Orontium aquaticum

Family:ARACEAE
Species:Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
Common Name:Golden Club; Bog Torch; Never Wet
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Golden Club is a native herbaceous perennial in the Arum family (Araceae). It can be found throughout most of Alabama, except those areas such as the Black Belt and Tennessee River Valley with basic soils. Golden Club grows in acidic streams, in swamps, in beaver ponds, and in sloughs. It is a perennial from a thick vertical rhizome. The rhizome has contractile roots—thick roots with a ribbed surface that can expand and contract and thereby pull the rhizome deeper into the soil. Leaves are clustered at the top of the rhizome. The leaves are petiolate, elliptic in outline, glabrous, with entire margins. The leaves float on the surface of the water, and are dark green above and pale green below. They have a waxy surface that repels water. Flowers are produced on long cylindrical or conic spadix (a type of inflorescence with tiny flowers closely arranged on a fleshy stalk) lacking a spathe (a leaf-like bract partially enclosing the spadix). The spadix is bright yellow on a white peduncle. The fruit is an utricle (a bag-like fruit) containing a single seed embedded in mucus. Golden Club is endemic to the eastern North America. All parts of the plant contain calcium oxalate crystals which are extremely irritating to the mouth and throat if consumed. It is a common emergent pool plant and can easily be grown from seed.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, OBL (NWI), G5 (Global Rank)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyARACEAE - Arum family
Genus Orontium
Species Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus - Golden Club; Bog Torch; Never Wet

Citation

Citation ORONTIUM AQUATICUM Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 324. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: Without data (lectotype: LINN 448.1). Lectotypified by Reveal, in C. E. Jarvis et al., Regnum Veg. 127: 72. 1993.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Aronia aquatica Aronia aquatica (Linnaeus) Baillon, Hist. Pl. 13: 507. 1895.Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus 1753. 
Pothos ovata Pothos ovata Walter, Fl. Carol. 224. 1788. SOUTH CAROLINA

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Blount, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Choctaw, Clarke, Clay, Cleburne, Coffee, Colbert, Conecuh, Coosa, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, DeKalb, Escambia, Etowah, Geneva, Hale, Henry, Houston, Lamar, Lawrence, Lee, Macon, Mobile, Monroe, Perry, Pickens, Pike, Russell, Shelby, Talladega, Tuscaloosa, Washington, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UNAF, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU110290 Lawrence 17 Sep 1994 D. D. Spaulding
6403
JSU
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
UWAL0031126 Coosa 05 Oct 2014 Spaulding, Dan
14203
UWAL
Orontium aquaticum L.
36998AUA_ACC Clarke 17 MAR 1981 O'HALLORAN, K.
004
AUA
ORONTIUM AQUATICUM L.
TROY000024727 DeKalb 29 Apr 1972 Kenneth E. Landers
s.n.
TROY
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
UNA00026187 Escambia 24 May 1980 Robert R. Haynes
7818
UNA
Orontium aquaticum L.
69744AUA_ACC Russell 27 MAR 2005 SKIPPER, B. R.
10
AUA
ORONTIUM AQUATICUM L.
USAM000001502 Mobile 30 Mar 1974 Michel G. Lelong
7469
USAM
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
JSU110284 DeKalb 23 Oct 1997 K. R. Brodeur
100
JSU
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
UNA00026179 Cherokee 6 Jul 1978 John H. Wiersema
373
UNA
Orontium aquaticum L.
UNA00050987 Perry 22 May 1995 Michelle Birk
249
UNA
Orontium aquaticum L.
TROY000009915 Coffee 03 Nov 2000 Brian H. Martin
1010
TROY
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
14978AUA_ACC Russell 28 APR 1969 GRIFFIN, J. W.
186
AUA
ORONTIUM AQUATICUM L.
JSU110283 Colbert 11 Apr 1978 R. Kral
61465
JSU
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
65147AUA_ACC Pike 12 MAR 2005 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14979
AUA
ORONTIUM AQUATICUM L.
69424AUA_ACC Barbour 27 FEB 2009 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3619
AUA
ORONTIUM AQUATICUM L.
JSU110291 Shelby 11 Oct 1997 D. D. Spaulding
10205
JSU
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
11164AUA_ACC Macon 12 APR 1963 ROGERS, KENNETH E.
AUA
ORONTIUM AQUATICUM L.
UWAL0010627 Autauga 21 Apr 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7140
UWAL
Orontium aquaticum L.
37032AUA_ACC Monroe 11 MAY 1981 O'HALLORAN, K.
135
AUA
ORONTIUM AQUATICUM L.
JSU110280 Choctaw 13 Sep 1997 J. W. Higginbotham
256
JSU
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
UNA00026198 Pike 15 Jun 1979 Robert R. Haynes
7303
UNA
Orontium aquaticum L.
10232AUA_ACC Lee 4 APR 1962 SHANDS, W. A.
AUA
ORONTIUM AQUATICUM L.
TROY000024841 Butler 24 Mar 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
18801
TROY
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
TROY000009919 Escambia 10 Feb 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
12899
TROY
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
UWAL0015786 Escambia 14 Mar 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
24865
UWAL
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
UNA00060540 Mobile 16 Apr 1966 Maurice F. Mettee
43
UNA
Orontium aquaticum L.
69669AUA_ACC Lee 6 APR 2006 GLESNER, L. J.
AUA
ORONTIUM AQUATICUM L.
JSU110278 Calhoun 7 Jul 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11383
JSU
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
1710AUA_ACC DeKalb 26 MAY 1956 DAVIS, P. E.
AUA
ORONTIUM AQUATICUM L.
70387AUA_ACC Covington 19 MAY 2009 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4027
AUA
ORONTIUM AQUATICUM L.
TROY000024728 Lamar 28 Apr 2002 Brian R. Keener
1990
TROY
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
JSU110293 Washington 24 Jun 1984 R. D. Whetstone
14287
JSU
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
UNA00026194 Mobile s.d. Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Orontium aquaticum L.
UWAL0005429 Mobile 02 Apr 1955 Sledge, E.B.
s.n.
UWAL
Orontium aquaticum L.
UNA00022142 Coffee 28 Mar 1993 Robert R. Haynes
9418
UNA
Orontium aquaticum L.
10297AUA_ACC Lee 2 JUL 1962 TURNER C. S. SE
AUA
ORONTIUM AQUATICUM L.
43973AUA_ACC Conecuh 2 MAR 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2084
AUA
ORONTIUM AQUATICUM L.
JSU110286 DeKalb 29 Apr 1972 Kenneth E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
UNA00026188 Geneva 12 Jul 1978 L. J. Davenport
569
UNA
Orontium aquaticum L.
UNA00050982 Perry 25 Apr 1995 Michelle Birk
199
UNA
Orontium aquaticum L.
TROY000028584 Washington 22 Feb 2009 Brian R. Keener
5050
TROY
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
AMAL00016876 Barbour 27 Feb 2009 C. J. Hansen
3619
AMAL
Orontium aquaticum L.
UWAL0003492 Washington 22 Feb 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5050
UWAL
Orontium aquaticum L.
45573AUA_ACC Butler 17 APR 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3136
AUA
ORONTIUM AQUATICUM L.
TROY000009920 Pike 12 Mar 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
14979
TROY
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
26255AUA_ACC Lee 13 APR 1971 JAMES, AUDREY
059
AUA
ORONTIUM AQUATICUM L.
JSU110288 Escambia 18 Mar 1967 Gary Collier
s.n.
JSU
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
JSU110282 Clay 2 May 1981 R. D. Whetstone
10659
JSU
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
UNA00055790 Lamar 28 Apr 2002 Brian R. Keener
1990
UNA
Orontium aquaticum L.
TROY000042159 Covington 19 May 2009 Curtis J. Hansen
4027
TROY
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
UNA00036496 Perry 26 Sep 1981 Robert R. Haynes
8487
UNA
Orontium aquaticum L.
1706AUA_ACC Mobile 2 APR 1955 SLEDGE, EUGENE B.
AUA
ORONTIUM AQUATICUM L.
UWAL0035933 Blount 21 Sep 2014 Anderson, Kelly
0728
UWAL
Orontium aquaticum L.
