Lachnanthes caroliniana

Family:HAEMODORACEAE
Species:Lachnanthes caroliniana (Lamarck) Dandy
Common Name:Carolina Redroot
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:**
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Carolina Redroot is a native herbaceous perennial in the Bloodwort family (Haemodoraceae). It is the only member of this family in Alabama. The approximately 14 other species in this family are found in Mexico, Central America, northern South America, southern Africa, New Guinea, Australia. Carolina Redroot is found primarily in the southern third of Alabama, with a disjunct population located in northeast Alabama. It occurs in pitcher plant bogs, wet pine woodlands, sandy ditches, and savannas. Carolina Redroot is a fibrous rooted perennial with long red rhizomes. The leaves are mostly basal and ensiform (shaped like a sword blade) in outline with entire margins. The plants when not in flower resemble an Iris or some species of Rush (Juncus). The sap is red in color. Flowering stems are up to 2 feet in height. Stem leaves are similar to basal leaves but reduced in size. The stems are densely pubescent. The inflorescence is a terminal, many branched corymb that after flowering has branches that resemble helicoid cymes. Each flower is subtended by conspicuous bracts. Flowers have three short white tepals and three longer pale yellow tepals that are densely pubescent on the outside. There are three stamens that are longer than the tepals. The fruit is a capsule.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, OBL (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyHAEMODORACEAE - Bloodwort family
Genus Lachnanthes
Species Lachnanthes caroliniana (Lamarck) Dandy - Carolina Redroot

Citation

Citation LACHNANTHES CAROLIANA (Lamarck) Dandy, J. Bot. 70: 329. 1932.
Basionym: Tradescantia Dilatris caroliana Lamarck 1791.
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data (lectotype: P). Lectotypified by Maas & Maas-van de Kamer, Fl. Neotrop. 61: 12. 1993.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Dilatris caroliana Dilatris caroliana Lamarck, Tabl. Encycl. 1: 127. Mar 1791. SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data (lectotype: P). Lectotypified by Maas & Maas-van de Kamer, Fl. Neotrop. 61: 12. 1993.
Dilatris heritiera Dilatris heritiera Persoon, Syn. Pl. 1: 54. 1805, nom. illegit.Heritiera tinctorum J. F. Gmelin 1791. 
Dilatris tinctorum Dilatris tinctorum (J. F. Gmelin) Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 30. 1814.Heritiera tinctorum J. F. Gmelin 1791. 
Heritiera gmelinii Heritiera gmelinii Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 20. 1803, nom. illegit.Heritiera tinctorum J. F. Gmelin 1791. 
Heritiera tinctorum Heritiera tinctorum J. F. Gmelin, Syst. Nat. 2: 113. Sep-Nov 1791. SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data, Fraser/Walter 117-C (neotype: BM). Neotypified by D. B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 1: 427. 2007.
Lachnanthes tinctorum Lachnanthes tinctorum (J. F. Gmelin) Elliott, var. major Grisebach, Cat. Pl. Cub. 252. 1866. CUBA: Without data, Wright 3270 (holotype: GOET; isotypes: BM, G, GH, K, MO, NY, P, S).
Gyrotheca capitata Gyrotheca capitata Morong, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 20: 472. 1891, nom. illegit.Dilatris caroliana Lamarck 1791. 
Gyrotheca tinctoria Gyrotheca tinctorum (J. F. Gmelin) Salisbury, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 1: 327. 1812.Heritiera tinctorum J. F. Gmelin 1791. 
Lachnanthes tinctoria Lachnanthes tinctorum (J. F. Gmelin) Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1: 47. 1816.Heritiera tinctorum J. F. Gmelin 1791. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Butler, Cherokee, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Escambia, Geneva, Houston, Lee, Mobile, Monroe, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UNAF, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1951 - 2002

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU114250 Escambia 17 Jun 1993 D. D. Spaulding
4147
JSU
Lachnanthes caroliniana (Lamarck) Dandy
AUA_ACC052975 Geneva 25 MAY 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6935
AUA
LACHNANTHES CAROLIANA (LAM.) DANDY
TROY000010838 Barbour 19 Jun 1978 Robert Kral
62061
TROY
Lachnanthes caroliana (Lamarck) Dandy
AUA_ACC072415 Baldwin 11 OCT 2007 BARGER, T. WAYNE
PERD-116
AUA
LACHNANTHES CAROLIANA (LAM.) DANDY
UNA00007159 Baldwin 13 Sep 1952 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Lachnanthes caroliana (Lam.) Dandy
SAMF0000448 Escambia 19 Jun 2010 Davenport, L. J.
