Paulownia tomentosa

Family:PAULOWNIACEAE
Species:Paulownia tomentosa (Thunb.) Steud.
Common Name:Princess Tree; Empress Tree
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Tree
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:PATO2
Plant Notes:Princess Tree is an introduced deciduous tree in the Paulownia family (Paulowniaceae). It is native to China. In Alabama it can be found statewide, but is most common in northern Alabama. Princess Tree is cultivated as an ornamental and has been planted for erosion control and to reclaim strip mined areas. It aggressively invades disturbed areas such as clear cuts, roadsides, urban forests, and stream corridors. Princess Tree is a medium to large tree reaching heights of 30-80 feet. The bark is thin, grayish brown in color, and flakes in small, irregular pieces. Young stems have prominent white lenticels. The large leaves are petiolate, opposite (rarely whorled) in arrangement, ovate in outline, entire, cordate at the base, and pubescent on both surfaces. Leaves on sprouts may be up to 3 feet in length. Flowers are produced in large, erect, terminal panicles. The flowers open before the leaves appear. Individual flowers have a leathery calyx with 5 lobes about as long as the tube. The corolla is tubular, light purple in color, and fragrant. The fruit is a large woody capsule with many small, winged seed. Princess Tree is listed as a Category 2 invasive species by the Alabama Invasive Plant Council.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native, FACU (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPAULOWNIACEAE - Paulownia Family family
Genus Paulownia
Species Paulownia tomentosa (Thunb.) Steud. - Princess Tree; Empress Tree

Citation

Citation Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel, Nomencl. Bot. (ed. 2) 2: 278. 1841.
Basionym: Bignonia tomentosa Thunberg 1784.
Type: JAPAN

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Bignonia tomentosa Bignonia tomentosa Thunberg, Fl. Jap. 252. 1784. JAPAN
Incarvillea tomentosa Incarvillea tomentosa (Thunberg) Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 2: 836. 1825.Bignonia tomentosa Thunberg 1784. 
Paulownia imperialis Paulownia imperialis Siebold & Zuccarini, Fl. Jap. 1: 27, t. 10. 1835, nom. illegit.Bignonia tomentosa Thunberg 1784. 
Paulownia imperialis var. lanata Paulownia imperialis Siebold & Zuccarini, var. lanata Dode, Bull. Soc. Dendrol. France 1908: 160. 1908.  
Paulownia imperialis var. pallida Paulownia imperialis Siebold & Zuccarini, var. pallida Dode, Bull. Soc. Dendrol. France 1908: 160. 1908.  
Paulownia tomentosa var. lanata Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Siebold & Zuccarini ex Steudel, var. lanata (Dode) C. K. Schneider, Ill. Handb. Laubholzk. 2: 618. 1911.Paulownia imperialis Siebold & Zuccarini, var. lanata Dode 1908. 
Paulownia tomentosa var. pallida Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Siebold & Zuccarini ex Steudel, var. pallida (Dode) C. K. Schneider, Ill. Handb. Laubholzk. 2: 618. 1911.Paulownia imperialis Siebold & Zuccarini, var. pallida Dode 1908. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Bibb, Calhoun, Chambers, Choctaw, Clay, Cleburne, Colbert, Conecuh, Coosa, Cullman, Etowah, Geneva, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Madison, Marengo, Marion, Marshall, Montgomery, Morgan, Pike, Randolph, Shelby, St. Clair, Tuscaloosa, Walker

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL, UWFP

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1872 - 1977

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000052113 Pike 02 Apr 2021 Diamond, Alvin R.
29562
TROY
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunb.) Steud.
JSU141103 Etowah 20 Oct 1983 Baldwin, D. Dean
38
JSU
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
SAMF0004916 Tuscaloosa 09 May 1965 Armstrong, Carolyn
68
SAMF
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
JSU141109 Lauderdale 01 May 1969 Masterson, Brenda
s.n.
JSU
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
UNA00042293 Lee 29 May 1897 Baker, Charles F.
s.n.
UNA
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunb.) Sieb. & Zucc. ex Steud.
AUA_ACC_46553 Walker 15 Apr 1978 Lamb, Trip
64
AUA
Paulownia Tomentosa (Thunb.) Sieb. & Zucc.
UWAL0045860 Marion 08 Apr 2018 Spaulding, Daniel D.
15164
UWAL
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunb.) Seib. & Zucc. ex Steud.
UNA00042294 Tuscaloosa 15 Apr 1872 Smith, Eugene A.
s.n.
UNA
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunb.) Sieb. & Zucc. ex Steud.
UNA00042300 Walker 02 Apr 1977 Wiersema, John H.
42
UNA
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunb.) Sieb. & Zucc. ex Steud.
JSU141111 Madison 10 May 1969 Tudor, Jessica
s.n.
JSU
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
UWFP017312 Cullman 10 Aug 1999 James R. Burkhalter
16543
UWFP
Paulownia tomentosa Steud.
JSU141092 Calhoun 05 Oct 1986 Lawler, Carol L.
1329
JSU
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
UWAL0044659 Lawrence 03 Jun 2019 England, J. Kevin
10300
UWAL
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
AUA_ACC_33823 Bibb 18 Apr 1977 Sessler, Ann H.
1044
AUA
Paulownia Tomentosa (Thunb.) Sieb. & Zucc.
TROY000048084 St. Clair 23 Apr 2015 Keener, Brian R.
8799
TROY
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunb.) Steud.
JSU141102 Etowah 14 Sep 1982 Pugh, F.E.
45
JSU
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
AUA_ACC_12436 Lee 20 Apr 1961 Wiggins, R.A.
AUA
Paulownia Tomentosa (Thunb.) Sieb. & Zucc.
TROY000043708 Conecuh 30 Apr 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27354
TROY
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
AUA_ACC_14609 Clay 27 Apr 1969 Griffin, J.W.
113
AUA
Paulownia Tomentosa (Thunb.) Sieb. & Zucc.
JSU141099 Cleburne 19 Jun 1995 Hruska, Susan E.
708
JSU
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
AUA_ACC_10137 Lee 15 Apr 1962 Landers, K.E.
AUA
Paulownia Tomentosa (Thunb.) Sieb. & Zucc.
JSU141107 Jackson 20 Jul 1969 Landers, Kenneth E.
s.n.
JSU
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
AUA_ACC_32931 Lawrence 29 May 1976 Sessler, Ann H.
087
AUA
Paulownia Tomentosa (Thunb.) Sieb. & Zucc.
AUA_ACC_61023 Choctaw 21 Oct 1994 Crouch, Virginia E.
1247
AUA
Paulownia Tomentosa (Thunb.) Sieb. & Zucc.
JSU139054 Morgan 13 Jul 1996 Spaulding, Daniel D.
9046a
JSU
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
JSU144015 Calhoun 23 Apr 1968 Payton, Charles
s.n.
JSU
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
AUA_ACC_47166 Jackson 24 Jul 1983 Dodd, J.K.
108
AUA
Paulownia Tomentosa (Thunb.) Sieb. & Zucc.
SAMF0004918 Shelby 01 May 1996 Stiles, Jimmy
18
SAMF
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
JSU141114 Marshall 10 May 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
1595
JSU
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
JSU141090 Calhoun 28 Oct 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
3047
JSU
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
AUA_ACC_22354 Lee 15 Jul 1970 Hopson, George R.
.0069
AUA
Paulownia Tomentosa (Thunb.) Sieb. & Zucc.
JSU141117 Shelby 25 Sep 1983 Baldwin, D. Dean
s.n.
JSU
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
SAMF0004917 Shelby 14 Apr 2002 Bowles, Mollie E.
12
SAMF
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
JSU141115 Marshall 02 Aug 1982 Minor, Donna K.
s.n.
JSU
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
UNA00056000 Houston 28 Jun 1998 MacDonald, John R.
11502
UNA
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunb.) Sieb. & Zucc. ex Steud.
UWAL0016715 Geneva 03 Apr 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
24929
UWAL
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
SAMF0004914 Cleburne 22 Jun 2002 Hataway, Drew
23
SAMF
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
UNA00042301 Tuscaloosa 17 Apr 1964 Williams, James D.
s.n.
UNA
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunb.) Sieb. & Zucc. ex Steud.
JSU141105 Etowah 12 Jul 1969 Cofield, Jan
s.n.
JSU
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
JSU141108 Jefferson 05 Oct 1984 Barber, J. Patrick
1186
JSU
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
SAMF0004915 Jefferson 03 Jul 1948 Pannell, E.J.
s.n.
SAMF
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
UWAL0019700 Montgomery 31 Aug 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25490
UWAL
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
ALNHS00002488 Colbert 19 Nov 2013 Barger, T. Wayne
FH-204
ALNHS
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunb.) Sieb. & Zucc. ex Steud.
UNA00042298 Tuscaloosa 06 Apr 1957 Hancock, Kenneth F.
s.n.
UNA
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunb.) Sieb. & Zucc. ex Steud.
UWAL0050822 Tuscaloosa 11 Apr 2021 Ryan, Emma D.
87
UWAL
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunb.) Steud.
AUA_ACC_42085 Conecuh 11 Jul 1986 Diamond, Alvin R.
2615
AUA
Paulownia Tomentosa (Thunb.) Sieb. & Zucc.
JSU141118 Walker 08 Apr 1967 Sanford, N.
s.n.
JSU
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
AUA_ACC_21860 Chambers 26 Apr 1970 Williams, Ann
131
AUA
Paulownia Tomentosa (Thunb.) Sieb. & Zucc.
AUA_ACC_45432 Chambers 22 Apr 1979 Atchley, Cecil G.
066
AUA
Paulownia Tomentosa (Thunb.) Sieb. & Zucc.
UWAL0033795 St. Clair 23 Apr 2015 Keener, Brian R.
8799
UWAL
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
JSU141098 Clay 11 May 1994 Ballard, J. Mark
3895
JSU
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
UWAL0011159 Marengo 12 Jul 2012 England, J. Kevin
3696
UWAL
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
TROY000039305 Geneva 03 Apr 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
24929
TROY
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
TROY000041909 Montgomery 31 Aug 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25490
TROY
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
JSU141100 Etowah 26 Apr 1994 Hodge, Lesley M.
1269
JSU
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
UWAL0004207 Lawrence 05 Jun 2005 England, J. Kevin
640
UWAL
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunb.) Steud.
AUA_ACC_8081 Lee 22 Apr 1959 Brady, Jr., V.E.
AUA
Paulownia Tomentosa (Thunb.) Sieb. & Zucc.
JSU141094 Calhoun 13 Apr 1967 Boone, W.E. (Bill)
s.n.
JSU
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
JSU141095 Calhoun 05 May 1968 Fox, Margaret
s.n.
JSU
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
JSU141112 Marshall 27 Oct 1991 Spaulding, Daniel D.
1040
JSU
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
JSU141091 Calhoun 16 Sep 1993 Hruska, Susan E.
8
JSU
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
JSU141096 Calhoun 26 Oct 1972 L'Eplattenier, R.
s.n.
JSU
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
TROY000037203 Marengo 12 Jul 2012 England, J. Kevin
3696
TROY
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
TROY000023868 Lawrence 05 Jun 2005 England, J. Kevin
640
TROY
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
JSU141110 Limestone 01 Apr 1997 Hofmann, Tim L.
00395
JSU
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
JSU141101 Etowah 20 Oct 1983 Nixon, Christopher F.
512
JSU
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
AUA_ACC_35313 Coosa 15 Apr 1974 Claybrook, Charles R.
097
AUA
Paulownia Tomentosa (Thunb.) Sieb. & Zucc.
JSU141106 Jackson 01 May 1998 Brodeur, Kristin R.
607
JSU
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
SAMF0006931 Jefferson 30 Apr 2019 Lyric Buxton
6
SAMF
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
JSU141104 Etowah 06 Jul 1969 Smith, Doris
s.n.
JSU
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
JSU141113 Marshall 27 Oct 1991 Spaulding, Daniel D.
1040
JSU
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
JSU144436 Cleburne 23 Oct 1992 Hutchinson, Francine
1164
JSU
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
AUA_ACC_41503 Jefferson 30 Apr 1972 Lochamy, J.S.
111
AUA
Paulownia Tomentosa (Thunb.) Sieb. & Zucc.
JSU141116 Randolph 29 Jun 1969 Landers, Kenneth E.
s.n.
JSU
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
UWAL0015892 Coosa 12 Jul 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24362
UWAL
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
AUA_ACC_21876 Lee 4 May 1970 Davidson, John
101
AUA
Paulownia Tomentosa (Thunb.) Sieb. & Zucc.
JSU141093 Calhoun 20 Jul 1982 Whetstone, R. David
11497
JSU
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
JSU141097 Calhoun 06 Apr 1967 Prater, Pat
s.n.
JSU
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
AUA_ACC_21861 Lauderdale 5 Feb 1970 Murchison, Grover R.
118
AUA
Paulownia Tomentosa (Thunb.) Sieb. & Zucc.
TROY000037314 Coosa 12 Jul 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24362
TROY
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
SAMF0007583 Jefferson 24 Apr 2018 Wheeler, EmiliAnne
40
SAMF
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunberg) Steudel
AUA_ACC_56578 Pike 2 May 1996 Diamond, Alvin R.
10216
AUA
Paulownia Tomentosa (Thunb.) Sieb. & Zucc.
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