Bacopa caroliniana

Family:PLANTAGINACEAE
Species:Bacopa caroliniana (Walter) B.L. Robinson
Common Name:Blue Water Hyssop; Sweet Water Hyssop; Carolina Water Hyssop
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:**
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Blue Water Hyssop is a native herbaceous perennial species in the Plantain family (Plantaginaceae). It is found in the southern half of Alabama. Blue Water Hyssop grows submerged or emergent in ponds and lakes, cypress ponds, ox box lakes, slow moving streams and rivers, and in ditches and canals. It can grow submerged in water as deep as 6 feet. It is a perennial from rhizomes forming extensive mats. Stems are spongy and root at the nodes. The stems are green in color and pubescent. The leaves are opposite, sessile, ovate in outline, slightly toothed or entire, with clasping bases. The leaves are green in color, thick and spongy in texture, and pubescent along the veins on the lower surface. All parts of the plants release a minty or citrus odor when damaged. Flowers are solitary from the axils of the leaves. There are 2 subulate bracts just below the flower. The flowers have 4-5 nearly distinct sepals and 3-5 corolla lobes. The corolla is bright or deep blue or purple in color. The fruit is a capsule. Blue Water Hyssop is a popular aquarium or pool plant. It is available from many nurseries that sell aquatic plants. It can be grown submerged, floating, or rooted in shallow water in pools or aquariums. Plants can be propagated by rooting cuttings.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, OBL (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPLANTAGINACEAE - Plantain family
Genus Bacopa
Species Bacopa caroliniana (Walter) B.L. Robinson - Blue Water Hyssop; Sweet Water Hyssop; Carolina Water Hyssop

Citation

Citation BACOPA CAROLINIANA (Walter) B. L. Robinson, Rhodora 10: 66. 1908.
Basionym: Obolaria caroliniana Walter 1788.
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Clarendon Co.: 1 mi. S of Sandinia, 26 Jul 1939, Godfrey & Tryon 948 (neotype: GH; isoneotypes: NY, US). Neotypified by D. B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 2: 481. 2008.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Bacopa amplexicaulis Bacopa amplexicaulis (Michaux) Wettstein, in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4(3b): 77. 1891.Moniera amplexicaulis Michaux 1803. 
Herpestis amplexicaulis Herpestis amplexicaulis (Michaux) Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 418. 1814.Moniera amplexicaulis Michaux 1803. 
Hydrotrida crenulata Hydrotrida crenulata (Small) Small, Fl. Miami 165, 200. 1913.Moniera crenulata Small 1895. 
Macuilliamia amplexicaulis Macuilliamia amplexicaulis (Michaux) Rafinesque, Autik. Bot. 44. 1840.Moniera amplexicaulis Michaux 1803. 
Moniera crenulata Moniera crenulata Small, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 22: 46. 1895. FLORIDA: Duval Co.: Between Jacksonville and Trout Creek, 13 Jul 1893, Curtiss s.n. (holotype: NY).
Moniera amplexicaulis Moniera amplexicaulis Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 22. 1803. SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data, Michaux s.n. (holotype: P).
Moniera caroliniana Moniera caroliniana (Walter) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 463. 1891.Obolaria caroliniana Walter 1788. 
Obolaria caroliniana Obolaria caroliniana Walter, Fl. Carol. 166. 1788. SOUTH CAROLINA: Clarendon Co.: 1 mi. S of Sandinia, 26 Jul 1939, Godfrey & Tryon 948 (neotype: GH; isoneotypes: NY, US). Neotypified by D. B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 2: 481. 2008.
Septilia caroliniana Septilia caroliniana (Walter) Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 1064, 1337. 1903.Obolaria caroliniana Walter 1788. 
Septilia crenulata Septilia crenulata (Small) Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 1064, 1337. 1903.Moniera crenulata Small 1895. 
Hydrotrida caroliniana Hydrotrida caroliniana (Walter) Small, Fl. Miami 165. 1913.Obolaria caroliniana Walter 1788. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Barbour, Conecuh, Covington, Geneva, Houston, Lee, Monroe

