Dirca palustris

Family:THYMELAEACEAE
Species:Dirca palustris Linnaeus
Common Name:Eastern Leatherwood; Wicopee; Rope Bark
Habitat:Calcareous woodlands and woodland stream edges.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Shrub
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Eastern Leatherwood is a native deciduous shrub in the Mezereum family (Thymelaeaceae). It can be found in scattered locations throughout most of Alabama. Eastern Leatherwood occurs in hardwood forests along streams, on calcareous slopes, in ravines, and on steep river banks. It is a shrub or small tree reaching 9 feet in height but more commonly 3-6 feet. The bark is smooth and tan to gray in color. The bark is tough and flexible and was once used for ropes and baskets. Leaves are petiolate, alternate, obovate to ovate in outline, entire, and glabrous. The leaves turn yellow before dropping in the autumn. Flowers are produced in pendent racemes before or with the emergence of the leaves. The flowers are subtended by large leaf-like pubescent bracts. The flowers are tubular, yellow green in color, unlobed with undulate margins or with 4-5 shallow lobes. The stamens and stigma are exserted beyond the corolla. The fruit is an ovoid drupe, green in color changing to red as it dries. Eastern Leatherwood can cause contact dermatitis in some people. The fruit are mildly poisonous to mammals but are eaten by birds. Eastern Leatherwood is available from some native plant nurseries. It prefers a partially shaded location with rich, moist soil. Full sun can damage the foliage.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACU- (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyTHYMELAEACEAE - Mezereum family
Genus Dirca
Species Dirca palustris Linnaeus - Eastern Leatherwood; Wicopee; Rope Bark

Citation

Citation DIRCA PALUSTRIS Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 358. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: VIRGINIA: Without data (lectotype: LINN 501.1). Lectotypified by Nevling, J. Arnold Arbor. 45: 158-159. 1964.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

No synonyms exist for this species.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Choctaw, Clarke, Clay, Colbert, Dallas, DeKalb, Henry, Jackson, Limestone, Madison, Marengo, Marshall, Monroe, Talladega, Tuscaloosa, Walker, Washington, Wilcox, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1885 - 2010

