Valerianella locusta

Family:CAPRIFOLIACEAE
Species:Valerianella locusta (L.) Laterr.
Common Name:European Cornsalad; Lamb's Lettuce
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:VALO
Plant Notes:European Cornsalad is an introduced herbaceous annual in the Valerian family (Valerianaceae). It is native to Europe, North Africa, and western Asia. In Alabama it can be found primarily in the northern half of the state. European Cornsalad grows in lawns, on roadsides, in fallow fields, in cemeteries, and in other disturbed sites. It is a winter annual with a tap root. The stems are erect, green in color, and dichotomously branched. Leaves are basal and cauline. The basal leaves are petiolate and form a rosette, and the cauline leaves are sessile and opposite. The leaves are spatulate to elliptic-lanceolate in outline, entire, and glabrous. Flowers are produced in bracteate cymes. The outer brats of the cyme are spinulose-ciliolate. The corolla is funnelform, light blue in color, with 5 lobes. The fruit is a nutlet. European Cornsalad is a popular salad green in Europe where it is often served with chopped hard-boiled eggs and crumbled bacon. It is variously known as Doucette, raiponce, mâche, Nüsslisalat, or Nüssler.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native, G5 (Global Rank)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyCAPRIFOLIACEAE - Honeysuckle family
Genus Valerianella
Species Valerianella locusta (L.) Laterr. - European Cornsalad; Lamb's Lettuce

Citation

Citation Valerianella locusta (Linnaeus) Laterrade, Fl. Bordel., ed. 2 93. 1821.
Basionym: Valeriana locusta L. 1753.
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Valeriana locusta Valeriana locusta Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1:33. 1753.  
Valerianella olitoria    

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Cullman, Elmore, Escambia, Etowah, Franklin, Jackson, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Limestone, Lowndes, Madison, Montgomery, Morgan, Perry, Sumter, Walker

