Ilex coriacea

Family:AQUIFOLIACEAE
Species:Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
Common Name:Sweet Gallberry; Tall Inkberry; Large Gallberry
Habitat:Bayheads, seeps, bogs, and wet flatwoods.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Shrub
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:ILCO
Plant Notes:Sweet Gallberry is a native evergreen shrub or small tree in the Holly family (Aquifoliaceae). It can be found in the southern half of the state. Sweet Gallberry grows in low pine woods, in bogs and seeps, in pine flatwoods, along streams, and in savannas. It is a colonial shrub reaching heights of 9-20 feet. It often forms dense thickets. Young stems are dark brown in color and finely pubescent. Older stems have smooth gray or tan bark. The leaves are alternate, petiolate, elliptic to oval in outline, entire or with a few spreading bristle-like teeth along the margin towards the tip. The petiole and midvein of the upper surface of the leaf are pubescent. The leaves are thick and leathery in texture, dark green and lustrous above and paler green below. The lower surface of the leaf may be glabrous or pubescent (often with stellate hairs), and has scattered small punctate glands. Staminate and pistillate flowers occur on separate plants. Staminate flowers occur in axillary fascicles. Pistillate flowers are solitary or in small fascicles at the base of new shoots. The flowers have a green 5-9 lobed calyx and a white 5-8 lobed corolla. The fruit is a shiny black globose drupe with 5-9 smooth nutlets. The pulp of the drupe is sweet, and is consumed by birds and other wildlife. The fruit fall soon after maturing, unlike in many other Ilex species. Sweet Gallberry is available from nurseries. It prefers a moist acidic soil in full sun, but is adaptable. It is an important nectar source for bees, and produces a light-colored mild honey.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACW (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyAQUIFOLIACEAE - Holly family
Genus Ilex
Species Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman - Sweet Gallberry; Tall Inkberry; Large Gallberry

Citation

Citation ILEX CORIACEA (Pursh) Chapman, Fl. South. U.S. 270. 1860.
Basionym: Prinos coriacea Pursh 1814.
Type: GEORGIA: Without data, Jun-Jul, Enslen s.n. (holotype: ?).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Ennepta atomaria Ennepta atomaria (Nuttall) Rafinesque, Sylva Tellur. 52. 1838.Prinos atomarius Nuttall 1818. 
Ennepta coriacea Ennepta coriacea (Pursh) Rafinesque, Sylva Tellur. 52. 1838.Prinos coriaceus Pursh 1814. 
Prinos atomarius Prinos atomarius Nuttall, Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 1: 213. 1818.  
Prinos coriaceus Prinos coriaceus Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 221. 1814. GEORGIA: Without data, Jun-Jul, Enslen s.n. (holotype: ?).
Prinos coriaceus var. angustifolius Prinos coriaceus Pursh, var. angustifolius Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 221. 1814.  
Prinos coriaceus var. latifolius Prinos coriaceus Pursh, var. latifolius Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 221. 1814.  

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Butler, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Dale, Escambia, Geneva, Henry, Houston, Mobile, Monroe, Pike, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AMAL, AUA, BRIT, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1987 - 1987

