Torenia crustacea

Family:LINDERNIACEAE
Species:Torenia crustacea (Linnaeus) F. Mueller
Common Name:Malaysian False Pimpernel
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Malaysian False Pimpernel is an introduced herbaceous annual in the False Pimpernel family (Linderniaceae). It is native to tropical Asia but now occurs worldwide in tropical and temperate areas. In Alabama it can be found in the southern half of the state. Malaysian False Pimpernel occurs in open, moist, disturbed habitats such as the banks of creek and rivers, in lawns, in fallow fields, and on roadsides. It is an annual with a tap root. Plants are branched from the base and form mats of decumbent stems. The stems often root at the lower nodes. The stems are square in outline, green or purple in color, and glabrous or pubescent on the angles. Leaves are opposite, short petiolate, ovate to lanceolate in outline, with serrate margins (at least towards the tip). The leaves are glabrous above and pubescent below. Flowers are produced in cymes from the axils of the upper leaves. The calyx is 5-angled and divided to the middle. The corolla is two lipped with the upper lip 2-lobed and the lower lip 3-lobed. There are 4 fertile stamens, 2 long and 2 short. Flowers are blue-purple in color with the throat marked in yellow and white. The fruit is a capsule with many small brown seed.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native, FACU (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyLINDERNIACEAE - False Pimpernel Family family
Genus Torenia
Species Torenia crustacea (Linnaeus) F. Mueller - Malaysian False Pimpernel

Citation

Citation TORENIA CRUSTACEA (Linnaeus) Chamisso & Schlechtendal, Linnaea 2: 570. 1827.
Basionym: Capraria crusatcea Linnaeus 1767.
Type: INDONESIA: Ambon Island, without data (lectotype: Rumphius, Herb. Amboin. 5: t. 170. 1747). Lectotypified by L. H. Cramer, in Dassanayake & Fosberg, Revis. Handb. Fl. Ceylon 3: 407. 1981.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Capraria crustacea Capraria crustacea Linnaeus, Mant. Pl. 87. 1767. INDONESIA: Ambon Island, without data (lectotype: Rumphius, Herb. Amboin. 5: t. 170. 1747). Lectotypified by Cramer, in Dassanayake & Fosberg, Revis. Handb. Fl. Ceylon 3: 407. 1981.
Gratiola lucida Gratiola lucida Willdenow, Sp. Pl. 1: 103. 1797, nom. illegit.Capraria crustacea Linnaeus 1767. 
Lindernia crustacea var. smithii Lindernia crustacea (Linnaeus) F. Mueller, var. smithii O. Degener et al., in O. Degener, Fl. Haw. Fam. 319. 1958. HAWAII: Hawaii: Between Kilauea and Keanakakoi Craters, 12 Nov 1954, Degener et al. 23757 (holotype: ?).
Lindernia crustacea Lindernia crustacea (Linnaeus) F. Mueller, Syst. Census Austral. Pl. 97. 1882.Capraria crusatcea Linnaeus 1767. 
Morgania lucida Morgania lucida Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 2: 802. 1825, nom. illegit.Gratiola lucida Willdenow 1797, nom. illegit.; Capraria crustacea Linnaeus 1767. 
Pyxidaria crustacea Pyxidaria crustacea (Linnaeus) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 464. 1891.Capraria crustacea Linnaeus 1767. 
Tittmannia scabra Tittmannia scabra (R. Brown) Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 2: 800. 1825.Torenia scabra R. Brown 1810. 
Torenia crustacea Torenia crustacea (Linnaeus) Chamisso & Schlechtendal, Linnaea 2: 570. 1827.Capraria crustacea Linnaeus 1767. 
Torenia flaccida Torenia flaccida R. Brown, Prodr. 440. 1810. AUSTRALIA: Without data, Banks & Solander s.n. (holotype: BM).
Torenia scabra Torenia scabra R. Brown, Prodr. 440. 1810. AUSTRALIA: Without data, Brown 2694 (holotype: K).
Vandellia alba Vandellia alba Bentham, Scroph. Ind. 35. 1835. INDIA: Without data, Hamilton s.n. (holotype: K; isotype: K).
Vandellia crustacea Vandellia crustacea (Linnaeus) Bentham, Scroph. Ind. 35. 1835.Capraria crustacea Linnaeus 1767. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Butler, Conecuh, Covington, Dale, Escambia, Mobile

