Ipheion uniflorum

Family:AMARYLLIDACEAE
Species:Ipheion uniflorum (Graham) Raf.
Common Name:Springstar
Habitat:Lawns, roadsides, old home sites, city green spaces.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Springstar is an introduced, herbaceous perennial from a bulb in the Amaryllis family (Amaryllidaceae). It is native to Argentina and Uruguay. It has been widely planted as an ornamental and has naturalized in Australia, Europe, and North America. In Alabama it can be found throughout the state. Springstar grows in lawns, in cemeteries, and on roadsides. It is a scapose perennial from a bulb. Leaves are linear, flat, glabrous, and entire. The leaves have a garlic-like odor when crushed. Flowers are solitary on an erect scape. The flowers are salverfrom to rotate in outline with 6 lobes. The flowers are white, blue, or lavender in color with the midrib darker. The stamens are of 2 lengths, with the longer ones reaching the top of the tube. The stigma is 3 lobed. Each bulb produces multiple flowering stems. The fruit is a capsule with several black seed. Springstar is widely available from nurseries that specialize in bulbs, and several cultivars varying in color are available. It prefers a sunny location and is deer resistant. Springstar can be used in Alpine gardens or naturalized in lawns. It spreads rapidly from off-sets. This species is sometimes listed under the name Tristigma uniflorum (Lindl.) Traub.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native
References:Sassone, A.B., L.M. Giussani, and S. Arroyo-Leuenberger. 2017. Lectotypification and correct author citation of Ipheion uniflorum (Amaryllidaceae), with a new synonym. Annales Botanici Fennici, 54: 99-103.
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyAMARYLLIDACEAE - Amaryllis Family family
Genus Ipheion
Species Ipheion uniflorum (Graham) Raf. - Springstar

Citation

Citation Ipheion uniflorum (Graham) Rafinesque, Fl. Tellur. 2: 12. 1837.
Basionym: Milla uniflora Graham 1833.
Type: ARGENTINA: plentyfull in dry banks near Buenos Aryes, John Tweedie s.n. (lectotype: E-00279869; isolectotypes: E-00279868, K-642142). Lectotypified by A.B. Sasson, L.M. Giussani, & S.Arroyo-Leuenberger. Ann. Bot. Fennici 54: 100. 2017

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Tristagma uniflorum Tristagma uniflorum (Lindley) Traub, Pl. Life (Stanford) 19: 61. 1963.  
Triteleia uniflora Triteleia uniflora Lindl., Edwards's Bot. Reg. 15: 1293. 1837.  

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Conecuh, Dale, Dallas, Escambia, Fayette, Jefferson, Lowndes, Madison, Marengo, Mobile, Montgomery, Pike, St. Clair, Sumter, Tuscaloosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL, UWFP

