH, VIRGINIA E.
1306
AUA
LEUCOJUM AESTIVUM L.
AUA000027446 Dallas 4 MAR 2013 BARGER, T. WAYNE
OC661
AUA
LEUCOJUM AESTIVUM L.
TROY000028902 Sumter 18 Mar 2008 Brian R. Keener
4062
TROY
Leucojum aestivum Linnaeus
UNA00007493 Mobile 16 Mar 1966 Rebecca Deramus
D835
UNA
Leucojum aestivum L.
UNA00068765 Sumter 18 Mar 2008 Brian R. Keener
4062
UNA
Leucojum aestivum L.
AMAL00017150 Clarke 22 Feb 2009 Brian R. Keener
5049
AMAL
Leucojum aestivum L.
TROY000039055 Elmore 09 Mar 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
24820
TROY
Leucojum aestivum Linnaeus
AMAL00004515 Lawrence 19 Apr 2014 J. Kevin England
4799
AMAL
Leucojum aestivum Linnaeus
UWAL0010496 Perry 12 Mar 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6333
UWAL
Leucojum aestivum L.
TROY000046114 Wilcox 22 Feb 2018 Alvin R. Diamond
28062
TROY
Leucojum aestivum Linnaeus
UNA00061215 Morgan 13 Apr 2003 D. D. Spaulding
11720
UNA
Leucojum aestivum L.
SAMF0000672 Tuscaloosa 16 Mar 1983 Davenport, L. J.
2351
SAMF
Leucojum aestivum Linnaeus
UNA00068685 Greene 15 Mar 2007 Brian R. Keener
3380
UNA
Leucojum aestivum L.
AMAL00014059 Sumter 18 Mar 2008 Brian R. Keener
4062
AMAL
Leucojum aestivum L.
UWAL0012397 Montgomery 10 Feb 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23737
UWAL
Leucojum aestivum Linnaeus
UWAL0010760 Covington 04 Feb 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
22799
UWAL
Leucojum aestivum Linnaeus
TROY000026029 Washington 03 Mar 2007 Brian R. Keener
3329
TROY
Leucojum aestivum Linnaeus
UNA00066972 Hale 3 Mar 2007 Brian R. Keener
3312
UNA
Leucojum aestivum L.
UWAL0039715 Wilcox 22 Feb 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28061
UWAL
Leucojum aestivum L.
AUA000027444 Macon 10 APR 1971 JAMES, AUDREY
047
AUA
LEUCOJUM AESTIVUM L.
AMAL00014067 Washington 03 Mar 2007 Brian R. Keener
3329
AMAL
Leucojum aestivum L.
AUA000028664 Clarke 22 FEB 2009 KEENER, BRIAN R.
5049
AUA
LEUCOJUM AESTIVUM L.
UWAL0004715 Sumter 18 Mar 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4062
UWAL
Leucojum aestivum L.
TROY000045563 Lawrence 19 Apr 2014 J. Kevin England
4799
TROY
Leucojum aestivum Linneus
AMAL00014276 Montgomery 10 Mar 2008 T. Wayne Barger
24
AMAL
Leucojum aestivum L.
TROY000014727 Greene 15 Mar 2007 Brian R. Keener
3380
TROY
Leucojum aestivum Linnaeus
AUA000027445 Greene 15 MAR 2007 KEENER, BRIAN R.
3380
AUA
LEUCOJUM AESTIVUM L.
AMAL00013407 Hale 03 Mar 2007 Brian R. Keener
3312
AMAL
Leucojum aestivum L.
UWAL0011307 Bullock 02 Feb 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0285
UWAL
Leucojum aestivum L.
UWAL0004712 Greene 15 Mar 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3380
UWAL
Leucojum aestivum L.
TROY000026314 Morgan 13 Apr 2003 Daniel D. Spaulding
11720
TROY
Leucojum aestivum Linnaeus var. aestivum
AMAL00019577 Monroe 01 Mar 2011 T. Wayne Barger
49
AMAL
Leucojum aestivum L.
UNA00068835 Washington 3 Mar 2007 Brian R. Keener
3329
UNA
Leucojum aestivum L.
AUA000027987 Sumter 18 MAR 2008 KEENER, BRIAN R.
4062
AUA
LEUCOJUM AESTIVUM L.
AMAL00014415 Greene 15 Mar 2007 Brian R. Keener
3380
AMAL
Leucojum aestivum L.
UWAL0016058 Elmore 09 Mar 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
24820
UWAL
Leucojum aestivum Linnaeus
UWAL0010901 Conecuh 04 Feb 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
22798
UWAL
Leucojum aestivum Linnaeus
TROY000026313 Hale 03 Mar 2007 Brian R. Keener
3312
TROY
Leucojum aestivum Linnaeus
UWAL0004714 Marengo 04 Mar 2009 England, J. Kevin
1646
UWAL
Leucojum aestivum L.
AUA000027447 Perry 12 MAR 2011 KEENER, BRIAN R.
6333
AUA
LEUCOJUM AESTIVUM L.
UWAL0004716 Sumter Apr 1941 Spieth, Alda M.
s.n.
UWAL
Leucojum aestivum L.
UWAL0004711 Clarke 22 Feb 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5049
UWAL
Leucojum aestivum L.
TROY000028662 Marengo 04 Mar 2009 J. Kevin England
1646
TROY
Leucojum aestivum Linnaeus
UWAL0015572 Lawrence 19 Apr 2014 England, J. Kevin
4799
UWAL
Leucojum aestivum Linnaeus
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