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL, UWFP

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UWFP017204 Mobile 20 Nov 2004 James R. Burkhalter
20192
UWFP
Lindernia crustacea (Linnaeus) F. Mueller
UNA00067190 Dale 05 Nov 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
16047
UNA
Lindernia crustacea (L.) F. Muell.
TROY000047023 Butler 11 Aug 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28439
TROY
Torenia crustacea (Linnaeus) F. Mueller
UWAL0030789 Mobile 30 Aug 2014 Horne, Howard E.
2712
UWAL
Torenia crustacea (Linnaeus) Chamisso & Schlechtendal
UWFP017200 Baldwin 13 Sep 2008 James R. Burkhalter
21957
UWFP
Lindernia crustacea (Linnaeus) F. Mueller
AUA_ACC_25982 Escambia 19 Sep 1971 Kral, Robert
44407
AUA
Lindernia Crustacea (L.) F. Muell.
UWAL0039176 Butler 11 Aug 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28439
UWAL
Torenia crustacea (Linnaeus) F. Mueller
UWAL0038813 Mobile 02 Oct 2015 Keener, Brian R.
9256
UWAL
Torenia crustacea (Linnaeus) Chamisso & Schlechtendal
UWFP017205 Mobile 14 Sep 1991 James R. Burkhalter
12907
UWFP
Lindernia crustacea (Linnaeus) F. Mueller
UWFP017203 Mobile 28 Sep 2004 James R. Burkhalter
20124
UWFP
Lindernia crustacea (Linnaeus) F. Mueller
TROY000049455 Conecuh 01 Sep 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28473
TROY
Torenia crustacea (Linnaeus) F. Mueller
UWFP017199 Baldwin 17 Aug 2002 James R. Burkhalter with H.S. Larsen
18625
UWFP
Lindernia crustacea (Linnaeus) F. Mueller
UWAL0035802 Mobile 14 Sep 2013 Horne, Howard E.
2388
UWAL
Torenia crustacea (Linnaeus) Chamisso & Schlechtendal
AUA_ACC_70790 Escambia 15 Sep 2012 Burkhalter, James R.
23640
AUA
Lindernia Crustacea (L.) F. Muell.
AUA000032972 Covington 13 Sep 2010 Hansen, Curtis J.
4867
AUA
Lindernia Crustacea (L.) F. Muell.
UWAL0036172 Mobile 10 Aug 2013 Keener, Brian R.
8152
UWAL
Torenia crustacea (Linnaeus) Chamisso & Schlechtendal
UWAL0035781 Mobile 25 Jul 2016 Horne, Howard E.
3401
UWAL
Torenia crustacea (Linnaeus) Chamisso & Schlechtendal
UWFP017202 Escambia 15 Sep 2012 James R. Burkhalter
23640
UWFP
Lindernia crustacea (Linnaeus) F. Mueller
UWFP017201 Baldwin 21 Oct 2002 James R. Burkhalter
18876
UWFP
Lindernia crustacea (Linnaeus) F. Mueller
USAM000014483 Mobile 16 Oct 1975 LeLong, Michel G.
8846
USAM
Lindernia crustacea (Linnaeus) F. Mueller
UWFP017206 Mobile 08 Oct 1979 James R. Burkhalter and R.D. Sanfilippo
6690
UWFP
Lindernia crustacea (Linnaeus) F. Mueller
UWAL0044479 Baldwin 26 Oct 2001 Larsen, Harry S.
758
UWAL
Torenia crustacea (L.) Cham. & Schltdl.
TROY000009070 Dale 05 Nov 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
16047
TROY
Lindernia crustacea (Linnaeus) F. Mueller
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