Datura stramonium

Family:SOLANACEAE
Species:Datura stramonium Linnaeus
Common Name:Jimsonweed; Thorn Apple; Devil's Apple
Habitat:Disturbed soils.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Jimsonweed is an introduced herbaceous annual in the Nightshade family (Solanaceae). It is believed to be native to Mexico, but now occurs in temperate and tropical areas worldwide. In Alabama it can be found throughout the state. Jimsonweed occurs in pastures, in feed lots, in fields, on roadsides, and in other disturbed habitats. It is an annual with a tap root. Stems are freely branched forming a rounded or flat-topped mound and are 3-4 feet in height. The stems are green or purple in color and glabrous. Leaves are alternate, petiolate, elliptic to ovate in outline, with large teeth along the margins. The leaves are glabrous. Both the stems and leaves emit a foul odor when crushed. Flowers are solitary in the forks of branches. The flowers are tubular with 5 teeth. They are white in color with a purple throat, glabrous, and fragrant. The flowers open at night and last a single day. The fruit is an erect spiny capsule. All parts of the plant are toxic, containing the alkaloids atropine, scopolamine, and hyoscyamine. Jimsonweed is a corruption of the name Jamestown Weed. During Bacon’s Rebellion (1676), British soldiers sent to Jamestown Virginia to suppress the rebellion were fed boiled Jimsonweed and spent 11 days in altered mental states. Soldiers were reported to have walked around blowing feathers in the air; another soldier threw straw darts at the feathers; one kissed and fondled other soldiers; and several walked around naked or sat in corners grinning and laughing.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilySOLANACEAE - Nightshade/Potato family
Genus Datura
Species Datura stramonium Linnaeus - Jimsonweed; Thorn Apple; Devil's Apple

Citation

Citation DATURA STRAMONIUM Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 179. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: Cult. in Netherlands, without data, Herb. Clifford 55.1 (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by D'Arcy, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60: 624. 1973.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Datura ferox Datura ferox Nees von Esenbeck, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 17: 75. 1834.  
Datura inermis Datura inermis Jussieu ex Jacquin, Hort. Bot. Vindob. 3: 44, pl. 82. 1776.  
Datura loricata Datura loricata Sieber ex Bernhardi, J. Pharm. Aerzte Apotheker 26: 151. 1833.  
Datura lurida Datura lurida Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 131. 1796, nom. illegit.Datura stramonium Linnaeus 1753. 
Datura parviflora Datura parviflora Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 131. 1796, nom. illegit.Datura tatula Linnaeus 1762. 
Datura stramonium var. chalybea Datura stramonium Linnaeus, var. chalybea W. D. J. Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv. 510. 1837, nom. illegit.Datura stramonium Linnaeus, var. tatula (Linnaeus) Torrey 1824; Datura tatula Linnaeus 1762. 
Datura stramonium var. inermis Datura stramonium Linnaeus, var. inermis (Jussieu ex Jacquin) Fernald, Rhodora 40: 184. 1938.Datura inermis Jussieu ex Jacquin 1776. 
Stramonium foetidum Stramonium foetidum Scopoli, Fl. Carniol., ed. 2. 1: 157. 1772.Datura stramonium Linnaeus 1753. 
Stramonium tatula Stramonium tatula (Linnaeus) Moench, Methodus 456. 1794.Datura tatula Linnaeus 1762. 
Stramonium vulgare Stramonium vulgare Moench, Methodus 456. 1794, nom. illegit.Stramonium foetidum Scopoli 1772; Datura stramonium Linnaeus 1753. 
Stramonium spinosum Stramonium spinosum Lamarck, Fl. Franc. 2: 256. 1779 ("1778"), nom. illegit.Stramonium foetidum Scopoli 1772; Datura stramonium Linnaeus 1753. 
Stramonium vulgatum Stramonium vulgatum Gaertner, Fruct. Sem. Pl. 2: 243. 1791, nom. illegit.Stramonium foetidum Scopoli 1772; Datura stramonium Linnaeus 1753. 