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1955 - 1975

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
USAM000008179 Mobile 21 Mar 1981 LeLong, Michel G.
11949
USAM
Ipheion uniflorum (Graham)Raf.
AUA000027576 Butler 26 Mar 1985 Diamond, Alvin R.
198
AUA
Tristagma Uniflorum (Lindl.) Traub
JSU102271 Calhoun 06 Apr 1983 Reedy, Jane
32
JSU
Tristagma uniflorum (Lindley) Traub
UNA00059160 Montgomery 24 Feb 2001 Threlkeld, S.J.
1332
UNA
Ipheion uniflorum (Graham) Raf.
TROY000011183 Dale 10 Mar 2000 Pennington, Tiffany
388
TROY
Tristagma uniflorum (Lindley) Traub
AMAL00001153 Montgomery 24 Feb 2001 Threlkeld, Steven J.
1332
AMAL
Tristagma uniflorum (Lindley) Traub
UWAL0002565 Marengo 25 Feb 2009 England, J. Kevin
1623
UWAL
Tristagma uniflorum (Lindl.) Traub
TROY000026847 Marengo 25 Feb 2009 England, J. Kevin
1623
TROY
Tristagma uniflorum (Lindley) Traub
USAM000008180 Mobile 21 Mar 1981 LeLong, Michel G.
11949
USAM
Ipheion uniflorum (Graham)Raf.
UWAL0015271 Dallas 08 Mar 2014 Keener, Brian R.
8248
UWAL
Ipheion uniflorum (Graham) Rafinesque
TROY000011185 Pike 01 Mar 2001 Diamond, Alvin R.
12283
TROY
Tristagma uniflorum (Lindley) Traub
UNA00007440 Montgomery 20 Mar 1966 Tucker, Charles E.
44
UNA
Ipheion uniflorum (Graham) Raf.
TROY000047974 Lowndes 07 Mar 2019 Diamond, Alvin R.
28775
TROY
Tristagma uniflorum (Lindley) Traub
AUA000027580 Montgomery 30 Mar 1974 Lancaster, D.S.
063
AUA
Tristagma Uniflorum (Lindl.) Traub
UNA00060594 Conecuh 08 Mar 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
13783
UNA
Ipheion uniflorum (Graham) Raf.
UWAL0002568 Tuscaloosa 18 Mar 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3415
UWAL
Ipheion uniflorum (Graham) Rafinesque
AUA000027581 Pike 26 Feb 1996 Diamond, Alvin R.
10137
AUA
Tristagma Uniflorum (Lindl.) Traub
UNA00007425 Montgomery 03 Apr 1965 Maginness, Sherrie E.
35
UNA
Ipheion uniflorum (Graham) Raf.
SAMF0000792 Tuscaloosa 16 Mar 1983 Davenport, Lawrence J.
2352
SAMF
Tristagma uniflorum (Lindley) Traub
UWAL0039221 Lowndes 07 Mar 2019 Diamond, Alvin R.
28775
UWAL
Ipheion uniflorum (Graham) Rafinesque
ALNHS00000980 Montgomery 23 Feb 2012 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#380
ALNHS
Tristagma uniflorum (Lindl.) Traub
TROY000035026 Bullock 22 Feb 2012 Dykes, Bailee
310
TROY
Tristagma uniflorum (Lindley) Traub
AMAL00012643 Sumter 19 Mar 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3416
AMAL
Tristagma uniflorum (Lindley) Traub
AUA000027579 Montgomery 18 Apr 1971 Tatum, E.M.
094
AUA
Tristagma Uniflorum (Lindl.) Traub
AUA000027582 Pike 26 Mar 1985 Diamond, Alvin R.
197
AUA
Tristagma Uniflorum (Lindl.) Traub
UNA00007440 Montgomery 20 Mar 1966 Tucker, Charles E.
44
UNA
Ipheion uniflorum (Graham) Raf.
JSU102273 Montgomery 31 Mar 1979 Owen, Becky
s.n.
JSU
Tristagma uniflorum (Lindley) Traub
UNA00066986 Sumter 19 Mar 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3416
UNA
Ipheion uniflorum (Graham) Raf.
TROY000025969 Sumter 19 Mar 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3416
TROY
Tristagma uniflorum (Lindley) Traub
AMAL00016395 Montgomery 2 Mar 2009 Barger, T. Wayne
41
AMAL
Tristagma uniflorum (Lindley) Traub
AUA000027575 Conecuh 21 Feb 1994 Diamond, Alvin R.
9011
AUA
Tristagma Uniflorum (Lindl.) Traub
UWAL0002567 Sumter 19 Mar 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3416
UWAL
Ipheion uniflorum (Graham) Rafinesque
UNA00007435 Tuscaloosa 25 Mar 1959 Williamson, Nelda Kathleen
s.n.
UNA
Ipheion uniflorum (Graham) Raf.
TROY000028824 St. Clair 11 Mar 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3369
TROY
Tristagma uniflorum (Lindley) Traub
UNA00073417 Marengo 25 Feb 2009 England, J. Kevin
1623
UNA