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000009403 Wilcox 24 Mar 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
12973
TROY
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
UWAL0001048 Wilcox 20 May 2010 Keener, Brian R.
6021
UWAL
Dirca palustris L.
AUA_ACC_39489 Wilcox 9 Sep 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
1261
AUA
Dirca Palustris L.
UWAL0047356 Monroe 09 Mar 2020 Soehren, Eric C.
654
UWAL
Dirca palustris L.
TROY000028761 Marengo 27 Feb 2009 England, J. Kevin
1635
TROY
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
UWAL0009797 Clarke 02 Mar 2012 Keener, Brian R.
6878
UWAL
Dirca palustris L.
JSU135719 Tuscaloosa 2 Apr 1976 Atkinson, Tim A.
1139
JSU
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_42067 Monroe 5 Apr 1986 Diamond, Alvin R.
2261
AUA
Dirca Palustris L.
AUA_ACC_69404 Wilcox 5 Mar 2009 Hansen, Curtis J.
3626
AUA
Dirca Palustris L.
UWAL0019462 Wilcox 13 Mar 2011 England, J. Kevin
2670
UWAL
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
AUA000042929 Colbert 3 Apr 2014 Barger, T. Wayne
FH266
AUA
Dirca Palustris L.
AUA_ACC_70479 Wilcox 20 May 2010 Keener, Brian R.
6021
AUA
Dirca Palustris L.
UWAL0039679 Monroe 16 May 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28328
UWAL
Dirca palustris L.
TROY000009402 Wilcox 27 Mar 2002 Kral, Robert
92246
TROY
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
UWAL0004282 Colbert 18 Apr 2003 Keener, Brian R.
2541
UWAL
Dirca palustris L.
TROY000009398 Clarke 10 Mar 2002 Kral, Robert
92145
TROY
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
JSU135707 Clay 2 May 1981 Whetstone, R. David
10635
JSU
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_51564 Henry 22 Jul 1990 Diamond, Alvin R.
7044
AUA
Dirca Palustris L.
TROY000038514 Dallas 15 Jun 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7325
TROY
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
UNA00019155 Marengo 02 Feb 1974 Cameron, M.L.
211
UNA
Dirca palustris L.
UWAL0019459 Wilcox 06 Apr 1993 Kral, R.
82017
UWAL
Dirca palustris L.
ALNHS00006502 Madison 10 Jul 2019 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#4655
ALNHS
Dirca palustris L.
ALNHS00001561 Clarke 17 Feb 2012 Horne, Howard E.
SWS-44
ALNHS
Dirca palustris L.
TROY000046245 Wilcox 27 Feb 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28080
TROY
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
JSU135709 Jackson 2 Apr 1999 Brodeur, Kristin R.
1670
JSU
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
UWAL0039611 Wilcox 27 Feb 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28074
UWAL
Dirca palustris L.
TROY000009400 Monroe 04 Oct 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
18464
TROY
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
UWAL0004280 Choctaw 18 Mar 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5071
UWAL
Dirca palustris L.
TROY000009399 Marengo 15 Mar 2003 Kral, Robert
93634
TROY
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
JSU135715 Marshall 21 Jun 1986 Whetstone, R. David
15287
JSU
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
UWAL0017765 Washington 28 Mar 1986 Kral, R.
73180
UWAL
Dirca palustris L.
AUA_ACC_58539 Wilcox 16 Apr 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
498
AUA
Dirca Palustris L.
TROY000033671 Clarke 06 Mar 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6313
TROY
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
UNA00047154 Henry 08 Jun 1997 MacDonald, John R.
10654
UNA
Dirca palustris L.
UWAL0010933 Clarke 10 Mar 2007 Kral, R.
97823
UWAL
Dirca palustris L.
ALNHS00006446 Madison 19 Mar 2019 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#4278
ALNHS
Dirca palustris L.
AUA_ACC_43401 Wilcox 1 Mar 1986 Diamond, Alvin R.
2074
AUA
Dirca Palustris L.
UNA00019153 Monroe 10 Mar 1968 McDaniel, Sidney
10354
UNA
Dirca palustris L.
UNA00019157 Clarke _ _ 1853 Denny, Dr. T.
s.n.
UNA
Dirca palustris L.
UWAL0039232 Wilcox 13 Mar 2019 Diamond, Alvin R.
28795
UWAL
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
TROY000046328 Monroe 16 May 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28328
TROY
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
UNA00019156 Monroe 25 Jul 1885 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Dirca palustris L.
UWAL0004287 Wilcox 13 Mar 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4053
UWAL
Dirca palustris L.
TROY000032332 Wilcox 20 May 2010 Keener, Brian R.
6021
TROY
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
JSU135720 Tuscaloosa 2 Apr 1976 Whetstone, R. David
8073
JSU
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
SAMF0003425 Colbert 27 Mar 2008 Davenport, Lawrence J.
3776
SAMF
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
UNA00019158 Tuscaloosa 19 Mar 1985 Burckhalter, Robert
301
UNA
Dirca palustris L.
UWAL0036784 DeKalb 27 Mar 2017 Keener, Brian R.
9940
UWAL
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
JSU135718 Tuscaloosa 19 Aug 1975 Whetstone, R. David
6777
JSU
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
TROY000028646 Tuscaloosa 19 Mar 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4071
TROY
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
ALNHS00001757 Monroe 26 Mar 2013 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#901
ALNHS
Dirca palustris L.
USAM000014950 Monroe 10 Apr 1970 Wofford, B. Eugene
10409
USAM
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
JSU135710 Jackson 18 Sep 1998 Brodeur, Kristin R.
1442
JSU
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
TROY000038548 Washington 04 May 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7179
TROY
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
