Commelina erecta

Family:COMMELINACEAE
Species:Commelina erecta Linnaeus
Common Name:Slender Dayflower; White Mouth Dayflower; Erect Dayflower
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:**
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Slender Dayflower is a native herbaceous perennial in the Spiderwort family (Commelinaceae). It can be found throughout Alabama. Slender Dayflower occurs in sandhills, on dunes, in dry or rocky forests, in pine woods, and on roadsides. It is a perennial from thick, fleshy roots. Stems are 1-several from a rootstock, erect or ascending, somewhat succulent, and not rooting at the nodes. Stems are green or tan in color. The stems are often branched. Leaves are alternate, sessile with the pubescent leaf sheath enclosing the stem, and linear to lanceolate in outline. The upper margin of the leaf sheath has a fringe of long hairs. Flowers are produced in a 2-3 flowered cyme enclosed by a spathe. The margins of the spathe are fused basally for about 1/3 -1/2 the length of the spathe. Each flower has 1 minute white petal and 2 large blue petals. Each flower has 3 staminodes (rudimentary, sterile or abortive stamens which do not produce pollen) and 3 stamens. The flowers open in before sunrise and usually wither before mid-day, especially when it is hot. The fruit is a capsule with 3 seed. The seeds of Slender Dayflower are eaten by the Bobwhite Quail and Mourning Doves, and the foliage is browsed by White-Tailed Deer, rabbits, and Gopher Tortoises.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyCOMMELINACEAE - Spiderwort family
Genus Commelina
Species Commelina erecta Linnaeus - Slender Dayflower; White Mouth Dayflower; Erect Dayflower

Citation

Citation COMMELINA ERECTA Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 41. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: VIRGINIA: Without data (lectotype: Dillenius, Hort. Eltham. t. 77(88). 1732). Lectotypified by C. B. Clarke, in Alph. de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 3: 181. 1881.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Commelina angustifolia Commelina angustifolia Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 24. 1803.  
Commelina crispa Commelina crispa Wooton, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 25: 451. 1898. NEW MEXICO: Dona Ana Co.: Organ Mts., 1 Sep 1897, Wooton s.n. (holotype: ?; isotype: NY).
Commelina elegans Commelina elegans Kunth, in Humboldt, Bonpland & Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 259. 1816. COLOMBIA
Commelina erecta var. crispa Commelina erecta Linnaeus, var. crispa (Wooton) E. J. Palmer & Steyermark, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 22: 497. 1935.Commelina crispa Wooton 1898. 
Commelina erecta var. deamiana Commelina erecta Linnaeus, var. deamiana Fernald, Rhodora 42: 440, t. 631. 1940. INDIANA: Newton Co.: 4.5 mi. N and 1.5 mi. W of Morocco, 13 Jul 1920, Deam 31662 (holotype: GH).
Commelina erecta var. greenei Commelina erecta Linnaeus, var. greenei Fassett, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 70: 398. 1943. WISCONSIN: Sauk Co.: Cactus Bluff, 5 mi. SW of Sauk City, 27 Aug 1840, Curtis & Greene s.n. (holotype: WIS).
Commelina erecta var. hamipila Commelina erecta Linnaeus, var. hamipila (C. Wright) Fernald, Rhodora 42: 440. 1940.Commelina hamipila C. Wright 1871. 
Commelina erecta var. typica Commelina erecta Linnaeus, var. typica Fernald, Rhodora 42: 438. 1940, nom. inadmiss.Commelina erecta Linnaeus 1753. 
Commelina hamipila Commelina hamipila C. Wright, in Sauvalle, Anales Acad. Ci. Med. Habana 7: 608. 1871. CUBA: Without data, Wright 3732 (holotype: ?; isotype: NY).
Commelina nashii Commelina nashii Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 242, 1328. 1903. FLORIDA: Hillsborough Co.: Tampa, 24 Aug 1895, Nash 2465 (holotype: NY).
Commelina swingleana Commelina swingleana Nash, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 22: 160. 1895. FLORIDA: Lake Co.: Vicinity of Eustis, 1-15 Aug 1894, Nash 1525 (holotype: NY).
