Verbena halei

Family:VERBENACEAE
Species:Verbena halei Small
Common Name:Texas Vervain
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:**
Duration:**
Category:**
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Texas Vervain is a native herbaceous short-lived perennial or annual in the Verbena family (Verbenaceae). It can be found in the southern half of Alabama. Texas Vervain grows on roadsides, along railroad tracks, in vacant lots, in pastures, and in disturbed woodlands. It develops from a tap root. In early development a basal rosette of spathulate, ovate to oblong-ovate leaves develop. The margins of these leaves are toothed or incised. Late in the season, basal leaves may be absent. One to three square stems develop from these rosettes. The stems are from 10-18 inches in height and branched above. Stem leaves are reduced in size upwards. Lower stem leaves are 1-2 pinnatifid while those near the top of the stems are linear and bract-like. Both the stems and leaves are pubescent with scattered hairs. Flowers are produced in spikes that are arranged in panicles. Flower color is usually pale blue but purple-blue, pink, or white flowered individuals may be encountered. Individual flowers are 5-lobed and resemble small gingerbread men. The fruit is a nutlet.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyVERBENACEAE - Verbena family
Genus Verbena
Species Verbena halei Small - Texas Vervain

Citation

Citation **
Basionym: **
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Verbena officinalis ssp. halei    

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Bullock, Butler, Clarke, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Elmore, Escambia, Franklin, Geneva, Greene, Henry, Houston, Lee, Lowndes, Macon, Marengo, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Pike, Russell, Sumter, Washington, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1963 - 1980

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UWAL0014734 Washington 29 May 2010 Keener, Brian R.
6057
UWAL
Verbena halei Small
TROY000024421 Covington 24 Apr 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19057
TROY
Verbena halei Small
AUA_ACC_62106 Franklin 27 Jun 1956 Thomas, Joab L.
8
AUA
Verbena Halei Small
TROY000040677 Houston 19 Jun 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25226
TROY
Verbena halei Small
UWAL0009599 Marengo 17 Apr 2009 England, J. Kevin
1963
UWAL
Verbena halei Small
TROY000009622 Conecuh 28 Apr 2001 Diamond, Alvin R.
12403
TROY
Verbena halei Small
AUA_ACC_63627 Autauga 30 Jul 1980 Freeman, John D.
61
AUA
Verbena Halei Small
UWAL0017462 Marengo 28 Jul 2012 England, J. Kevin
3842
UWAL
Verbena halei Small
TROY000024422 Covington 09 May 2005 Kral, Robert
96293
TROY
Verbena halei Small
UWAL0016387 Houston 16 Jun 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25226
UWAL
Verbena halei Small
TROY000009623 Crenshaw 14 Apr 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13042
TROY
Verbena halei Small
AUA_ACC_66065 Wilcox 6 May 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16353
AUA
Verbena Halei Small
TROY000046386 Lowndes 01 May 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28263
TROY
Verbena halei Small
AUA_ACC_30485 Macon 22 Jul 1971 Anderson, Robert
078
AUA
Verbena Halei Small
UWAL0009517 Covington 09 May 2005 Kral, Robert
96293
UWAL
Verbena halei Small
TROY000009618 Coffee 05 May 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
15320
TROY
Verbena halei Small
AUA_ACC_49535 Barbour 15 Oct 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
5596
AUA
Verbena Halei Small
UWAL0044035 Baldwin 15 May 2001 Larsen, Harry S.
709
UWAL
Verbena halei Small
TROY000009619 Coffee 10 Apr 2000 Martin, Brian H.
544
TROY
Verbena halei Small
TROY000024425 Barbour 28 Apr 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3580
TROY
Verbena halei Small
UNA00039824 Mobile 09 May 1964 Deramus, Rebecca
D83
UNA
Verbena halei Small
AUA_ACC_44179 Wilcox 20 Apr 1985 Diamond, Alvin R.