JSU110285 DeKalb 29 Apr 1972 Kenneth E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
UNA00061298 Winston 24 Mar 2000 Kevin England
130
UNA
Orontium aquaticum L.
UNA00056383 Bibb 25 Apr 1995 Michelle Birk
196
UNA
Orontium aquaticum L.
TROY000009916 Coffee 18 Feb 2000 Brian H. Martin
418
TROY
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
26253AUA_ACC Russell 4 APR 1971 GWALTNEY, JOHN R.
043
AUA
ORONTIUM AQUATICUM L.
UWAL0002082 Coffee 25 Mar 2010 Diamond, A.R.
21205
UWAL
Orontium aquaticum L.
45565AUA_ACC Crenshaw 17 APR 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3126
AUA
ORONTIUM AQUATICUM L.
1708AUA_ACC Lee 22 MAR 1955 HELMS, WILLIAM F.
AUA
ORONTIUM AQUATICUM L.
TROY000038406 Autauga 21 Apr 2012 Brian R. Keener
7140
TROY
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
TROY000024844 Houston 10 Apr 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
18884
TROY
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
46946AUA_ACC Baldwin 23 APR 1978 LAMB, TRIP
94
AUA
ORONTIUM AQUATICUM L.
UNAF0000557 Colbert 20 Jun 1977 Keys, Vicky
s.n.
UNAF
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
UNA00036493 Bibb 29 Apr 1986 Robert Burckhalter
461
UNA
Orontium aquaticum L.
UNA00053367 Escambia 6 May 2000 Robert R. Haynes
10052
UNA
Orontium aquaticum L.
39864AUA_ACC Conecuh 21 MAR 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
64
AUA
ORONTIUM AQUATICUM L.
JSU110289 Etowah 30 Jul 1995 L. Hodge-Spaulding
4281
JSU
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
UNA00026193 Mobile 27 Mar 1977 L. J. Davenport
13
UNA
Orontium aquaticum L.
UNA00026195 Pickens 9 Apr 1953 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Orontium aquaticum L.
TROY000028581 Mobile 22 Feb 2009 Brian R. Keener
5053
TROY
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
AMAL00000058 Baldwin 26 Mar 1995 D. D. Spaulding
8689
AMAL
Orontium aquaticum L.
UWAL0003491 Mobile 22 Feb 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5053
UWAL
Orontium aquaticum L.
64897AUA_ACC Henry 18 MAR 2005 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14989
AUA
ORONTIUM AQUATICUM L.
UWAL0014725 Washington 25 May 2014 England, J. Kevin
4868
UWAL
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
29862AUA_ACC Russell 8 MAY 1974 JENKINS, J. D.
220
AUA
ORONTIUM AQUATICUM L.
UWAL0008226 Butler 15 Jun 2011 Diamond, A.R.
22253
UWAL
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
TROY000024842 Conecuh 15 Mar 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
18768
TROY
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
64495AUA_ACC Coffee 20 APR 2005 LITTLE, K.
26
AUA
ORONTIUM AQUATICUM L.
JSU110292 Talladega 10 Apr 1994 J. M. Ballard
3533
JSU
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
UNA00036498 Hale 1 May 1980 Robert R. Haynes
7787
UNA
Orontium aquaticum L.
UNA00026182 DeKalb 7 Jul 1978 Robert R. Haynes
6588
UNA
Orontium aquaticum L.
TROY000009918 Dale 15 Feb 2000 Tiffany Pennington
334
TROY
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
48734AUA_ACC Pike 5 APR 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4392
AUA
ORONTIUM AQUATICUM L.
TROY000044936 Autauga 09 Mar 2017 Matthew Parker
391
TROY
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
UNA00026200 Washington 27 Mar 1977 L. J. Davenport
14
UNA
Orontium aquaticum L.
UNA00026186 Escambia 24 Mar 1963 Rebecca Deramus
276
UNA
Orontium aquaticum L.
TROY000030097 Barbour 27 Feb 2009 Curtis J. Hansen
3619
TROY
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
11438AUA_ACC Houston 29 MAR 1967 BARRICK, WILLIAM E.
AUA
ORONTIUM AQUATICUM L.
