Ilex ambigua

Family:AQUIFOLIACEAE
Species:Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
Common Name:Carolina Holly; Sand Holly
Habitat:Stream margins, mesic to dry woodlands.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Shrub
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:ILAM
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyAQUIFOLIACEAE - Holly family
Genus Ilex
Species Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey - Carolina Holly; Sand Holly

Citation

Citation ILEX AMBIGUA (Michaux) Torrey, Fl. New York 2: 2. 1843.
Basionym: Prinos ambiguus Michaux 1803.
Type: "Carolina",

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Cassine caroliniana Cassine caroliniana Walter, Fl. Carol. 242. 1788, non Lamarck 1785. SOUTH CAROLINA
Ilex ambigua var. coriacea Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey, var. coriacea Trelease, Trans. St. Louis Acad. Sci. 5: 347. 1889. FLORIDA
Ilex caroliniana var. jejuna Ilex caroliniana (Rafinesque) Trelease, var. jejuna McFarlin, Rhodora 34: 236, pl. 231. 1932. FLORIDA: Polk Co.: Lake Marion, s.d., McFarlin 5550 (holotype: MICH).
Nemopanthus ambiguus Nemopanthus ambiguus (Michaux) A. W. Wood, Class-Book Bot., ed. 1861. 497. 1861.Prinos ambiguus Michaux 1803. 
Prinos ambiguus Prinos ambiguus Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 236. 1803. "Carolina"
Synstima caroliniana Synstima caroliniana Rafinesque, Sylva Tellur. 49. 1838.Cassine caroliniana Walter 1788, non Lamarck 1785. 
Ilex beadlei    
Ilex buswellii Ilex buswellii Small, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 51: 382. 1924. FLORIDA: Lee Co.: Near the Caloosahatchee above Fort Myers, 2 Oct 1923, Buswell s.n. (holotype: NY).
Ilex caroliniana Ilex caroliniana (Rafinesque) Trelease, Trans. St. Louis Acad. Sci. 5: 347. 1889, non Miller 1768.Synstima caroliniana Rafinesque 1838; Cassine caroliniana Walter 1788. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Blount, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Chilton, Choctaw, Clarke, Cleburne, Conecuh, Coosa, Covington, Crenshaw, Cullman, Dallas, DeKalb, Escambia, Etowah, Fayette, Geneva, Hale, Henry, Houston, Jackson, Lamar, Lowndes, Marion, Marshall, Mobile, Montgomery, Perry, Pickens, Pike, St. Clair, Tuscaloosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AMAL, AUA, BRIT, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL, UWFP

