Planera aquatica

Family:ULMACEAE
Species:Planera aquatica (Walter) J.F. Gmelin
Common Name:Planer Tree; Water Elm
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Tree
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:PLAQ
Plant Notes:Water Elm is a native deciduous small tree or large shrub in the Elm family (Ulmaceae). It can be found throughout Alabama. Water Elm occurs on the banks of rivers and streams, in floodplain forests, and along sloughs and ox-bows. Water Elm is a multi-trunked large shrub or small twisted tree with numerous branches sprouting from low on the trunk. Trees rarely reach more than 18 feet in height, but can reach heights of 30-35 feet. The bark is gray to reddish brown and flakey, peeling in long strips. Leaves are alternate, short petiolate, ovate to rhombic in outline, with serrate or doubly serrate margins. The bases may be inequilateral. Leaves are dark green and shiny above and pale green below. The leaves are glabrous above and pubescent to almost glabrous on the veins on the lower leaf surface. Flowers are produced before the leaves. Staminate flowers are produced in brown buds and consist of 4-5 stamens. Pistillate flowers consist of a stalked ovary and are produced in the axils of emerging leaves. The fruit is a stalked leathery drupe with fleshy burr-like projections. Water Elm is occasionally available from native plant nurseries. It prefers a saturated soil and full sun for best growth. It is sometimes planted as a novelty (being the only species in its genus) and is used for Bonsai.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, OBL (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyULMACEAE - Elm family
Genus Planera
Species Planera aquatica (Walter) J.F. Gmelin - Planer Tree; Water Elm

Citation

Citation PLANERA AQUATICA J. F. Gmelin, Syst. Nat. 2: 150. 1791.
Basionym: **
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Dorchester Co.: Edisto River, Givhans Ferry State Park, 3 Mar 1990, Hill 21222 (neotype: GH). Neotypified by D. B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 1: 1094. 2007.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Abelicea aquatica Abelicea aquatica (J. F. Gmelin) Rafinesque, New Fl. 3: 41. 1838 ("1836").Planera aquatica J. F. Gmelin 1791. 
Planera gmelinii Planera gmelinii Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 248. 1803.  
Ulmus aquatica Ulmus aquatica Rafinesque, Fl. Ludov. 165. 1817, nom. illegit.Planera gmelinii Michaux 1803. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Butler, Choctaw, Clarke, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dallas, Escambia, Geneva, Lauderdale, Madison, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Pickens, Sumter, Tuscaloosa, Washington, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UNAF, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 2010 - 2010

