Phyla nodiflora

Family:VERBENACEAE
Species:Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
Common Name:Creeping Frogfruit; Turkey Tangle; Capeweed
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:PHNO2
Plant Notes:Creeping Frogfruit is a native herbaceous perennial in the Verbena family (Verbenaceae). It can be found throughout Alabama, but is most common in the southern half of the state. Creeping Frogfruit grows along streams and ponds, in lawns, on roadsides, and in disturbed wetlands. It is a perennial from rhizomes with creeping stems that root at the nodes. Flowering stems are upright. The stems are angled, green in color, and pubescent. The leaves are opposite, spatulate to obovate in outline with an obtuse or rounded apex. They are short petiolate or sessile, with toothed margins above the middle. The leaves are pubescent or glabrous. Flowers are produced in dense spikes from the axils of the leaves. The flowering stalks are longer than the leaves. The flowers open in whorls from the base to the apex of the spike. The corolla is white, light purple, or light pink in color with a yellow throat. The corolla has 5 lobes. The fruit separates into two nutlets. Creeping Frogfruit is available from nurseries that specialize in aquatic plants. The flowers are visited by many species of butterflies and bees, and Ducks and Geese consume the foliage and seed. Creeping Frogfruit prefers a moist soil and full sun. Creeping Frogfruit is a rapid grower and can form dense stands that exclude other vegetation.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACW (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyVERBENACEAE - Verbena family
Genus Phyla
Species Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene - Creeping Frogfruit; Turkey Tangle; Capeweed

Citation

Citation PHYLA NODIFLORA (Linnaeus) Greene, Pittonia 4: 46. 1899.
Basionym: Verbena nodiflora Linnaeus 1753.
Type: Without data, Herb. Clifford 11, Verbena #3 (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by C. C. Townsend, in P. H. Davis, Fl. Turkey 7: 32. 1982.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Blairia nodiflora Blairia nodiflora (Linnaeus) Gaertner, Fruct. Sem. Pl. 1: 266. 1788.Verbena nodiflora Linnaeus 1753. 
Lippia aegyptiaca Lippia aegyptiaca Delchevalerie ex Carrière, Rev. Hort. 44: 316. 1872.  
Lippia canescens Lippia canescens Kunth, in Humboldt et al., Nov. Gen. Sp. 2: 263. 1818. PERU: Trujillo, and between Lima and Callao, s.d., Humboldt s.n. (lectotype: B-W 11117/1). Lectotypified by Méndez, in Greuter, Fl. Republ. Cuba, ser. A. 7: 73. 2003.
Lippia cuneifolia var. incisa Lippia cuneifolia Steudel, var. incisa (Small) Blankinship, Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 18: 186. 1907.Phyla incisa Small 1903. 
Lippia incisa Lippia incisa (Small) Tidestrom, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 48: 42. 1935.Phyla incisa Small 1903. 
Lippia nodiflora var. canescens Lippia nodiflora (Linnaeus) Michaux, var. canescens (Kunth) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 253. 1898.Lippia canescens Kunth 1818.  
Lippia nodiflora var. normalis Lippia nodiflora (Linnaeus) Michaux, var. normalis Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 508. 1891, nom. inadmiss.Lippia nodiflora (Linnaeus) Michaux 1803; Verbena nodiflora Linnaeus 1753. 
Lippia nodiflora var. repens Lippia nodiflora (Linnaeus) Michaux, var. repens (Bertoloni) Schauer, in de Candolle, Prodr. 11: 586. 1847.Verbena repens Bertoloni 1806.  
Lippia nodiflora var. reptans Lippia nodiflora (Linnaeus) Michaux, var. reptans (Kunth) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 508. 1891.Lippia reptans Kunth 1818. 
Lippia nodiflora var. rosea Lippia nodiflora (Linnaeus) Michaux, var. rosea (D. Don) Munz, Aliso 4: 97. 1958.Zapania nodiflora (Linnaeus) Lamarck, var. rosea D. Don 1834. 