481
AUA
Verbena Halei Small
UWAL0004398 Barbour 28 Apr 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3580
UWAL
Verbena halei Small
TROY000035746 Marengo 17 Apr 2009 England, J. Kevin
1963
TROY
Verbena halei Small
AUA_ACC_50129 Bullock 12 Oct 1989 Diamond, Alvin R.
6539
AUA
Verbena Halei Small
SAMF0005090 Mobile 02 May 2009 Burns, Kelly L.
45
SAMF
Verbena halei Small
TROY000046608 Autauga 02 May 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
695
TROY
Verbena halei Small
AUA000041171 Covington 18 May 2010 Hansen, Curtis J.
4711
AUA
Verbena Halei Small
TROY000009624 Dale 03 Jul 2000 Pennington, Tiffany
866
TROY
Verbena halei Small
AUA_ACC_53885 Crenshaw 27 May 1994 Diamond, Alvin R.
9198
AUA
Verbena Halei Small
SAMF0005089 Mobile 13 Apr 2013 Davenport, Lawrence J.
5428
SAMF
Verbena halei Small
UWAL0002583 Monroe 11 Jun 2008 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12962
UWAL
Verbena halei Small
TROY000009617 Butler 22 Apr 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
17429
TROY
Verbena halei Small
UWAL0014250 Bullock 09 May 2013 Dykes, Bailee
1621
UWAL
Verbena halei Small
TROY000024423 Geneva 20 Apr 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
18988
TROY
Verbena halei Small
UWAL0046701 Autauga 02 May 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
695
UWAL
Verbena halei Small
TROY000009631 Pike 24 Apr 1996 Holmes, Jeanese
153
TROY
Verbena halei Small
AUA_ACC_20690 Pike 31 Jul 1970 Moore, Harold D.
553
AUA
Verbena Halei Small
UNA00068707 Barbour 28 Apr 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3580
UNA
Verbena halei Small
TROY000033491 Barbour 20 Aug 2011 Ryan, Lauren
18
TROY
Verbena halei Small.
UNA00073679 Mobile 17 Nov 2013 Horne, Howard
2485
UNA
Verbena halei Small
TROY000009628 Pike 16 Apr 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13046
TROY
Verbena halei Small
AUA_ACC_45665 Wilcox 9 May 1971 James, Audrey
139
AUA
Verbena Halei Small
TROY000024426 Henry 01 May 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19140
TROY
Verbena halei Small
AUA_ACC_44153 Pike 25 Apr 1986 Diamond, Alvin R.
2338
AUA
Verbena Halei Small
UWAL0033833 Sumter 19 Apr 2015 Keener, Brian R.
8777
UWAL
Verbena halei Small
TROY000009616 Butler 05 May 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
17493
TROY
Verbena halei Small
AUA_ACC_48868 Pike 18 Apr 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
4460
AUA
Verbena Halei Small
UWAL0044037 Baldwin 10 Sep 2002 Larsen, Harry S.
1146
UWAL
Verbena halei Small
AUA_ACC_45666 Butler 8 May 1971 Donavan, Lois A.
305
AUA
Verbena Halei Small
TROY000009629 Pike 02 May 1997 Evers, Astrid
103
TROY
Verbena halei Small
UNA00039820 Clarke 30 Aug 1980 Williams, John S.
57
UNA
Verbena halei Small
SAMF0003215 Baldwin 04 Jun 2015 Davenport, Lawrence J.
5841
SAMF
Verbena halei Small
AUA_ACC_65761 Monroe 20 Apr 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16259
AUA
Verbena Halei Small
UWAL0014252 Autauga 28 Apr 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3571
UWAL
Verbena halei Small
AUA_ACC_49153 Covington 24 Apr 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
4602
AUA
Verbena Halei Small
AUA_ACC_61638 Barbour 10 Apr 2002 Gil, Glenda
(2001-103)
AUA
Verbena Halei Small
USAM000015185 Mobile 12 May 1973 LeLong, Michel G.
