Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani

Family:CYPERACEAE
Species:Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (K.C. Gmelin) Palla
Common Name:Soft Stem Bulrush; Soft Stem Club Rush
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:SCTA2
Plant Notes:Soft Stem Bulrush is a native herbaceous perennial in the Sedge family (Cyperaceae). It can be found at scattered locations throughout Alabama. Soft Stem Bulrush occurs in fresh or brackish marshes, in lakes and ponds, along streams, and in roadside ditches. It can grow in water up to 1 meter deep. Soft Stem Bulrush is a perennial from a thick, creeping rhizome. Culms are cylindrical, erect, 3-9 feet in height, unbranched, glabrous, and sometimes glaucous. The culms are solid with spongy white pith laced with air cavities. There are 3-4 basal sheath-like leaves that lack blades. Flowers are produced in heads. The heads are arranged in drooping terminal panicles of 100-200 heads. There is one erect leaf-like bract at the inflorescence. The fruit is an achene. The seed of Soft Stem Bulrush are an important food for ducks and Muskrats feed on the stems and rhizomes. Dense stands provide cover for many species of animals. Soft Stem Bulrush is grown as an ornamental in pools and around ponds. It prefers full sun and shallow water. Under the right conditions it can spread aggressively. There are yellow or white variegated forms available in the horticultural trade.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, OBL (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyCYPERACEAE - Sedge family
Genus Schoenoplectus
Species Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (K.C. Gmelin) Palla - Soft Stem Bulrush; Soft Stem Club Rush

Citation

Citation SCHOENOPLECTUS TABERNAEMONTANI (C. C. Gmelin) Palla, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 10: 299. 1888.
Basionym: Scirpus tabernaemontani C. C. Gmelin 1805.
Type: GERMANY: Baden: Rhine River, s.d., Gmelin(?) s.n. (holotype: KR).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Heleogiton glaucum Heleogiton glaucum Reichenbach, Fl. Germ. Excurs. 77. 1830.Scirpus glaucus Smith 1811. 
Heleophylax tabernaemontani Heleophylax tabernaemontani (C. C. Gmelin) Schinz & Thellung, Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Zuerich 53: 587. 1909.Scirpus tabernaemontani C. C. Gmelin 1805. 
Schoenoplectus lacustris subsp. glaucus Schoenoplectus lacustris (Linnaeus) Palla, subsp. glaucus (Reichenbach) Becherer, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 25: 11. 1928.Heleogiton glaucum Reichenbach 1830; Scirpus glaucus Smith 1811, non Lamarck 1791. 
Schoenoplectus lacustris subsp. luxurians Schoenoplectus lacustris (Linnaeus) Palla, subsp. luxurians (Miquel) Soják, Cas. Nár. Mus., Odd. Prír. 141: 62. 1972.Scirpus tabernaemontani C. C. Gmelin, forma luxurians Miquel 1856. 
Schoenoplectus lacustris subsp. tabernaemontani Schoenoplectus lacustris (Linnaeus) Palla, subsp. tabernaemontani (C. C. Gmelin) A. Löve & D. Löve, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 10: 275. 1975.Scirpus tabernaemontani C. C. Gmelin 1805. 
Schoenoplectus lacustris subsp. validus Schoenoplectus lacustris (Linnaeus) Palla, subsp. validus (Vahl) T. Koyama, Occas. Pap. Bernice Pauahi Bishop Mus. 29: 128. 1989.Scirpus validus Vahl 1805. 
Schoenoplectus lacustris ubsp. creber Schoenoplectus lacustris (Linnaeus) Palla, subsp. creber (Fernald) A. Löve & D. Löve, Taxon 30: 849. 1981.Scirpus validus Vahl, var. creber Fernald 1943. 
Schoenoplectus validus Schoenoplectus validus (Vahl) A. Löve & D. Löve, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 81: 33. 1954.Scirpus validus Vahl 1805. 
Schoenoplectus validus subsp. creber Schoenoplectus validus (Vahl) A. Löve & D. Löve, subsp. creber (Fernald) A. Löve & D. Löve, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 81: 33. 1954.Scirpus validus Vahl, var. creber Fernald 1943. 