Datura stramonium var. tatula Datura stramonium Linnaeus, var. tatula (Linnaeus) Torrey, Fl. N. Middle United States 1: 232. 1824.Datura tatula Linnaeus 1762. 
Datura tatula Datura tatula Linnaeus, Sp. Pl., ed. 2. 256. 1762. Without data (lectotype: LINN 243.2). Lectotypified by Hadkins et al., Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 125: 305, f. 15. 1998.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Barbour, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Chambers, Cherokee, Chilton, Cleburne, Coffee, Colbert, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Dallas, DeKalb, Etowah, Franklin, Greene, Henry, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Madison, Marengo, Marion, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Pike, Randolph, St. Clair, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1969 - 1979

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AUA_ACC_41986 Montgomery 5 Jul 1981 Eble, C.F.
016
AUA
Datura Stramonium L.
UNA00073364 DeKalb 26 Oct 2008 Keener, Brian R.
5006
UNA
Datura stramonium L.
JSU134199 St. Clair 1 Nov 1984 Partain, S.P.
s.n.
JSU
Datura stramonium Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_46541 Chambers 28 Sep 1975 Wilkins, David
11
AUA
Datura Stramonium L.
AUA_ACC_22914 Lee 7 May 1970 Blankinship, B.P.
105
AUA
Datura Stramonium L.
JSU134183 Etowah 10 Aug 1974 Atkinson, Tim A.
590
JSU
Datura stramonium Linnaeus
UWAL0004235 Marengo 20 Jul 1984 Anderson, Keith
s.n.
UWAL
Datura stramonium L.
TROY000050723 Morgan 30 May 2012 England, J. Kevin
3492
TROY
Datura stramonium Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_20735 Pike 31 Jul 1970 Moore, Harold D.
565
AUA
Datura Stramonium L.
UNA00068602 Marion 13 Aug 2002 Keener, Brian R.
2410
UNA
Datura stramonium L.
AUA_ACC_41288 Franklin 13 Jun 1972 Pounders, C.T.
046
AUA
Datura Stramonium L.
UWAL0050849 Cherokee 27 Oct 1983 Whetstone, R.D.
13821
UWAL
Datura stramonium L.
JSU134184 Etowah 17 Jul 1994 Hodge, Lesley M.
2857
JSU
Datura stramonium Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_17214 Tallapoosa 9 Aug 1969 Weaver, Jimmy
211
AUA
Datura Stramonium L.
UWAL0004233 DeKalb 26 Oct 2008 Keener, Brian R.
5006
UWAL
Datura stramonium L.
AUA_ACC_14781 Lee 21 May 1969 Seay, J.R.
145
AUA
Datura Stramonium L.
AUA_ACC_35498 Jefferson 29 Jul 1977 Sessler, Ann H.
1741
AUA
Datura Stramonium L.
SAMF0004536 Jefferson 28 Sep 2006 Davenport, Lawrence J.
3604
SAMF
Datura stramonium Linnaeus
UNA00038591 Mobile _ Jul _ Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Datura stramonium L.
AUA_ACC_20363 Barbour 29 Jul 1970 Moore, Harold D.
418
AUA
Datura Stramonium L.
UWAL0031524 Morgan 30 May 2012 England, J. Kevin
3492
UWAL
Datura stramonium Linnaeus
TROY000031814 Lawrence 14 Nov 2009 England, J. Kevin
2237
TROY
Datura stramonium Linnaeus
JSU134175 Calhoun 3 Aug 1982 Whetstone, R. David
11826
JSU
Datura stramonium Linnaeus
UWAL0034934 Blount 21 Sep 2014 Anderson, Kelly
726
UWAL
Datura stramonium L.
AUA_ACC_17217 Coffee 24 Jul 1969 Simonds, E.P.
075
AUA
Datura Stramonium L.
