Lantana strigocamara

Family:VERBENACEAE
Species:Lantana strigocamara R.W. Sanders
Common Name:Common Lantana; Hedge Flower; Shrub Verbena
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Shrub
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Common Lantana is an introduced frost tender shrub in the Verbena family (Verbenaceae). It is native to Central and South America. Common Lantana is widely cultivated, and now occurs worldwide in temperate and tropical areas. In Alabama it occurs in the southern two thirds of the state. Common Lantana grows on dunes, around old home sites, along railroads, on roadsides, in vacant lots, and in disturbed woodlands. It is a perennial multi-branched shrub reaching heights of 6-8 feet. The above ground portions of the plant are cold sensitive and are usually killed back to ground level each winter. The stems become somewhat woody at the base. Stems are angled when young, pubescent and glandular. Older stems are armed with prickles. Leaves are opposite, petiolate, ovate to ovate-lanceolate in outline, with crenate (rounded teeth) margins. The foliage is pubescent and scabrous (rough to the touch). Foliage and stems produce an unpleasant odor when crushed. Flowers are produced in head-like spikes from the axils of the leaves. The flowers are subtended by a whorl of narrow bracts that are widest at the base. The corolla is 4 lobed. Flower color ranges from white through yellow, orange, red, and pink. After pollination, the color of the flower changes as a signal to pollinators. The fruit is a 2 seeded berry that becomes dark purple or black at maturity. Common Lantana is available from many nurseries. A number of forms and cultivars are available. It can also be grown from seed or cuttings. Common Lantana is heat and drought tolerant and thrives in poor soils. The foliage is toxic to herbivores and it has few insect pests. Common Lantana is also allelopathic—releasing chemicals into the soil that inhibit the growth of other plants. Common Lantana flowers throughout the warmer months, and its flowers attract a wide range of butterflies, bees, and other insects. Common Lantana is listed as a Category 2 invasive species by the Alabama Invasive Plant Council.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:The name Lantana camara L. has long been misapplied to this taxon by numerous authors(Sanders 2006; 2012).
Status:Not Native, FACU (NWI)
References:Sanders, R.W. 2006. Taxonomy of Lantana sect. Lantana (Verbenaceae): I. Correct application of Lantana camara and associated names. Sida 22: 381- 421. Sanders, R.W. 2012. Taxonomy of Lantana sect. Lantana (Verbenaceae): II. Taxonomic revision. J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 6: 403-441.
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyVERBENACEAE - Verbena family
Genus Lantana
Species Lantana strigocamara R.W. Sanders - Common Lantana; Hedge Flower; Shrub Verbena

Citation

Citation Lantana strigocamara R.W. Sanders, Sida 22(1): 392–393, f. 4. 2006.
Basionym: **
Type: FLORIDA: Miami-Dade Co.: Near intersection of Montgomery Street and Old Cutler Road, Montgomery Botanical Center, 23 Sep 1981, Sanders 1450 (holotype: FTG).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Camara aculeata Camara aculeata (Linnaeus) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 503. 1891.Lantana aculeata Linnaeus 1753. 
Camara tiliifolia Camara tiliifolia (Chamisso) Bentham, J. Bot. (Hooker) 2: 53. 1840.Lantana tiliifolia Chamisso 1832. 
Camara aculeata var. normalis Camara aculeata (Linnaeus) Kuntze, var. normalis Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 503. 1891, nom. inadmiss.Camara aculeata (Linnaeus) Kuntze 1891; Lantana aculeata Linnaeus 1753. 
Camara vulgaris Camara vulgaris Bentham, Bot. Voy. Sulphur 154. 1846.Lantana camara Linnaeus 1753. 
Lantana aculeata subsp. normalis Lantana aculeata Linnaeus, subsp. normalis Voss, Vilm. Blumengaertn., ed. 3. 1: 823. 1894, nom. inadmis.Lantana aculeata Linnaeus 1753. 
Lantana antillana Lantana antillana Rafinesque, Sylva Tellur. 82. 1838, nom. illegit.Lantana camara Linnaeus 1753. 
Lantana bahamensis Lantana bahamensis Britton, Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 3: 450. 1905. BAHAMAS: New Providence: Without data, Britton & Bruce 174 (holotype: NY).
Lantana bahamensis var. floridana Lantana bahamensis Britton, var. floridana Moldenke, Phytologia 31: 373. 1975. FLORIDA: Miami-Dade Co.: Beach opposite Miami, Nov 1904, Small 2101 (holotype: NY).
Lantana bartramii Lantana bartramii Baldwin, Reliq. Baldw. 247. 1843. FLORIDA: Cult. in Philadelphia,
Lantana camara subsp. aculeata Lantana camara Linnaeus, subsp. aculeata (Linnaeus) R. W. Sanders, Sida 22: 394. 2006.Lantana aculeata Linnaeus 1753. 
Lantana camara var. aculeata Lantana camara Linnaeus, var. aculeata (Linnaeus) Moldenke, Torreya 32: 9. 1934.Lantana aculeata Linnaeus 1753. 
Lantana camara var. mista Lantana camara Linnaeus, var. mista (Linnaeus) L. H. Bailey, Cycl. Amer. Hort. 884. 1900.Lantana mista Linnaeus 1767. 
Lantana camara var. mutabilis Lantana camara Linnaeus, var. mutabilis (Hooker) L. H. Bailey, Cycl. Amer. Hort. 884. 1900.Lantana nivea Ventenat, var. mutabilis Hooker 1831. 
Lantana camara var. splendens Lantana camara Linnaeus, var. splendens (Medikus) Moldenke, Phytologia 33: 130. 1976.Lantana splendens Medikus 1775. 
Lantana camara var. ternata Lantana camara Linnaeus, var. ternata Moldenke, Phytologia 8: 160. 1962. CUBA: Isle of Pines: Siguanea City, 21 May 1910, Jennings 458 (holotype: NY).
Lantana aculeata Lantana aculeata Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 627. 1753. Without data (lectotype: Plukenet, Phytographia t. 233(5). 1692). Lectotypified by Méndez & Cafferty, Taxon 50: 1138. 2001.
Lantana camara Misapplied  

