Nerium oleander

Family:APOCYNACEAE
Species:Nerium oleander Linnaeus
Common Name:Oleander
Habitat:Persisting from cultivation at old home sites.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Shrub
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:NEOL
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyAPOCYNACEAE - Dogbane family
Genus Nerium
Species Nerium oleander Linnaeus - Oleander

Citation

Citation NERIUM OLEANDER Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 209. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: Without data (holotype: LINN 300.1). Lectotypified by Markgraf, in L. B. Smith, Fl. Ilus. Catarin., Apoc. 78. 1968.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Nerium flavescens Nerium flavescens Di Spino ex Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 4: 410. 1819.  
Nerium floridum Nerium floridum Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 147. 1796, nom. illegit.Nerium oleander Linnaeus 1753. 
Nerium indicum Nerium indicum Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. 1768. INDIA: Without data (holotype: BM).
Nerium indicum subsp. kotschyi Nerium indicum Miller, subsp. kotschyi (Boissier) Rechinger f., Fl. Iran. 103: 3. 1974.Nerium kotschyi Boissier 1846. 
Nerium kotschyi Nerium kotschyi Boissier, Diagn. Pl. Orient. 1(7): 21. 1846. IRAN: Kuh-Delu, s.d., Kotschy 558 (holotype: G; isotypes: BM, BP, C, FI, FI-W, K, P, UPS, W, WAG).
Nerium latifolium Nerium latifolium Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. 1768. Without data, Herb. Miller s.n. (holotype: BM).
Nerium lauriforme Nerium lauriforme Lamarck, Fl. Franc. 2: 299. 1779 ("1778"), nom. illegit.Nerium oleander Linnaeus 1753. 
Nerium mascatense Nerium mascatense Alph. de Candolle, in de Candolle, Prodr. 8: 421. 1844. OMAN: Masqat, s.d., Aucher-Eloy 4925 (holotype: G-DC; isotypes: BM, FI, FI-W, K, P).
Nerium odoratum Nerium odoratum Lamarck, Encycl. 3: 456. 1792, nom. illegit.Nerium odorum Aiton 1789. 
Nerium odorum Nerium odorum Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 147. 1796, nom. illegit. et non Solander 1789.Nerium latifolium Miller 1768. 
Nerium odorum Nerium odorum Aiton, Hort. Kew. 1: 297. 1789. INDIA: Malabar: Without data (lectotype: Rheede, Hort. Malab. 9: 3, t. 2. 1689). Lectotypified by Leeuwenberg, Meded. Landbouwhoogeschool 83(7): 57. 1983.
Nerium odorum var. kotschyi Nerium odorum Aiton, var. kotschyi (Boissier) Boissier, Fl. Orient. 4: 48. 1875.Nerium kotschyi Boissier 1846. 
Nerium oleander subsp. kurdicum Nerium oleander Linnaeus, subsp. kurdicum Rechinger f., Fl. Iran. 103: 2. 1974. YUGOSLAVIA: Dalmatia: Without locality, s.d., Rechinger 12141 (holotype: W).
Nerium oleander var. indicum Nerium oleander Linnaeus, var. indicum (Miller) O. Degener & Greenwell, Fl. Hawaii 1: Fam. 305. 1952.Nerium indicum Miller 1768. 
Nerium oleander var. roseum Nerium oleander Linnaeus, var. roseum Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 1: 498. 1812, nom. inadmiss.Nerium oleander Linnaeus 1753. 
Nerium splendens Nerium splendens Paxton, Paxton's Mag. Bot. 3: 73. 1837.  
Nerium thyrsiflorum Nerium thyrsiflorum Paxton, Paxton's Mag. Bot. 3: 73. 1837. Without data (lectotype: Paxton, Paxton's Mag. Bot. 3: 73, plate. 1837). Lectotypified by Leeuwenberg, Meded. Landbouwhoogeschool 83(7): 57. 1983.
Nerium verecundum Nerium verecundum Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 147. 1796, nom. illegit.Nerium odorum Aiton 1789. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Lee, Mobile

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, JSU, TROY, UNA

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UNA00060535 Baldwin 18 Mar 1950 W. A. Stallard
16
UNA
Nerium oleander L.
TROY000014382 Lee 18 Oct 2006 Daniel D. Spaulding
12533
TROY
Nerium oleander L.
JSU120462 Baldwin 15 Jun 1993 D. D. Spaulding
4137
JSU
Nerium oleander Linnaeus
JSU120463 Baldwin 17 May 1974 K. E. Landers
RDW-2650
JSU
Nerium oleander Linnaeus
JSU120464 Baldwin 17 May 1974 Kenneth E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Nerium oleander Linnaeus
AMAL00013953 Lee 18 Oct 2006 Daniel D. Spaulding
12533
AMAL
Nerium oleander L.
AMAL00004263 Mobile 28 Mar 2012 Howard E. Horne
1754
AMAL
Nerium oleander Linnaeus
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