Scirpus ciliatus Scirpus ciliatus Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 86. 1855. JAPAN
Scirpus glaucus Scirpus glaucus Smith, Engl. Bot. 33: t. 2321. 1811, non Lamarck 1791. GREAT BRITAIN: Scotland: Gallway, saltmarsh on the W of Ardbigland, 1800, Mackay 6 (lectotype: LINN). Lectotypified by S.G. Smith, Novon 5: 98. 1995.
Scirpus hippolyti Scirpus hippolyti V. Kreczetovicz, Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk SSSR 7(1): 28. 1937. U.S.S.R.: Kazakh: "Kasaktania", without data, Rusanov 249 (holotype: LE).
Scirpus holoschoenus Scirpus holoschoenus Oeder, Fl. Dan. t. 454. 1769, non Linnaeus 1753.  
Scirpus janii Scirpus janii Bessey ex Schultes, Mant. 3: 536. 1824.  
Scirpus lacustris subsp. creber Scirpus lacustris Linnaeus, subsp. creber (Fernald) T. Koyama, Phytologia 8: 457. 1963.Scirpus validus Vahl, var. creber Fernald 1943. 
Scirpus lacustris subsp. glaucus Scirpus lacustris Linnaeus, subsp. glaucus (Reichenbach) Hartman, Sv. Norsk Exc.-Fl. 10. 1846.Heleogiton glaucum Reichenbach 1830; Scirpus glaucus Smith 1811, non Lamarck 1791. 
Scirpus lacustris subsp. tabernaemontani Scirpus lacustris Linnaeus, subsp. tabernaemontani (C. C. Gmelin) Syme, in Smith & Sowerby, Engl. Bot., ed. 3. 10: 64. 1870.Scirpus tabernaemontani C. C. Gmelin 1805. 
Scirpus lacustris subsp. validus Scirpus lacustris Linnaeus, subsp. validus (Vahl) T. Koyama, Canad. J. Bot. 40: 927. 1962.Scirpus validus Vahl 1805. 
Scirpus lacustris var. condensatus Scirpus lacustris Linnaeus, var. condensatus Peck, Annual Rep. New York State Mus. 53: 853. 1900. NEW YORK
Scirpus lacustris var. digynus Scirpus lacustris Linnaeus, var. digynus Grenier & Godron, Fl. France 3: 372. 1855, nom. illegit.Scirpus lacustris Linnaeus, var. tabernaemontani (C. C. Gmelin) Doell 1843; Scirpus tabernaemontani C. C. Gmelin 1805. 
Scirpus lacustris var. glaucus Scirpus lacustris Linnaeus, var. glaucus (Reichenbach) Boeckeler, Linnaea 36: 713. 1870.Heleogiton glaucum Reichenbach 1830; Scirpus glaucus Smith 1811, non Lamarck 1791. 
Scirpus lacustris var. luxurians Scirpus lacustris Linnaeus, var. luxurians (Miquel) T. Koyama, Canad. J. Bot. 40: 927. 1962.Scirpus tabernaemontani C. C. Gmelin, forma luxurians Miquel 1856. 
Scirpus lacustris var. tabernaemontani Scirpus lacustris Linnaeus, var. tabernaemontani (C. C. Gmelin) Döll, Rhein. Fl. 165. 1843.Scirpus tabernaemontani C. C. Gmelin 1805. 
Scirpus lacustris var. validus Scirpus lacustris Linnaeus, var. validus (Vahl) Kükenthal, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 23: 200. 1926.Scirpus validus Vahl 1805. 
Scirpus orgialis Scirpus orgialis Rafinesque, Ann. Nat. 16. 1820.  
Scirpus tabernaemontani var. capitatus Scirpus tabernaemontani C. C. Gmelin, var. capitatus Haussknecht, Bot. Geo. Thueringen 6: 31. 1888.  
Scirpus tabernaemontani var. minimus Scirpus tabernaemontani C. C. Gmelin, var. minimus Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv. 693. 1866.  