Commelina villosa Commelina villosa (C. B. Clarke) C. B. Clarke, Bull. Herb. Boissier, ser. 2. 1: 438. 1901.Commelina virginica Linnaeus, var villosa C.B.Clarke 1881.  
Commelina virginica var. angustifolia Commelina virginica Linnaeus, var. angustifolia (Michaux) C. B. Clarke, in Alph. de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 3: 183. 1881.Commelina angustifolia Michaux 1803. 
Commelina virginica var. villosa Commelina virginica Linnaeus, var. villosa C. B. Clarke, in Alph. de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 3: 183. 1881.  
Commelina erecta var. angustaifolia Commelina erecta Linnaeus, var. angustifolia (Michaux) Fernald, Rhodora 42: 439. 1940.Commelina angustifolia Michaux 1803. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Chambers, Chilton, Clarke, Conecuh, Coosa, Covington, Crenshaw, Cullman, Dale, Dallas, DeKalb, Elmore, Escambia, Etowah, Franklin, Hale, Jefferson, Lauderdale, Lee, Lowndes, Macon, Madison, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Perry, Pike, Randolph, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1877 - 2015

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
USAM000004021 Mobile 04 Sep 1974 LeLong, Michel G.
8171
USAM
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_65272 Chilton 27 Jul 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
15592
AUA
Commelina Erecta L.
UWAL0049310 Bullock 03 Jun 2017 Horne, Howard E.
3966
UWAL
Commelina erecta Linnaeus var. erecta
TROY000034104 Sumter 12 Jun 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5491
TROY
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
UWAL0047533 Jefferson 02 Jun 2018 Spaulding, Daniel D.
15357
UWAL
Commelina erecta L. var. erecta
TROY000010000 Baldwin 26 Jun 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16588
TROY
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
UWAL0004885 Marengo 28 Jun 2011 England, J. Kevin
2978
UWAL
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
UNA00036111 Tuscaloosa 17 Jul 1940 Harper, Roland M.
3792
UNA
Commelina erecta L.
SAMF0003050 Covington 19 Jun 2010 Davenport, Lawrence J.
4359
SAMF
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
UNA00036178 Hale s.d. Glenboski, Linda Leigh
17
UNA
Commelina erecta L.
TROY000041609 Lowndes 29 Aug 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25476
TROY
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_58360 Tallapoosa 14 Jun 1997 Tyler, Patricia J.
TYLER99
AUA
Commelina Erecta L.
JSU105743 DeKalb 13 Jul 1969 Ballard, Sarah
s.n.
JSU
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_42472 Chambers 6 Jul 1972 Dawn, Martha
045
AUA
Commelina Erecta L.
AMAL00008593 Morgan 06 Jul 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11978
AMAL
Commelina erecta var. erecta
AUA000040571 Baldwin 30 Jun 1926 Wolf, Wolfgang
AUA
Commelina Erecta L.
AUA_ACC_37219 Sumter 2 Jun 1981 Henderson, T.
115
AUA
Commelina Erecta L.
UNA00036117 Lee _ Sep 1896 Earle, Franklin S.
s.n.
UNA
Commelina erecta L.
TROY000024851 Crenshaw 27 Jul 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19628
TROY
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_34358 Bibb 29 Jun 1977 Sessler, Ann H.
1669
AUA
Commelina Erecta L.
UWAL0038197 Mobile 04 Sep 1974 LeLong, Michel G.
8171
UWAL
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
TROY000024756 Morgan 06 Jul 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11978
TROY
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
UWAL0042941 Baldwin 29 Aug 2001 Larsen, Harry S.
937
UWAL
Commelina erecta L.
JSU106137 Morgan 15 Sep 1996 Spaulding, Daniel D.
9174
JSU
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
UNA00012583 Mobile s.d. Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Commelina erecta L.
TROY000010003 Crenshaw 09 Jul 2000 Diamond, Alvin R.
11794
TROY
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
UNA00036106 Lowndes 16 Jun 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
788
UNA
Commelina erecta L.