Lippia nodiflora var. sarmentosa Lippia nodiflora (Linnaeus) Michaux, var. sarmentosa (Willdenow) Schauer, in de Candolle, Prodr. 11: 585. 1847.Verbena sarmentosa Willdenow 1809. 
Lippia nodiflora var. vulgaris Lippia nodiflora (Linnaeus) Michaux, var. vulgaris Walpers, Repert. Bot. Syst. 4: 49. 1845, nom. inadmiss.Lippia nodiflora (Linnaeus) Michaux 1803; Verbena nodiflora Linnaeus 1753. 
Lippia repens Lippia repens (Bertoloni) Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 2: 752. 1825.Verbena repens Bertoloni 1806.  
Lippia reptans Lippia reptans Kunth, in Humboldt et al., Nov. Gen. Sp. 2: 263. 1818. VENEZUELA: Sucre: Cumaná, Jul-Nov 1799, Humboldt & Bonpland 76 (holotype: P; isotype: B-W).
Lippia sarmentosa Lippia sarmentosa (Willdenow) Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 2: 752. 1825.Verbena sarmentosa Willdenow 1809. 
Lippia nodiflora Lippia nodiflora (Linnaeus) Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 15. 1803.Verbena nodiflora Linnaeus 1753. 
Phyla canescens Phyla canescens (Kunth) Greene, Pittonia 4: 48. 1899.Lippia canescens Kunth 1818. 
Phyla chinensis Phyla chinensis Loureiro, Fl. Cochinch. 66. 1790.  
Phyla nodiflora var. antillana Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene, var. antillana Moldenke, Phytologia 40: 468. 1978. VIRGIN ISLANDS: St. Croix: Judiths Fancy, 17-25 Mar 1923, Britton et al. 83 (holotype: NY).
Phyla nodiflora var. canescens Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene, var. canescens (Kunth) Moldenke, Phytologia 1: 98. 1934.Lippia canescens Kunth 1818. 
Phyla nodiflora var. incisa Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene, var. incisa (Small) Moldenke, Phytologia 27: 69. 1973.Phyla incisa Small 1903. 
Phyla nodiflora var. longifolia Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene, var. longifolia Moldenke, Phytologia 2: 22. 1941. HONDURAS: Atlántida: Beach at Salado, vicinity of La Ceiba, 10 Jul 1938, Yuncker et al. 8327 (holotype: NY).
Phyla nodiflora var. reptans Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene, var.reptans (Kunth) Moldenke, Torreya 34: 9. 1934.Lippia reptans Kunth 1818. 
Phyla nodiflora var. rosea Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene, var. rosea (D. Don) Moldenke, Phytologia 2: 22. 1941.Zapania nodiflora (Linnaeus) Lamarck, var. rosea D. Don 1834. 
Phyla nodiflora var. texensis Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene, var. texensis Moldenke, Phytologia 27: 69. 1973. TEXAS: Bexar Co.: Without data, Jermy s.n. (holotype: NY).
Phyla reptans Phyla reptans (Kunth) Greene, Pittonia 4: 47. 1899.Lippia reptans Kunth 1818. 
Phyla incisa Phyla incisa Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 1012, 1337. 1903. TEXAS
Piarimula chinensis Piarimula chinensis (Loureiro) Rafinesque, Fl. Tellur. 2: 102. 1837 ("1836").Phyla chinensis Loureiro 1790. 
Piarimula chinensis Piarimula chinensis (Loureiro) Rafinesque, Fl. Tellur. 2: 102. 1837 ("1836").Phyla chinensis Loureiro 1790. 
Platonia nodiflora Platonia nodiflora (Linnaeus) Rafinesque, Med. Repos., ser. 2. 5: 352. 1808.Verbena nodiflora Linnaeus 1753. 
Verbena capitata Verbena capitata Forsskål, Fl. Aegypt.-Arab. 10. 1775.  
