Hymenocallis occidentalis

Family:AMARYLLIDACEAE
Species:Hymenocallis occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
Common Name:Woodland Spider Lily; Northern Spider Lily; Swamp Spider Lily
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:HYOCE
Plant Notes:Woodland Spider Lily is a native herbaceous perennial from a bulb in the Amaryllis family (Amaryllidaceae). It can be found throughout Alabama. Woodland Spider Lily occurs in floodplain forests, on the banks of rivers and streams, and in upland mesic hardwood forests, sometimes a considerable distance from water. It is a perennial from a large globose bulb. There are no rhizomes. The plant produces 5-12 oblanceolate, glabrous and often glaucous, entire leaves. The leaves emerge in late winter or early spring and may or may not be present at flowering. The leaves are channeled and widest beyond the middle. Fragrant flowers are produced on a naked scape. The flower consists of a short tube and six white, linear, spreading tepals. The stamens are united into a showy funnel-form or rotate white corona with a small yellowish green “eye”. The portion of the corona between the stamens is toothed, usually with 3 teeth. The fruit is a leathery green capsule with 1-3 green, fleshy seed. Woodland Spider Lily has a long history of cultivation in Alabama and can often be seen in home landscapes. This is the most cold hardy of the Spider Lily species, and plants collected by Mary G. Henry near Evergreen, Alabama, have put on an annual display at the Henry Foundation’s garden in Gladwyne, Pennsylvania for over 40 years. Spider Lily species are very difficult to identify from herbarium specimens. When trying to identify one take note of the habitat, position and color of the leaves, shape and color of the corona, and presence or absence of rhizomes. Woodland Spider Lily is often available through nurseries or it can be grown from divisions or seed. It does well in most wet or moist soils in full or partial sun. The plants seem to attract Eastern Lubber Grasshoppers which will decimate the flowering scapes in minutes.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyAMARYLLIDACEAE - Amaryllis Family family
Genus Hymenocallis
Species Hymenocallis occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth - Woodland Spider Lily; Northern Spider Lily; Swamp Spider Lily

Citation

Citation HYMENOCALLIS OCCIDENTALIS (Leconte) Kunth, Enum. Pl. 5: 856. 1850.
Basionym: Pancratium occidentale Leconte 1835.
Type: GEORGIA: Bartow Co.: Allatoona Creek, 24 Aug 1948, Duncan 8828 (neotype: GA). Neotypified by G. L. Smith & Garland, Taxon 52: 807. 2003.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Hymenocallis bidentata Hymenocallis bidentata Small, Man. S.E. Fl. 323, 1503. 1933. ALABAMA: Cullman Co.: St. Bernard, Oct 1920, Knapke s.n. (holotype: NY?).
Hymenocallis moldenkiana Hymenocallis moldenkiana Traub, Pl. Life 18: 71. 1962. GEORGIA
Pancratium occidentale Pancratium occidentale Leconte, Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York 3: 146. 1835. GEORGIA: Bartow Co.: Allatoona Creek, 24 Aug 1948, Duncan 8828 (neotype: GA). Neotypified by G. L. Smith & Garland, Taxon 52: 807. 2003.
Tomodon pratense Tomodon pratense Rafinesque, Fl. Tellur. 4: 22. 1838 ("1836"), nom. illegit.Pancratium occidentale Leconte 1835. 
Hymenocallis caroliniana    

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Butler, Calhoun, Chilton, Choctaw, Clarke, Clay, Cleburne, Coffee, Colbert, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Dallas, Etowah, Henry, Jackson, Jefferson, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Lee, Macon, Madison, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Pickens, Pike, Shelby, St. Clair, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1874 - 1980