7032
USAM
Verbena halei Small
TROY000045759 Autauga 11 Apr 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
583
TROY
Verbena halei Small
UWAL0047576 Monroe 28 Aug 2013 Barger, T. Wayne
RH-490
UWAL
Verbena halei Small
TROY000009627 Montgomery 14 May 1995 Poole, Melissa
4
TROY
Verbena halei Small
AUA_ACC_56569 Crenshaw 28 Apr 1996 Diamond, Alvin R.
10202
AUA
Verbena Halei Small
AUA_ACC_50995 Dale 15 Apr 1992 Diamond, Alvin R.
8114
AUA
Verbena Halei Small
UWAL0030531 Covington 24 Aug 1991 Kral, Robert
79646
UWAL
Verbena halei Small
USAM000015188 Washington 18 Apr 1971 LeLong, Michel G.
5686
USAM
Verbena halei Small
UNA00058333 Pike 16 Apr 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13046
UNA
Verbena halei Small
TROY000043077 Autauga 28 Apr 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3571
TROY
Verbena halei Small
UNA00039814 Mobile 16 May 1965 Deramus, Rebecca
D477
UNA
Verbena halei Small
TROY000009621 Conecuh 05 May 2001 Searcy, Darryl
s.n.
TROY
Verbena halei Small
AUA_ACC_35447 Mobile 20 Apr 1974 Sherrill, M.R.
093
AUA
Verbena Halei Small
USAM000015186 Baldwin 11 May 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11066
USAM
Verbena halei Small
AUA_ACC_44151 Conecuh 10 May 1986 Diamond, Alvin R.
2471
AUA
Verbena Halei Small
SAMF0005091 Greene 10 May 1963 Thomas, Joab L.
730
SAMF
Verbena halei Small
TROY000030991 Lee 27 Apr 1950 Orr, W.P.
s.n.
TROY
Verbena halei Small
AUA_ACC_34708 Covington 16 Apr 1979 Johnson, Kenneth G.
AUA
Verbena Halei Small
TROY000040964 Washington 16 Apr 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6375
TROY
Verbena halei Small
AUA_ACC_49143 Geneva 27 May 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
4883
AUA
Verbena Halei Small
JSU137006 Bibb 31 Jul 1998 Whetstone, R. David
19613
JSU
Verbena halei Small
TROY000009633 Wilcox 06 May 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16353
TROY
Verbena halei Small
AUA_ACC_40502 Geneva 17 Apr 1970 Kral, Robert
38706
AUA
Verbena Halei Small
UWAL0044034 Baldwin 19 May 2000 Larsen, Harry S.
512
UWAL
Verbena halei Small
AUA_ACC_41516 Coffee 21 Apr 1972 Dooley, M.K.
104
AUA
Verbena Halei Small
AUA_ACC_23940 Butler 19 Jun 1971 Hester, D.
013
AUA
Verbena Halei Small
JSU137005 Elmore 10 May 1980 Whetstone, R. David
10083
JSU
Verbena halei Small
USAM000015183 Baldwin 24 Mar 1976 LeLong, Michel G.
9040
USAM
Verbena halei Small
AUA_ACC_24112 Barbour 4 Jul 1971 Folsom, James P.
062
AUA
Verbena Halei Small
UWAL0036148 Barbour 08 Sep 2013 Keener, Brian R.
8163
UWAL
Verbena halei Small
AUA_ACC_45426 Dale 21 Apr 1979 Merrill, L.E.
061
AUA
Verbena Halei Small
USAM000015189 Mobile 28 Apr 1973 LeLong, Michel G.
6986
USAM
Verbena halei Small
AUA_ACC_61561 Barbour 24 Apr 2002 Gil, Glenda
(2001-121)
AUA
Verbena Halei Small
TROY000044994 Geneva 28 Sep 2017 Byrd, Cameron
1556
TROY
Verbena halei Small
AUA_ACC_17899 Macon 16 May 1970 Beniwal, S.P.