Verbena fruticosa Verbena fruticosa Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. 1768. MEXICO: Without data, Houston s.n. (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Moldenke, in Woodson & Schery, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60: 62. 1973.
Verbena nodiflora Verbena nodiflora Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 20. 1753. Without data, Herb. Clifford 11, Verbena #3 (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by C. C. Townsend, in P. H. Davis, Fl. Turkey 7: 32. 1982.
Verbena repens Verbena repens Bertoloni, Rar. Lig. (Ital.) Pl. 2: 27. 1806.  
Verbena sarmentosa Verbena sarmentosa Willdenow, Enum. Pl. 632. 1809.  
Zapania nodiflora Zapania nodiflora (Linnaeus) Lamarck, Tabl. Encycl. 1: 59. 1791.Verbena nodiflora Linnaeus 1753. 
Zapania nodiflora var. rosea Zapania nodiflora (Linnaeus) Lamarck, var. rosea D. Don, in Sweet, Brit. Fl. Gard., ser. 2. 3: t. 225. 1834.  
Zapania repens Zapania repens (Bertoloni) Bertoloni, Rar. Lig. (Ital.) Pl. 3: 27. 1810. Verbena repens Bertoloni 1806.  
Zapania reptans Zapania reptans Sprengel, Pl. Min. Cogn. Pug. 2: 70. 1815.  

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Barbour, Bullock, Cherokee, Choctaw, Conecuh, Covington, Dale, Geneva, Greene, Houston, Lowndes, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Pike, Shelby, Sumter, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1950 - 1982

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UWAL0009905 Cherokee 17 Jul 2011 Spaulding, Dan
13359
UWAL
Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene
UNA00039709 Mobile 22 Apr 1950 Crawford, Lloyd C.
953
UNA
Lippia nodiflora (L.) Michx.
JSU136809 Mobile 16 May 1974 Whetstone, R. David
2636
JSU
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
TROY000038343 Bullock 02 Aug 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24422
TROY
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
JSU136812 Shelby 20 Jul 1993 Whetstone, R. David
s.n.
JSU
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
TROY000044368 Montgomery 04 Sep 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27653
TROY
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
AUA_ACC_39526 Lowndes 13 Jul 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
882
AUA
Phyla Nodiflora (L.) Greene
USAM000015159 Greene 06 Jun 1977 LeLong, Michel G.
9807
USAM
Lippia nodiflora (Linnaeus) Michaux
JSU136807 Choctaw 13 Sep 1997 Higginbotham, Jerri W.
168
JSU
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
JSU136810 Mobile 16 May 1974 Whetstone, R. David
2609
JSU
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
UWAL0004376 Sumter 10 Jul 1984 Glasgow, Benny
s.n.
UWAL
Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene
AUA_ACC_56101 Mobile 15 Aug 1973 Kral, Robert
51332
AUA
Phyla Nodiflora (L.) Greene
JSU136811 Monroe 12 Sep 1997 Whetstone, R. David
18562
JSU
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
USAM000015158 Mobile 30 May 1968 LeLong, Michel G.
4702
USAM
Lippia nodiflora (Linnaeus) Michaux
AUA_ACC_58985 Pike 18 Dec 1998 Diamond, Alvin R.
11561
AUA
Phyla Nodiflora (L.) Greene
UWAL0039333 Dale 18 Aug 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27634
UWAL
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
TROY000038230 Bullock 06 Aug 2013 Dykes, Bailee
1665
TROY
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
TROY000034919 Cherokee 17 Jul 2011 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13359
TROY
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
UWAL0004375 Monroe 20 Sep 2007 Diamond, A.R.
18222
UWAL
Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene
TROY000043915 Houston 18 Aug 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27628
TROY
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
UWAL0031184 Conecuh 23 May 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26374
UWAL
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
UNA00039695 Lowndes 13 Jul 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
882
UNA
Lippia nodiflora (L.) Michx.
AUA_ACC_55975 Baldwin 3 Sep 1972 Kral, Robert
47154
AUA
Phyla Nodiflora (L.) Greene
UWAL0019754 Houston 05 May 1987 Kral, R.