Scirpus tabernaemontani var. paludosus Scirpus tabernaemontani C. C. Gmelin, var. paludosus Schult., Mant. 2: 537. 1824.  
Scirpus tabernaemontani var. salinus Scirpus tabernaemontani C. C. Gmelin, var. salinus Schultes, Mant. 2: 537. 1824.  
Scirpus validus var. condensatus Scirpus validus Vahl, var. condensatus (Peck) Beetle, Univ. Wyoming Publ. 13: 6. 1948.Scirpus lacustris Linnaeus, var. condensatus Peck 1900. 
Scirpus validus var. creber Scirpus validus Vahl, var. creber Fernald, Rhodora 45: 283. 1943. NEW YORK: Fisher's Island, 10-15 Aug 1920, St. John 2581 (holotype: GH).
Scirpus lacustris    
Scirpus tabernaemontani Scirpus tabernaemontani C. C. Gmelin, Fl. Bad. 1: 101. Apr-May 1805. GERMANY: Baden: Rhine River, s.d., Gmelin(?) s.n. (holotype: KR).
Scirpus validus Scirpus validus Vahl, Enum. Pl. 2: 268. Oct-Dec 1805. Without data, Herb. Vahl s.n. (holotype: C).

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Blount, Bullock, Calhoun, Etowah, Jackson, Jefferson, Lee, Limestone, Madison, Marshall, Mobile, Montgomery, Morgan, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1876 - 1980

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
SAMF0001031 Blount 25 Jul 2009 Davenport, Lawrence J.
3977
SAMF
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (C. C. Gmelin) Palla
UWAL0047156 Jackson 10 Aug 1988 Webb, David H.
5420
UWAL
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (K.G. Gmelin) Palla
USAM000005315 Baldwin 20 Jul 1981 LeLong, Michel G.
12170
USAM
Scirpus validus Vahl
UNA00003184 Marshall 05 Jul 1980 Haynes, Robert R.
7964
UNA
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (C.C. Gmelin) Palla
UWAL0039471 Morgan 14 Jun 2018 Webb, David H.
8574
UWAL
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (K. C. Gmelin) Palla
USAM000005313 Baldwin 26 Jun 1981 LeLong, Michel G.
12116
USAM
Scirpus validus Vahl
JSU113137 Jefferson 13 Jul 1984 Barber, J. Patrick
841
JSU
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (K.C. Gmelin) Palla
ALNHS00004193 Blount 26 Jul 2016 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#2382
ALNHS
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (K.C. Gmel.) Palla
USAM000005334 Baldwin 15 Jun 1981 LeLong, Michel G.
12076
USAM
Scirpus validus Vahl
UNA00058470 Blount 29 Jul 1998 Keener, Brian R.
1334
UNA
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (C.C. Gmelin) Palla
TROY000010745 Montgomery 22 May 2000 Diamond, Alvin R.
11684
TROY
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (K.C. Gmelin) Palla
UNA00061239 Jefferson 23 Apr 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11755
UNA
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (C.C. Gmelin) Palla
USAM000005309 Baldwin 20 Jul 1981 LeLong, Michel G.
12170
USAM
Scirpus validus Vahl
AUA000038318 Morgan 5 Jun 2016 England, J. Kevin
6538
AUA
Schoenoplectus Tabernaemontani (K.C. Gmel.) Palla
ALNHS00000305 Baldwin 05 Jun 1998 Crow, D.G.
s.n.
ALNHS
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (K.C. Gmel.) Palla
USAM000005321 Baldwin 04 Sep 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11439
USAM
Scirpus validus Vahl
USAM000005308 Baldwin 26 Jun 1981 LeLong, Michel G.
12116
USAM
Scirpus validus Vahl
UWAL0045959 Calhoun 23 May 2018 Spaulding, Daniel D.
15305
UWAL
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (K.C. Gmel.) Palla
UNA00003199 Jackson 02 Aug 1978 Haynes, Robert R.
6839
UNA
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (C.C. Gmelin) Palla
USAM000005318 Baldwin 15 Jun 1981 LeLong, Michel G.