AUA_ACC_4189 Lee 10 May 1923 Anonymous
AUA
Datura Stramonium L.
JSU134188 Jackson 30 Aug 1997 Ballard, J. Mark
7480
JSU
Datura stramonium Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_55307 Conecuh 3 Jul 1995 Diamond, Alvin R.
9614
AUA
Datura Stramonium L.
JSU134198 St. Clair 12 Jul 1969 Ellard, Jerry
s.n.
JSU
Datura stramonium Linnaeus
UWAL0039205 Butler 08 Sep 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28482
UWAL
Datura stramonium Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_11356 Chambers 5 May 1967 Golden, Michael
82
AUA
Datura Stramonium L.
AUA_ACC_20108 Chilton 7 Jul 1970 Moore, Harold D.
188
AUA
Datura Stramonium L.
UNA00038588 s.d. Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Datura stramonium L.
AUA_ACC_17219 Lee 12 Aug 1969 Rebois, R.V.
181
AUA
Datura Stramonium L.
UWAL0034100 Cleburne 20 Sep 2015 Spaulding, Daniel D.
14457
UWAL
Datura stramonium L.
JSU134174 Blount 13 Oct 1984 Nixon, Christopher F.
914
JSU
Datura stramonium Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_41845 Etowah 18 Jul 1973 Hanlin, H.G.
216
AUA
Datura Stramonium L.
JSU134180 Colbert 17 Jul 1965 Landers, Kenneth E.
s.n.
JSU
Datura stramonium Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_4190 Lee 5 Apr 1951 Ivey, Mack
AUA
Datura Stramonium L.
JSU134194 Marshall 20 May 1974 Whetstone, R. David
2772
JSU
Datura stramonium Linnaeus
USAM000014718 Madison 05 Jul 1976 Crafts, Price
s.n.
USAM
Datura stramonium Linnaeus
JSU134182 DeKalb 16 Jul 1969 Beaty, H.A.
s.n.
JSU
Datura stramonium Linnaeus
TROY000009230 Crenshaw 04 Jul 2000 Diamond, Alvin R.
11767
TROY
Datura stramonium Linnaeus
JSU134191 Lee 29 Jun 1973 Johnson, Kenneth G.
070
JSU
Datura stramonium Linnaeus
JSU134201 Morgan 5 Aug 1974 Atkinson, Tim A.
501
JSU
Datura stramonium Linnaeus
JSU134187 Jackson 3 Jul 1998 Brodeur, Kristin R.
965
JSU
Datura stramonium Linnaeus
UWAL0036178 Madison 02 Jul 2013 Keener, Brian R.
8010
UWAL
Datura stramonium Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_17216 Morgan 3 Aug 1969 Atkeson, Thomas D.
224
AUA
Datura Stramonium L.
JSU134190 Jefferson 15 Aug 1984 Barber, J. Patrick
951
JSU
Datura stramonium Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_42354 Barbour 25 Jul 1972 Hudgins, Charles H.
160
AUA
Datura Stramonium L.
JSU134192 Marshall 12 Jun 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
2018
JSU
Datura stramonium Linnaeus
AUA000041161 Cleburne 20 Sep 2015 Spaulding, Daniel D.
14457
AUA
Datura Stramonium L.
USAM000014717 Mobile 05 May 1967 LeLong, Michel G.
3130
USAM
Datura stramonium Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_20283 Lauderdale 8 Jul 1970 Moore, Harold D.
213
AUA
Datura Stramonium L.
JSU134195 Marshall 3 Aug 1974 Atkinson, Tim A.
476
JSU
Datura stramonium Linnaeus
JSU134196 Randolph 28 Jul 1988 Nixon, Christopher F.
4136
JSU
Datura stramonium Linnaeus
TROY000009231 Dale 14 Oct 2000 Pennington, Tiffany
1030
TROY
Datura stramonium Linnaeus
UNA00058899 Lawrence 15 Aug 2002 Haynes, Robert R.