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1893 - 1998

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UNA00020521 Blount 13 May 1898 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Ilex ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
USAM000001372 Clarke 13 Jul 1969 Kral, Robert
35481
USAM
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
UWAL0002094 Lowndes 20 May 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21344
UWAL
Ilex ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
AUA000039107 Autauga 24 Jul 1934 Germain, G.
AUA
Ilex Ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
UWAL0013946 Fayette 19 Jul 2009 Younghance, Steve L.
240
UWAL
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
BRIT73236 Geneva 13 Aug 1999 MacDonald, John R.
13389
BRIT
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
AUA000042765 Escambia 11 Oct 2011 Pancake, Jr., Dale C.
S.N.
AUA
Ilex Ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
UWAL0038310 Mobile 03 Aug 1974 LeLong, Michel G.
8083.2
UWAL
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
TROY000001137 Conecuh 04 Sep 2004 Diamond, Alvin R.
14670
TROY
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
UNA00020520 Mobile _ Jun 1886 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Ilex ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
USAM000001369 Mobile 21 Apr 1967 LeLong, Michel G.
3061
USAM
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
AUA000031304 Jackson 31 Jul 1981 Henderson, T.
497
AUA
Ilex Ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
AMAL00008282 Hale 29 Jun 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11595
AMAL
Ilex ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
UNA00020525 St. Clair 29 May 1893 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Ilex ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
JSU118978 Baldwin 11 Jun 1997 Spaulding, Daniel D.
9893
JSU
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
UWAL0035928 Blount 27 Oct 2014 Anderson, Kelly
750
UWAL
Ilex ambigua (Michx.) Torrey
USAM000001373 Mobile 03 Aug 1974 LeLong, Michel G.
8083.1
USAM
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
AUA000031298 Barbour 25 Oct 1976 Griffin, George
S. N.
AUA
Ilex Ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
UWAL0015499 Butler 21 Oct 2014 Webb, Wayne K.
s.n.
UWAL
Ilex ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
BRIT73366 Houston 28 May 1992 MacDonald, John R.
4695
BRIT
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
AUA000042539 Escambia 18 Apr 2012 Pancake, Jr., Dale C.
S.N.
AUA
Ilex Ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
UNA00020524 Baldwin 02 Jun 1970 Kral, Robert
39544
UNA
Ilex ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
TROY000032212 Pike 06 Oct 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21610
TROY
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
UNA00020526 Cullman _ Jun 1891 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Ilex ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
JSU142335 Jackson 31 Aug 2010 Barger, T. Wayne
HC-545
JSU
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
UNA00050702 Henry 28 May 1998 MacDonald, John R.
11305
UNA
Ilex ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
UWFP002507 Escambia 24 Aug 2014 James R. Burkhalter
24921
UWFP
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
TROY000014238 Hale 29 Jun 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11959
TROY
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
BRIT73229 Baldwin 05 Oct 1971 Kral, Robert
44878
BRIT
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
TROY000037149 Fayette 19 Jul 2009 Younghance, Steven L.
240
TROY
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
BRIT73362 Etowah 18 May 1968 Kral, Robert
30695
BRIT
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
TROY000014237 Cherokee 26 Sep 2007 Barger, T. Wayne
308
TROY
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
AUA000031302 Coosa 6 Sep 2010 Webb, Wayne K.
AUA
Ilex Ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
UNA00045753 Houston 11 Apr 1998 MacDonald, John R.
11026
UNA
Ilex ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
BRIT73369 Lamar 18 May 1988 McDaniel, Sidney
29806
BRIT
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
JSU118986 Marshall 21 Jun 1986 Whetstone, R. David
15283
JSU
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
TROY000044058 Marion 20 Sep 2009 England, J. Kevin
2212
TROY
Ilex ambigua Michaux Torrey & Gray
BRIT73238 Hale 29 Jun 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11959
BRIT
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
UWAL0011519 Crenshaw 02 Sep 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23290
UWAL
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
BRIT73230 Baldwin 02 Jun 1970 Kral, Robert
39544
BRIT
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
JSU118984 Jackson 28 Jul 1975 Whetstone, R. David
5393
JSU
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
UNA00062264 Bibb 29 Jun 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11959
UNA
Ilex ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
JSU118983 Dallas 9 Jun 1984 Whetstone, R. David
14074
JSU
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
UNA00020519 Autauga _ Jul 1880 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Ilex ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
USAM000001370 Mobile 08 Jun 1967 LeLong, Michel G.
3226.2
USAM
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
UNA00020528 St. Clair 29 May 1893 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Ilex ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
JSU118977 Baldwin 11 Jun 1997 Spaulding, Daniel D.
9897
JSU
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
UNA00056252 Geneva 05 Oct 1998 MacDonald, John R.
12200
UNA
Ilex ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
USAM000001371 Mobile 30 Apr 1968 LeLong, Michel G.
4428.2
USAM
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
AUA000031297 Baldwin 2 Jun 1970 Kral, Robert
39544
AUA
Ilex Ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
UWAL0036229 Perry 29 Sep 2013 Keener, Brian R.
8193
UWAL
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
BRIT73364 Henry 28 May 1998 MacDonald, John R.
11305
BRIT
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
BRIT73234 Covington 11 Nov 1983 Kral, Robert
71105
BRIT
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
BRIT73231 Autauga 27 Sep 1965 McDaniel, Sidney
7007
BRIT
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
TROY000014261 Hale 23 May 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
13929
TROY
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
BRIT73363 Hale 23 May 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
13929
BRIT
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
JSU118979 Calhoun 6 May 1986 Lawler, Carol L.
289
JSU
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
UNA00050897 Lamar 18 May 1988 McDaniel, Sidney
29796
UNA
Ilex ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
UWFP002508 Escambia 27 Oct 1999 James R. Burkhalter
16907
UWFP
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
AMAL00007959 Tuscaloosa 11 May 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11845
AMAL
Ilex ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
BRIT73359 Clarke 06 Jun 1971 Kral, Robert
43039
BRIT
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
