Seymeria cassioides

Family:OROBANCHACEAE
Species:Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) S.F. Blake
Common Name:Yaupon Black Senna
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:SECA4
Plant Notes:Black Senna is a native herbaceous herb in the Broomrape family (Orobanchaceae). It occurs throughout most of Alabama. Black Senna is a root hemi-parasite with a high affinity for pines (Pinus sp.). It is commonly found parasitizing pines growing in flatwoods and savannahs, on dry ridges, and in rocky woods. It is an annual from a tap root. Seedlings that are able to form haustorial attachments to the roots of a host plant are able to continue their growth and development. Seedlings that fail to establish a host attachment wither and die. Stems are erect, angled, much branched, green or reddish in color, and glandular pubescent. Plants are from 1-4 feet in height. Leaves are opposite, sessile or short petiolate, and pinnately dissected into filiform segments. Flowers are solitary in the leaf axils. Individual flowers have a short stalk and a calyx composed of 5 narrow sepals united at their base, and 5 yellow corolla lobes. The interior of the corolla is marked with reddish brown spots or lines. The fruit is a capsule. Dead plants turn black due to iriod compounds that become visible as the chlorophyll breaks down. Black Senna is capable of parasitizing all commercially important southern pines, and heavy infestations can lead to loss of tree vigor and even death. Black Senna is a larval food plant for the Common Buckeye butterfly (Junonia coenia).--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FAC (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyOROBANCHACEAE - Broomrape family
Genus Seymeria
Species Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) S.F. Blake - Yaupon Black Senna

Citation

Citation SEYMERIA CASSIOIDES (J. F. Gmelin) S. F. Blake, Rhodora 17: 134. 1915.
Basionym: Afzelia cassioides J. F. Gmelin 1792.
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Berkeley Co.: St. Stephens, 13 Sep 1939, Godfrey 8213 (neotype: GH; isoneotypes: CA, US). Neotypified by D. B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 1: 1095. 2007.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Afzelia cassioides Afzelia cassioides J. F. Gmelin, Syst. Nat. 2: 927. 1792. SOUTH CAROLINA: Berkeley Co.: St. Stephens, 13 Sep 1939, Godfrey 8213 (neotype: GH; isoneotypes: CA, US). Neotypified by D. B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 1: 1095. 2007.
Gerardia afzelia Gerardia afzelia Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 20. 1803, nom. illegit.Afzelia cassioides J. F. Gmelin 1792. 
Gerardia cassioides Gerardia cassioides (J. F. Gmelin) Persoon, Syn. Pl. 2: 154. 1806.Afzelia cassioides J. F. Gmelin 1792. 
Seymeria tenuifolia Seymeria tenuifolia Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 737. 1814, nom. illegit.Afzelia cassioides J. F. Gmelin 1792. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Chambers, Clarke, Clay, Cleburne, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Cullman, DeKalb, Escambia, Etowah, Geneva, Jefferson, Lawrence, Macon, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Perry, Pike, Randolph, Russell, Shelby, St. Clair, Talladega, Tuscaloosa, Washington, Wilcox, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000023933 DeKalb 24 Sep 1980 Robert Kral
66380
TROY
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
UWAL0001893 Chambers 13 Oct 2009 Davenport, L.J.
4097
UWAL
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmel.) Blake
72554AUA_ACC Baldwin 8 OCT 2008 BARGER, T. WAYNE
PERD-542
AUA
SEYMERIA CASSIOIDES (J.F. GMEL.) BLAKE
UNA00042509 Mobile 28 Jun 1966 Rebecca Deramus
D 940
UNA
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmel.) Blake
UWAL0004155 Conecuh 19 Sep 2009 Diamond, A.R.
20937
UWAL
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmel.) Blake
UNA00068874 Baldwin 13 Oct 2007 Brian R. Keener
3953
UNA
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmel.) Blake
UWAL0017001 Mobile 09 Nov 2013 Horne, Howard E.
2468
UWAL
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) S.F. Blake
USAM000014589 Baldwin 04 Oct 1975 Michael G. Lelong
8809
USAM
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) S.F. Blake
TROY000028241 Escambia 16 Oct 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
20300
TROY
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
50142AUA_ACC Butler 24 SEP 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6413
AUA
SEYMERIA CASSIOIDES (J.F. GMEL.) BLAKE
JSU137797 Talladega 02 Sep 1994 J. M. Ballard
4862
JSU
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
37869AUA_ACC Baldwin 28 SEP 1981 HENDERSON, T.
