Aureolaria pectinata

Family:OROBANCHACEAE
Species:Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
Common Name:Sticky False Foxglove; Southern Oak Leach; Comb Leaf Yellow False Foxglove
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:**
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Southern Oak Leach is a native herbaceous annual in the Broomrape family (Orobanchaceae). It can be found throughout most of Alabama. Southern Oak Leach is a hemi-parasitic plant on the roots of various species of the red or black oak group (Quercus Section Lobatae). It occurs most often under oaks in dry or rocky areas and on roadside banks. Southern Oak Leach is an annual with a tap root. The stem is much branched, green or reddish in color, and glandular pubescent. The stems are up to 3 feet in height. Leaves are opposite or sub-opposite, petiolate to sessile, elliptic to lanceolate in outline, with deeply serrate margins or pinnately dissected. The leaves are densely glandular pubescent. Buds are orange-red in color and densely glandular pubescent. Flowers are solitary and axillary. The calyx is 5 lobed, the lobes deeply serrate. The calyx is glandular pubescent. The corolla is campanulate, yellow in color, and 5 lobed. The exterior of the corolla is glandular pubescent. The fruit is a capsule with many small seed. Southern Oak Leach is a hemi-parasite (half parasite), meaning that it contains chlorophyll and is capable of photosynthesis, but has a weak root system and requires a host in order to develop. This makes transplanting plants impossible. Some success has been obtained by sowing seed under suitable oak trees where the leaf litter had been removed and the soil roughly raked to expose fine roots. Injured plant parts turn black.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyOROBANCHACEAE - Broomrape family
Genus Aureolaria
Species Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell - Sticky False Foxglove; Southern Oak Leach; Comb Leaf Yellow False Foxglove

Citation

Citation AUREOLARIA PECTINATA (Nuttall) Pennell, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 40: 414. 1913
Basionym: Gerardia pedicularia Linnaeus, var. pectinata Nuttall 1818.
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data, Nuttall s.n. (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Pennell, Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia Monogr. 1: 403. 1935.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Agalinis pedicularia var. pectinata Agalinis pedicularia (Linnaeus) S. F. Blake, var. pectinata (Nuttall) S. F. Blake, Rhodora 20: 70. 1918.Gerardia pedicularia Linnaeus. var. pectinata Nuttall 1818. 
Aureolaria pectinata subsp. floridana Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell, subsp. floridana Pennell, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 40: 414. 1913. FLORIDA: Franklin Co.: Fort Gadsden, 20 Sep 1912, Pennell 4683 (holotype: PH).
Aureolaria pectinata subsp. typica Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell, subsp. typica Pennell, Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia Monogr. 1: 403. 1935, nom. inadmis.Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell 1913; Gerardia pedicularia Linnaeus, var. pectinata Nuttall 1818. 
Aureolaria pectinata var. eurycarpa Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell, var. eurycarpa Pennell, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 80: 425. 1928. GEORGIA: DeKalb Co.: Lithonia, 15 Oct 1913, Pennell 5700 (holotype: PH).
Aureolaria pectinata var. ozarkensis Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell, var. ozarkensis Pennell, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 80: 425. 1928. MISSOURI: Howell Co.: Mountain View, 31 Aug 1913, Pennell 5337 (holotype: PH).
Aureolaria pectinata var. transcendens Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell, var. transcendens Pennell, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 80: 424. 1928. SOUTH CAROLINA: Aiken Co.: Aiken, 23 Jul 1900, Biltmore Herb. 4816 (holotype: US).
Gerardia pedicularia var. pectinata Gerardia pedicularia Linnaeus, var. pectinata Nuttall, Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 2: 48. 1818.  
Aureolaria pectinata ssp. eurycarpa Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell, subsp. eurycarpa (Pennell) Pennell, Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia Monogr. 1: 404. 1935.Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell, var. eurycarpa Pennell 1928. 
