Cissus trifoliata

Family:VITACEAE
Species:Cissus trifoliata (Linnaeus) Linnaeus
Common Name:Grape Ivy; Marine Ivy; Sorrel Vine
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Vine
Duration:**
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Grape Ivy is a native perennial woody vine in the Grape family (Vitaceae). It can be found in scattered locations across Alabama. Grape Ivy grows on dunes, on shell mounds, in sandhills, in vacant lots, and along railroads. It is a perennial with thickened, tuberous-like roots. The vines are up to 20 feet in length and climb or sprawl over other vegetation, on buildings, or along the ground. The vines are glabrous, green in color, and fleshy when young. The vines become woody towards the base. Grape Ivy climbs by unbranched tendrils. The leaves are alternate, petiolate, and 3-foliate. The leaflets are ovate in outline, thick and succulent, glabrous, with toothed margins. The leaves are evergreen. The flowers are produced in compound cymes opposite the leaves. The individual flowers are bisexual or unisexual and have 4 greenish-yellow recurved petals. The fruit is a black berry. All parts of the plant have an unpleasant odor when crushed. Grape Ivy is sometimes available from native plant nurseries. It prefers a well-draining soil in full sun, and can be used as a ground cover or to screen fences or the sides of buildings. Grape Ivy is drought and salt tolerant.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native, FAC (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyVITACEAE - Grape family
Genus Cissus
Species Cissus trifoliata (Linnaeus) Linnaeus - Grape Ivy; Marine Ivy; Sorrel Vine

Citation

Citation CISSUS TRIFOLIATA (Linnaeus) Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. 10. 897. 1759.
Basionym: Sicyos trifoliata Linnaeus 1753.
Type: JAMAICA: Without data (lectotype: Sloane, Voy. Jamaica 1: t. 142(5-6). 1707). Lectotypified by Lombardi, Taxon 44: 203. 1995.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Cissus acida Cissus acida Linnaeus, Sp. Pl., ed. 2. 170. 1762, nom. illegit.Sicyos trifoliata Linnaeus 1753. 
Cissus carnifolia Cissus carnifolia Urban & Ekman, Ark. Bot. 22A(8): 73. 1929. HAITI: Massif de la Salle, group Marne des Commisaires, Anses-a-Pitres, a la Hatte, s.d., Ekman 6710 (holotype: S; isotypes: S, US 2 shts).
Cissus incisa var. andrewsii Cissus incisa (Nuttall ex Torrey & A. Gray) Des Moulins, var. andrewsii E. J. Palmer, J. Arnold Arbor. 10: 41. 1929. TEXAS: Jeff Davis Co.: Fort Davis, 21 Aug 1913, Andrews 17
Cissus parvifolia Cissus parvifolia Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 66. 1796, nom. illegit.Sicyos trifoliata Linnaeus 1753. 
Kemoxis acida Kemoxis acida Rafinesque, Sylva Tellur. 86. 1838, nom. illegit.Cissus acida Linnaeus 1762, nom. illegit.; Sicyos trifoliata Linnaeus 1753. 
Sicyos trifoliata Sicyos trifoliata Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1013. 1753. JAMAICA: Without data (lectotype: Sloane, Voy. Jamaica 1: t. 142(5-6). 1707). Lectotypified by Lombardi, Taxon 44: 203. 1995.
Vitis acida Vitis acida Chapman, Fl. South. U.S. 70. 1860.Cissus acida Linnaeus 1762, nom. illegit.; Sicyos trifoliata Linnaeus 1753. 
Vitis trifoliata Vitis trifoliata (Linnaeus) Baker, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 14(2): 212. 1871, non Thunberg 1825.Sicyos trifoliata Linnaeus 1753. 
Ampelopsis incisa    
Cissus incisa Cissus incisa (Nuttall ex Torrey & A. Gray) Des Moulins, in Durand, Actes Soc. Linn. Bordeaux 24: (reprint p. 59). 1862.Vitis incisa Nuttall ex Torrey & A. Gray 1838. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Barbour, Bullock, Crenshaw, Geneva, Hale, Houston, Jefferson, Marengo, Mobile, Montgomery, Pike