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1953 - 1972

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000039070 Elmore 02 Mar 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
24815
TROY
Valerianella locusta (Linnaeus) Betcke
UWAL0039210 Lowndes 26 Feb 2019 Diamond, Alvin R.
28758
UWAL
Valerianella locusta (L.) Laterr.
TROY000037223 Montgomery 10 Mar 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23774
TROY
Valerianella locusta (Linnaeus) Betcke
JSU136486 Etowah 8 Apr 1998 Spaulding, Daniel D.
10474
JSU
Valerianella locusta (Linnaeus) Betcke
JSU136485 Calhoun 11 Apr 2000 Spaulding, Daniel D.
10762
JSU
Valerianella locusta (Linnaeus) Betcke
UWAL0002086 Montgomery 28 Mar 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21210
UWAL
Valerianella locusta (L.) Lat.
JSU136487 Franklin 11 Apr 1978 Kral, Robert
61469
JSU
Valerianella locusta (Linnaeus) Betcke
UWAL0050309 Butler 10 Feb 2019 Diamond, Alvin R.
28747
UWAL
Valerianella locusta (L.) Laterr.
TROY000039040 Autauga 09 Feb 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
24780
TROY
Valerianella locusta (Linnaeus) Betcke
UNA00068731 Sumter 31 Mar 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4151
UNA
Valerianella locusta (L.) Lat.
TROY000049413 Butler 10 Feb 2019 Diamond, Alvin R.
28747
TROY
Valerianella locusta (Linnaeus) Laterr.
UNA00054099 Blount 17 Apr 1998 Keener, Brian R.
629
UNA
Valerianella locusta (L.) Lat.
AUA000043437 Cullman 26 Apr 1934 Wolf, Wolfgang
AUA
Valerianella Locusta (L.) Betcke
AUA000010093 Limestone 13 Apr 1973 Kral, Robert
49517
AUA
Valerianella Locusta (L.) Betcke
UWAL0002475 Sumter 31 Mar 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4151
UWAL
Valerianella locusta (Linnaeus) Betcke
TROY000037678 Bullock 22 Mar 2012 Dykes, Bailee
354
TROY
Valerianella locusta (Linnaeus) Betcke
TROY000028865 Sumter 31 Mar 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4151
TROY
Valerianella locusta (Linnaeus) Betcke
UWAL0018070 Limestone 30 Apr 1987 Kral, Robert
73778
UWAL
Valerianella locusta Betke
AUA000039558 Morgan 23 Apr 2016 England, J. Kevin
6261
AUA
Valerianella Locusta (L.) Betcke
UWAL0016035 Autauga 09 Feb 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
24780
UWAL
Valerianella locusta (Linnaeus) Betcke
TROY000032666 Montgomery 20 Mar 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
21788
TROY
Valerianella locusta (Linnaeus) Betcke
UWAL0012287 Madison 13 Apr 2013 Keener, Brian R.
7752
UWAL
Valerianella locusta (Linnaeus) Betcke
UWAL0016533 Lauderdale 16 Apr 2013 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13723
UWAL
Valerianella locusta (L.) Lat.
UWAL0009768 Perry 04 Feb 2012 Keener, Brian R.
6834
UWAL
Valerianella locusta (L.) Lat.
UNA00044579 Blount 28 Apr 1953 Harper, Roland M.
4247
UNA
Valerianella locusta (L.) Lat.
UWAL0037284 Cullman 08 Apr 2016 Spaulding, Daniel D.
14486
UWAL
Valerianella locusta (Linnaeus) Laterrade
UWAL0032427 Morgan 23 Apr 2016 England, J. Kevin
6261
UWAL
Valerianella locusta (Linnaeus) Laterrade
UWAL0046850 Autauga 09 Mar 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
398
UWAL
Valerianella locusta (Linnaeus) Betcke
UNA00053716 Blount 16 Mar 1997 Keener, Brian R.
38
UNA
Valerianella locusta (L.) Lat.
TROY000044931 Autauga 09 Mar 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
398
TROY
Valerianella locusta (Linnaeus) Betcke
AUA000010092 Jackson 17 Apr 1971 Kral, Robert
42105
AUA
Valerianella Locusta (L.) Betcke
UWAL0039007 Walker 20 Mar 2019 England, J. Kevin
9953
UWAL
Valerianella locusta (Linnaeus) Laterrade
TROY000048875 Autauga 20 Mar 2018 Parker, Matthew R.
1562
TROY
Houstonia pusilla Schoepf
TROY000047514 Lowndes 26 Feb 2019 Diamond, Alvin R.
28758
TROY
Valerianella locusta (L.) Laterr.
UWAL0016081 Elmore 02 Mar 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
24815
UWAL
Valerianella locusta (Linnaeus) Betcke
UNA00017649 Etowah 28 Apr 1972 Kral, Robert
45902
UNA
Valerianella olitoria (L.) Pollich
UWAL0003037 Escambia 06 Mar 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6324
UWAL
Valerianella locusta (L.) Lat.
UNA00044580 Etowah 12 Apr 1956 Harper, Roland M.
4353
UNA
Valerianella locusta (L.) Lat.
UWAL0046898 Autauga 20 Mar 2018 Parker, Matthew R.
1562
UWAL
Houstonia pusilla Schoepf
UWAL0019099 Franklin 14 Apr 1998 Kral, Robert
87250
UWAL
Valerianella locusta Betke
UWAL0002888 Montgomery 20 Mar 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
21788
UWAL
Valerianella locusta (Linnaeus) Betcke
UWAL0032372 Franklin 14 Apr 2016 England, J. Kevin
6211
UWAL
Valerianella locusta (Linnaeus) Laterrade
TROY000034531 Escambia 06 Mar 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6324
TROY
Valerianella locusta (Linnaeus) Betcke
UWAL0014997 Bullock 22 Mar 2012 Dykes, Bailee
354
UWAL
Valerianella locusta (Linnaeus) Betcke
UWAL0038963 Lawrence 25 Mar 2019 England, J. Kevin
10024
UWAL
Valerianella locusta (Linnaeus) Laterrade
UWAL0032294 Jackson 08 Apr 2016 England, J. Kevin
6084
UWAL
Valerianella locusta (Linnaeus) Laterrade
AUA000027316 Lauderdale 16 Apr 2013 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13723
AUA
Valerianella Locusta (L.) Betcke
UWAL0052025 Madison 11 Apr 2021 England, J. Kevin
11923
UWAL
Valerianella locusta (L.) Laterr.
TROY000032025 Montgomery 28 Mar 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21210
TROY
Valerianella locusta (Linnaeus) Betcke
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