4383
SAMF
Lachnanthes caroliana (Lamarck) Dandy
UWAL0019013 Geneva 24 Jun 1991 Kral, R.
79099
UWAL
Lachnanthes caroliniana (Lam.) Dandy
TROY000010840 Covington 08 Jul 2001 Alvin R. Diamond
12507
TROY
Lachnanthes caroliana (Lamarck) Dandy
JSU114254 Mobile 16 Aug 1993 J. M. Ballard
3187
JSU
Lachnanthes caroliniana (Lamarck) Dandy
UWAL0044198 Baldwin 27 Jun 1995 Larsen, H.S.
89
UWAL
Lachnanthes caroliniana (Lam.) Dandy
AMAL00000977 Baldwin 10 Aug 2002 Brian R. Keener
2394
AMAL
Lachnanthes carolinana (Lam.) Dandy
JSU114247 Baldwin 26 Jul 1968 S. C. Johnson
X-49-113
JSU
Lachnanthes caroliniana (Lamarck) Dandy
AUA_ACC051558 Geneva 27 JUL 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6122
AUA
LACHNANTHES CAROLIANA (LAM.) DANDY
UWAL0001857 Escambia 19 Jun 2010 Davenport, L.J.
4383
UWAL
Lachnanthes caroliana (Lam.) Dandy
USAM000007223 Baldwin 30 Jul 1972 Michael G. LeLong
6663
USAM
Lachnanthes caroliniana (Lamarck) Dandy
UNA00024140 Mobile 28 Aug 1951 B. C. Williams
s.n.
UNA
Lachnanthes caroliana (Lam.) Dandy
UNA00023702 Escambia 17 Aug 1994 Robert R. Haynes
9493
UNA
Lachnanthes caroliana (Lam.) Dandy
AUA_ACC018950 Geneva 18 AUG 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
647
AUA
LACHNANTHES CAROLIANA (LAM.) DANDY
TROY000025396 Butler 20 Jul 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19601
TROY
Lachnanthes caroliana (Lamarck) Dandy
TROY000033157 Baldwin 09 Sep 2010 Alvin R. Diamond
21574
TROY
Lachnanthes caroliana (Lamarck) Dandy
AUA_ACC069815 Covington 20 JUN 2008 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3362
AUA
LACHNANTHES CAROLIANA (LAM.) DANDY
AUA_ACC065846 Crenshaw 4 JUL 2006 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
16634
AUA
LACHNANTHES CAROLIANA (LAM.) DANDY
AUA_ACC001355 Lee 27 JUL 1964 SUMANIDJAJA, KUSMAN
AUA
LACHNANTHES CAROLIANA (LAM.) DANDY
JSU114248 Baldwin 21 Jul 1973 Tom W. French
277
JSU
Lachnanthes caroliniana (Lamarck) Dandy
AUA_ACC046181 Escambia 27 JUN 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3430
AUA
LACHNANTHES CAROLIANA (LAM.) DANDY
UWAL0034886 Geneva 15 Aug 1987 Kral, R.
74277
UWAL
Lachnanthes caroliniana (Lam.) Dandy
TROY000042557 Houston 30 Jul 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26673
TROY
Lachnanthes caroliniana (Lamarck) Dandy
UWAL0008280 Conecuh 27 Jun 2011 Diamond, A.R.
22266
UWAL
Lachnanthes caroliana (Lamarck) Dandy
UNA00058644 Baldwin 10 Aug 2002 Brian R. Keener
2394
UNA
Lachnanthes caroliana (Lam.) Dandy
UNA00007144 Washington 05 Aug 1980 Robert R. Haynes
8106
UNA
Lachnanthes caroliana (Lam.) Dandy
AUA_ACC020637 Geneva 25 AUG 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
606-69
AUA
LACHNANTHES CAROLIANA (LAM.) DANDY
AUA_ACC017477 Geneva 25 JUL 1969 SIMMONDS, E. P.
077
AUA
LACHNANTHES CAROLIANA (LAM.) DANDY
USAM000007224 Mobile 25 Jun 1968 B. E. Wofford
242
USAM
Lachnanthes caroliniana (Lamarck) Dandy
USAM000007221 Mobile 03 Jun 1967 Michael G. LeLong
3211
USAM
Lachnanthes caroliniana (Lamarck) Dandy
TROY000010839 Coffee 25 Jul 2000 Brian H. Martin
792
TROY
Lachnanthes caroliana (Lamarck) Dandy
AUA_ACC035332 Geneva 17 JUL 1975 CRAWFORD, LLOYD C.