AMAL00000059 Lamar 28 Apr 2002 Brian R. Keener
1990
AMAL
Orontium aquaticum L.
UWAL0034465 Covington 28 Mar 1996 Kral, R.
85717
UWAL
Orontium aquaticum L.
16759AUA_ACC Macon 11 APR 1970 KOELLING, ALFRED C.
AUA
ORONTIUM AQUATICUM L.
TROY000009917 Covington 14 Apr 1997 Jeanese Holmes
L-3
TROY
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
UWAL0036694 Hale 31 Mar 2017 England, J. Kevin
7336
UWAL
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
TROY000039169 Escambia 14 Mar 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
24865
TROY
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
46423AUA_ACC Mobile 9 APR 1978 NELSON, GLENN
55
AUA
ORONTIUM AQUATICUM L.
JSU110287 Escambia 29 Mar 1993 J. M. Ballard
1257
JSU
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
UNA00026183 DeKalb 11 May 1987 Robert R. Haynes
9151
UNA
Orontium aquaticum L.
45506AUA_ACC Baldwin 4 APR 1975 SESSLER, ANN H.
022
AUA
ORONTIUM AQUATICUM L.
TROY000024843 Henry 18 Mar 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
14989
TROY
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
SAMF0000205 Tuscaloosa 29 Mar 1966 Tucker, Charles E.
60
SAMF
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
UWAL0015816 Covington 14 Mar 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
24862
UWAL
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
UNA00026185 Escambia 7 Aug 1979 L. J. Davenport
1484
UNA
Orontium aquaticum L.
AMAL00016241 Henry 18 Mar 2005 A. R. Diamond
14989
AMAL
Orontium aquaticum L.
47095AUA_ACC DeKalb 24 JUN 1972 GALLOWAY, JUANITA
58
AUA
ORONTIUM AQUATICUM L.
UNAF0000556 Colbert 20 Jun 1977 Goodes, Naaman D
s.n.
UNAF
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
1709AUA_ACC Mobile 21 APR 1951 DAHLEN, JAMES H.
AUA
ORONTIUM AQUATICUM L.
UNA00064373 Henry 18 Mar 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
14989
UNA
Orontium aquaticum L.
UWAL0003490 Conecuh 15 Mar 2008 Diamond, A.R.
18768
UWAL
Orontium aquaticum L.
TROY000039167 Covington 14 Mar 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
24862
TROY
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
12907AUA_ACC Macon 5 APR 1966 MILLER, NEWELL
AUA
ORONTIUM AQUATICUM L.
JSU110281 Clay 20 Mar 1993 J. M. Ballard
1389
JSU
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
UNA00026190 Henry 11 Jul 1978 Robert R. Haynes
6649
UNA
Orontium aquaticum L.
UNA00026201 Winston 8 Apr 1978 Robert R. Haynes
6413
UNA
Orontium aquaticum L.
JSU110279 Cherokee 12 May 1988 C. C. Dickson
s.n.
JSU
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
52205AUA_ACC Dale 8 MAR 1992 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7938
AUA
ORONTIUM AQUATICUM L.
TROY000029838 Baldwin 29 Oct 2007 Terry Wayne Barger
224
TROY
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
UNA00026197 Pike 30 Mar 1980 L. J. Davenport
1740
UNA
Orontium aquaticum L.
AMAL00016309 Pike 12 Mar 2005 A. R. Diamond
14979
AMAL
Orontium aquaticum L.
23631AUA_ACC Russell 3 APR 1971 DONOVAN, LOIS A.
055
AUA
ORONTIUM AQUATICUM L.
AMAL00021430 Coosa 05 Oct 2014 Daniel D. Spaulding
14203
AMAL
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
1705AUA_ACC Autauga 4 APR 1952 CUNNINGHAM, HUGH B.
AUA
ORONTIUM AQUATICUM L.
SAMF0000204 Cleburne 04 May 2002 Barnes, Brett
7
SAMF
Orontium aquaticum Linnaeus
UNA00064565 Pike 12 Mar 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
14979
UNA
Orontium aquaticum L.
25650AUA_ACC Escambia 11 APR 1964 KRAL, ROBERT
19702
AUA
ORONTIUM AQUATICUM L.
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