Bacopa monnieri

Family:PLANTAGINACEAE
Species:Bacopa monnieri (Linnaeus) Pennell
Common Name:Smooth Water Hyssop; Herb of Grace; Monnier's Water Hyssop
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:**
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Herb of Grace is a native herbaceous perennial in the Plantain family (Plantaginaceae). It can be found in the southern half of Alabama. It also occurs in tropical and subtropical areas worldwide. Herb of Grace grows in wet roadside ditches, on stream and river banks, in fresh water and brackish marshes, and on the shores of ponds and lakes. Herb of Grace is a much-branched prostrate herb rooting at the nodes. The stems are succulent, glabrous, and green in color. Leaves are opposite, sessile, succulent, oblanceolate to spatulate in outline, entire, and glabrous. Flowers are solitary in the axils of the leaves. The corolla is campanulate with 5 spreading lobes. The corolla is white to pink in color with a dark red ring about mid-length of the throat and yellow at the base of the throat. There are 4 stamens. The fruit is a capsule. Herb of Grace is also known as brahmi in traditional Indian medicine. It has been used in herbal medicine to improve mental health, to treat Alzheimer's disease and attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder, and to improve memory. There is limited scientific research to support these uses.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, OBL (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPLANTAGINACEAE - Plantain family
Genus Bacopa
Species Bacopa monnieri (Linnaeus) Pennell - Smooth Water Hyssop; Herb of Grace; Monnier's Water Hyssop

Citation

Citation BACOPA MONNIERI (Linnaeus) Pennell, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 98: 94. 1946.
Basionym: Lysimachia monnieri Linnaeus 1756.
Type: JAMAICA: Without data (neotype: Browne, Civ. Nat. Hist. Jamaica t. 28(3). 1756). Neotypified by L. H. Cramer, in Dassanayake & Fosberg, Revised Handb. Fl. Ceylon 3: 421. 1981.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Bacopa monnieri var. micromonnieria Bacopa monnieri (Linnaeus) Pennell, var. micromonnieria (Grisebach) Pennell, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 98: 96. 1946.Herpestis micromonnieria Grisebach 1866. 
Bacopa monnieria Bacopa monnieria Wettstein, in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4(3b): 77. 1891, nom. illegit.Gratiola monnieria Linnaeus 1759, nom. illegit.; Lysimachia monnieri Linnaeus 1756. 
Bacopa monnieria var. cuneifolia Bacopa monnieria Wettstein, var. cuneifolia (Michaux) Fernald, Rhodora 37: 440. 1935.Moniera cuneifolia Michaux 1803. 
Bacopa micromonnieria Bacopa micromonnieria (Grisebach) B. L. Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 44: 614. 1909.Herpestis micromonnieria Grisebach 1866. 
Brami indica Brami indica Lamarck, Encycl. 1: 459. 1785. INDIA
Brami micromonnieria Brami micromonnieria (Grisebach) Pennell, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 75: 10. 1923.Herpestis micromonnieria Grisebach 1866. 
Brami monniera Brami monniera Drake del Castillo, Fl. Polynesie Franc. 142. 1893, nom. illegit.Gratiola monnieria Linnaeus 1759, nom. illegit.; Lysimachia monnieri Linnaeus 1756. 
Brami monnieri Brami monnieri (Linnaeus) Pennell, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 71: 243. 1920.Lysimachia monnieri Linnaeus 1756. 
Calytriplex obovata Calytriplex obovata Ruiz López & Pavón, Syst. Veg. Fl. Peruv. Chil. 165. 1798. PERU
Gratiola monnieri Gratiola monnieri (Linnaeus) Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. 10. 851. 1759.Lysimachia monnieri Linnaeus 1756. 
Gratiola monnieria Gratiola monnieria Linnaeus, Amoen. Acad. 4: 306. 1759, nom. illegit.Lysimachia monnieri Linnaeus 1756. 
Habershamia cuneifolia Habershamia cuneifolia (Michaux) Rafinesque, Autik. Bot. 44. 1840.Moniera cuneifolia Michaux 1803. 
Herpestis cuneifolia Herpestis cuneifolia (Michaux) Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 418. 1814.Moniera cuneifolia Michaux 1803. 
Herpestis monnieria Herpestis monnieria Kunth, in Humboldt et al., Nov. Gen. Sp. 2: 366. 1818, nom. illegit.Gratiola monnieria Linnaeus 1759, nom. illegit.; Lysimachia monnieri Linnaeus 1756. 
Herpestis micromonnieria Herpestis micromonnieria Grisebach, Cat. Pl. Cub. 183. 1866. CUBA: Without data, Wright 2999 (holotype: GOET?).
Limosella calycina Limosella calycina Forsskål, Fl. Aegypt.-Arab. 112. 1775.  
Lysimachia monnieri Lysimachia monnieri Linnaeus, Cent. Pl. 2: 9. 1756. JAMAICA: Without data (neotype: Browne, Civ. Nat. Hist. Jamaica t. 28(3). 1756). Neotypified by L. H. Cramer, in Dassanayake & Fosberg, Revised Handb. Fl. Ceylon 3: 421. 1981.
Moniera brownei Moniera brownei Persoon, Syn. Pl. 2: 166. 1806.Lysimachia monnieri Linnaeus 1756. 
Moniera calycina Moniera calycina Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 462. 1891, nom. illegit.Lysimachia monnieri Linnaeus 1756. 
Moniera cuneifolia Moniera cuneifolia Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 22. 1803. SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data, Michaux s.n. (holotype: P).
Moniera micromonnieria Moniera micromonnieria (Grisebach) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 463. 1891.Herpestis micromonnieria Grisebach 1866. 
Septas repens Septas repens Loureiro, Fl. Cochinch. 392. 1790. CHINA
Septilia repens Septilia repens (Loureiro) Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 1064. 1903.Septas repens Loureiro 1790. 
Bramia monnieri    
Monniera monniera Moniera monnieria Britton, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 5: 292. 1894, nom. illegit.Gratiola monnieria Linnaeus 1759, nom. illegit.; Lysimachia monnieri Linnaeus 1756. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Choctaw, Covington, Geneva, Houston, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Pike, Sumter