TROY000034141 Marengo 28 Jun 2011 England, J. Kevin
2978
TROY
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_17644 Tallapoosa 9 Aug 1969 Weaver, Jimmy
206
AUA
Commelina Erecta L.
TROY000024850 Bullock 17 Jun 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19424
TROY
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_63659 Lee 24 Jun 2004 Dute, Roland
AUA
Commelina Erecta L.
AMAL00014939 Madison 06 Jun 2007 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12654
AMAL
Commelina erecta var. erecta
UWAL0016695 Montgomery 29 Jun 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25267
UWAL
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
JSU106138 Randolph 07 Sep 1991 Whetstone, R. David
16130
JSU
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
UWAL0003512 Sumter 10 Jul 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3167
UWAL
Commelina erecta L.
AMAL00007190 Crenshaw 12 Jul 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16690
AMAL
Commelina erecta var. erecta
AUA_ACC_34827 Bibb 9 Jun 1977 Sessler, Ann H.
1549
AUA
Commelina Erecta L.
UNA00053917 Blount 26 Jul 1997 Keener, Brian R.
289
UNA
Commelina erecta L.
AUA_ACC_60483 Crenshaw 22 Sep 1996 Diamond, Alvin R.
10548
AUA
Commelina Erecta L.
AMAL00000089 Blount 07 Aug 1998 Keener, Brian R.
1422
AMAL
Commelina erecta var. erecta
AUA_ACC_38941 Dallas 17 Jun 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
805
AUA
Commelina Erecta L.
UNA00036133 Marshall 12 Jul 1956 Thomas, Joab L.
60
UNA
Commelina erecta L.
SAMF0003152 Tuscaloosa 15 Jun 2015 Davenport, Lawrence J.
5918
SAMF
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
AMAL00019645 Monroe 25 May 2011 Barger, T. Wayne
216
AMAL
Commelina erecta var. erecta
UWAL0003513 Madison 06 Jun 2007 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12654
UWAL
Commelina erecta L.
TROY000010006 Dale 06 Jun 1997 Rundell, Hannelore
231
TROY
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_26013 Escambia 7 Oct 1968 Kral, Robert
33840
AUA
Commelina Erecta L.
JSU106135 Lowndes 10 Jul 1969 Clonts, Jerry A.
s.n.
JSU
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_73112 Lauderdale 9 Jul 2015 England, J. Kevin
5525
AUA
Commelina Erecta L.
UNA00062277 Bibb 29 Jun 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11944
UNA
Commelina erecta L.
TROY000024757 Sumter 10 Jul 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3167
TROY
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_32975 Perry 30 Jun 1976 Sessler, Ann H.
150
AUA
Commelina Erecta L.
UNA00036183 Mobile 15 Jul 1965 Deramus, Rebecca
D600
UNA
Commelina erecta L.
SAMF0001221 Blount 17 Jul 2012 Davenport, Lawrence J.
5253
SAMF
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
UWAL0011444 Blount 17 Jul 2012 Davenport, L.J.
5253
UWAL
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
UNA00036188 Lee 10 Oct 1896 Earle, Franklin S.
s.n.
UNA
Commelina erecta L.
AMAL00008317 Bibb 29 Jun 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11944
AMAL
Commelina erecta var. erecta
UNA00054575 Blount 07 Aug 1998 Keener, Brian R.
1422
UNA
Commelina erecta L.
TROY000010001 Butler 21 Jun 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
17744
TROY
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
TROY000029062 Madison 06 Jun 2007 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12654
TROY
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
UNA00036116 Wilcox 23 Jun 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
830
UNA
Commelina erecta L.
TROY000024754 Bibb 29 Jun 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11944
TROY
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
AUA000040573 Cullman 1909 Wolf, Wolfgang
AUA
Commelina Erecta L.
TROY000010007 Lee 24 Jun 2004 Dute, Roland
s.n.
TROY
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_69195 Chambers 27 Sep 2007 Dute, Roland
SN
AUA
Commelina Erecta L. Var. Angustifolia (Michx.) Fern.