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AMAL00000025 Madison 13 Aug 1996 Threlkeld, Steven J.
830
AMAL
Hymenocallis occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
AMAL00017377 Lauderdale 13 Aug 2009 Holt, Brian D.
157
AMAL
Hymenocallis occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
JSU109881 Etowah 7 Aug 1994 Hodge, Lesley M.
3008
JSU
Hymenocallis occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
UNA00074049 Jackson 24 Sep 2018 Sorrie, Bruce A.
13666
UNA
Hymenocallis occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
JSU142778 Clay 13 Aug 1997 Spaulding, Daniel D.
9959
JSU
Hymenocallis occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
ALNHS00001312 Cleburne 18 Jul 2012 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#631
ALNHS
Hymenocallis occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
UWAL0052373 Lauderdale 08 Aug 2017 Keener, Brian R.
10397
UWAL
Hymenocallis occidentalis (J. Le Conte) Kunth
ALNHS00004147 Colbert 22 Jul 2016 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#2425
ALNHS
Hymenocallis occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
JSU109873 Calhoun 22 Aug 1987 Lawler, Carol L.
1592
JSU
Hymenocallis occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
UNA00007331 Autauga 30 Aug 1980 Lentz, David L.
80
UNA
Hymenocallis caroliniana (L.) Herbert
AUA000027432 Pike 31 Jul 1970 Moore, Harold D.
568
AUA
Hymenocallis Occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
AUA000027417 Choctaw 27 Jul 1994 Crouch, Virginia E.
1114
AUA
Hymenocallis Occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
JSU109877 Clay 9 Aug 1992 Ballard, J. Mark
522
JSU
Hymenocallis occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
AUA000027413 Baldwin 11 May 2005 Hansen, Curtis J.
1764
AUA
Hymenocallis Occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth Var. Occidentalis
TROY000041874 Henry 27 Jul 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
25389
TROY
Hymenocallis occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
SAMF0000046 Shelby 27 Jul 1989 Davenport, Lawrence J.
2687
SAMF
Hymenocallis occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
UNA00007326 Tuscaloosa 12 Jul 1953 Chermock, Ralph L.
s.n.
UNA
Hymenocallis caroliniana (L.) Herbert
JSU142777 Calhoun 29 Aug 1987 Lawler, Carol L.
1644
JSU
Hymenocallis occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
AMAL00023723 Tallapoosa 31 Jul 2015 Taylor, Chris T.
1878
AMAL
Hymenocallis occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
UWAL0035425 Pickens 12 Jul 2017 England, J. Kevin
8093
UWAL
Hymenocallis occidentalis (LeConte) Kunth var. occidentalis
USAM000001020 Mobile 11 May 1974 Bellezza, Joseph
s.n.
USAM
Hymenocallis occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
UWAL0030970 Henry 27 Jul 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
25389
UWAL
Hymenocallis occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
JSU109883 Marshall 20 Aug 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
2596
JSU
Hymenocallis occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
AUA000027427 Lee 13 Aug 1956 Mcbeth, James A.
AUA
Hymenocallis Occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
AUA000027419 Colbert 12 Aug 1981 Henderson, T.
386
AUA
Hymenocallis Occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
AUA000027422 Crenshaw 31 Jul 1995 Diamond, Alvin R.
9783
AUA
Hymenocallis Occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
AUA000027420 Conecuh 12 May 1985 Diamond, Alvin R.
1196
AUA
Hymenocallis Occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
UNA00007311 Baldwin 27 Apr 1947 Lueth, Francis X.
L14
UNA
Hymenocallis caroliniana (L.) Herbert
AUA000027423 Dale 19 Jul 1989 Diamond, Alvin R.
5986
AUA
Hymenocallis Occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
TROY000011165 Butler 13 Jul 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
17790
TROY
Hymenocallis occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
TROY000043494 Marengo 25 Jul 2013 England, J. Kevin
4444
TROY
Hymenocallis occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
JSU109882 Jackson 22 May 1997 Spaulding, Daniel D.
9774
JSU
Hymenocallis occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
AUA000027412 Autauga 10 Jul 1970 Moore, Harold D.
338
AUA
Hymenocallis Occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
UNA00048670 Mobile 22 Apr 1884 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Hymenocallis caroliniana (L.) Herbert
USAM000001018 Baldwin 23 Mar 1976 LeLong, Michel G.
9035
USAM
Hymenocallis occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
AUA000027418 Clarke 15 May 1981 Henderson, T.
085
AUA
Hymenocallis Occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
UWAL0036655 Lawrence 14 Jul 2017 England, J. Kevin
8196
UWAL
Hymenocallis occidentalis (LeConte) Kunth var. occidentalis
AUA000027429 Macon 25 Jul 1969 Owens, James R.
064
AUA
Hymenocallis Occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
UNA00006445 Autauga 22 Jul 1874 Smith, Eugene A.
s.n.
UNA
Hymenocallis occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