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU118991 Baldwin 28 Jul 1968 Johnson, Stephen C.
s.n.
JSU
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
UWAL0031950 Geneva 26 Jul 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26636
UWAL
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
UNA00064905 Baldwin 26 May 2006 Keener, Brian R.
2912
UNA
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
BRIT73150 Geneva 15 Aug 1987 Kral, Robert
74266
BRIT
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
AUA000031329 Dale 16 Aug 1991 Diamond, Alvin R.
7670
AUA
Ilex Coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
TROY000032651 Houston 17 Jan 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
21733
TROY
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
UNA00020559 Mobile _ Jun _ Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
UWAL0000268 Butler 29 Oct 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
18565
UWAL
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
BRIT73136 Autauga 24 May 1975 Kral, Robert
55810
BRIT
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
AMAL00016985 Covington 18 Jun 2009 Diamond, Alvin R.
20778
AMAL
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
BRIT73139 Barbour 02 Mar 1975 Jones, Ronald L.
206
BRIT
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
TROY000042976 Geneva 26 Jul 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26636
TROY
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
AUA000030342 Escambia 21 Mar 2011 Hansen, Curtis J.
4964
AUA
Ilex Coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
TROY000014521 Dale 08 May 2005 Kral, Robert
96262
TROY
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
BRIT73153 Geneva 13 Aug 1999 MacDonald, John R.
13392
BRIT
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
BRIT73157 Escambia 09 May 1984 Kral, Robert
71383
BRIT
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
UWAL0031086 Escambia 27 Jul 1990 Kral, Robert
78138
UWAL
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapm.
AUA000039106 Autauga 24 Jul 1934 Germain, G.
AUA
Ilex Coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
TROY000030111 Escambia 28 Feb 2008 Hansen, Curtis J.
3236
TROY
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
UNA00020560 Escambia 21 Apr 1962 Ingram, Dianne
117
UNA
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
AUA000031330 Escambia 28 Feb 2008 Hansen, Curtis J.
3236
AUA
Ilex Coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
BRIT73151 Geneva 26 Apr 1969 Kral, Robert
34525
BRIT
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
AUA000031332 Mobile 8 Apr 1986 Malo, Lorne K.
AUA
Ilex Coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
USAM000001406 Mobile 05 May 1967 LeLong, Michel G.
3114.2
USAM
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
TROY000047200 Mobile 29 Jan 1975 Lelong, Michel G.
8250
TROY
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
UWAL0000270 Dale 08 May 2005 Kral, Robert
96262
UWAL
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
AMAL00007918 Pike 26 Mar 2002 Kral, Robert
92224
AMAL
Ilex coriacea Pursh
BRIT73140 Barbour 24 Mar 1999 MacDonald, John R.
12589
BRIT
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
BRIT73165 Washington 14 Jul 1969 Kral, Robert
35548
BRIT
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
TROY000001128 Coffee 08 Oct 1999 Martin, Brian H.
310
TROY
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
ALNHS00000303 Baldwin 02 Jun 1998 Crow, D.G.
s.n.
ALNHS
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
USAM000001404 Mobile 26 Jan 1975 LeLong, Michel G.
8250
USAM
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
UWAL0004852 Barbour 26 Apr 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
21996
UWAL
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
AUA000031322 Baldwin 12 Dec 2007 Barger, T. Wayne
PERD-272
AUA
Ilex Coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
ALNHS00002204 Monroe 26 Mar 2013 Barger, T. Wayne
RH-461
ALNHS
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
UNA00020558 Washington 08 Nov 1987 Haynes, Robert R.
9260
UNA
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
BRIT73167 Pike 26 Mar 2002 Kral, Robert
92224
BRIT
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
TROY000033431 Barbour 27 Aug 2011 Morrison, Derek
36
TROY
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
BRIT73147 Dale 30 Jun 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13436
BRIT
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
TROY000032671 Conecuh 27 Dec 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21724
TROY
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
AUA000031323 Baldwin 26 Jun 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16575
AUA
Ilex Coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
TROY000047124 Mobile 26 Jan 1975 Lelong, Michel
8251
TROY
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
JSU118994 Covington 1 Jun 1970 Kral, Robert
39512
JSU
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
BRIT67082 Barbour s.d. Kral, Robert
30849A
BRIT
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
BRIT73148 Dale 09 Jun 1971 Kral, Robert
43187
BRIT
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
BRIT73155 Escambia 16 Apr 1965 Kral, Robert
28466
BRIT
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
AUA000038007 Covington 9 Apr 2012 Hansen, Curtis J.
5437
AUA
Ilex Coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
TROY000001131 Pike 26 Mar 2002 Kral, Robert
92224
TROY
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
UNA00050255 Baldwin 23 Jun 1984 Whetstone, R. David
14276
UNA
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
UWAL0018971 Geneva 15 Aug 1987 Kral, Robert
74266
UWAL
Ilex coriacea Pursh
JSU118992 Baldwin 10 Aug 1993 Spaulding, Daniel D.
4259
JSU
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
BRIT73158 Geneva 25 Jul 1968 Kral, Robert
32040
BRIT
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
AUA000031327 Conecuh 17 Aug 1985 Diamond, Alvin R.
1498
AUA
Ilex Coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
BRIT73145 Covington 01 Jun 1970 Kral, Robert
39512
BRIT
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
TROY000001126 Baldwin 26 Jun 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16575
TROY
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
AUA000039104 Baldwin 25 Aug 1925 Wolf, Wolfgang
2346
AUA
Ilex Coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
AMAL00005798 Geneva 25 May 2001 Kral, Robert
91150
AMAL
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapm.