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UNA00031037 Dallas 24 Sep 1977 Robert R. Haynes
6386
UNA
Planera aquatica J.F. Gmel.
USAM000015049 Baldwin 25 May 1974 Michael G. Lelong
7779
USAM
Planera aquatica (Walter) J.F. Gmelin
TROY000009435 Choctaw 06 Apr 2007 Elizabeth A. Harrell
260
TROY
Planera aquatica (Walter) J.F. Gmelin
UNAF0001753 Lauderdale 06 Oct 2008 Webb, David H.
6870
UNAF
Planera aquatica (Walter) J.F. Gmelin
UWAL0004310 Clarke 24 Mar 2004 Keener, Brian R.
2978
UWAL
Planera aquatica J.F. Gmel.
USAM000015046 Clarke 03 Aug 1972 Michael G. Lelong
6710
USAM
Planera aquatica (Walter) J.F. Gmelin
UWAL0004309 Choctaw 06 Apr 2007 Harrell, Elizabeth A.
0260
UWAL
Planera aquatica J.F. Gmel.
AUA_ACC015096 Washington 2 JUL 1969 DAVIS, DONALD E.
AUA
PLANERA AQUATICA J.F. GMEL
TROY000009442 Crenshaw 25 Jun 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13418
TROY
Planera aquatica (Walter) J.F. Gmelin
JSU135895 Monroe 12 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18544
JSU
Planera aquatica (Walter) J.F. Gmelin
UWAL0016782 Butler 08 Oct 2013 Webb, Wayne
s.n.
UWAL
Planera aquatica (Walter) J.F. Gmelin
TROY000009443 Monroe 17 Sep 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18143
TROY
Planera aquatica (Walter) J.F. Gmelin
TROY000045041 Autauga 14 Mar 2017 Matthew Parker
479
TROY
Planera aquatica (Walter) J.F. Gmelin
TROY000009436 Choctaw 30 Jun 1980 Robert Kral
65555
TROY
Planera aquatica (Walter) J.F. Gmelin
UNA00031034 Geneva 25 Mar 1967 Sidney McDaniel
8653
UNA
Planera aquatica J.F. Gmel.
JSU135894 Madison 6 Apr 1976 T. A. Atkinson
1237
JSU
Planera aquatica (Walter) J.F. Gmelin
TROY000009437 Conecuh 24 Jun 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13396
TROY
Planera aquatica (Walter) J.F. Gmelin
UNA00058999 Conecuh 24 Jun 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13398
UNA
Planera aquatica J.F. Gmel.
UNA00048602 Geneva 14 Jun 1997 John R. MacDonald
10695
UNA
Planera aquatica J.F. Gmel.
USAM000015050 Mobile 06 Apr 1979 Michael G. Lelong
10754
USAM
Planera aquatica (Walter) J.F. Gmelin
UNA00031025 Montgomery 2 Mar 1862 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Planera aquatica J.F. Gmel.
TROY000024382 Butler 21 Aug 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19824
TROY
Planera aquatica (Walter) J.F. Gmelin
SAMF0002116 Clarke 05 Aug 2010 Davenport, L. J.
4421
SAMF
Planera aquatica (Walter) J. F. Gmelin
USAM000015047 Baldwin 25 May 1974 Michael G. Lelong
7772
USAM
Planera aquatica (Walter) J.F. Gmelin
AUA000032649 Escambia 25 Jun 2010 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4817
AUA
PLANERA AQUATICA
UWAL0004308 Butler 21 Aug 2008 Diamond, A.R.
19824
UWAL
Planera aquatica J.F. Gmel.
TROY000009440 Covington 18 Jun 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13367B
TROY
Planera aquatica (Walter) J.F. Gmelin
TROY000024205 Pickens 29 May 1972 Robert Kral
46873
TROY
Planera aquatica (Walter) J.F. Gmelin
UWAL0031848 Conecuh 03 Nov 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25654
UWAL
Planera aquatica (Walter) J.F. Gmelin
UNA00031033 2 May 1899 Unknown
s.n.
UNA
Planera aquatica J.F. Gmel.
TROY000024383 Crenshaw 21 May 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19308
TROY
Planera aquatica (Walter) J.F. Gmelin
UNA00031030 Tuscaloosa 19 May 1982 Robert R. Haynes
8557
UNA
Planera aquatica J.F. Gmel.
USAM000015048 Baldwin 25 May 1974 Michael G. Lelong
7779
USAM
Planera aquatica (Walter) J.F. Gmelin
UNA00067166 Choctaw 6 Apr 2007 Elizabeth A. Harrell
260
UNA
Planera aquatica J.F. Gmel.
TROY000026066 Clarke 24 Mar 2004 Brian R. Keener
2978
TROY
Planera aquatica (Walter) J.F. Gmelin
UWAL0004311 Crenshaw 21 May 2008 Diamond, A.R.
19308
UWAL
Planera aquatica J.F. Gmel.
TROY000009441 Covington 19 Jun 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13378
TROY
Planera aquatica (Walter) J.F. Gmelin
USAM000015051 Mobile 18 Apr 1979 Michael G. Lelong
10770
USAM
Planera aquatica (Walter) J.F. Gmelin
UNA00031038 Wilcox 27 Sep 1978 Robert R. Haynes
6973
UNA
Planera aquatica J.F. Gmel.
UWAL0001589 Sumter 03 Oct 2010 Keener, Brian R.
6190
UWAL
Planera aquatica J.F. Gmel.
UNA00058984 Conecuh 24 Jun 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13395
UNA
Planera aquatica J.F. Gmel.
USAM000015053 Clarke 03 Aug 1972 Michael G. Lelong
6710
USAM
Planera aquatica (Walter) J.F. Gmelin
JSU135892 Clarke 31 Oct 1997 R. D. Whetstone
19011
JSU
Planera aquatica (Walter) J.F. Gmelin
UWAL0031231 Washington 28 May 2015 Keener, Brian R.
8897
UWAL
Planera aquatica JF. Gmel.
JSU135893 Madison 6 Apr 1976 T. A. Atkinson
1237
JSU
Planera aquatica (Walter) J.F. Gmelin
TROY000009439 Conecuh 24 Jun 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13398
TROY
Planera aquatica (Walter) J.F. Gmelin
UNA00059000 Crenshaw 25 Jun 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13418
UNA
Planera aquatica J.F. Gmel.
UNA00055994 Covington 24 Jun 1998 John R. MacDonald
11487
UNA
Planera aquatica J.F. Gmel.
USAM000015045 Wilcox 27 Sep 1978 Robert R. Haynes
6973
USAM
Planera aquatica (Walter) J.F. Gmelin
UNA00031032 Lauderdale 6 Jun 1892 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Planera aquatica J.F. Gmel.
UWAL0043457 Baldwin 11 Jul 2000 Larsen, H.S.
476
UWAL
Planera aquatica J. F. Gmel.
TROY000009438 Conecuh 24 Jun 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13395
TROY
Planera aquatica (Walter) J.F. Gmelin
TROY000049011 Washington 05 Jun 2019 Alvin R. Diamond
28968
TROY
Planera aquatica (Walter) J.F. Gmelin
UNA00058983 Conecuh 24 Jun 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13396
UNA
Planera aquatica J.F. Gmel.
TROY000031964 Sumter 03 Oct 2010 Brian R. Keener
6190
TROY
Planera aquatica (Walter) J.F. Gmelin
USAM000015052 Baldwin 03 Nov 1980 Michael G. Lelong
11844
USAM
Planera aquatica (Walter) J.F. Gmelin
UNA00031028 Mobile 14 Apr 1895 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Planera aquatica J.F. Gmel.
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