114
AUA
Verbena Halei Small
UWAL0033770 Coffee 12 Apr 2015 Keener, Brian R.
8734
UWAL
Verbena halei Small
TROY000048383 Autauga 28 Jul 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
1070
TROY
Verbena halei Small
AUA_ACC_71796 Barbour 28 Apr 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3580
AUA
Verbena Halei Small
TROY000024424 Barbour 04 May 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19189
TROY
Verbena halei Small
AUA_ACC_25571 Russell 25 Apr 1969 Kral, Robert
34429
AUA
Verbena Halei Small
ALNHS00001486 Geneva 26 Sep 2012 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#831
ALNHS
Verbena halei Small
UWAL0010303 Greene 21 May 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5338
UWAL
Verbena halei Small
UWAL0016374 Covington 10 Jun 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25170
UWAL
Verbena halei Small
JSU137007 Lee 03 May 1966 Wilson, J.R.
s.n.
JSU
Verbena halei Small
USAM000015190 Mobile 25 Apr 1968 LeLong, Michel G.
4416
USAM
Verbena halei Small
AUA_ACC_24049 Lee 23 May 1972 Freeman, John D.
799
AUA
Verbena Halei Small
AUA_ACC_22232 Lee 2 May 1970 Wood, Kerry
092
AUA
Verbena Halei Small
TROY000038598 Bullock 09 May 2013 Dykes, Bailee
1621
TROY
Verbena halei Small
UWAL0011327 Washington 16 Apr 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6375
UWAL
Verbena halei Small
TROY000009632 Wilcox 28 Apr 1995 Curry, Jamie
3
TROY
Verbena halei Small
AUA_ACC_49083 Covington 6 May 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
4673
AUA
Verbena Halei Small
UNA00039825 Greene 10 May 1963 Thomas, Joab L.
730
UNA
Verbena halei Small
USAM000015184 Mobile 04 May 1976 LeLong, Michel G.
7728
USAM
Verbena halei Small
TROY000009626 Monroe 20 Apr 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16259
TROY
Verbena halei Small
UWAL0016476 Monroe 12 May 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25088
UWAL
Verbena halei Small
USAM000015187 Monroe 16 May 1973 LeLong, Michel G.
7093
USAM
Verbena halei Small
UWAL0039532 Lowndes 01 May 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28263
UWAL
Verbena halei Small
TROY000009625 Mobile 26 May 2002 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11323
TROY
Verbena halei Small
UWAL0033174 Geneva 16 Nov 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25680
UWAL
Verbena halei Small
TROY000036610 Greene 21 May 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5338
TROY
Verbena halei Small
UWAL0046578 Autauga 11 Apr 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
583
UWAL
Verbena halei Small
TROY000009630 Pike 12 Jul 1995 Holmes, Jeanese
9
TROY
Verbena halei Small
AUA_ACC_19748 Washington 9 Sep 1970 Moore, Harold D.
990
AUA
Verbena Halei Small
SAMF0005088 Barbour 28 Apr 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3580
SAMF
Verbena halei Small
AUA_ACC_44161 Escambia 10 Jun 1986 Diamond, Alvin R.
2566
AUA
Verbena Halei Small
SAMF0007601 Washington 06 May 2021 Davenport, L.J.
6880
SAMF
Verbena halei Small
TROY000009620 Coffee 10 Sep 1999 Martin, Brian H.
186
TROY
Verbena halei Small
AUA_ACC_35448 Clarke 21 Apr 1974 Jenkins, J.D.
164
AUA
Verbena Halei Small
TROY000043319 Geneva 16 Nov 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25680
TROY
Verbena halei Small
AUA_ACC_51001 Coffee 26 Apr 1992 Diamond, Alvin R.
8195
AUA
Verbena Halei Small
UWAL0046338 Autauga 28 Jul 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
1070
UWAL
Verbena halei Small
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