Torilis arvensis

Family:APIACEAE
Species:Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
Common Name:Field Hedge Parsley; Spreading Hedge Parsley; Spreading Bur Parsley
Habitat:Roadsides, fields, and waste places.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:TOAR
Plant Notes:Field Hedge Parsley is an introduced herbaceous annual in the Carrot family (Apiaceae). It is native to Europe and Asia. In Alabama it can be found primarily in the northern half of the state. Field Hedge Parsley grows on roadsides, along railroads, around the margins of fields and pastures, along the edge of woodlands, and in waste places. It is an annual with a tap root. The stems are 1-3 feet in height, branched, green in color, and appressed pubescent. Leaves are alternate, petiolate, and 2 to 3 times pinnately divided. Leaf segments are linear-lanceolate in outline, pubescent, with toothed or lobed margins. Flowers are produced in terminal and lateral compound umbels. Each compound umbel has 7-8 umbellets. The compound umbel lacks bracts at its base or has a single linear one. Each umbellet has 8 flowers and 7-8 small linear bracts at its base. Each flower has 3-9 white rays. The fruit is a mericarp covered with bristles. The fruit is at first green then becomes pinkish before turning tan or brown. Field Hedge Parsley is a larval food plant for the Black Swallowtail butterfly (Papilio polyxenes).—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyAPIACEAE - Carrot/Parsley family
Genus Torilis
Species Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link - Field Hedge Parsley; Spreading Hedge Parsley; Spreading Bur Parsley

Citation

Citation TORILIS ARVENSIS (Hudson) Link, Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 1; 265. 1821.
Basionym: Caucalis arvensis Hudson 1762.
Type: ENGLAND

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Anthriscus arvensis Anthriscus arvensis (Hudson) Koso-Poljansky, Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou, ser. 2. 29: 151. 1916 ("1915").Caucalis arvensis Hudson 1762. 
Caucalis arvensis Caucalis arvensis Hudson, Fl. Angl. 98. 1762. ENGLAND
Caucalis divaricata Caucalis divaricata Heller, Fl. Wirceb. 1: 168. 1810, nom. illegit.Torilis divaricata Moench 1802, nom. illegit.; Caucalis arvensis Hudson 1762. 
Caucalis helvetica Caucalis helvetica Jacquin, Hort. Vindob. 3: 12, t. 16. 1776.  
Caucalis infesta Caucalis infesta (Linnaeus) Curtis, Fl. Londin 2(6): t. 23. 1791.Scandix infesta Linnaeus 1767. 
Daucus infestus Daucus infestus (Linnaeus) E. H. L. Krause, in Sturm, Deutschl. Fl., ed. 2. 12: 156. 1904.Scandix infesta Linnaeus 1767. 
Lappularia infesta Lappularia infesta (Linnaeus) Pomel, Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 150. 1874.Scandix infesta Linnaeus 1767. 
Ozotrix helvetica Ozotrix helvetica (Jacquin) Rafinesque, Good Book 54. 1840.Caucalis helvetica Jacquin 1776. 
Scandix infesta Scandix infesta Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. 12. 732. 1767. Without data (lectotype: LINN 340.10). Lectotypified by Townsend, in Polhill, Fl. Trop. E. Afr., Umbelliferae 27. 1989.
Torilis arvensis subsp. divaricata Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link, subsp. divaricata (de Candolle) Thellung, in Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 5(2): 1055. 1926.Torilis helvetica (Jacquin) C. C. Gmelin, var. divaricata de Candolle 1830. 
Torilis divaricata Torilis divaricata Moench, Suppl. Meth. 34. 1802, nom. illegit.Caucalis arvensis Hudson 1762. 
Torilis helvetica Torilis helvetica (Jacquin) C. C. Gmelin, Fl. Bad. 1: 617. 1805.Caucalis helvetica Jacquin 1776. 
Torilis helvetica var. divaricata Torilis helvetica (Jacquin) C. C. Gmelin, var. divaricata de Candolle, Prodr. 4: 219. 1830.  
Torilis infesta Torilis infesta (Linnaeus) Clairville, Man. Herbor. Suisse 78. 1811.Scandix infesta Linnaeus 1767. 