630
AUA
SEYMERIA CASSIOIDES (J.F. GMEL.) BLAKE
UWAL0004156 Covington 28 Oct 2008 Hansen, C.J.
3578
UWAL
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmel.) Blake
JSU137798 Washington 13 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18730
JSU
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
UWAL0011890 Conecuh 24 Sep 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7521
UWAL
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
TROY000009178 Bullock 20 Oct 2001 Alvin R. Diamond
12808
TROY
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
USAM000014584 Baldwin 27 Sep 1980 Michael G. Lelong
11590
USAM
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) S.F. Blake
SAMF0004927 Mobile 30 Sep 1990 Davenport, L. J.
2735
SAMF
Seymeria cassioides (J. F. Gmelin) Blake
USAM000014586 Mobile 08 Sep 1973 Michael G. Lelong
7261
USAM
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) S.F. Blake
TROY000028960 St. Clair 22 Oct 2006 Brian R. Keener
3241
TROY
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
70487AUA_ACC Bibb 27 SEP 2009 DAVENPORT, LAWRENCE J.
4069
AUA
SEYMERIA CASSIOIDES (J.F. GMEL.) BLAKE
JSU137791 Marshall 14 Sep 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2107
JSU
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
51541AUA_ACC Crenshaw 25 SEP 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5555
AUA
SEYMERIA CASSIOIDES (J.F. GMEL.) BLAKE
TROY000009185 Macon 09 Sep 1997 James H Miller
s.n.
TROY
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
UWAL0043656 Baldwin 20 Oct 2000 West, Chan
587
UWAL
Seymeria cassioides (G. F. Gmel.) S. F. Blake
TROY000024106 Covington 25 Oct 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
20349
TROY
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
SAMF0004934 Chambers 13 Oct 2009 Davenport, L. J.
4097
SAMF
Seymeria cassioides (J. F. Gmelin) Blake
TROY000044991 Geneva 28 Sep 2017 Cameron Byrd
1574
TROY
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) S.F. Blake
UNA00042502 Mobile _ Sep 1893 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmel.) Blake
UWAL0004153 Bibb 27 Sep 2009 Davenport, L.J.
4069
UWAL
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmel.) Blake
JSU137796 St. Clair 03 Sep 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12,071
JSU
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
UWAL0004151 Baldwin 13 Oct 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3953
UWAL
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmel.) Blake
JSU137795 Randolph 01 Jun 1983 C. F. Nixon
437
JSU
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
UWAL0004154 Butler 21 Sep 2008 Diamond, A.R.
20072
UWAL
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmel.) Blake
UNA00068831 St. Clair 22 Oct 2006 Brian R. Keener
3241
UNA
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmel.) Blake
SAMF0004933 Tuscaloosa 19 Oct 2010 Davenport, L. J.
4590
SAMF
Seymeria cassioides (J. F. Gmelin) Blake
TROY000009182 Covington 13 Oct 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15933
TROY
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
TROY000028771 Washington 05 Oct 2008 Brian R. Keener
4943
TROY
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
TROY000024105 Butler 21 Sep 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
20072
TROY
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
70300AUA_ACC Covington 28 OCT 2008 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3578
AUA
SEYMERIA CASSIOIDES (J.F. GMEL.) BLAKE
JSU137785 Clay 28 Sep 1994 J. M. Ballard
5055
JSU
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
UWAL0037701 Baldwin 09 Sep 1967 Lelong, Michel G.
3736
UWAL
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmel.) Blake
JSU137781 Baldwin 15 Oct 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12,820
JSU
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
UWAL0031118 Cullman 24 Aug 2014 Spaulding, Dan
14095
UWAL
Seymeria cassioides (JF. Gmel.) Blake
TROY000023934 Chambers 23 Aug 1977 Robert Kral
60906
TROY
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
USAM000014585 Baldwin 27 Sep 1980 Michael G. Lelong
11590
USAM
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) S.F. Blake
SAMF0004931 Shelby 30 Sep 2010 Davenport, L. J.