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1896 - 1997

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UWAL0004203 Sumter 13 Nov 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3277
UWAL
Bacopa monnieri (L.) Pennell
UNA00041558 Mobile _ Jun _ Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Bacopa monnieri (L.) Pennell
UNA00041559 Mobile 31 May 1896 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Bacopa monnieri (L.) Pennell
ALNHS00000264 Mobile 26 Jul 1998 Spaulding, Daniel D.
10,344
ALNHS
Bacopa monnieri (L.) Penn.
UWAL0004202 Baldwin 18 Jul 2007 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12709
UWAL
Bacopa monnieri (L.) Pennell
TROY000009017 Baldwin 11 May 2005 Hansen, Curtis J.
1778
TROY
Bacopa monnieri (Linnaeus) Pennell
TROY000009019 Pike 18 Oct 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
17088
TROY
Bacopa monnieri (Linnaeus) Pennell
ALNHS00000286 Mobile 04 Jun 1998 Crow, D.G.
s.n.
ALNHS
Bacopa monnieri (L.) Penn.
SAMF0004647 Mobile 30 May 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5387
SAMF
Bacopa monnieri (Linnaeus) Pennell
UWAL0045755 Mobile 26 Jul 1973 Stout, Judy
406
UWAL
Bacopa monnieri (L.) Wettst.
UNA00041551 Baldwin 24 Sep 1977 Harvey, Denise
286
UNA
Bacopa monnieri (L.) Pennell
UNA00026151 Covington 15 Oct 1994 Birk, Michelle
229
UNA
Bacopa monnieri (L.) Pennell
TROY000009018 Covington 17 Jun 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13328
TROY
Bacopa monnieri (Linnaeus) Pennell
AUA_ACC_71848 Mobile 10 Jul 2012 Barger, T. Wayne
653
AUA
Bacopa Monnieri (L.) Pennell
AUA_ACC_4220 Baldwin 14 May 1955 Burch, Jack
AUA
Bacopa Monnieri (L.) Pennell
TROY000009020 Pike 18 Oct 2006 Roberts, Carla
118
TROY
Bacopa monnieri (Linnaeus) Pennell
UNA00058033 Baldwin 15 May 2002 Keener, Brian R.
2059
UNA
Bacopa monnieri (L.) Pennell
TROY000044179 Monroe 29 Oct 2016 Searcy, Darryl
s.n.
TROY
Bacopa monnieri (Linnaeus) Pennell
UNA00066788 Pike 18 Oct 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
17088
UNA
Bacopa monnieri (L.) Pennell
TROY000026072 Baldwin 18 Jul 2007 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12709
TROY
Bacopa monnieri (Linnaeus) Pennell
UWAL0049931 Montgomery 19 Jul 2020 Diamond, Alvin R.
29358
UWAL
Bacopa monnieri (Linnaeus) Pennell
UWAL0044178 Baldwin 10 Aug 2002 Larsen, H.S.
1034
UWAL
Bacopa monnieri (L.) Wettst.
UNA00041550 Mobile 30 May 1966 Deramus, Rebecca