SAMF0003423 Clarke 06 Mar 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6313
SAMF
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
JSU135717 Talladega 20 Sep 1984 Nixon, Christopher F.
820
JSU
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
UWAL0004281 Colbert 27 Mar 2008 Davenport, L.J.
3776
UWAL
Dirca palustris L.
TROY000009404 Wilcox 18 Mar 2001 Diamond, Alvin R.
12298
TROY
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_25585 Clarke 27 Mar 1969 Kral, Robert
34034
AUA
Dirca Palustris L.
UWAL0038588 Choctaw 17 Mar 2018 Keener, Brian R.
10495
UWAL
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
JSU135712 Marshall 13 May 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
1618
JSU
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
JSU135722 Winston 6 May 1978 Kral, Robert
61651
JSU
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
JSU135705 Choctaw 1 Nov 1997 Whetstone, R. David
19028
JSU
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
TROY000009401 Monroe 27 Mar 2002 Kral, Robert
92275
TROY
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
UNA00068762 Wilcox 13 Mar 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4053
UNA
Dirca palustris L.
UWAL0010670 Washington 04 May 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7179
UWAL
Dirca palustris L.
AUA_ACC_57559 Marshall 15 Apr 1973 Kral, Robert
49624
AUA
Dirca Palustris L.
TROY000046112 Wilcox 27 Feb 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28074
TROY
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
UWAL0005849 Wilcox 11 Apr 1983 Kral, R.
69892
UWAL
Dirca palustris L.
AUA_ACC_62669 Colbert 28 Mar 2003 Valente, M.J.
12
AUA
Dirca Palustris L.
UWAL0016929 Tuscaloosa 19 Mar 2008 England, J. Kevin
0604
UWAL
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
SAMF0003424 Tuscaloosa 19 Mar 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4071
SAMF
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_25587 Marengo 27 Mar 1969 Kral, Robert
34029
AUA
Dirca Palustris L.
UWAL0003094 Clarke 06 Mar 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6313
UWAL
Dirca palustris L.
JSU135711 Limestone 21 Apr 1997 Hofmann, Tim L.
00423
JSU
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
JSU135706 Clay 20 Mar 1993 Ballard, J. Mark
1400
JSU
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
JSU135716 Talladega 20 Sep 1984 Barber, J. Patrick
1023
JSU
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
UWAL0038326 Monroe 27 Apr 1975 LeLong, Michel G.
8389
UWAL
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
JSU135713 Marshall 8 Mar 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
1139
JSU
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_70882 Clarke 6 Mar 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6313
AUA
Dirca Palustris L.
UWAL0004283 Marengo 27 Feb 2009 England, J. Kevin
1635
UWAL
Dirca palustris L.
UWAL0039714 Wilcox 27 Feb 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28080
UWAL
Dirca palustris L.
AUA_ACC_49827 Monroe 19 Mar 1989 Diamond, Alvin R.
5731
AUA
Dirca Palustris L.
UWAL0004284 Monroe 18 Oct 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5643
UWAL
Dirca palustris L.
TROY000028590 Choctaw 18 Mar 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5071
TROY
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
UWAL0009823 Tuscaloosa 02 Apr 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7085
UWAL
Dirca palustris L.
AUA_ACC_39488 Wilcox 22 Mar 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
350
AUA
Dirca Palustris L.
TROY000034383 Monroe 18 Oct 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5643
TROY
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
USAM000014951 Monroe 27 Apr 1975 LeLong, Michel G.
8389
USAM
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
ALNHS00000343 Monroe 01 Mar 2011 Barger, T. W.
RH-31
ALNHS
Dirca palustris L.
AUA_ACC_72197 Clarke 2 Mar 2012 Keener, Brian R.
6878
AUA
Dirca Palustris L.
UNA00019154 Tuscaloosa 07 Mar 1967 Thomas, Joab L.
903
UNA
Dirca palustris L.
AUA_ACC_72194 Dallas 15 Jun 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7325
AUA
Dirca Palustris L.
USAM000014952 Monroe 16 May 1973 LeLong, Michel G.
7076
USAM
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
UNA00073423 Marengo 27 Feb 2009 England, J. Kevin
1635
UNA
Dirca palustris L.
UWAL0004285 Monroe 04 Oct 2007 Diamond, A.R.
18464
UWAL
Dirca palustris L.
TROY000024374 Wilcox 13 Mar 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4053
TROY
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_67246 Monroe 22 Jun 2002 Sorrie, Bruce A.
10921
AUA
Dirca Palustris L.
UWAL0033707 Clay 22 Jun 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9705
UWAL
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
JSU135714 Marshall 16 Apr 1994 Spaulding, Daniel D.
5444
JSU
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
UWAL0012051 Dallas 15 Jun 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7325
UWAL
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
JSU135721 Walker 18 Apr 1979 Whetstone, R. David
10557
JSU
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
UNA00008874 Wilcox 22 Mar 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
350
UNA
Dirca palustris L.
TROY000051440 Choctaw 17 Mar 2018 Keener, Brian R.
10495
TROY
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
UNA00064847 Colbert 18 Apr 2003 Keener, Brian R.
2541
UNA
Dirca palustris L.
UWAL0004286 Tuscaloosa 19 Mar 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4071
UWAL
Dirca palustris L.
JSU135708 DeKalb 11 Apr 1998 Brodeur, Kristin R.
828
JSU
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
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