AUA
LACHNANTHES CAROLIANA (LAM.) DANDY
JSU114246 Baldwin 26 Jul 1968 S. C. Johnson
X-49-112
JSU
Lachnanthes caroliniana (Lamarck) Dandy
AUA_ACC046183 Crenshaw 26 JUN 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3388
AUA
LACHNANTHES CAROLIANA (LAM.) DANDY
UWAL0018433 Houston 14 Aug 1987 Kral, R.
74218
UWAL
Lachnanthes caroliniana (Lam.) Dandy
UNA00007190 Baldwin 13 Sep 1952 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Lachnanthes caroliana (Lam.) Dandy
SAMF0000447 Covington 19 Jun 2010 Davenport, L. J.
4390
SAMF
Lachnanthes caroliana (Lamarck) Dandy
UWAL0004547 Baldwin 13 Sep 2008 England, J. Kevin
1127
UWAL
Lachnanthes caroliana (Lam.) Dandy
UNA00007124 Houston 13 Jun 1979 Robert R. Haynes
7255
UNA
Lachnanthes caroliana (Lam.) Dandy
AMAL00010526 Washington 09 Jun 2008 Daniel D. Spaulding
12924
AMAL
Lachnanthes carolinana (Lam.) Dandy
UWAL0043261 Baldwin 24 Jun 1993 Walker, M.M.
174
UWAL
Lachnanthes caroliniana (Lam.) Dandy
AUA_ACC054473 Conecuh 18 JUN 1994 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9244
AUA
LACHNANTHES CAROLIANA (LAM.) DANDY
TROY000035721 Monroe 23 Sep 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
23415
TROY
Lachnanthes caroliniana (Lamarck) Dandy
AUA_ACC037549 Mobile 14 SEP 1981 HENDERSON, T.
523
AUA
LACHNANTHES CAROLIANA (LAM.) DANDY
TROY000034818 Washington 09 Jun 2008 Daniel D. Spaulding
12924
TROY
Lachnanthes caroliana (Lamarck) Dandy
UWAL0002365 Washington 09 Jun 2008 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12924
UWAL
Lachnanthes caroliana (Lam.) Dandy
UNA00007179 Mobile _ Aug 1879 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Lachnanthes caroliana (Lam.) Dandy
UNA00007114 Escambia 07 Aug 1979 Robert R. Haynes
7533
UNA
Lachnanthes caroliana (Lam.) Dandy
AUA_ACC020173 Geneva 25 JUL 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
430-69
AUA
LACHNANTHES CAROLIANA (LAM.) DANDY
UNAF0001615 Baldwin 12 Jul 1977 Hogan, Nancy
s.n.
UNAF
Lachnanthes caroliniana (Lamarck) Dandy
TROY000010841 Crenshaw 04 Jul 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16634
TROY
Lachnanthes caroliana (Lamarck) Dandy
USAM000007222 Mobile 25 Jun 1968 B. E. Wofford
s.n.
USAM
Lachnanthes caroliniana (Lamarck) Dandy
UWAL0019828 Houston 30 Jul 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26673
UWAL
Lachnanthes caroliniana (Lamarck) Dandy
TROY000010837 Baldwin 10 Aug 2002 Brian R. Keener
2394
TROY
Lachnanthes caroliana (Lamarck) Dandy
SAMF0000445 Mobile 06 Aug 2010 Davenport, L. J.
4436
SAMF
Lachnanthes caroliana (Lamarck) Dandy
AUA_ACC034983 Covington 13 JUN 1979 JOHNSON, KENNETH G.
AUA
LACHNANTHES CAROLIANA (LAM.) DANDY
AUA_ACC005330 Baldwin 27 JUL 1968 ALLEN, LENORA
AUA
LACHNANTHES CAROLIANA (LAM.) DANDY
UNA00045742 Geneva 06 Jun 1998 John R. MacDonald
11373
UNA
Lachnanthes caroliana (Lam.) Dandy
UNA00007119 Geneva 12 Jul 1978 Robert R. Haynes
6700
UNA
Lachnanthes caroliana (Lam.) Dandy
AUA_ACC019676 Autauga 7 SEP 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
820
AUA
LACHNANTHES CAROLIANA (LAM.) DANDY
SAMF0000451 Mobile 23 Sep 1989 Green, LeAnne
51
SAMF
Lachnanthes caroliana (Lamarck) Dandy
UWAL0001852 Houston 07 Aug 2010 Davenport, L.J.