D916
UNA
Bacopa monnieri (L.) Pennell
UNA00056329 Geneva 28 Nov 1998 MacDonald, John R.
12457
UNA
Bacopa monnieri (L.) Pennell
UNA00041549 Mobile 30 Apr 1966 Deramus, Rebecca
D892
UNA
Bacopa monnieri (L.) Pennell
USAM000014381 Mobile 06 Aug 1976 LeLong, Michel G.
9364
USAM
Bacopa monnieri (Linnaeus) Pennell
UWAL0044176 Baldwin 15 Jul 1995 Larsen, H.S.
1713
UWAL
Bacopa monnieri (L.) Wettst.
UWAL0002970 Mobile 30 May 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5387
UWAL
Bacopa monnieri (L.) Pennell
UWAL0051248 Mobile 30 May 1966 Deramus, Rebecca
D916
UWAL
Bacopa monnieri (L.) Pennell
AUA_ACC_803 Mobile Jul 1964 Addison, Joseph H.
AUA
Bacopa Monnieri (L.) Pennell
TROY000049863 Montgomery 19 Jul 2020 Diamond, Alvin R.
29358
TROY
Bacopa monnieri (Linnaeus) Pennell
UWAL0011362 Baldwin 18 Sep 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6716
UWAL
Bacopa monnieri (Linnaeus) Pennell
UNA00066968 Sumter 13 Nov 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3277
UNA
Bacopa monnieri (L.) Pennell
TROY000034272 Mobile 30 May 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5387
TROY
Bacopa monnieri (L.) Pennell
UNA00050711 Houston 16 Jun 1997 MacDonald, John R.
10714
UNA
Bacopa monnieri (L.) Pennell
UNA00041548 Mobile 15 Jul 1965 Deramus, Rebecca
D582
UNA
Bacopa monnieri (L.) Pennell
USAM000014382 Mobile 06 Oct 1973 LeLong, Michel G.
7329.1
USAM
Bacopa monnieri (Linnaeus) Pennell
UWAL0019129 Choctaw 18 Jul 1995 Kral, R.
85394
UWAL
Bacopa monnieri (L.) Pennell
SAMF0004646 Mobile 25 Sep 1988 Davenport, Lawrence J.
2602
SAMF
Bacopa monnieri (Linnaeus) Pennell
UWAL0038210 Mobile 06 Oct 1973 LeLong, Michel G.
7329.2
UWAL
Bacopa monnieri (Linnaeus) Pennell
TROY000023757 Sumter 13 Nov 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3277
TROY
Bacopa monnieri (Linnaeus) Pennell
UWAL0044177 Baldwin 26 Aug 2000 McArthur, Jill D.
636
UWAL
Bacopa monnieri (L.) Wettst.
AUA_ACC_65475 Baldwin 11 May 2005 Hansen, Curtis J.
1778
AUA
Bacopa Monnieri (L.) Pennell
AUA000039717 Mobile 10 Jul 2014 Barger, T. Wayne
SP1399
AUA
Bacopa Monnieri (L.) Pennell
JSU141290 Mobile 26 Jul 1998 Spaulding, Daniel D.
10344
JSU
Bacopa monnieri (Linnaeus) Pennell
UNA00060490 Mobile 25 Dec 2002 Zebryk, Tad M.
8166
UNA
Bacopa monnieri (L.) Pennell
AUA000043401 Baldwin 3 Aug 1926 Wolf, Wolfgang
2650
AUA
Bacopa Monnieri (L.) Pennell
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