Penstemon multiflorus

Family:PLANTAGINACEAE
Species:Penstemon multiflorus (Benth.) Chapm. ex Small
Common Name:Many Flower Beardtongue
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:PEMU9
Plant Notes:Many Flower Beardtongue is a native herbaceous perennial in the Plantain family (Plantaginaceae). It occurs in a few counties in the southern part of the state. Many Flower Beardtongue grows in dry sandy pinewoods, in sandhills, in well-drained upland mixed pine and hardwood forests, and in disturbed sites. It is a perennial with a fibrous root system. Plants produce a basal rosette of glabrous, elliptical to lanceolate leaves with entire margins. One or more flowering stems emerges from each basal rosette. Many Flower Beardtongue is the largest of out Beardtongues, with flowering stems often reaching 3-5 feet in height. The glabrous flowering stems are angled and winged with pairs of opposite, sessile leaves that clasp the stem. The leaves are reduced in size upwards, elliptic to oblanceolate in outline, glabrous, with entire or undulate margins. The flowering stem is unbranched below the inflorescence. The inflorescence is a terminal panicle. Flowers are tubular and inflated with an open “mouth”. The corolla is 2-lipped, with the upper lip 2 lobed and the lower lip 3 lobed. The corolla is white or pale lavender in color and glandular pubescent on the exterior. The fruit is a capsule. Many Flower Beardtongue grows best in dry, sandy soils in full sun. It can be used along the back border of a perennial bed. Plants and seed are available from some wildflower nurseries, and plants can also be grown from cuttings. Older clumps can be dug and divided in the autumn. Many Flower Beardtongue flowers attract many bee species, and it is the larval host for the Baltimore Checkerspot butterfly (Euphydryas phaeton). Many Flower Beardtongue is listed as a S1 species in Alabama (typically 5 or fewer occurrences, very few remaining individuals, acres, or miles of stream, or some factor of its biology making it especially vulnerable in the state).--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, S1 (State Rank), G4 (Global Rank)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPLANTAGINACEAE - Plantain family
Genus Penstemon
Species Penstemon multiflorus (Benth.) Chapm. ex Small - Many Flower Beardtongue

Citation

Citation PENSTEMON MULTIFLORUS (Bentham) Chapman ex Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 1061. 1903.
Basionym: Penstemon pubescens Aiton, var. multiflorus Bentham 1846.
Type: FLORIDA: Bay/Jackson Co.: "between Mariana and St. Andrew's Bay", Oct 1838, Chapman s.n. (lectotype: NY). Lectotypified by Pennell, Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia Monogr. 1: 246. 1935.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Penstemon digitalis var. multiflorus Penstemon digitalis (Sweet) Nuttall, var. multiflorus (Bentham) Chapman, Fl. South. U.S. 290. 1860.Penstemon pubescens Aiton, var. multiflorus Bentham 1846. 
Penstemon laevigatus var. multiflorus Penstemon laevigatus Aiton, var. multiflorus (Bentham) Chapman, Fl. South. U.S., ed. 3. 309. 1897.Penstemon pubescens Aiton, var. multiflorus Bentham 1846. 
Penstemon pubescens var. multiflorus Penstemon pubescens Aiton, var. multiflorus Bentham, in de Candolle, Prodr. 10: 327. 1846. FLORIDA: Bay/Jackson Co.: "between Mariana and St. Andrew's Bay", Oct 1838, Chapman s.n. (lectotype: NY). Lectotypified by Pennell, Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia Monogr. 1: 246. 1935.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Bullock, Covington, Escambia

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, NY, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UWAL0039073 Bullock 13 May 2016 Soehren, Eric C.
263
UWAL
Penstemon multiflorus Chapm. ex Benth.
UWAL0034569 Baldwin 07 Jun 1995 Kral, R.
84933
UWAL
Penstemon multiflorus Chapm.
NY00609998 Baldwin 09 Jun 1973 Robert Kral
50478
NY
Penstemon multiflorus (Benth.) Chapm. ex Small
TROY000043728 Escambia 02 Jun 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27443
TROY
Penstemon multiflorus Chapman ex Bentham
UWAL0039641 Covington 01 Jun 2017 Diamond, Alvin R.
27840
UWAL
Penstemon multiflorus (Benth.) Chapm. Ex Small
UWAL0039748 Covington 26 Jun 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27522
UWAL
Penstemon multiflorus Chapman ex Bentham
AUA_ACC_26520 Baldwin 9 Jun 1973 Kral, Robert
50478
AUA
Penstemon Multiflorus Chapman Ex Benth.
UWAL0043462 Baldwin 03 Jun 2002 Nation, N. Fred
979
UWAL
Penstemon multiflorus (Benth.) Chapm. ex Small
AUA_ACC_51805 Covington 12 Jul 1991 Diamond, Alvin R.
7577
AUA
Penstemon Multiflorus Chapman Ex Benth.
TROY000009164 Covington 30 Jun 1998 MacDonald, John R.
11546
TROY
Penstemon multiflorus Chapman ex Bentham
TROY000044167 Covington 26 Jun 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27522
TROY
Penstemon multiflorus Chapman ex Bentham
UWAL0033069 Escambia 02 Jun 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27443
UWAL
Penstemon multiflorus Chapman ex Bentham
TROY000046289 Covington 01 Jun 2017 Diamond, Alvin R.
27840
TROY
Penstemon multiflorus (Benth.) Chapm. ex Small
UNA00056025 Covington 30 Jun 1998 MacDonald, John R.
11546
UNA
Penstemon multiflorus (Benth.) Chapm. ex Small
ALNHS00001280 Baldwin 25 Jul 2012 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#661
ALNHS
Penstemon multiflorus Chapman
AUA_ACC_51631 Bullock 27 Apr 1991 Diamond, Alvin R.
7362
AUA
Penstemon Multiflorus Chapman Ex Benth.
UWAL0043463 Baldwin 03 Jun 2002 Nation, N. Fred
1403
UWAL
Penstemon multiflorus (Benth.) Chapm. ex Small
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