AUA_ACC_60491 Crenshaw 19 Aug 1996 Diamond, Alvin R.
10454
AUA
Commelina Erecta L.
UWAL0016655 Lowndes 29 Aug 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25476
UWAL
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
SAMF0001649 Tuscaloosa 25 Oct 2011 Davenport, Lawrence J.
4949
SAMF
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
UWAL0015876 Bullock 10 May 2012 Dykes, Bailee
651
UWAL
Commelina erecta L.
UNA00012600 Tuscaloosa 10 Jul 1877 Smith, Eugene A.
s.n.
UNA
Commelina erecta L.
TROY000037285 Dallas 15 Jun 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7332
TROY
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_33288 Dallas 31 Aug 1976 Sessler, Ann H.
443
AUA
Commelina Erecta L.
UNA00036153 Tuscaloosa 21 Jun 1962 Deramus, Rebecca
200
UNA
Commelina erecta L.
AMAL00000091 Etowah 31 Aug 1996 Spaulding, Daniel D.
8603
AMAL
Commelina erecta var. erecta
UNA00063002 Morgan 06 Jul 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11978
UNA
Commelina erecta L.
TROY000048404 Sumter 23 Jul 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6614
TROY
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_38945 Lowndes 16 Jun 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
788
AUA
Commelina Erecta L.
UNA00066913 Sumter 10 Jul 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3167
UNA
Commelina erecta L.
SAMF0001211 St. Clair 29 Sep 2009 Davenport, Lawrence J.
4077
SAMF
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
AMAL00019700 Dallas 24 May 2010 Barger, T. Wayne
237
AMAL
Commelina erecta var. erecta
AUA000040572 Cullman 13 Jul 1934 Wolf, Wolfgang
AUA
Commelina Erecta L.
TROY000038679 Bullock 10 May 2012 Dykes, Bailee
651
TROY
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_11455 Randolph 4 Jul 1967 Eichlin, Thomas D.
2
AUA
Commelina Erecta L.
AUA_ACC_55185 Crenshaw 2 Aug 1995 Diamond, Alvin R.
9784
AUA
Commelina Erecta L.
UNA00036163 Mobile 01 May 1965 Deramus, Rebecca
D412
UNA
Commelina erecta L.
TROY000010004 Crenshaw 25 Jun 2000 Diamond, Alvin R.
11734
TROY
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
UWAL0012085 Dallas 15 Jun 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7332
UWAL
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
JSU106130 Blount 17 Aug 1997 Ballard, J. Mark
7372
JSU
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_17642 Montgomery 7 Aug 1969 Owens, James R.
122
AUA
Commelina Erecta L.
AUA_ACC_13838 Montgomery 15 Jul 1967 Atkins, W.B.
AUA
Commelina Erecta L.
UWAL0019666 Crenshaw 20 Aug 1998 Kral, Robert
87682
UWAL
Commelina erecta L.
ALNHS00001201 Franklin 15 Aug 2012 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#701
ALNHS
Commelina erecta L. var. erecta
UWAL0036102 Clarke 29 May 2015 Keener, Brian R.
8904
UWAL
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_25489 Coosa 23 Jun 1973 Redmond, Bill
0080
AUA
Commelina Erecta L.
TROY000010008 Monroe 13 Sep 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
18072
TROY
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_43418 Conecuh 13 Jun 1985 Diamond, Alvin R.
840
AUA
Commelina Erecta L.
UNA00065641 Crenshaw 12 Jul 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16690A
UNA
Commelina erecta L.
USAM000004022 Mobile 12 May 1979 LeLong, Michel G.
10787
USAM
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
AMAL00012607 Sumter 10 Jul 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3167
AMAL
Commelina erecta var. erecta
UWAL0019504 Lauderdale 09 Jul 2015 England, J. Kevin
5525
UWAL
Commelina erecta Linnaeus var. erecta
TROY000010009 Pike 03 Jul 2000 Hall, James A.
52
TROY
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_41587 Randolph 29 Jun 1973 Spencer, S.K.
049
AUA
Commelina Erecta L.
JSU106131 Calhoun 03 Jul 1999 Spaulding, Daniel D.
10658
JSU
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
AUA000040384 Madison 10 Aug 2018 Swick, E.N.
1042
AUA
Commelina Erecta L.
SAMF0006765 Bibb 20 Jun 2016 Davenport, Lawrence J.
6380
SAMF
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_46184 Pike 26 Jun 1987 Diamond, Alvin R.
3379
AUA
Commelina Erecta L.
UWAL0035896 Blount 24 Aug 2015 Anderson, Kelly
911
UWAL
Commelina erecta L.
TROY000024755 Chilton 27 Jul 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
15592
TROY
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
UWAL0012491 Baldwin 08 Jul 2012 Spaulding, Daniel D.
1355
UWAL
Commelina erecta Linnaeus var. angustifolia (Michaux) Fernald
UWAL0031727 Crenshaw 20 Aug 1998 Kral, Robert
87682
UWAL
Commelina erecta L.
UWAL0034355 Shelby 28 Jun 1989 Kral, Robert
76715.2
UWAL
Commelina erecta L.
TROY000039242 Montgomery 29 Jun 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25267
TROY
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_58744 Randolph 7 Sep 1985 Godwin, James C.
RO-09
AUA
Commelina Erecta L.
UNA00067249 Butler 21 Jun 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
17744
UNA
Commelina erecta L.
USAM000004019 Baldwin 15 May 1976 LeLong, Michel G.
9227
USAM
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
AMAL00000090 Blount 26 Jul 1997 Keener, Brian R.
289
AMAL
Commelina erecta var. erecta
UNA00073692 Marengo 08 Jul 2013 England, J. Kevin
4366
UNA
Commelina erecta L.
AMAL00009575 Randolph 27 Jun 1986 Nixon, Christoper F.
2329
AMAL
Commelina erecta var. erecta
AUA000042553 Escambia 23 Jun 2011 Pancake, Jr., Dale C.
S.N.
AUA
Commelina Erecta L.
AUA_ACC_59152 Randolph 13 Sep 2000 Hansen, Curtis J.
2000-73
AUA
Commelina Erecta L.
TROY000010002 Crenshaw 12 Jul 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16690A
TROY
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
UWAL0004776 Sumter 12 Jun 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5491
UWAL
Commelina erecta L.
AMAL00013408 Butler 21 Jun 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
17744
AMAL
Commelina erecta var. erecta
UWAL0017954 Clarke 10 Jun 1995 Kral, Robert
86058
UWAL
Commelina erecta L.
UNA00036143 Mobile 25 Jul 1897 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Commelina erecta L.
AUA_ACC_28068 Elmore 28 Jul 1975 Rutland, David W.
752
AUA
Commelina Erecta L.
AUA_ACC_38942 Wilcox 23 Jun 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
830
AUA
Commelina Erecta L.
ALNHS00003488 Baldwin 28 Aug 2015 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#1980
ALNHS
Commelina erecta L. var. angustifolia (Michx.) Fern.
USAM000004020 Mobile 08 Jun 1967 LeLong, Michel G.
4087
USAM
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
AMAL00002677 Baldwin 08 Jul 2012 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13525
AMAL
Commelina erecta Linnaeus var. angustifolia (Michaux) Fernald
UWAL0034008 Sumter 23 Jul 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6614
UWAL
Commelina erecta Linnaeus var. erecta
SAMF0001223 Marshall 12 Jul 1956 Thomas, Joab L.
60
SAMF
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
TROY000046636 Marengo 08 Jul 2013 England, J. Kevin
4366
TROY
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
UWAL0017381 Marengo 08 Jul 2013 England, J. Kevin
4366
UWAL
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
JSU106136 Lowndes 10 Jul 1969 Clonts, Jerry A.
s.n.
JSU
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_23361 Macon 19 Jun 1971 First, F.B.
002
AUA
Commelina Erecta L.
UNA00036192 Lee 10 Aug 1972 Street, J.J.
190
UNA
Commelina erecta L.
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