BRIT73160 Houston 19 Jul 1992 MacDonald, John R.
5068
BRIT
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
BRIT73137 Autauga 12 Apr 1975 Kral, Robert
54943
BRIT
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
BRIT73156 Escambia 08 Jun 1969 Kral, Robert
35150
BRIT
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
USAM000001402 Mobile 25 May 1970 Hackney, Olga
s.n.
USAM
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
AUA000031326 Baldwin 8 Nov 1975 Willis, Stephen F.
216
AUA
Ilex Coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
TROY000032546 Barbour 26 Apr 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
21996
TROY
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
BRIT73163 Monroe 08 Apr 1981 O'Halloran, K.
64
BRIT
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
UWAL0043213 Baldwin 26 Jul 1993 Walker, M.M.
231
UWAL
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapm.
BRIT73138 Baldwin 26 Jul 1969 Kral, Robert
35814
BRIT
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
TROY000039161 Conecuh 17 Apr 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
24979
TROY
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
UWAL0016225 Conecuh 17 Apr 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
24979
UWAL
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
USAM000001407 Mobile 07 Apr 1967 LeLong, Michel G.
3003
USAM
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
AUA000031324 Baldwin 26 Dec 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
16100
AUA
Ilex Coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
UWAL0046787 Autauga 14 Feb 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
348
UWAL
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
TROY000001129 Dale 30 Jun 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13436
TROY
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
BRIT73159 Henry 07 Apr 1997 MacDonald, John R.
10195
BRIT
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
BRIT73164 Washington 09 May 1966 Kral, Robert
26613
BRIT
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
UWAL0017637 Houston 02 Apr 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26118
UWAL
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
TROY000014520 Henry 19 Apr 2005 Kral, Robert
96121
TROY
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
TROY000042060 Houston 02 Apr 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26118
TROY
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
UWAL0000322 Henry 19 Apr 2005 Kral, Robert
96121
UWAL
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
TROY000014386 Butler 29 Oct 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
18565
TROY
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
BRIT73152 Geneva 25 May 2001 Kral, Robert
91150
BRIT
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
AUA000031334 Mobile 11 Apr 1986 Malo, Lorne K.
AUA
Ilex Coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
SAMF0007350 Washington 16 Apr 2021 Davenport, L.J.
6858
SAMF
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
TROY000001130 Geneva 25 May 2001 Kral, Robert
91150
TROY
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
UWAL0000269 Covington 18 Jun 2009 Diamond, Alvin R.
20778
UWAL
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
AMAL00015738 Dale 08 May 2005 Kral, Robert
96262
AMAL
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapm.
BRIT73143 Coffee 17 Jun 1999 MacDonald, John R.
13081
BRIT
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
BRIT73154 Escambia 11 Apr 1964 Kral, Robert
19703
BRIT
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
BRIT73144 Conecuh 03 May 1972 Kral, Robert
46305
BRIT
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
AUA000031325 Baldwin 26 Jul 1969 Kral, Robert
35814
AUA
Ilex Coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
TROY000021234 Covington 22 Nov 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
20469
TROY
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
BRIT73166 Pike 28 Sep 1966 McDaniel, Sidney
7825
BRIT
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
AUA000031333 Mobile 1 Feb 1944 Rust, H.B.
74
AUA
Ilex Coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
BRIT73146 Covington 26 Jul 1968 Kral, Robert
32087
BRIT
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
JSU118993 Baldwin 23 Jun 1984 Whetstone, R. David
14276
JSU
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
UWAL0008239 Houston 17 Jan 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
21733
UWAL
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
USAM000001403 Mobile 06 Apr 1974 LeLong, Michel G.
7556
USAM
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
AMAL00005797 Baldwin 26 Mar 1995 Spaulding, Daniel D.
8685
AMAL
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
UWAL0038293 Mobile 26 Jan 1975 LeLong, Michel G.
8251
UWAL
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
UWAL0000267 Baldwin 26 May 2006 Keener, Brian R.
2912
UWAL
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
TROY000001125 Baldwin 26 May 2006 Keener, Brian R.
2912
TROY
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
BRIT73162 Mobile 15 Apr 1967 Kral, Robert
28330
BRIT
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
AMAL00012912 Baldwin 26 May 2006 Keener, Brian R.
2912
AMAL
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
USAM000001405 Mobile 26 Jan 1975 LeLong, Michel G.
8251
USAM
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
UWAL0002892 Conecuh 27 Dec 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21724
UWAL
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
AUA000031331 Escambia 6 Sep 1981 Henderson, T.
557
AUA
Ilex Coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
BRIT73142 Barbour 20 May 1968 Kral, Robert
30849A
BRIT
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
BRIT73149 Escambia 27 Jul 1990 Kral, Robert
78138
BRIT
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
TROY000044762 Autauga 14 Feb 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
348
TROY
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
BRIT73139 Barbour 03 Mar 1975 Folsom, James P.
319
BRIT
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
TROY000001127 Baldwin 26 Dec 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
16100
TROY
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
AUA000031328 Covington 20 Jun 2008 Hansen, Curtis J.
3384
AUA
Ilex Coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
BRIT73161 Mobile 16 Aug 1953 Demaree, Delzie
33942
BRIT
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapman
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