10300
UNA
Datura stramonium L.
AUA_ACC_24072 Limestone 3 Jul 1971 White, Dudley
043
AUA
Datura Stramonium L.
AUA000041131 Dallas 24 Aug 2010 Barger, T. Wayne
OC303
AUA
Datura Stramonium L.
JSU134186 Etowah 5 Oct 1973 Landers, Kenneth E.
s.n.
JSU
Datura stramonium Linnaeus
TROY000029778 Jackson 26 Aug 2009 Barger, T. Wayne
352
TROY
Datura stramonium Linnaeus
UNA00038585 Greene 13 Aug 1969 Thomas, Joab L.
2393
UNA
Datura stramonium L.
AUA_ACC_20428 Henry 29 Jul 1970 Moore, Harold D.
467
AUA
Datura Stramonium L.
ALNHS00006440 Jackson 02 Jul 2018 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#3972
ALNHS
Datura stramonium L.
AUA_ACC_49048 Pike 24 Jun 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
5065
AUA
Datura Stramonium L.
JSU134176 Calhoun 3 Aug 1982 Whetstone, R. David
11826
JSU
Datura stramonium Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_17218 Bullock 27 Jul 1969 Owens, James R.
081
AUA
Datura Stramonium L.
JSU134200 Morgan 5 Aug 1974 Whetstone, R. David
3350
JSU
Datura stramonium Linnaeus
UWAL0036940 Limestone 03 Nov 2017 England, J. Kevin
8650
UWAL
Datura stramonium Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_10705 Lee 30 Apr 1963 Breedlove, Iii, B.W.
AUA
Datura Stramonium L.
TROY000028208 DeKalb 26 Oct 2008 Keener, Brian R.
5006
TROY
Datura stramonium Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_30478 Houston 12 Sep 1974 Johnson, Jr., W.C.
AUA
Datura Stramonium L.
UWAL0004234 Lawrence 14 Nov 2009 England, J. Kevin
2237
UWAL
Datura stramonium L.
UNA00048708 Tuscaloosa 04 Sep 1979 Davenport, Lawrence J.
1579
UNA
Datura stramonium L.
AUA_ACC_19485 Coffee 25 Jul 1969 Moore, Harold D.
405-69
AUA
Datura Stramonium L.
JSU134177 Calhoun 24 Aug 1982 Whetstone, R. David
11983
JSU
Datura stramonium Linnaeus
TROY000047584 Butler 08 Sep 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28482
TROY
Datura stramonium Linnaeus
JSU134189 Jackson 28 Jul 1975 Whetstone, R. David
5330
JSU
Datura stramonium Linnaeus
JSU134197 Randolph 19 Aug 1986 Nixon, Christopher F.
2821
JSU
Datura stramonium Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_42355 Covington 6 Aug 1972 Nelson, John
167
AUA
Datura Stramonium L.
JSU134178 Cherokee 4 Nov 1983 Whetstone, R. David
13016
JSU
Datura stramonium Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_48170 Barbour 3 Nov 1980 Jackson, Mike
103
AUA
Datura Stramonium L.
JSU134185 Etowah 20 Oct 1983 Whetstone, R. David
13786
JSU
Datura stramonium Linnaeus
TROY000009232 Monroe 20 Sep 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
18223
TROY
Datura stramonium Linnaeus
JSU134181 DeKalb 1 Sep 1982 Black, Randall
s.n.
JSU
Datura stramonium Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_19511 Pike 24 Jul 1969 Moore, Harold D.
372-69
AUA
Datura Stramonium L.
JSU134193 Marshall 24 Jul 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
2426
JSU
Datura stramonium Linnaeus
USAM000014716 Baldwin 15 Jun 1974 LeLong, Michel G.
7852
USAM
Datura stramonium Linnaeus
JSU134179 Cherokee 27 Oct 1983 Whetstone, R. David
13821
JSU
Datura stramonium Linnaeus
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