4477
UWAL
Lachnanthes caroliana (Lam.) Dandy
JSU114255 Mobile 24 Jun 1973 D. E. Boufford
10221
JSU
Lachnanthes caroliniana (Lamarck) Dandy
UWAL0034879 Geneva 18 Jul 1992 Kral, R.
81213
UWAL
Lachnanthes caroliniana (Lam.) Dandy
UWAL0038440 Mobile 01 Jul 1969 LeLong, Michel G.
5150
UWAL
Lachnanthes caroliniana (Lam.) Dandy
JSU114249 Cherokee 16 Jul 1984 R. D. Whetstone
14554
JSU
Lachnanthes caroliniana (Lamarck) Dandy
TROY000032681 Conecuh 27 Jun 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22266
TROY
Lachnanthes caoliana (Lamarck) Dandy
AUA_ACC041308 Covington 7 JUL 1972 HUDGINS, CHARLES H.
103
AUA
LACHNANTHES CAROLIANA (LAM.) DANDY
JSU140411 Covington 09 Jul 1980 Pendergrass
55
JSU
Lachnanthes caroliniana (Lamarck) Dandy
TROY000026083 Baldwin 13 Sep 2008 J. Kevin England
1127
TROY
Lachnanthes caroliana (Lamarck) Dandy
UNA00007149 Baldwin 04 Sep 1977 Denise Harvey
235
UNA
Lachnanthes caroliana (Lam.) Dandy
UNA00007200 Houston 12 Jul 1978 Robert R. Haynes
6680
UNA
Lachnanthes caroliana (Lam.) Dandy
AUA_ACC019321 Escambia 25 JUL 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
480-69
AUA
LACHNANTHES CAROLIANA (LAM.) DANDY
UNAF0001616 Baldwin 11 Jul 1977 Keys, Vicky
s.n.
UNAF
Lachnanthes caroliniana (Lamarck) Dandy
AUA000038563 Baldwin 25 Jul 1969 REBOIS, R. V.
82
AUA
LACHNANTHES CAROLIANA (LAM.) DANDY
JSU114253 Mobile 31 May 1998 D. D. Spaulding
10254
JSU
Lachnanthes caroliniana (Lamarck) Dandy
UWAL0030830 Mobile 18 Aug 1987 Kral, R.
74390
UWAL
Lachnanthes caroliniana (Lam.) Dandy
UWAL0004548 Washington 14 Aug 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3029
UWAL
Lachnanthes caroliana (Lam.) Dandy
UWAL0002859 Baldwin 09 Sep 2010 Diamond, A.R.
21574
UWAL
Lachnanthes caroliana (Lam.) Dandy
SAMF0000446 Houston 07 Aug 2010 Davenport, L. J.
4477
SAMF
Lachnanthes caroliana (Lamarck) Dandy
AUA_ACC035593 Covington 1 OCT 1972 KELLEY, B. L.
110
AUA
LACHNANTHES CAROLIANA (LAM.) DANDY
AUA_ACC017476 Baldwin 26 JUL 1969 ATKESON, THOMAS D.
185
AUA
LACHNANTHES CAROLIANA (LAM.) DANDY
UNA00007195 Mobile 28 Aug 1951 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Lachnanthes caroliana (Lam.) Dandy
AMAL00007803 Barbour 19 Jun 1978 R. Kral
62061
AMAL
Lachnanthes carolinana (Lam.) Dandy
UWAL0015903 Monroe 23 Sep 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23415
UWAL
Lachnanthes caroliniana (Lamarck) Dandy
AUA_ACC002755 Lee 10 JUL 1962 GRAMLICH, JIM
AUA
LACHNANTHES CAROLIANA (LAM.) DANDY
JSU114252 Mobile 16 Aug 1993 J. M. Ballard
3187
JSU
Lachnanthes caroliniana (Lamarck) Dandy
UWAL0034860 Monroe 18 Jul 1995 Kral, R.
85354
UWAL
Lachnanthes caroliniana (Lam.) Dandy
AMAL00016587 Crenshaw 04 Jul 2006 A. R. Diamond
16634
AMAL
Lachnanthes carolinana (Lam.) Dandy
UWAL0037673 Mobile 13 Jun 1967 Lelong, Michel G.
3281
UWAL
Lachnanthes caroliniana (Lam.) Dandy
JSU114251 Houston 22 Jun 1984 R. D. Whetstone
14225
JSU
Lachnanthes caroliniana (Lamarck) Dandy
First Page Previous Page Next Page Last Page
Records per Page: