Apteria aphylla

Family:BURMANNIACEAE
Species:Apteria aphylla (Nuttall) Barnhart ex Small
Common Name:Nodding Nixie
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:**
Duration:**
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Nodding Nixie is a native herbaceous perennial in the Burmannia family (Burmanniaceae). It can be found in the southern third of Alabama. Nodding Nixie lacks chlorophyll and is a mycotrophic species, a vascular plant obtaining nutrients through a symbiotic association with fungi. It occurs in deep, moist decomposing hardwood leaf litter in seeps, bog, and along small streams. Nodding Nixie is a perennial from rhizomes with filiform roots. Plants are visible above ground only when in flower. Flowering stems are erect, usually unbranched, often contorted, purple or pale lavender to white in color, with alternate leaves reduced to small purple scales. Flowers are terminal and solitary or in 2-6 flowered cymes. The flowers are erect or nodding, purple or white with purple stripes, tubular, with 6 perianth lobes. The 3 outer perianth lobes are larger than the 3 inner lobes. The fruit is a capsule. Nodding Nixie is listed as an S2 species in Alabama (typically 6 to 20 occurrences, few remaining individuals, or factors demonstrably making it very vulnerable in the state), and globally as an G4 species (imperiled globally because of rarity or very vulnerable to extinction throughout its range because of other factors).—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACW (DEP), FACW (NWI), S2 (State Rank), G4 (Global Rank)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyBURMANNIACEAE - Burmannia family
Genus Apteria
Species Apteria aphylla (Nuttall) Barnhart ex Small - Nodding Nixie

Citation

Citation APTERIA APHYLLA (Nuttall) Barnhart ex Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 309, 1329. 1903.
Basionym: Lobelia aphylla Nuttall 1822.
Type: FLORIDA: "E. Florida", without data, Ware s.n. (holotype: BM; isotype: PH).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Apteria aphylla var. hymenanthera Apteria aphylla (Nuttall) Barnhart ex Small, var. hymenanthera (Miquel) Jonker, in Pulle, Fl. Suriname 1: 186. 1938.Apteria hymenanthera Miquel 1851. 
Apteria boliviana Apteria boliviana Rusby, Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 4: 447. 1907. BOLIVIA
Apteria hymenanthera Apteria hymenanthera Miquel, Stirp. Surinam. Select. 216. 1851. SURINAM: Without data, Hostmann 959 (holotype: U; isotypes: BM, DS, G, GH, K, OXF, P, W).
Lobelia aphylla Lobelia aphylla Nuttall, Amer. J. Sci. Arts 5: 297. 1822. FLORIDA: "E. Florida", without data, Ware s.n. (holotype: BM; isotype: PH).
Nemitis setacea Nemitis setacea Rafinesque, Fl. Tellur. 4: 33. 1838 ("1836"), nom. illegit.Apteria setacea Nuttall 1834, nom. illegit.; Lobelia aphylla Nuttall 1822. 
Apteria setacea Apteria setacea Nuttall, J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 7: 64. 1834, nom. illegit.Lobelia aphylla Nuttall 1822. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Butler, Clarke, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Dale, Escambia, Geneva, Henry, Houston, Mobile, Pike, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AMAL, AUA, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1965 - 2015

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AUA_ACC_50317 Dale 30 Aug 1992 Diamond, Alvin R.
8436
AUA
Apteria Aphylla (Nutt.) Barnh. Ex Small
AUA_ACC_47516 Pike 17 Oct 1987 Diamond, Alvin R.
3713
AUA
Apteria Aphylla (Nutt.) Barnh. Ex Small
TROY000009978 Dale 02 Sep 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13639
TROY
Apteria aphylla (Nuttall) Barnhart ex Small
TROY000009979 Dale 20 Jul 2000 Pennington, Tiffany
917
TROY
Apteria aphylla (Nuttall) Barnhart ex Small
AUA_ACC_73036 Baldwin 30 Oct 2007 Barger, T. Wayne
PERD-1
AUA
Apteria Aphylla (Nutt.) Barnh. Ex Small
TROY000044613 Coffee 17 Aug 2017 Byrd, Cameron
1394
TROY
Apteria aphylla (Nuttall) Barnhart ex Small
USAM000003307 Mobile 21 Aug 1961 Anonymous
21
USAM
Apteria aphylla (Nuttall) Barnhart ex Small
UNA00008400 Mobile _ Jul _ Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Apteria aphylla (Nutt.) Barnh. ex Small
UWAL0002304 Baldwin 29 Oct 2008 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13094
UWAL
Apteria aphylla (Nutt.) Barnh. ex Small
TROY000045515 Houston 12 Nov 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
27048
TROY
Apteria aphylla (Nuttall) Barnhart ex Small
UWAL0003001 Clarke 28 Aug 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5617
UWAL
Apteria aphylla (Nutt.) Barnh. ex Small
AMAL00000082 Dale 2 Sep 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13639
AMAL
Apteria aphylla (Nuttall) Barnhart ex Small
UWAL0042850 Baldwin 16 Aug 2000 Larsen, Harry S.
313
UWAL
Apteria aphylla (Nutt.) Barnhart ex Small
UWAL0038378 Washington 18 Oct 2018 Younge, Kaleigh M.
3
UWAL
Apteria aphylla (Nutt.) Barnh. ex Small
UWAL0039604 Houston 12 Nov 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
27048
UWAL
Apteria aphylla (Nutt.) Barnhart ex Small
TROY000009980 Henry 03 Jul 1999 MacDonald, John R.
13128
TROY
Apteria aphylla (Nuttall) Barnhart ex Small
TROY000044114 Geneva 08 Sep 2016 Byrd, Cameron
75
TROY
Apteria aphylla (Nuttall) Barnhart ex Small
UNA00023693 Escambia 16 Aug 1994 Haynes, Robert R.
9481
UNA
Apteria aphylla (Nutt.) Barnh. ex Small
AMAL00018814 Baldwin 29 Oct 2008 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13094
AMAL
Apteria aphylla (Nuttall) Barnhart ex Small
AUA_ACC_56735 Dale 15 Sep 1992 Watkins, Eddie
040
AUA
Apteria Aphylla (Nutt.) Barnh. Ex Small
AUA000035406 Covington 14 Jul 2011 Hansen, Curtis J.
5132
AUA
Apteria Aphylla (Nutt.) Barnh. Ex Small
AMAL00000081 Butler 12 0ct 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13714
AMAL
Apteria aphylla (Nuttall) Barnhart ex Small
UWAL0039881 Geneva 08 Sep 2016 Byrd, Cameron
75
UWAL
Apteria aphylla (Nuttall) Barnhart ex Small
AUA_ACC_55504 Butler 19 Sep 1993 Diamond, Alvin R.
8797
AUA
Apteria Aphylla (Nutt.) Barnh. Ex Small
TROY000009976 Butler 12 Oct 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13714
TROY
Apteria aphylla (Nuttall) Barnhart ex Small
ALNHS00000654 Baldwin 18 Oct 2011 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#341
ALNHS
Apteria aphylla (Nutt.) Barnhart
UNA00008375 Mobile 07 Sep 1965 Deramus, Rebecca
534
UNA
Apteria aphylla (Nutt.) Barnh. ex Small
USAM000003306 Mobile 12 Aug 1969 LeLong, Michel G.
5233
USAM
Apteria aphylla (Nuttall) Barnhart ex Small
AUA_ACC_30343 Houston 18 Aug 1975 Freeman, John D.
S.N.
AUA
Apteria Aphylla (Nutt.) Barnh. Ex Small
ALNHS00003434 Pike 05 Aug 2015 Taylor, Chris T.
SP#1907
ALNHS
Apteria aphylla (Nutt.) Barnh.
AUA_ACC_50223 Conecuh 9 Sep 1992 Diamond, Alvin R.
8450
AUA
Apteria Aphylla (Nutt.) Barnh. Ex Small
UNA00021465 Mobile 26 Sep 1992 Haynes, Robert R.
9400
UNA
Apteria aphylla (Nutt.) Barnh. ex Small
TROY000009981 Pike 19 Nov 1999 Hall, James A.
183
TROY
Apteria aphylla (Nuttall) Barnhart ex Small
UNA00059552 Butler 12 Oct 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13714
UNA
Apteria aphylla (Nutt.) Barnh. ex Small
AUA_ACC_51968 Houston 6 Aug 1993 Diamond, Alvin R.
8735
AUA
Apteria Aphylla (Nutt.) Barnh. Ex Small
TROY000009977 Coffee 24 Sep 1999 Martin, Brian H.
232
TROY
Apteria aphylla (Nuttall) Barnhart ex Small
TROY000034239 Clarke 28 Aug 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5617
TROY
Apteria aphylla (Nuttall) Barnhart ex Small
UNA00008395 Mobile 07 Sep 1965 Deramus, Rebecca
534
UNA
Apteria aphylla (Nutt.) Barnh. ex Small
TROY000024849 Conecuh 09 Oct 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
20264
TROY
Apteria aphylla (Nuttall) Barnhart ex Small
UWAL0014162 Conecuh 28 Jul 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24395
UWAL
Apteria aphylla (Nuttall) Barnhart ex Small
TROY000039022 Conecuh 28 Jul 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24395
TROY
Apteria aphylla (Nuttall) Barnhart ex Small
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