Torilis infesta subsp. divaricata Torilis infesta (Linnaeus) Clairville, subsp. divaricata (de Candolle) Coutinho, Fl. Portugal 439. 1913.Torilis helvetica (Jacquin) C. C. Gmelin, var. divaricata de Candolle 1830. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Bibb, Blount, Calhoun, Cherokee, Clay, Cleburne, Colbert, Cullman, Dallas, Etowah, Franklin, Greene, Hale, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Limestone, Marengo, Marion, Marshall, Montgomery, Morgan, Pickens, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter, Talladega, Tuscaloosa, Walker, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UNAF, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 2012 - 2012

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UNAF0000470 Morgan 13 Jun 1991 Hairrell, Kieth
s.n.
UNAF
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
UNAF0000468 Marion 30 Jun 1990 Roberts, Lori
s.n.
UNAF
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
UNA00037500 Jefferson 6 Jun 1938 Roland M. Harper
3676
UNA
Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link
TROY000014296 Calhoun 15 May 2002 Daniel D. Spaulding
11293
TROY
Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link
AUA000039412 Lauderdale 17 Jun 2016 ENGLAND, J. KEVIN
6595
AUA
TORILIS ARVENSIS (HUDS.) LINK
JSU118636 Jackson 3 Jul 1998 K. R. Brodeur
974
JSU
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
UWAL0002669 Marengo 04 Jun 2010 England, J. Kevin
2532
UWAL
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
JSU118652 Winston 7 Jun 1975 R. D. Whetstone
4428
JSU
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
SAMF0005967 Shelby 25 Jun 2003 Davenport, L. J.
2862
SAMF
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
JSU118622 Calhoun 14 Jun 1976 T. A. Atkinson
1650
JSU
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
UWAL0012612 St. Clair 16 Jun 2012 Spaulding, Dan
13602
UWAL
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link ssp. arvensis
JSU118631 Cullman 20 Jun 1975 R. D. Whetstone
4864
JSU
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
UWAL0000218 Marengo 17 May 1993 Harris, J.W.
s.n.
UWAL
Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link
UNAF0000455 Lauderdale 26 Jun 1991 Crosslin, Phillip
s.n.
UNAF
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
JSU118639 Jefferson 28 May 1984 J. P. Barber
427
JSU
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
SAMF0005962 Jefferson 16 Jun 2005 Davenport, L. J.
3241
SAMF
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
UNAF0000467 Marion 20 Jun 1990 Roberts, Lori
s.n.
UNAF
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
UNA00058230 Walker 15 Jun 2002 Robert R. Haynes
10279
UNA
Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link
AUA000029295 Limestone 19 MAY 1982 LAHANAS, P. N.
AUA
TORILIS ARVENSIS (HUDS.) LINK
AUA000038335 Morgan 05 Jun 2016 ENGLAND, J. KEVIN
6514
AUA
TORILIS ARVENSIS (HUDS.) LINK
JSU118635 Houston 15 May 1994 John R. MacDonald
7191
JSU
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
TROY000017375 Sumter 29 May 2008 Brian R. Keener
4529a
TROY
Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link
JSU118644 Lawrence 6 Jun 1975 R. D. Whetstone
4427
JSU
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
SAMF0005964 Jefferson 24 May 2007 Davenport, L. J.
3738
SAMF
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
JSU118630 Cleburne 26 Jun 1996 S. E. Hruska
1345
JSU
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
TROY000014300 Montgomery 08 Jun 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19411
TROY
Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link
JSU118627 Cherokee 16 Jul 1984 R. D. Whetstone
14589
JSU
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
UWAL0002708 Marengo 31 May 2010 England, J. Kevin
2461
UWAL
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
UNAF0000459 Lawrence 11 Jun 1992 Blythe, Fennel
s.n.
UNAF
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
JSU118638 Jefferson 28 May 1984 J. P. Barber
427
JSU
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
UNA00059095 Calhoun 15 May 2002 D. D. Spaulding
11293
UNA
Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link
UNAF0000464 Marion 20 Jun 1990 Hyde, Paula
s.n.
UNAF
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
UNAF0000454 Colbert 23 Jun 1991 Stone, Adina
s.n.
UNAF
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
AMAL00019409 Calhoun 15 Jun 1994 L.M. Hodge
1931
AMAL
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
UWAL0019862 Morgan 22 Jun 1991 Kral, R.