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Bullock, Butler, Coffee, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Escambia, Geneva, Henry, Houston, Lee, Marengo, Mobile, Monroe, Pike, Tuscaloosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1896 - 1965

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AUA000042777 Covington 31 Oct 2011 Pancake, Jr., Dale C.
S.N.
AUA
Lantana Camara L.
TROY000034816 Escambia 06 Jun 2008 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12917
TROY
Lantana camara Linnaeus
TROY000009584 Pike 17 Oct 2000 Hess, Emily
2
TROY
Lantana camara Linnaeus
UNA00025247 Mobile 22 Apr 1950 Crawford, Lloyd C.
960
UNA
Lantana camara L.
UWAL0007965 Marengo 25 Jul 2011 England, J. Kevin
3113
UWAL
Lantana strigocamara R.W. Sanders
TROY000039737 Marengo 25 Jul 2011 England, J. Kevin
3113
TROY
Lantana camara Linnaeus
AUA000040262 Houston 28 May 2015 Barger, T. Wayne
DTP189
AUA
Lantana Strigocamara R.W. Sanders
USAM000015147 Mobile 17 Oct 1968 LeLong, Michel G.
4887
USAM
Lantana camara Linnaeus
UWAL0034041 Baldwin 19 Sep 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6741
UWAL
Lantana strigocamara R.W. Sanders
AUA_ACC_22410 Lee 10 Aug 1970 Rogers, Norman
158
AUA
Lantana Camara L.
UWAL0044511 Baldwin 23 Aug 2000 Larsen, Harry S.
560
UWAL
Lantana strigocamara R. W. Sanders
TROY000009579 Baldwin 06 May 1995 Curry, Jamie
5
TROY
Lantana camara Linnaeus
UWAL0044469 Baldwin 16 Jun 1993 Walker, M.M.
123
UWAL
Lantana strigocamara R. W. Sanders
AUA_ACC_22342 Mobile 24 May 1970 Blankenchip, B.P.
152
AUA
Lantana Camara L.
AUA_ACC_20413 Houston 30 Jul 1970 Moore, Harold D.
489
AUA
Lantana Camara L.
JSU136782 Mobile 27 Mar 1993 Ballard, J. Mark
1187
JSU
Lantana camara Linnaeus
TROY000009582 Pike 10 Jun 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13290
TROY
Lantana camara Linnaeus
UNA00039636 Baldwin 18 Mar 1950 Stallard, W.A.
26
UNA
Lantana camara L.
AUA000040105 Mobile 10 Jul 2014 Barger, T. Wayne
SP1397
AUA
Lantana Strigocamara R.W. Sanders
UNA00060478 Mobile 25 Dec 2002 Zebryk, Tad M.
8154
UNA
Lantana camara L.
TROY000043360 Geneva 01 Oct 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26869
TROY
Lantana camara Linnaeus
USAM000015146 Mobile 07 Oct 1978 LeLong, Michel G.
10530
USAM
Lantana camara Linnaeus
JSU136719 Mobile 27 Mar 1993 Hodge, Lesley M.
31
JSU
Lantana camara Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_54492 Dale 26 Aug 1992 Diamond, Alvin R.
8420
AUA
Lantana Camara L.
UWAL0011569 Bullock 26 Jul 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1117
UWAL
Lantana strigocamara R.W. Sanders
AUA_ACC_48880 Mobile 13 May 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
4751
AUA
Lantana Camara L.
JSU136718 Baldwin 02 Jun 1970 Kral, Robert
39530
JSU
Lantana camara Linnaeus
UWAL0039946 Houston 20 Nov 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27725
UWAL
Lantana strigocamara R.W. Sanders
TROY000009581 Escambia 07 May 1995 Brittain, Cynthia L.
162
TROY
Lantana camara Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_46656 Mobile 23 Oct 1982 Kuhns, Michael R.
96
AUA
Lantana Camara L.
USAM000015149 Mobile 07 Oct 1978 LeLong, Michel G.
10552
USAM
