Veronicastrum virginicum

Family:PLANTAGINACEAE
Species:Veronicastrum virginicum (Linnaeus) Farwell
Common Name:Culver's Root; Bowman's Root; Culver's Physic
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:VEVI4
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, S1 (State Rank), G4 (Global Rank)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPLANTAGINACEAE - Plantain family
Genus Veronicastrum
Species Veronicastrum virginicum (Linnaeus) Farwell - Culver's Root; Bowman's Root; Culver's Physic

Citation

Citation VERONICASTRUM VIRGINICUM (Linnaeus) Farwell, Drugg. Circ. 51: 231. 1917.
Basionym: Veronica virginica Linnaeus 1753.
Type: VIRGINIA: Cult. in Holland, without data, Herb. Clifford 7 (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Pennell, Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia Monogr. 1: 322. 1935.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Callistachya virginica Callistachya virginica (Linnaeus) Rafinesque ex Farwell, Rep. (Annual) Michigan Acad. Sci. 17: 176. 1916.Veronica virginica Linnaeus 1753. 
Callistachya virginica var. lanceolata Callistachya virginica (Linnaeus) Rafinesque ex Farwell, var. lanceolata Farwell, Rep. (Annual) Michigan Acad. Sci. 17: 176. 1916.  MICHIGAN: Washtenaw Co.: Ypsilanti, 18 Jul 1891, Farwell 1165 (lectotype: MICH?). Lectotypified by Pennell, Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia Monogr. 1: 323. 1935.
Eustachya alba Eustachya alba Rafinesque, Ann. Gen. Sci. Phys. 6: 97. 1820, nom. illegit.Veronica virginica Linnaeus 1753. 
Eustachya oppositifolia Eustachya oppositifolia Rafinesque, New Fl. 2: 21. 1837 ("1836").  VIRGINIA: Without data, Rafinesque s.n. (lectotype: P). Lectotypified by Pennell, Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia Monogr. 1: 323. 1935.
Eustachya purpurea Eustachya purpurea Rafinesque, Ann. Gen. Sci. Phys. 6: 98. 1820.  
Leptandra alba Leptandra alba Rafinesque, Med. Fl. 2: 21. 1830, nom. illegit.Eustachya alba Rafinesque 1820, nom. illegit.; Veronica virginica Linnaeus 1753. 
Leptandra oppositifolia Leptandra oppositifolia Rafinesque, New Fl. 2: 21. 1837 ("1836"). Eustachya oppositifolia Rafinesque 1837. 
Leptandra purpurea Leptandra purpurea (Rafinesque) Rafinesque, Med. Fl. 2: 20. 1830.Eustachya purpurea Rafinesque 1820. 
Leptandra purpurea var. heterophylla Leptandra purpurea (Rafinesque) Rafinesque, var. heterophylla Rafinesque, Med. Fl. 2: 21. 1830.  
Leptandra purpurea var. pallida Leptandra purpurea (Rafinesque) Rafinesque, var. pallida Rafinesque, Med. Fl. 2: 21. 1830.  
Leptandra villosa Leptandra villosa Rafinesque, Med. Fl. 2: 21. 1830.  NORTH CAROLINA: Without dat, Denke s.n. (lectotype: PH). Lectotypified by Pennell, Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia Monogr. 1: 323. 1935.
Leptandra virginica var. purpurea Leptandra virginica (Linnaeus) Nuttall, var. purpurea Eaton, Man. Bot., ed. 5. 275. 1829. VIRGINIA: Without data, Pursh s.n. (holotype: PH).
Leptandra purpurea var. prolifera Leptandra purpurea (Rafinesque) Rafinesque, var. prolifera Rafinesque, Med. Fl. 2: 21. 1830.  
Leptandra virginica Leptandra alba Rafinesque, Med. Fl. 2: 21. 1830, nom. illegit.Eustachya alba Rafinesque 1820, nom. illegit.; Veronica virginica Linnaeus 1753. 
Veronica quinquefolia Veronica quinquefolia Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 1: 28. 1812, nom. illegit.Veronica virginica Linnaeus 1753. 
Veronica quinquefolia var. alba Veronica quinquefolia Stokes, var. alba Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 1: 28. 1812, nom. inadmiss.Veronica quinquefolia Stokes 1812, nom. illegit.; Veronica virginica Linnaeus 1753. 
Veronica quinquefolia var. incarnata Veronica quinquefolia Stokes, var. incarnata Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 1: 28. 1812.  
Veronica quinquefolia var. incarnata Veronica quinquefolia Stokes, var. incarnata Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 1: 28. 1812.  
Veronica virginica Veronica virginica Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 9. 1753. VIRGINIA: Cult. in Holland, without data, Herb. Clifford 7 (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Pennell, Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia Monogr. 1: 322. 1935.
Veronica virginica var. hirsuta Veronica virginica Linnaeus, var. hirsuta N. Coleman, Cat. Fl. Pl. S. Penins. Michigan 2: 27. 1874. MICHIGAN
Veronicastrum album Veronicastrum album Moench, Methodus 437. 1794, nom. illegit. Veronica virginica Linnaeus 1753. 
Veronicastrum virginicum var. lanceolatum Veronicastrum virginicum (Linnaeus) Farwell, var. lanceolatum (Farwell) Farwell, Drugg. Circ. 51: 231. 1917.Callistachya virginica (Linnaeus) Rafinesque ex Farwell, var. lanceolata Farwell 1916. 
Veronicastrum virginicum var. purpureum Veronicastrum virginicum (Linnaeus) Farwell, var. purpureum (Eaton) Farwell, Rep. (Annual) Michigan Acad. Sci. 20: 188. 1918.Leptandra virginica (Linnaeus) Nuttall, var. purpurea Eaton 1829. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Bibb, Cherokee, Chilton, Dallas, Etowah, Lawrence, Shelby, Sumter, Tuscaloosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU142032 Lawrence 21 Jun 1996 R. D. Whetstone
18191
JSU
Veronicastrum virginicum (Linnaeus) Farwell
UNA00042631 Chilton _ Aug 1874 Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Veronicastrum virginicum (L.) Farw.
UWAL0004211 Sumter 08 Jul 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5499
UWAL
Veronicastrum virginicum (L. ) Farw.
JSU142035 Shelby 18 Jun 1999 D. D. Spaulding
10627
JSU
Veronicastrum virginicum (Linnaeus) Farwell
UNA00057642 Bibb 19 Aug 2000 James R. Allison
12504
UNA
Veronicastrum virginicum (L.) Farw.
JSU142030 Cherokee 16 Jul 1984 R. D. Whetstone
14602
JSU
Veronicastrum virginicum (Linnaeus) Farwell
TROY000034254 Sumter 08 Jul 2009 Brian R. Keener
5499
TROY
Veronicastrum virginicum (Linnaeus) Farwell
JSU142029 Bibb 15 Jul 1973 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Veronicastrum virginicum (Linnaeus) Farwell
UNA00021958 Chilton 22 Jun 1974 R. Kral
53287
UNA
Veronicastrum virginicum (L.) Farw.
TROY000024119 Dallas 14 Sep 2008 Brian R. Keener
4859
TROY
Veronicastrum virginicum (Linnaeus) Farwell
JSU142034 Shelby 21 Jul 1999 D. D. Spaulding
10670
JSU
Veronicastrum virginicum (Linnaeus) Farwell
JSU142036 Tuscaloosa 07 Oct 1979 R. D. Whetstone
10588
JSU
Veronicastrum virginicum (Linnaeus) Farwell
UNA00056471 Dallas 24 Jul 1997 Alfred Schotz
1519
UNA
Veronicastrum virginicum (L.) Farw.
JSU142033 Shelby 28 Jul 1998 Alfred Schotz
1654
JSU
Veronicastrum virginicum (Linnaeus) Farwell
UNA00042629 Bibb 21 Aug 1875 Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Veronicastrum virginicum (L.) Farw.
UWAL0004210 Dallas 14 Sep 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4859
UWAL
Veronicastrum virginicum (L. ) Farw.
AUA_ACC060391 Dallas 24 JUL 1997 SCHOTZ, ALFRED
1519
AUA
VERONICASTRUM VIRGINICUM (L.) FARW.
JSU142031 Etowah 24 Jul 1994 L. M. Hodge
2907
JSU
Veronicastrum virginicum (Linnaeus) Farwell
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