4524
SAMF
Seymeria cassioides (J. F. Gmelin) Blake
UNA00042510 Mobile 24 Sep 1966 Rebecca Deramus
D 1013
UNA
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmel.) Blake
USAM000014588 Baldwin 09 Sep 1967 Michael G. Lelong
3736
USAM
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) S.F. Blake
UWAL0004160 Washington 05 Oct 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4943
UWAL
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmel.) Blake
72960AUA_ACC Cullman 20 SEP 2011 DAVENPORT, LAWRENCE J.
4867
AUA
SEYMERIA CASSIOIDES (J.F. GMEL.) BLAKE
JSU137790 Lawrence 18 Sep 1994 D. D. Spaulding
6440
JSU
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
63515AUA_ACC Bullock 18 SEP 2003 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14173
AUA
SEYMERIA CASSIOIDES (J.F. GMEL.) BLAKE
TROY000009181 Covington 03 Oct 2001 Michael Woods
8905
TROY
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
47407AUA_ACC Covington 3 OCT 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3694
AUA
SEYMERIA CASSIOIDES (J.F. GMEL.) BLAKE
JSU137783 Calhoun 19 Oct 1973 G. T. Chiders
199
JSU
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
SAMF0004935 Winston 14 Sep 2010 Davenport, L. J.
4487
SAMF
Seymeria cassioides (J. F. Gmelin) Blake
TROY000030024 Covington 28 Oct 2008 Curtis J. Hansen
3578
TROY
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
UNA00013725 Talladega s.d. Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmel.) Blake
UWAL0008911 Jefferson 28 Sep 2010 Davenport, L.J.
4521
UWAL
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
JSU137794 Randolph 07 Sep 1991 R. D. Whetstone
16127a
JSU
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
UWAL0004158 Cullman 16 Aug 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4756
UWAL
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmel.) Blake
JSU137784 Chambers 01 Oct 1988 C. F. Nixon
4287
JSU
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
UWAL0004157 Covington 25 Oct 2008 Diamond, A.R.
20349
UWAL
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmel.) Blake
TROY000041039 Conecuh 24 Sep 2012 Brian R. Keener
7521
TROY
Seymeria cassioides (J. F. Gmelin) S. F. Blake
SAMF0004930 Cullman 20 Sep 2011 Davenport, L. J.
4867
SAMF
Seymeria cassioides (J. F. Gmelin) Blake
UNA00042507 Tuscaloosa 23 Sep 1968 Joab L. Thomas
1826
UNA
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmel.) Blake
UWAL0004152 Baldwin 13 Sep 2008 England, J. Kevin
1128
UWAL
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmel.) Blake
TROY000029662 Monroe 05 Nov 2009 Alvin R. Diamond
21110
TROY
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
51051AUA_ACC Bullock 3 OCT 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7157
AUA
SEYMERIA CASSIOIDES (J.F. GMEL.) BLAKE
TROY000009176 Baldwin 28 Sep 1985 R. David Whetstone
15268
TROY
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
TROY000032927 Montgomery 18 Sep 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22548
TROY
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
36007AUA_ACC Bibb 11 SEP 1979 BECKETT, SCOTT W.
267
AUA
SEYMERIA CASSIOIDES (J.F. GMEL.) BLAKE
JSU137780 Baldwin 28 Sep 1985 R. D. Whetstone
15268
JSU
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
SAMF0006016 St. Clair 22 Sep 2015 Davenport, L. J.
5998
SAMF
Seymeria cassioides (J. F. Gmelin) S. F. Blake
JSU137782 Calhoun 05 Sep 1987 C. L. Lawler
1657
JSU
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
TROY000009179 Bullock 18 Sep 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
14173
TROY
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
USAM000014583 Baldwin 27 Sep 1980 Michael G. Lelong
11590
USAM
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) S.F. Blake
SAMF0004932 Jefferson 28 Sep 2010 Davenport, L. J.
4521
SAMF
Seymeria cassioides (J. F. Gmelin) Blake
TROY000028896 Cullman 16 Aug 2008 Brian R. Keener
4756
TROY
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
34741AUA_ACC Covington 20 SEP 1979 CRAWFORD, LLOYD C.
AUA
SEYMERIA CASSIOIDES (J.F. GMEL.) BLAKE
JSU137792 Mobile 14 Oct 1993 D. D. Spaulding
4600
JSU
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
64324AUA_ACC Russell 17 OCT 2004 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14823
AUA
SEYMERIA CASSIOIDES (J.F. GMEL.) BLAKE
UWAL0032801 Wilcox 05 Oct 2015 Keener, Brian R.