AMAL00014646 Montgomery 25 May 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
17625
AMAL
Ilex ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
TROY000028743 St. Clair 03 Aug 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4709
TROY
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
AUA000039105 Baldwin 15 Jul 1926 Wolf, Wolfgang
2603
AUA
Ilex Ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
BRIT73237 Geneva 05 Oct 1998 MacDonald, John R.
12200
BRIT
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
TROY000039849 Crenshaw 02 Sep 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23290
TROY
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
UWAL0018919 Marion 20 Sep 2009 England, J. Kevin
2212
UWAL
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
ALNHS00000908 Jackson 31 Aug 2010 Barger, T. Wayne
HC-545
ALNHS
Ilex ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
USAM000001367 Baldwin 22 Sep 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11558
USAM
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
UWAL0000265 Coosa 28 Apr 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4350
UWAL
Ilex ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
TROY000028717 Coosa 28 Apr 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4350
TROY
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
TROY000042205 Crenshaw 20 Sep 2011 Webb, Wayne K.
s.n.
TROY
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
UNA00074007 Jackson 25 Sep 2018 Sorrie, Bruce A.
13677
UNA
Ilex ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
TROY000014260 Bibb 25 May 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
13937
TROY
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
BRIT73358 Barbour 04 Oct 1979 Kral, Robert
64484
BRIT
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
TROY000033774 Coosa 06 Sep 2010 Webb, Wayne K.
s.n.
TROY
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
UNA00020522 Tuscaloosa 11 May 1959 Williamson, Nelda Kathleen
s.n.
UNA
Ilex ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
USAM000001374 Mobile 04 May 1968 Scott, D.L.
177
USAM
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
AUA000031301 Coosa 5 Oct 1980 Webb, A.L.
046
AUA
Ilex Ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
UNA00055918 Houston 28 May 1992 MacDonald, John R.
4695
UNA
Ilex ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
BRIT73368 Lamar 18 May 1988 McDaniel, Sidney
29806
BRIT
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
BRIT73235 DeKalb 17 May 1985 Kral, Robert
72528
BRIT
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
TROY000014262 Tuscaloosa 11 May 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11845
TROY
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
BRIT73370 Tuscaloosa 11 May 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11845
BRIT
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
UWAL0001725 Pike 06 Oct 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21610
UWAL
Ilex ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
BRIT73233 Clarke 13 May 1981 Henderson, T.
69
BRIT
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
JSU118988 Marshall 30 Jul 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
2458
JSU
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
UNA00020523 Pickens 21 May 1960 McDaniel, Sidney
1849
UNA
Ilex ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
JSU118987 Marshall 13 Aug 1975 Whetstone, R. David
6345
JSU
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
UWAL0005513 Chilton 16 Apr 1944 Rust, H.B.
145
UWAL
Ilex ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
JSU118981 Cleburne 15 Oct 1996 Hruska, Susan E.
1458
JSU
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
UNA00020527 DeKalb 30 May 1893 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Ilex ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
JSU118985 Marshall 11 Oct 1991 Spaulding, Daniel D.
1074
JSU
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
UNA00061120 Tuscaloosa 11 May 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11854
UNA
Ilex ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
USAM000001368 Mobile 04 May 1968 Scott, D.L.
177
USAM
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
AUA000031300 Clarke 6 Jun 1971 Kral, Robert
43039
AUA
Ilex Ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
UWAL0037781 Baldwin 21 Jun 1997 Sorrie, Bruce A.
9323
UWAL
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
BRIT73232 Choctaw 03 May 1968 McDaniel, Sidney
10588
BRIT
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
BRIT73239 Mobile 15 Apr 1967 Kral, Robert
28272
BRIT
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
SAMF0005122 Lamar 05 Oct 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7574
SAMF
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
BRIT73228 Baldwin 11 Jun 1997 Spaulding, Daniel D.
9897
BRIT
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
AMAL00017203 Coosa 28 Apr 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4350
AMAL
Ilex ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
BRIT73360 Bibb 25 May 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
13938
BRIT
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
JSU118980 Calhoun 6 May 1986 Lawler, Carol L.
289
JSU
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
UNA00050896 Lamar 18 May 1988 McDaniel, Sidney
29806
UNA
Ilex ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
UWAL0011961 Lamar 05 Oct 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7574
UWAL
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
UWAL0044248 Baldwin 20 Jul 2000 Larsen, Harry S.
659
UWAL
Ilex ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
BRIT73361 Clarke 06 Oct 1971 Kral, Robert
44907
BRIT
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
AUA000031303 Hale 29 Jun 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11959
AUA
Ilex Ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
AMAL00018286 St. Clair 03 Aug 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4709
AMAL
Ilex ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
UWAL0007773 Crenshaw 20 Sep 2011 Webb, Wayne K.
s.n.
UWAL
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
BRIT73365 Houston 11 Apr 1998 MacDonald, John R.
11026
BRIT
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
TROY000032115 Lowndes 20 May 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21344
TROY
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
UWAL0003073 Coosa 06 Sep 2010 Webb, Wayne K.
s.n.
UWAL
Ilex ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
ALNHS00002950 Baldwin 7 Oct 2014 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#1544
ALNHS
Ilex ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
JSU118982 Cleburne 2 Sep 1983 Bussey, Melanie G.
844
JSU
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
UWAL0000266 St. Clair 03 Aug 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4709
UWAL
Ilex ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
SAMF0005121 Coosa 06 Sep 2010 Webb, Wayne K.
s.n.
SAMF
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
AUA000031299 Clarke 13 May 1981 Henderson, T.
069
AUA
Ilex Ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
TROY000041793 Butler 21 Oct 2014 Webb, Wayne K.
s.n.
TROY
Ilex ambigua (Michaux) Torrey
ALNHS00007199 Jackson 25 May 2021 Yawn, Noah D.
SP#5564/NDY#156
ALNHS
Ilex ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
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