12076
USAM
Scirpus validus Vahl
ALNHS00004193 Blount 26 Jul 2016 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#2382
ALNHS
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (K.C. Gmel.) Palla
JSU113130 Calhoun 15 Jul 1982 Whetstone, R. David
11471
JSU
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (K.C. Gmelin) Palla
UWAL0016617 Baldwin 26 Mar 2013 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13699
UWAL
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (K.C. Gmel.) Palla
USAM000005310 Baldwin 20 Jul 1981 LeLong, Michel G.
12170
USAM
Scirpus validus Vahl
UNA00056935 Montgomery 22 May 2000 Diamond, Alvin R.
11684
UNA
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (C.C. Gmelin) Palla
UWAL0044292 Baldwin 02 Jun 1993 Walker, M.M.
45
UWAL
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (C. C. Gmel.) Palla
USAM000005312 Baldwin 26 Jun 1981 LeLong, Michel G.
12116
USAM
Scirpus validus Vahl
SAMF0001032 Jefferson 05 Sep 2006 Davenport, Lawrence J.
3547
SAMF
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (C. C. Gmelin) Palla
UNA00074143 Tallapoosa 21 Sep 1997 Miller, James H.
s.n.
UNA
Scirpus validus Vahl
USAM000005333 Baldwin 15 Jun 1981 LeLong, Michel G.
12076
USAM
Scirpus validus Vahl
AUA000022403 Lee 22 Jun 1972 Hallmark, Wendy
011
AUA
Schoenoplectus Tabernaemontani (K.C. Gmel.) Palla
JSU113129 Baldwin 3 Jun 1972 Kral, Robert
47161
JSU
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (K.C. Gmelin) Palla
UNA00003165 Limestone 08 Jul 1980 Meigs, Russell A.
965
UNA
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (C.C. Gmelin) Palla
JSU113131 Calhoun 22 May 1994 Ballard, J. Mark
4000
JSU
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (K.C. Gmelin) Palla
UNA00003194 Baldwin 01 Jun 1978 Haynes, Robert R.
6534
UNA
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (C.C. Gmelin) Palla
USAM000005319 Baldwin 09 Aug 1979 Dowling, Hugh M.
241
USAM
Scirpus validus Vahl
USAM000005326 Baldwin 29 Jun 1974 LeLong, Michel G.
7980
USAM
Scirpus validus Vahl
UWAL0044293 Baldwin 24 Apr 2006 Larsen, Harry S.
1499
UWAL
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (C. C. Gmel.) Palla
TROY000010722 Baldwin 26 May 2002 Haynes, Robert R.
10264
TROY
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (K.C. Gmelin) Palla
USAM000005322 Baldwin 15 Jun 1974 LeLong, Michel G.
7833
USAM
Scirpus validus Vahl
UWAL0032592 Morgan 05 Jun 2016 England, J. Kevin
6538
UWAL
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (K.C. Gmelin) Palla
JSU113139 Marshall 25 Jun 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
2123
JSU
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (K.C. Gmelin) Palla
UNA00003287 Baldwin 06 Oct 1947 Lueth, Francis X.
L102
UNA
Scirpus validus Vahl
TROY000025628 Jefferson 11 Aug 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13532
TROY
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (K.C. Gmelin) Palla
UNA00003195 Calhoun 21 Jun 1980 Meigs, Russell A.
852
UNA
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (C.C. Gmelin) Palla
USAM000005328 Baldwin 01 Jun 1978 LeLong, Michel G.
10213
USAM
Scirpus validus Vahl
USAM000005307 Baldwin 26 Jun 1981 LeLong, Michel G.
12116
USAM
Scirpus validus Vahl
TROY000025627 Jefferson 23 Apr 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11755
TROY
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (K.C. Gmelin) Palla
UWAL0008221 Montgomery 13 Jun 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22247
UWAL
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (K.C. Gmelin) Palla
USAM000005317 Baldwin 15 Jun 1981 LeLong, Michel G.