Ipheion uniflorum (Graham) Raf.
UWAL0002566 St. Clair 11 Mar 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3369
UWAL
Ipheion uniflorum (Graham) Rafinesque
UNA00007415 Dallas 5 Apr 1969 Benton, Cole L. B., Jr.
s.n.
UNA
Ipheion uniflorum (Graham) Raf.
TROY000029409 Sumter 03 Mar 2009 England, J. Kevin
1638
TROY
Tristagma uniflorum (Lindley) Traub
UNA00007420 Tuscaloosa 26 Mar 1975 Naughton, Michael
s.n.
UNA
Ipheion uniflorum (Graham) Raf.
AMAL00014068 St. Clair 11 Mar 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3369
AMAL
Tristagma uniflorum (Lindley) Traub
AUA000027583 Sumter 19 Mar 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3416
AUA
Tristagma Uniflorum (Lindl.) Traub
AMAL00001152 Conecuh 8 Mar 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
13783
AMAL
Tristagma uniflorum (Lindley) Traub
TROY000011181 Butler 08 Mar 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
13784
TROY
Tristagma uniflorum (Lindley) Traub
SAMF0000790 Jefferson 04 Mar 2012 Davenport, Lawrence J.
4965
SAMF
Tristagma uniflorum (Lindley) Traub
UWAL0046576 Autauga 21 Mar 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
486
UWAL
Ipheion uniflorum (Graham) Rafinesque
TROY000039351 Fayette 10 Mar 2012 Younghance, Steven L.
333
TROY
Tristagma uniflorum (Lindley) Traub
AUA000027577 Dallas 31 Mar 1972 Kral, Robert
45362
AUA
Tristagma Uniflorum (Lindl.) Traub
UWAL0011085 Bullock 22 Feb 2012 Dykes, Bailee
310
UWAL
Ipheion uniflorum (Graham) Rafinesque
UNA00060603 Butler 08 Mar 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
13784
UNA
Ipheion uniflorum (Graham) Raf.
AMAL00017180 Sumter 3 Mar 2009 England, J. Kevin
1638
AMAL
Tristagma uniflorum (Lindley) Traub
TROY000045108 Autauga 21 Mar 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
486
TROY
Tristagma uniflorum (Lindley) Traub
JSU102272 Calhoun 07 Apr 1983 Griffin, T.P.
43
JSU
Tristagma uniflorum (Lindley) Traub
UNA00007430 Tuscaloosa 03 Mar 1955 Batson, Jackie
s.n.
UNA
Ipheion uniflorum (Graham) Raf.
AUA000027574 Butler 8 Mar 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
13784
AUA
Tristagma Uniflorum (Lindl.) Traub
UWAL0047594 Montgomery 01 Mar 2017 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#2946
UWAL
Ipheion uniflorum (Graham) Rafinesque
SAMF0000791 Jefferson 21 Apr 1989 Davenport, Lawrence J.
2636
SAMF
Tristagma uniflorum (Lindley) Traub
UWAL0016820 Madison 16 Mar 2013 Horne, Howard E.
2008
UWAL
Ipheion uniflorum (Graham) Rafinesque
UNA00007420 Tuscaloosa 26 Mar 1975 Naughton, Michael
s.n.
UNA
Ipheion uniflorum (Graham) Raf.
AUA000027578 Marengo 25 Feb 2009 England, J. Kevin
1623
AUA
Tristagma Uniflorum (Lindl.) Traub
AMAL00019774 Madison 16 Mar 2013 Horne, Howard E.
2008
AMAL
Tristagma uniflorum (Lindley) Traub
TROY000033278 Montgomery 28 Feb 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21158
TROY
Tristagma uniflorum (Lindley) Traub
UNA00007415 Dallas 05 Apr 1969 Benton Jr., Cole L.B.
s.n.
UNA
Ipheion uniflorum (Graham) Raf.
UWFP018761 Escambia 10 Mar 2007 James R. Burkhalter
21300
UWFP
Ipheion uniflorum (Graham)Raf.
UNA00007430 Tuscaloosa 3 Mar 1955 Batson, Jackie
s.n.
UNA
Ipheion uniflorum (Graham) Raf.
TROY000011182 Conecuh 08 Mar 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
13783
TROY
Tristagma uniflorum (Lindley) Traub
UWAL0013007 Fayette 10 Mar 2012 Younghance, Steve L.
333
UWAL
Ipheion uniflorum (Graham) Rafinesque
ALNHS00004754 Montgomery 01 Mar 2017 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#2946
ALNHS
Tristagma uniflorum (Lindl.) Traub
TROY000011184 Montgomery 24 Feb 2001 Threlkeld, Steven J.
1332
TROY
Tristagma uniflorum (Lindley) Traub
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