Aureolaria pectinata ssp. transcedens Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell, subsp. transcendens (Pennell) Pennell, Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia Monogr. 1: 404. 1935.Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell, var. transcendens Pennell 1928. 
Aureolaria pedicularia var. pectinata    
Dasistoma pectinata Dasistoma pectinatum(Nuttall) Bentham, in de Candolle, Prodr. 10: 521. 1846.Gerardia pedicularia Linnaeus, var. pectinata Nuttall 1818. 
Gerardia pectinata Gerardia pectinata (Nuttall) Torrey ex Bentham, in Hooker, Companion Bot. Mag. 1: 206. 1836.Gerardia pedicularia Linnaeus, var. pectinata Nuttall 1818. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Butler, Calhoun, Chambers, Cherokee, Chilton, Choctaw, Clarke, Clay, Cleburne, Colbert, Conecuh, Coosa, Covington, Crenshaw, Cullman, Dale, DeKalb, Elmore, Escambia, Etowah, Franklin, Hale, Jackson, Mobile, Perry, Pike, Randolph, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter, Talladega, Walker, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1874 - 1970

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AUA_ACC_34176 Bibb 24 Aug 1977 Sessler, Ann H.
1860
AUA
Aureolaria Pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
JSU138871 Chambers 01 Oct 1988 Nixon, Christopher F.
4285
JSU
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
UWAL0015234 Perry 29 Sep 2013 Keener, Brian R.
8192
UWAL
Aureolaria pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
AUA000035284 Covington 15 Aug 2011 Hansen, Curtis J.
5191
AUA
Aureolaria Pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
TROY000028635 Autauga 06 Oct 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3119
TROY
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
USAM000014367 Mobile 25 Jun 1968 Wofford, B. Eugene
250
USAM
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
JSU139730 Clay 18 Oct 1980 Whetstone, R. David
10413
JSU
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
UNA00066870 Sumter 29 Sep 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3094
UNA
Aureolaria pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
AUA_ACC_44357 Escambia 31 Aug 1986 Diamond, Alvin R.
2769
AUA
Aureolaria Pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
AUA_ACC_57023 Crenshaw 8 Sep 1997 Diamond, Alvin R.
11110
AUA
Aureolaria Pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
UWAL0004079 St. Clair 24 Sep 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3083
UWAL
Aureolaria pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
ALNHS00001279 Baldwin 25 Jul 2012 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#660
ALNHS
Aureolaria pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
JSU138869 Calhoun 26 Sep 1986 Lawler, Carol L.
1284
JSU
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
SAMF0004721 Shelby 30 Sep 2010 Davenport, Lawrence J.
4526
SAMF
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
UWAL0046614 Autauga 03 Nov 2016 Parker, Matthew R.
277
UWAL
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
UWAL0004078 Etowah 01 Sep 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4798
UWAL
Aureolaria pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
TROY000044595 Autauga 03 Nov 2016 Parker, Matthew R.
277
TROY
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
UNA00041509 Clay 30 Jul 1896 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Aureolaria pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
TROY000009003 Pike 07 Oct 2001 Diamond, Alvin R.
12760
TROY
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
UWAL0033343 Walker 15 Oct 2016 England, J. Kevin
6909
UWAL
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
UWAL0033610 Choctaw 09 Oct 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9829
UWAL
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
TROY000049108 Perry 29 Sep 2013 Keener, Brian R.
8192
TROY
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
UNA00066286 Conecuh 26 Aug 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16817
UNA
Aureolaria pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
TROY000009000 Cleburne 15 Sep 2002 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11623
TROY
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
JSU138873 Clay 09 Oct 1982 Whetstone, R. David
12759
JSU
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
AUA_ACC_50316 Dale 26 Aug 1992 Diamond, Alvin R.
8424
AUA
Aureolaria Pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
JSU138878 DeKalb 11 Aug 1974 Whetstone, R. David
3532
JSU
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
JSU138876 Cleburne 28 Sep 1982 Bussey, Melanie G.