9291
UWAL
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
UNA00060870 Bullock 18 Sep 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
14173
UNA
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmel.) Blake
UWAL0032762 Clarke 11 Oct 2015 Keener, Brian R.
9313
UWAL
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
JSU137787 DeKalb 14 Oct 1975 A. E. Radford
JSU
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
TROY000009184 Geneva 08 Oct 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
17039
TROY
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
UWAL0008881 Cullman 20 Sep 2011 Davenport, L.J.
4867
UWAL
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
47393AUA_ACC Bullock 25 SEP 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3645
AUA
SEYMERIA CASSIOIDES (J.F. GMEL.) BLAKE
JSU137793 Randolph 06 Oct 1983 C. F. Nixon
437
JSU
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
UWAL0038634 Winston 17 Aug 2018 England, J. Kevin
9395
UWAL
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
USAM000014587 Baldwin 26 Oct 1967 Michael G. Lelong
3866
USAM
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) S.F. Blake
UWAL0012028 Baldwin 31 Oct 1998 Keener, Brian R.
1826
UWAL
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
JSU137788 Etowah 10 Oct 1995 L. Hodge-Spaulding
4394
JSU
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
22935AUA_ACC Macon 1 OCT 1971 BOONE, ALLISON
073
AUA
SEYMERIA CASSIOIDES (J.F. GMEL.) BLAKE
TROY000024104 Baldwin 13 Oct 2007 Brian R. Keener
3953
TROY
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
50166AUA_ACC Pike 16 SEP 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6380
AUA
SEYMERIA CASSIOIDES (J.F. GMEL.) BLAKE
UWAL0004159 St. Clair 22 Oct 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3241
UWAL
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmel.) Blake
TROY000009177 Baldwin 09 Oct 1967 Robert Kral
29807
TROY
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
TROY000029346 Conecuh 19 Sep 2009 Alvin R. Diamond
20937
TROY
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
TROY000009183 Escambia 03 Oct 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
17014
TROY
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
UWAL0001845 Winston 14 Sep 2010 Davenport, L.J.
4487
UWAL
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmel.) Blake
SAMF0004928 Cullman 26 Jul 2011 Davenport, L. J.
4726
SAMF
Seymeria cassioides (J. F. Gmelin) Blake
USAM000014582 Baldwin 27 Sep 1980 Michael G. Lelong
11590
USAM
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) S.F. Blake
UWAL0019241 Cullman 08 Sep 1989 Kral, R.
77091
UWAL
Seymeria cassioides (J.F.Smel.) Blake
JSU137786 Cleburne 27 Sep 1984 C. F. Nixon
831
JSU
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
46655AUA_ACC Escambia 22 OCT 1982 KUHNS, MICHAEL R.
86
AUA
SEYMERIA CASSIOIDES (J.F. GMEL.) BLAKE
JSU137789 Etowah 03 Sep 1994 L. M. Hodge
3440
JSU
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
65388AUA_ACC Covington 13 OCT 2005 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
15933
AUA
SEYMERIA CASSIOIDES (J.F. GMEL.) BLAKE
TROY000036132 Bullock 14 Sep 2012 Bailee Dykes
1248
TROY
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
52592AUA_ACC Perry 17 OCT 1993 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8898
AUA
SEYMERIA CASSIOIDES (J.F. GMEL.) BLAKE
UWAL0014761 Bullock 14 Sep 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1248
UWAL
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
UNA00063635 Russell 17 Oct 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14823
UNA
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmel.) Blake
UWAL0006254 Blount 21 Sep 1982 Kral, R.
68973
UWAL
Seymeria cassioides (Gmel.) Blake
TROY000009180 Coffee 18 Sep 2000 Brian H. Martin
971
TROY
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
TROY000009186 Pike 07 Oct 2001 Alvin R. Diamond
12761
TROY
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmelin) Blake
UWAL0009629 Tuscaloosa 19 Oct 2010 Davenport, L.J.
4590
UWAL
Seymeria cassioides (J.F. Gmel.) Blake
SAMF0004929 Bibb 27 Sep 2009 Davenport, L. J.
4069
SAMF
Seymeria cassioides (J. F. Gmelin) Blake
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