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UWAL0008717 Marengo 01 Oct 2011 England, J. Kevin
3186
UWAL
Cissus trifoliata (Linnaeus) Linnaeus
UNA00009634 Mobile 4 Jul 1868 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Cissus incisa Des Moulins
AUA_ACC070541 Marengo 5 SEP 2010 KEENER, BRIAN R.
6150
AUA
CISSUS TRIFOLIATA (L.) L.
TROY000024453 Montgomery 23 Jun 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19464
TROY
Cissus trifoliata (Linnaeus) Linnaeus
UNA00061149 Mobile 25 May 2003 D. D. Spaulding
11885
UNA
Cissus trifoliata (L.) L.
USAM000015396 Mobile 08 Sep 1973 Michael G. LeLong
7291
USAM
Cissus incisa (Nuttall ex Torrey & A. Gray) Des Moulins
TROY000040722 Crenshaw 31 Jul 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25412
TROY
Cissus trifoliata (Linnaeus) Linnaeus
UNA00009633 Mobile 28 Jun 1966 Rebecca Deramus
D943
UNA
Cissus incisa Des Moulins
AUA_ACC051047 Pike 10 AUG 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6241
AUA
CISSUS TRIFOLIATA (L.) L.
USAM000015395 Mobile 08 Sep 1973 Michael G. LeLong
7291
USAM
Cissus incisa (Nuttall ex Torrey & A. Gray) Des Moulins
SAMF0001546 Marengo 15 Aug 2012 Davenport, L. J.
5358
SAMF
Cissus trifoliata (Linnaeus) Linnaeus
UWAL0011896 Hale 30 Aug 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7468
UWAL
Cissus trifoliata (Linnaeus) Linnaeus
UWAL0001586 Marengo 05 Sep 2010 Keener, Brian R.
6150
UWAL
Cissus trifoliata (Linnaeus) Linnaeus
UWAL0010005 Jefferson 26 Sep 2011 Spaulding, Dan
13375
UWAL
Cissus trifoliata (Linnaeus) Linnaeus
UWAL0037987 Mobile 10 Aug 1974 LeLong, Michel G.
8130.2
UWAL
Cissus trifoliata (L.) L.
UNA00009600 Mobile 8 Apr 1950 Lloyd C. Crawford
850
UNA
Cissus incisa Des Moulins
TROY000009781 Mobile 25 May 2003 Daniel D. Spaulding
11885
TROY
Cissus trifoliata (Linnaeus) Linnaeus
TROY000042305 Marengo 05 Sep 2010 Brian R. Keener
6150
TROY
Cissus trifoliata (Linnaeus) Linnaeus
TROY000039720 Marengo 01 Oct 2011 J. Kevin England
3186
TROY
Cissus trifoliata (Linnaeus) Linnaeus
UWAL0011561 Bullock 19 Jun 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0884
UWAL
Cissus trifoliata (Linnaeus) Linnaeus
AUA_ACC055639 Pike 18 JUL 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6436
AUA
CISSUS TRIFOLIATA (L.) L.
UWAL0036235 Barbour 08 Sep 2013 Keener, Brian R.
8173
UWAL
Cissus trifoliata (Linnaeus) Linnaeus
UWAL0004532 Montgomery 23 Jun 2008 Diamond, A.R.
19464
UWAL
Cissus trifoliata (Linnaeus) Linnaeus
TROY000036442 Jefferson 26 Sep 2011 Dan Spaulding
13375
TROY
Cissus trifoliata (Linnaeus) Linnaeus
TROY000009780 Bullock 11 Aug 1996 Alvin R. Diamond
10444
TROY
Cissus trifoliata (Linnaeus) Linnaeus
SAMF0001547 Marengo 05 Sep 2010 Keener, Brian R.
6150
SAMF
Cissus trifoliata (Linnaeus) Linnaeus
TROY000009782 Pike 18 Jul 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13480
TROY
Cissus trifoliata (Linnaeus) Linnaeus
AUA_ACC048879 Mobile 13 MAY 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4753
AUA
CISSUS TRIFOLIATA (L.) L.
USAM000015398 Mobile 10 Aug 1974 Michael G. LeLong
8130.2
USAM
Cissus incisa (Nuttall ex Torrey & A. Gray) Des Moulins
TROY000036372 Bullock 19 Jun 2012 Bailee Dykes
884
TROY
Cissus trifoliata (Linnaeus) Linnaeus
AUA_ACC073212 Jefferson 26 SEP 2011 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
13375
AUA
CISSUS TRIFOLIATA (L.) L.
UWAL0016405 Crenshaw 31 Jul 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25412
UWAL
Cissus trifoliata (Linnaeus) Linnaeus
AUA000019966 Geneva 16 MAY 1992 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8254
AUA
CISSUS TRIFOLIATA (L.) L.
USAM000015397 Mobile 10 Jul 1976 Michael G. LeLong
9275
USAM
Cissus incisa (Nuttall ex Torrey & A. Gray) Des Moulins
UNA00050710 Houston 16 Jun 1997 John R. MacDonald
10711
UNA
Cissus incisa Des Moulins
UNA00060386 Pike 18 Jul 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13480
UNA
Cissus trifoliata (L.) L.
First Page Previous Page Next Page Last Page
Records per Page: