Solanum pseudocapsicum

Family:SOLANACEAE
Species:Solanum pseudocapsicum Linnaeus
Common Name:Jerusalem Cherry
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:**
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:SOPS
Plant Notes:Jerusalem Cherry is an introduced perennial semi-woody shrub in the Nightshade family (Solanaceae). It is native to Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean, and South America. In Alabama it is sometimes cultivated as an ornamental, and has escaped in the central and southern portions of the state. It occurs in floodplain forests, in riparian zones, along forest edges, and on roadsides. Jerusalem Cherry is an erect evergreen perennial to 5 feet in height. Young stems are green in color and slightly pubescent, while older stems are light brown in color. There are usually several branched stems from each root stock. Leaves are petiolate, narrowly lanceolate or oblong to oblanceolate in outline, glabrous or slightly pubescent, with entire undulate margins. Flowers are produced in axillary racemes of 1-5 flowers. Each flower has 5 green sepals and 5 reflexed white or pale lavender petals. The fruit is a bright orange or red berry. Plants may drop their leaves or be killed back to ground level in winter. All parts of the plant are poisonous, especially the unripe fruits.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilySOLANACEAE - Nightshade/Potato family
Genus Solanum
Species Solanum pseudocapsicum Linnaeus - Jerusalem Cherry

Citation

Citation SOLANUM PSEUDOCAPSICUM Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 184. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: MADEIRA: Without data (lectotype: LINN 248.4). Lectotypified by D'Arcy, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60: 714. 1973.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Solanum capsicastrum Solanum capsicastrum Link ex Schauer, Allg. Garten   URUGUAY: Montevideo, s.d., Sellow s.n. (holotype: ?).
Solanum capsicastrum var. caaguazuense Solanum capsicastrum Link ex Schauer, var. caaguazuense Chodat, Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève, ser. 2. 8: 159. 1916. PARAGUAY: Caaguazú: Caaguazú, 19 Sep 1874, Balansa 2097 (holotype: G; isotype: K).
Solanum diflorum Solanum diflorum Vellozo, Fl. Flumin 84. 1829 ("18   BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro: Near Boavista (lectotype: Vellozo, Fl. Flumin., Icon. 2: t. 102. 1831 ("1829"). Lectotypified by C. V. Morton, Revis. Argentine Solanum ___. 1976.
Solanum diflorum var. angustifolium Solanum diflorum Vellozo, var. angustifolium Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 225. 1898. ARGENTINA
Solanum diflorum var. hygrophilum Solanum diflorum Vellozo, var. hygrophilum (Schlechtendal) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 225. 1898.Solanum hygrophilum Schlechtendal 1833. 
Solanum diflorum var. pulverulentum Solanum diflorum Vellozo, var. pulverulentum Chodat, Bull. Herb. Boissier, ser. 2. 2: 811. 1902. PARAGUAY: Cordillera: Sapucay, s.d., Hassler 1653 (lectotype: G; isolectotypes: BM, K, NY, P). Lectotypified by S. Knapp, Fl. Neotrop. 84: 62. 2002.
Solanum dunnianum Solanum dunnianum H. Léveillé, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 9: 324. 1911. CHINA: Kweichau: Jardin de H. Ke-Chou, et abondant aux rochers de Ting-Mei, Jun 1905, Esquirol 536 (holotype: E).
Solanum eremanthum Solanum eremanthum Dunal, in de Candolle, Prodr. 13(1): 129. 1852. BRAZIL: Rio Grande do Sul: Without data, Gaudichaud-Beaupré 619 (holotype: P; isotype: MPU).
Solanum hyemale Solanum hyemale Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 133. 1796, nom. illegit.Solanum pseudocapsicum Linnaeus 1753. 
Solanum hygrophilum Solanum hygrophilum Schlechtendal, Linnaea 8: 254. 1833. MEXICO: Veracruz: Jalapa, May, Schiede 137 (holotype: B(destr.); lectotype: NY; isolectotypes: G, GOET, MO, P). Lectotypified by S. Knapp, Fl. Neotrop. 84: 62. 2002.
Solanum ipecacuanha Solanum ipecacuanha Chodat, Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève, ser. 2. 8: 158. 1916. PARAGUAY: Cordillera: Cordillera de Alton, s.d., Hassler 1402 (lectotype: G; isolectotypes: BM, K, NY). Lectotypified by S. Knapp, Fl. Neotrop. 84: 63. 2002.
Solanum ipecacuanha var. calvescens Solanum ipecacuanha Chodat, var. calvescens Chodat, Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève, ser. 2. 8: 158. 1916. PARAGUAY: Cordillera: Sapucay, s.d., Hassler 1653 (lectotype: G; isolectotypes: BM, K, NY, P). Lectotypified by S. Knapp, Fl. Neotrop. 84: 63. 2002.
Solanum ipecacuanha var. obovata Solanum ipecacuanha Chodat, var. obovata Chodat, Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève, ser. 2. 8: 158. 1916. PARAGUAY
Solanum jaliscanum Solanum jaliscanum Greenman, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 34: 571. 1899. MEXICO: Jalisco: Barranca of Guadalajara, 10 Jun 1898, Pringle 6870 (lectotype: GH; isolectotypes: BM, CM, F, GOET, MEXU, MO, NDG, NY, PH, UC, US). Lectotypified by S. Knapp, Fl. Neotrop. 84: 62. 2002.
Solanum karstenii Solanum karstenii Dunal, in de Candolle, Prodr. 13(1): 151. 1852. VENEZUELA (mis-cited as Colombia): Without data, Karsten s.n. (lectotype: G-DC; isolectotypes: B(destr.), G, MPU(fragm)). Lectotypified by S. Knapp, Fl. Neotrop. 84: 62. 2002.
Solanum mexiae Solanum mexiae Standley, Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 4: 261. 1929. MEXICO: Nayarit: Ojos de Agua, near Yxtlán del Río, 23 Sep 1926, Mexia 742 (holotype: F; isotypes: A, GH, MO, NY, UC, US).
Solanum pavimenti Solanum pavimenti L. B. Smith & Downs, Phytologia 10: 428. 1964. BRAZIL: Santa Catarina: Lajeadinho, 3 Jan 1962, Reitz & Klein 11438 (holotype: US; isotypes: HBR, NY, US).
Solanum plurifurcipilum Solanum plurifurcipilum Bitter, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 15. 1912. MEXICO: Veracruz: Pacho forest near Jalapa, 4 Apr 1899, Pringle 8070 (holotype: BREM? BRA?; isotypes: BH, BM, BR, F, GH, LI, MEXU(2 shts), MO, NY, US).
Solanum pseudocapsicum var. ambiguum Solanum pseudocapsicum Linnaeus, var. ambiguum Hassler, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 15: 223. 1918. PARAGUAY: Without data, Hassler 5711 (holotype: G).
Solanum pseudocapsicum var. calvescens Solanum pseudocapsicum Linnaeus, var. calvescens (Chodat) Hassler, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 15: 223. 1918.Solanum ipecacuanha Chodat, var. calvescens Chodat 1916. 
Solanum pseudocapsicum var. diflorum Solanum pseudocapsicum Linnaeus, var. diflorum (Vellozo) Bitter, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 54: 498. 1917.Solanum diflorum Vellozo 1829. 
Solanum pseudocapsicum var. hygrophilum Solanum pseudocapsicum Linnaeus, var. hygrophilum (Schlechtendal) Hassler, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 15: 223. 1918.Solanum hygrophilum Schlechtendal 1833. 
Solanum pseudocapsicum var. normale Solanum pseudocapsicum Linnaeus, var. normale Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 227. 1898, nom. inadmiss.Solanum pseudocapsicum Linnaeus 1753. 
Solanum pseudocapsicum var. sendtnerianum Solanum pseudocapsicum Linnaeus, var. sendtnerianum Hassler, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 15: 223. 1918. ARGENTINA: Córdoba: Potrero de Moyana, Sierra Chica de Córdoba, 28 Jan 1881, Galander s.n. (lectotype: G-DC; isolectotype: NY). Lectotypified by C. V. Morton, Revis. Argentine Solanum ___. 1976.
Solanum pseudocapsicum var. typicum Solanum pseudocapsicum Linnaeus, var. typicum Hassler, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 15: 223. 1918, nom. illegit.Solanum capsicastrum Link ex Schauer, var. caaguazuense Chodat 1916. 
Solanum tucumanense Solanum tucumanense Grisebach, Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen 24: 254. 1879. ARGENTINA: Tucuman: La Cruz, s.d., Lorentz & Hieronymus 49 (lectotype: CORD; isolectotype: GOET). Lectotypified by C. V. Morton, Revis. Argentine Solanum ___. 1976.
Solanum ulmoides Solanum ulmoides Dunal, in de Candolle, Prodr. 13(1): 130. 1852. MEXICO: Without data, Pavón s.n. (holotype: G; isotypes: F(fragm), G, M, MPU(fragm)).
Solanum uniflorum Solanum uniflorum Vellozo, Fl. Flumin. 86. 1829 ("1825"), non Dunal ex Poiret 1797, nec Sessé y Lacasta ex Lagasca y Segura 1816. BRAZIL
Solanum validum Solanum validum Rusby, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 4: 230. 1895. BOLIVIA: Cochabamba: Vicinity of Cochabamba, 1891, Bang 972 (lectotype: NY; isolectotypes: MO, NY, US). Lectotypified by S. Knapp, Fl. Neotrop. 84: 62. 2002.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Elmore, Lee, Montgomery, Tallapoosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UWAL0047108 Elmore 02 Apr 2020 Diamond, Alvin R.
29207
UWAL
Solanum pseudocapsicum Linnaeus
ALNHS00006848 Elmore 09 Jun 2020 Holt, Brian D.
SP#5223
ALNHS
Solanum pseudocapsicum L.
TROY000050163 Elmore 27 May 2020 Diamond, Alvin R.
29310
TROY
Solanum pseudocapsicum Linnaeus
UNA00038727 Lee _ _ 1896 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Solanum pseudocapsicum L.
UNA00038728 Tallapoosa _ Aug 1877 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Solanum pseudocapsicum L.
UWAL0049432 Elmore 27 May 2020 Diamond, Alvin R.
29310
UWAL
Solanum pseudocapsicum Linnaeus
TROY000049397 Elmore 02 Apr 2020 Diamond, Alvin R.
29207
TROY
Solanum pseudocapsicum Linnaeus
TROY000050915 Montgomery 13 Aug 2020 Diamond, Alvin R.
29410
TROY
Solanum pseudocapsicum Linnaeus
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