Lantana camara Linnaeus
UWAL0036310 Mobile 19 Jul 2017 Horne, Howard E.
4053
UWAL
Lantana strigocamara R.W. Sanders
UWAL0033263 Geneva 01 Oct 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26869
UWAL
Lantana strigocamara R.W. Sanders
UWAL0031961 Geneva 01 Oct 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26868
UWAL
Lantana camara Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_58887 Crenshaw 11 Oct 1998 Diamond, Alvin R.
11455
AUA
Lantana Camara L.
AUA000041291 Covington 19 Oct 2012 Hansen, Curtis J.
5777
AUA
Lantana Camara L.
UNA00039638 Mobile 08 Apr 1950 Crawford, Lloyd C.
848
UNA
Lantana camara L.
UWAL0002242 Escambia 06 Jun 2008 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12917
UWAL
Lantana strigocamara R.W. Sanders
TROY000036366 Bullock 26 Jul 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1117
TROY
Lantana camara Linnaeus
TROY000024410 Henry 24 Jul 2008 Dyess, Kaleb K.
43
TROY
Lantana camara Linnaeus
UNA00048703 Tuscaloosa 23 Jul 1965 Deramus, Rebecca
445
UNA
Lantana camara L.
UWAL0039643 Monroe 07 Jun 2017 Diamond, Alvin R.
27845
UWAL
Lantana strigocamara R.W. Sanders
AUA_ACC_13373 Baldwin 29 Apr 1967 Rankin, H.Taylor
157
AUA
Lantana Camara L.
UWAL0004403 Mobile 17 Jun 1993 Stanton, Lee E.
s.n.
UWAL
Lantana strigocamara R.W. Sanders
USAM000015148 Mobile 01 Jun 1974 LeLong, Michel G.
7802
USAM
Lantana camara Linnaeus
UWAL0038157 Mobile 01 Jun 1974 LeLong, Michel G.
7802
UWAL
Lantana strigocamara R.W. Sanders
AUA_ACC_11702 Baldwin 29 Apr 1967 Barrick, William E.
AUA
Lantana Camara L.
AUA_ACC_19780 Baldwin 3 May 1969 Moore, Harold D.
155-69
AUA
Lantana Camara L.
UNA00039637 Mobile 01 Oct 1896 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Lantana camara L.
AUA_ACC_45662 Baldwin 17 Apr 1971 Mixner, J.B.
057
AUA
Lantana Camara L.
UNA00060562 Mobile 30 Apr 1967 Smith, Jerry
4
UNA
Lantana camara L.
TROY000024409 Butler 29 Jul 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19659
TROY
Lantana camara Linnaeus
UWAL0031874 Dale 20 Aug 1998 Kral, Robert
87696
UWAL
Lantana strigocamara R.W. Sanders
AUA_ACC_63591 Mobile 16 Apr 2004 Ballard, D.M.
441
AUA
Lantana Camara L.
TROY000049798 Geneva 20 Oct 2016 Byrd, Cameron
419
TROY
Lantana strigocamara R.W. Sanders
JSU136781 Mobile 26 Mar 1993 Hruska, Susan E.
10
JSU
Lantana camara Linnaeus
TROY000044360 Houston 20 Nov 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27725
TROY
Lantana strigocamara R.W. Sanders
AUA_ACC_53887 Pike 17 Jul 1994 Diamond, Alvin R.
9263
AUA
Lantana Camara L.
ALNHS00002562 Mobile 10 Jul 2014 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#1397
ALNHS
Lantana strigocamara R.W. Sanders
UNA00069849 Henry 24 Jul 2008 Dyess, Kaleb K.
43
UNA
Lantana camara L.
TROY000009583 Pike 23 May 1989 Blanton, Lola M.
s.n.
TROY
Lantana camara Linnaeus
UWAL0030818 Mobile 15 Oct 1996 Kral, Robert
86945
UWAL
Lantana strigocamara R.W. Sanders
TROY000009580 Coffee 09 May 2000 Martin, Brian H.
707
TROY
Lantana camara Linnaeus
JSU136720 Mobile 26 Mar 1993 House, Russell
9
JSU
Lantana camara Linnaeus
TROY000046309 Monroe 07 Jun 2017 Diamond, Alvin R.
27845
TROY
Lantana strigocamara R.W. Sanders
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