TROY000028069 Montgomery 16 Jul 2009 Diamond, Alvin R.
20795
TROY
Hymenocallis occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
AUA000027421 Covington 8 Jul 1975 Johnson, Kenneth G.
AUA
Hymenocallis Occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
AUA000027431 Mobile 14 Apr 1962 Swingle, W.E.
AUA
Hymenocallis Occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
JSU109880 Colbert 8 Aug 1975 Landers, Kenneth E.
s.n.
JSU
Hymenocallis occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
AUA000027414 Baldwin 11 May 2005 Hansen, Curtis J.
1764
AUA
Hymenocallis Occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth Var. Occidentalis
TROY000036170 Barbour 06 Jul 2012 Minton, Eric W.
55
TROY
Hymenocallis occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
USAM000001017 Baldwin 29 May 1983 Yomm, T.
s.n.
USAM
Hymenocallis occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
USAM000001019 Baldwin 01 Apr 1980 Lott, Bob
12
USAM
Hymenocallis occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
UNA00007316 Baldwin 05 May 1978 Haynes, Robert R.
6455
UNA
Hymenocallis caroliniana (L.) Herbert
JSU109878 Cleburne 13 Sep 1980 Whetstone, R. David
10354
JSU
Hymenocallis occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
ALNHS00004147 Colbert 22 Jul 2016 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#2425
ALNHS
Hymenocallis occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
AUA000027424 Dallas 23 May 2013 Barger, T. Wayne
OC-667
AUA
Hymenocallis Occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
AUA000027426 Jackson 22 Aug 1991 Gunn, Scott C.
2058
AUA
Hymenocallis Occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
AMAL00011469 Tallapoosa 10 Aug 2006 Barger, T. Wayne
304
AMAL
Hymenocallis occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
JSU109876 Chilton 22 Jun 1982 Whetstone, R. David
11709
JSU
Hymenocallis occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
SAMF0000045 Jefferson 5 Sep 1989 Davenport, Lawrence J.
2694
SAMF
Hymenocallis occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
ALNHS00006622 Madison 19 Aug 2019 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#4818
ALNHS
Hymenocallis occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
UNA00007321 Tuscaloosa 12 Jul 1953 Chermock, Ralph L.
s.n.
UNA
Hymenocallis caroliniana (L.) Herbert
JSU109875 Calhoun 26 Aug 1987 Lawler, Carol L.
1595
JSU
Hymenocallis occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
UNA00007311 Baldwin 27 Apr 1947 Lueth, Francis X.
L14
UNA
Hymenocallis caroliniana (L.) Herbert
AMAL00019619 Monroe 25 May 2011 Barger, T. Wayne
244
AMAL
Hymenocallis occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
AUA000027428 Macon 14 Jul 1971 Wisdom, Nalria J.
170
AUA
Hymenocallis Occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
UNA00074048 Jackson 24 Sep 2018 Sorrie, Bruce A.
13666
UNA
Hymenocallis occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
TROY000030720 Mobile 14 Apr 1962 S., W.A.
s.n.
TROY
Hymenocallis occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
JSU109874 Calhoun 31 Jul 1996 Hruska, Susan E.
1371
JSU
Hymenocallis occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
AUA000027416 Butler 17 Jul 1970 Hester, D.
094
AUA
Hymenocallis Occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
UWAL0036828 Clay 04 Aug 2017 Keener, Brian R.
10334
UWAL
Hymenocallis occidentalis (LeConte) Kunth
AUA000027433 St. Clair 8 Aug 1977 Owsley, M.
501
AUA
Hymenocallis Occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
UNA00007306 Autauga 27 Jul 1874 Smith, Eugene A.
s.n.
UNA
Hymenocallis occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
SAMF0000467 Shelby 03 Aug 2010 Davenport, Lawrence J.
4419
SAMF
Hymenocallis occidentalis (LeConte) Kunth
UWAL0017421 Marengo 25 Jul 2013 England, J. Kevin
4444
UWAL
Hymenocallis occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
UWAL0005008 Montgomery 16 Jul 2009 Diamond, Alvin R.
20795
UWAL
Hymenocallis occidentalis (LeConte) Kunth.
AUA000027430 Macon 5 Aug 1968 Johnson, S.C.
AUA
Hymenocallis Occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
JSU109872 Calhoun 12 Sep 1987 Lawler, Carol L.
1663
JSU
Hymenocallis occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
AUA000027434 Tallapoosa 29 Jul 1965 Martin, James
AUA
Hymenocallis Occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
TROY000011166 Coffee 30 Jun 1999 Martin, Brian H.
85
TROY
Hymenocallis occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
AUA000027425 Henry 28 Jul 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
5323
AUA
Hymenocallis Occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
TROY000011167 Dale 28 Jul 2000 Pennington, Tiffany
952
TROY
Hymenocallis occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
UNA00007331 Autauga 30 Aug 1980 Lentz, David L.
80
UNA
Hymenocallis caroliniana (L.) Herbert
JSU109879 Cleburne 13 Sep 1980 Whetstone, R. David
10354
JSU
Hymenocallis occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
JSU109884 Morgan 9 Aug 1996 Whetstone, R. David
18350
JSU
Hymenocallis occidentalis (Le Conte) Kunth
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