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL, UWFP

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1880 - 1979

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
ALNHS00001408 Barbour 26 Sep 2012 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#823
ALNHS
Bacopa caroliniana (Walt.) B.L. Robins.
USAM000014378 Baldwin 22 Sep 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11576
USAM
Bacopa caroliniana (Walter) B.L. Robinson
TROY000045587 Conecuh 27 Jul 2017 Diamond, Alvin R.
27890
TROY
Bacopa caroliniana (Walter) B.L. Robinson
UWAL0019602 Barbour 24 Jul 1990 Kral, R.
77994
UWAL
Bacopa caroliniana Walt.
UNA00041538 Geneva 12 Jul 1978 Davenport, Lawrence J.
557
UNA
Bacopa caroliniana (Walt.) B.L. Robins.
UNA00041539 Houston 12 Jul 1978 Haynes, Robert R.
6692
UNA
Bacopa caroliniana (Walt.) B.L. Robins.
UWAL0039905 Conecuh 27 Jul 2017 Diamond, Alvin R.
27890
UWAL
Bacopa caroliniana (Walter) B.L. Robinson
UWAL0036597 Houston 11 Sep 1995 Stowell, T.
8572
UWAL
Bacopa caroliniana (Walter) B.L. Robinson
UWAL0047433 Monroe 16 Jun 2018 Keener, Brian R.
10728
UWAL
Bacopa caroliniana (Walter) B.L. Rob.
TROY000043296 Covington 19 Nov 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
27070
TROY
Bacopa caroliniana (Walter) B.L. Robinson
USAM000014376 Baldwin 22 Sep 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11576
USAM
Bacopa caroliniana (Walter) B.L. Robinson
USAM000014379 Baldwin 27 Jun 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11220
USAM
Bacopa caroliniana (Walter) B.L. Robinson
UWFP017046 Baldwin 02 Aug 1992 James R. Burkhalter
13347
UWFP
Bacopa caroliniana (Walter) B.L. Robinson
USAM000014377 Baldwin 22 Sep 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11576
USAM
Bacopa caroliniana (Walter) B.L. Robinson
TROY000044092 Geneva 25 Aug 2016 Byrd, Cameron
61
TROY
Bacopa caroliniana (Walter) B.L. Robinson
UWFP017047 Baldwin 08 Jul 2008 James R. Burkhalter
20957
UWFP
Bacopa caroliniana (Walter) B.L. Robinson
UNA00041541 Barbour 18 Aug 1880 Smith, Eugene A.
s.n.
UNA
Bacopa caroliniana (Walt.) B.L. Robins.
USAM000014380 Baldwin 22 Sep 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11576
USAM
Bacopa caroliniana (Walter) B.L. Robinson
AUA_ACC_70601 Monroe 11 Jun 2008 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12958
AUA
Bacopa Caroliniana (Walt.) B.L. Robins.
TROY000050287 Monroe 16 Jun 2018 Keener, Brian R.
10728
TROY
Bacopa caroliniana (Walter) B.L. Robinson
UWAL0045754 Baldwin 27 Jun 1980 Dowling
962
UWAL
Bacopa caroliniana (Walt.) Robins
UNA00056736 Barbour 7 Sep 1998 MacDonald, John R.
11935
UNA
Bacopa caroliniana (Walt.) B.L. Robins.
UWAL0033134 Covington 19 Nov 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
27070
UWAL
Bacopa caroliniana (Walter) B.L. Robinson
AUA000040038 Baldwin 7 Aug 1925 Wolf, Wolfgang
2400
AUA
Bacopa Caroliniana (Walt.) B.L. Robins.
AUA_ACC_6736 Lee 20 Jul 1959 Johnson, A.S.
AUA
Bacopa Caroliniana (Walt.) B.L. Robins.
UNA00041540 Conecuh 08 Aug 1979 Haynes, Robert R.
7563
UNA
Bacopa caroliniana (Walt.) B.L. Robins.
UWAL0039958 Geneva 25 Aug 2016 Byrd, Cameron
61
UWAL
Bacopa caroliniana (Walter) B.L. Robinson
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