79013
UWAL
Torilis arvensis (Huds) Link
TROY000043615 Marengo 01 May 2012 J. Kevin England
3439
TROY
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
JSU118633 Etowah 27 May 1994 L. M. Hodge
1341
JSU
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
JSU118643 Jefferson 23 Jul 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13479
JSU
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
TROY000033955 Marengo 31 May 2010 J. Kevin England
2461
TROY
Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link
SAMF0005969 Bibb 29 Jul 2011 Davenport, L. J.
4740
SAMF
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
JSU118650 Morgan 5 Aug 1974 T. A. Atkinson
525
JSU
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
JSU118646 Marshall 4 Jun 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1913
JSU
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
UNA00037905 Greene 18 May 1967 H. Naugle
G 319
UNA
Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link
UNAF0000460 Lawrence 12 Jul 1994 Garris, Eric
26
UNAF
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
JSU118641 Jefferson 30 Jun 1984 J. P. Barber
709
JSU
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
TROY000014295 Calhoun 23 Jun 1969 Jerry A. Clonts
n.s.
TROY
Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link
UNAF0000466 Marion 20 Jun 1990 Lawrence, Terri
s.n.
UNAF
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
UNAF0000458 Lauderdale 14 Jul 1992 Walden, Amy
s.n.
UNAF
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
SAMF0005968 Morgan 02 Aug 2005 Davenport, L. J.
3294
SAMF
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
AUA000029292 Jefferson 16 JUN 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
1573
AUA
TORILIS ARVENSIS (HUDS.) LINK
AMAL00000359 Marengo 04 Jun 2010 J. Kevin England
2532
AMAL
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
JSU118626 Calhoun 27 May 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11215
JSU
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
AMAL00005766 Limestone 26 May 1996 D.D. Spaulding
8955
AMAL
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
AUA000028957 Dallas 24 MAY 2010 BARGER, T. WAYNE
OC-548
AUA
TORILIS ARVENSIS (HUDS.) LINK
JSU118625 Calhoun 17 Jul 1969 Danny Sizemore
s.n.
JSU
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
SAMF0005963 Sumter 22 May 2012 Davenport, L. J.
5200
SAMF
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
UNAF0000461 Marion 28 Jun 1990 Beasley, James
s.n.
UNAF
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
JSU118628 Clay 23 Aug 1992 J. M. Ballard
533
JSU
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
UNA00068734 Sumter 29 May 2008 Brian R. Keener
4529a
UNA
Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link
UNAF0000473 Lauderdale 22 Jul 1997 Moore, Matt
s.n.
UNAF
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
UNAF0000472 Lauderdale 08 Jul 1997 Whitten, Kenneth
2
UNAF
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
SAMF0005966 Hale 02 Jun 2015 Davenport, L. J.
5783
SAMF
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
AUA000029290 Bibb 29 JUN 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
1663
AUA
TORILIS ARVENSIS (HUDS.) LINK
AUA000029293 Jefferson 21 JUN 1971 KIRKLAND, D. L.
076
AUA
TORILIS ARVENSIS (HUDS.) LINK
JSU118649 Morgan 31 May 1974 R. D. Whetstone
2903
JSU
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
AMAL00005767 Morgan 27 May 1996 D.D. Spaulding
8961
AMAL
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
AUA000029296 Limestone 3 JUL 1971 WHITE, DUDLEY
033
AUA
TORILIS ARVENSIS (HUDS.) LINK
JSU118634 Etowah 9 Jun 1975 R. D. Whetstone
4604
JSU
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
AUA000029294 Lauderdale 8 JUL 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
251
AUA
TORILIS ARVENSIS (HUDS.) LINK
TROY000014298 Walker 15 Jun 2002 Robert R. Haynes
10279
TROY
Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link
UNAF0000452 Winston 03 Jul 1992 Bishop, Sherry
s.n.
UNAF
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
JSU118637 Jackson 29 Jun 1996 J. M. Ballard
6029
JSU
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
UNA00053863 Blount 7 Jul 1997 Brian R. Keener
221
UNA
Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link
UNAF0000463 Marion 21 Jun 1991 Holt, Dusty
s.n.
UNAF
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
UNAF0000457 Lauderdale 13 Jul 1991 Steward, Donald
s.n.