73988
UWAL
Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene
UWAL0048088 Mobile 29 Jul 2017 Horne, Howard E.
4061
UWAL
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
TROY000043919 Dale 18 Aug 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27634
TROY
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
UWAL0004374 Baldwin 12 Oct 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3930
UWAL
Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene
AUA_ACC_73008 Mobile 26 Aug 2014 Horne, Howard E.
2709
AUA
Phyla Nodiflora (L.) Greene Var. Minor (Gillies & Hooker) N. O'Leary & Mulgura
AUA_ACC_4034 Baldwin 1 May 1953 Speake, Dan W.
AUA
Phyla Nodiflora (L.) Greene
TROY000042472 Conecuh 23 May 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26374
TROY
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
AUA_ACC_1767 Baldwin 16 May 1964 Creel, John
AUA
Phyla Nodiflora (L.) Greene
JSU136806 Baldwin 16 May 1964 Bozarth, Gene A.
s.n.
JSU
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
AUA_ACC_12321 Baldwin 1 May 1965 Koelling, Alfred C.
2243
AUA
Phyla Nodiflora (L.) Greene
JSU136805 Baldwin 03 Jun 1972 Kral, Robert
47154
JSU
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
UWAL0043470 Baldwin 10 Jul 2000 Larsen, H.S.
461
UWAL
Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene
SAMF0005055 Mobile 23 Sep 1989 Green, LeAnne
60
SAMF
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
UWAL0039338 Houston 18 Aug 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27628
UWAL
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
AUA_ACC_34994 Covington 12 May 1979 Crawford, Lloyd C.
AUA
Phyla Nodiflora (L.) Greene
AUA_ACC_4032 Baldwin 10 May 1953 Allison, Ray
AUA
Phyla Nodiflora (L.) Greene
AUA_ACC_62670 Mobile 12 Apr 2003 Foster, R.
50
AUA
Phyla Nodiflora (L.) Greene
JSU136808 Mobile 03 Jun 1970 Kral, Robert
39636
JSU
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
SAMF0006869 Mobile 13 Apr 2019 Thompson, Hannah
44
SAMF
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
UWAL0039949 Montgomery 04 Sep 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27653
UWAL
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
TROY000024414 Baldwin 12 Oct 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3930
TROY
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
UNA00039700 Mobile 09 May 1964 Deramus, Rebecca
D62
UNA
Lippia nodiflora (L.) Michx.
TROY000009589 Baldwin 11 May 2005 Hansen, Curtis J.
1771
TROY
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
TROY000009590 Mobile 27 May 2002 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11314
TROY
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
AUA_ACC_11703 Baldwin 29 Apr 1967 Barrick, William E.
AUA
Phyla Nodiflora (L.) Greene
SAMF0005054 Mobile 21 Apr 2001 White, Janet F.
31
SAMF
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
UNA00039696 Wilcox 23 Jun 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
840
UNA
Lippia nodiflora (L.) Michx.
UNA00059077 Mobile 27 May 2002 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11314
UNA
Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene
UWAL0015927 Bullock 06 Aug 2013 Dykes, Bailee
1665
UWAL
Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene
UWAL0048098 Barbour 18 Nov 2018 Horne, Howard E.
4698
UWAL
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
UNA00056328 Geneva 28 Nov 1998 MacDonald, John R.
12458
UNA
Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene
TROY000009591 Pike 18 Dec 1998 Diamond, Alvin R.
11561
TROY
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
UNA00039707 Mobile _ Sep 1896 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Lippia nodiflora (L.) Michx.
AUA_ACC_37872 Mobile 23 Sep 1981 Henderson, T.
622
AUA
Phyla Nodiflora (L.) Greene
AUA_ACC_39525 Wilcox 23 Jun 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
840
AUA
Phyla Nodiflora (L.) Greene
TROY000009503 Monroe 20 Sep 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
18222
TROY
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
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