12076
USAM
Scirpus validus Vahl
UNA00003169 Mobile _ _ 1896 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (C.C. Gmelin) Palla
USAM000005324 Baldwin 19 Jun 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11168
USAM
Scirpus validus Vahl
USAM000005329 Mobile 08 Jul 1981 LeLong, Michel G.
12142
USAM
Scirpus validus Vahl
UWAL0039422 Marshall 18 Sep 2018 Webb, David H.
8613
UWAL
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (Gmel.) Palla
USAM000005316 Baldwin 20 Jul 1981 LeLong, Michel G.
12170
USAM
Scirpus validus Vahl
UNA00003292 Blount 06 Jul 1978 Haynes, Robert R.
6573
UNA
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (C.C. Gmelin) Palla
UNA00003282 Montgomery 11 Jun 1979 Wiersema, John H.
814
UNA
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (C.C. Gmelin) Palla
USAM000005314 Baldwin 26 Jun 1981 LeLong, Michel G.
12116
USAM
Scirpus validus Vahl
USAM000005325 Mobile 15 May 1970 Wofford, B. Eugene
10500
USAM
Scirpus validus Vahl
JSU113138 Madison 11 May 1996 Spaulding, Daniel D.
8350
JSU
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (K.C. Gmelin) Palla
USAM000005327 Baldwin 15 May 1970 LeLong, Michel G.
5371
USAM
Scirpus validus Vahl
UNA00003174 Tuscaloosa 29 Jul 1876 Smith, Eugene A.
s.n.
UNA
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (C.C. Gmelin) Palla
JSU113135 Jackson 27 Jun 1998 Brodeur, Kristin R.
874
JSU
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (K.C. Gmelin) Palla
UNA00058215 Baldwin 26 May 2002 Haynes, Robert R.
10264
UNA
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (C.C. Gmelin) Palla
USAM000005332 Baldwin 20 Jul 1981 LeLong, Michel G.
12170
USAM
Scirpus validus Vahl
UNA00003297 Blount 06 Jul 1978 Haynes, Robert R.
6573
UNA
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (C.C. Gmelin) Palla
USAM000005330 Mobile 29 Jul 1981 LeLong, Michel G.
12200
USAM
Scirpus validus Vahl
TROY000037679 Bullock 31 Aug 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1227
TROY
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (K.C. Gmelin) Palla
JSU113133 Calhoun 3 Aug 1982 Whetstone, R. David
11820
JSU
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (K.C. Gmelin) Palla
USAM000005320 Baldwin 12 Sep 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11478
USAM
Scirpus validus Vahl
AUA000022404 Montgomery 16 Jun 1992 Diamond, Alvin R.
8332
AUA
Schoenoplectus Tabernaemontani (K.C. Gmel.) Palla
JSU113132 Calhoun 16 Jul 1993 Spaulding, Daniel D.
4246
JSU
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (K.C. Gmelin) Palla
UNA00003185 Madison 02 Jun 1980 Meigs, Russell A.
754
UNA
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (C.C. Gmelin) Palla
JSU113134 Etowah 26 Jun 1994 Hodge, Lesley M.
2761
JSU
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (K.C. Gmelin) Palla
UNA00003207 Baldwin 06 Oct 1947 Lueth, Francis X.
L102
UNA
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (C.C. Gmelin) Palla
USAM000005331 Baldwin 26 Jun 1981 LeLong, Michel G.
12116
USAM
Scirpus validus Vahl
TROY000033125 Montgomery 13 Jun 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22247
TROY
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (K.C. Gmelin) Palla
AUA000022402 Baldwin 3 Jun 1972 Kral, Robert
47161
AUA
Schoenoplectus Tabernaemontani (K.C. Gmel.) Palla
USAM000005311 Baldwin 15 Jun 1981 LeLong, Michel G.
12076
USAM
Scirpus validus Vahl
UWAL0049594 Jackson 03 Jul 2007 Webb, David H.
6647
UWAL
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (C.C. Gmelin) Palla
USAM000005323 Baldwin 19 Jun 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11165
USAM
Scirpus validus Vahl
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