UNAF
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
UNA00037906 Hale 2 Jul 1965 Sherrie E. Maginness
39
UNA
Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link
USAM000001314 Franklin 26 Jun 1970 Robert Kral
39729
USAM
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
UWAL0000219 Sumter 10 Jul 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3194
UWAL
Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link
JSU118620 Bibb 7 Jun 1999 K. R. Brodeur
1980
JSU
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
AMAL00020558 Marengo 01 May 2012 J. Kevin England
3439A
AMAL
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
TROY000033780 Marengo 04 Jun 2010 J. Kevin England
2532
TROY
Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link
SAMF0005965 Cullman 26 Jul 2011 Davenport, L. J.
4727
SAMF
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
JSU118623 Calhoun 20 Jun 1974 T. A. Atkinson
361
JSU
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
JSU118647 Marshall 21 May 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1817
JSU
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
UWAL0013253 Dallas 03 Jun 2013 Webb, Wayne K.
s.n.
UWAL
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
JSU118632 Cullman 20 Jun 1975 R. D. Whetstone
4864
JSU
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
UNAF0000456 Lauderdale 15 Jul 1991 Daly, Robert
s.n.
UNAF
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
JSU118640 Jefferson 28 May 1984 J. P. Barber
427
JSU
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
TROY000014297 Marshall 11 Jun 1993 J. M. Ballard
2579
TROY
Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link
UNAF0000471 Morgan 20 Jun 1990 Riechenberg, Chris
s.n.
UNAF
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
UNA00037911 Tuscaloosa 21 Jun 1962 Rebecca Deramus
204
UNA
Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link
AUA000029297 Marengo 17 JUN 2005 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
15480
AUA
TORILIS ARVENSIS (HUDS.) LINK
UWAL0013603 Marengo 01 May 2012 England, J. Kevin
3439.1
UWAL
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
TROY000014299 Sumter 10 Jul 2006 Brian R. Keener
3194
TROY
Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link
JSU118648 Morgan 31 May 1974 R. D. Whetstone
2903
JSU
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
AMAL00004243 St. Clair 16 Jun 2012 Dan Spaulding
13602
AMAL
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
UWAL0032753 Lauderdale 17 Jun 2016 England, J. Kevin
6595
UWAL
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
JSU118629 Cleburne 26 Jun 1996 S. E. Hruska
1337
JSU
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
AUA000029291 Franklin 8 JUL 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
259
AUA
TORILIS ARVENSIS (HUDS.) LINK
JSU118624 Calhoun 15 Jul 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11469
JSU
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
UWAL0002709 Marengo 30 May 2010 England, J. Kevin
2428
UWAL
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
UNAF0000469 Morgan 28 Jun 1992 Blanton, Laura
s.n.
UNAF
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
JSU118642 Jefferson 13 Jul 1984 J. P. Barber
819
JSU
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
UNA00037904 Tuscaloosa 21 Jun 1966 Carol J. Brooks
216
UNA
Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link
UNAF0000465 Marion 20 Jun 1990 Lawrence, Terri
s.n.
UNAF
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
UNAF0000453 Winston 03 Jul 1992 Wakefield, Donna
s.n.
UNAF
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
TROY000001076 Marengo 17 Jun 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15480
TROY
Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link
UWAL0000217 Sumter 29 May 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4529.1
UWAL
Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link
AMAL00019975 Sumter 18 May 2013 Howard E. Horne
2183
AMAL
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
JSU118645 Limestone 27 Jun 1996 R. D. Whetstone
17906
JSU
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
AMAL00005765 Calhoun 15 May 2002 D.D. Spaulding
11293
AMAL
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
AUA000029298 Sumter 22 MAY 2013 BARGER, T. WAYNE
SP952
AUA
TORILIS ARVENSIS (HUDS.) LINK
AMAL00019726 Sumter 29 May 2008 Brian R. Keener
4529a
AMAL
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
JSU118621 Calhoun 17 Jul 1969 Danny Sizemore
s.n.
JSU
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
UNA00037901 Sumter 11 Jun 1969 Joab L. Thomas
2181
UNA
Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link subsp. purpurea auct.
UNAF0000462 Marion 20 Jun 1990 Beasley, James
s.n.
UNAF
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
JSU118651 Talladega 13 Jul 1992 J. M. Ballard
336
JSU
Torilis arvensis (Hudson) Link
UNA00064536 Marengo 17 Jun 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15480
UNA
Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link
UWAL0034624 Pickens 07 Jun 1996 Kral, R.
85968
UWAL
Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link
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