535a
JSU
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
UNA00066863 St. Clair 24 Sep 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3083
UNA
Aureolaria pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
AUA_ACC_54484 Chilton 1 Oct 1993 Diamond, Alvin R.
8842
AUA
Aureolaria Pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
TROY000048809 Autauga 29 Sep 2016 Parker, Matthew R.
141
TROY
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
JSU139303 Talladega 02 Sep 1994 Ballard, J. Mark
4872
JSU
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
JSU139304 Winston 07 Jul 1975 Whetstone, R. David
5130
JSU
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
USAM000014369 Mobile 18 Aug 1974 LeLong, Michel G.
8146
USAM
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
UWAL0046373 Autauga 29 Sep 2016 Parker, Matthew R.
141
UWAL
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
SAMF0004720 St. Clair 29 Sep 2009 Davenport, Lawrence J.
4084c
SAMF
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
UNA00041514 Shelby 23 Nov 1962 Deramus, Rebecca
242
UNA
Aureolaria pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
TROY000051376 Choctaw 09 Oct 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9829
TROY
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
AUA_ACC_58640 Clay 19 Sep 1980 Freeman, John D.
005
AUA
Aureolaria Pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
UWAL0052836 Bibb 24 Jul 2019 Keener, Brian R.
11494
UWAL
Aureolaria pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
TROY000032900 Butler 08 Sep 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22502
TROY
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
UNA00041504 Hale 06 Sep 1965 Maginness, Sherrie E.
80
UNA
Aureolaria pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
UNA00041505 Jackson 27 Aug 1970 Kral, Robert
40697
UNA
Aureolaria pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
UNA00056020 Covington 30 Jun 1998 MacDonald, John R.
11544
UNA
Aureolaria pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
UWAL0010363 Clarke 28 Aug 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5606
UWAL
Aureolaria pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
ALNHS00002936 Colbert 23 Sep 2014 Barger, T. Wayne
FH-572
ALNHS
Aureolaria pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
UWAL0003113 Butler 28 Sep 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22566
UWAL
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
AUA000037494 Pike 21 Oct 2016 Taylor, Chris T.
SP2822
AUA
Aureolaria Pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
TROY000009001 Conecuh 26 Aug 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16817
TROY
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
UNA00041512 Mobile 02 Aug 1897 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Aureolaria pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
USAM000014366 Mobile 28 Jun 1967 LeLong, Michel G.
3323
USAM
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
AUA_ACC_37792 Cherokee 1 Sep 1981 Henderson, T.
505
AUA
Aureolaria Pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
UWAL0001878 St. Clair 29 Sep 2009 Davenport, L.J.
4084.3
UWAL
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
TROY000036663 Clarke 28 Aug 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5606
TROY
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
UWAL0048058 Coosa 28 Sep 2017 Soehren, Eric C.
520
UWAL
Aureolaria pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
JSU139305 Winston 07 Jul 1975 Whetstone, R. David
5130
JSU
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
TROY000033868 Butler 28 Sep 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22566
TROY
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
UNA00041508 Cleburne 07 Sep 1874 Smith, Eugene A.
s.n.
UNA
Aureolaria pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
JSU138875 Cleburne 28 Sep 1982 Bussey, Melanie G.
535a
JSU
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
UWAL0033420 Franklin 13 Aug 2016 England, J. Kevin
6769
UWAL
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
TROY000009002 Dale 26 Oct 2000 Pennington, Tiffany
1109
TROY
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
TROY000023749 St. Clair 24 Sep 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3083
TROY
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
UNA00059897 Cleburne 15 Sep 2002 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11623
UNA
Aureolaria pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
JSU138874 Cleburne 28 Aug 1992 Ballard, J. Mark
594
JSU
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
UWAL0004080 Sumter 29 Sep 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3094
UWAL
Aureolaria pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
JSU138870 Calhoun 09 Sep 1982 Whetstone, R. David
12224
JSU
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
AUA_ACC_52593 Perry 17 Oct 1993 Diamond, Alvin R.
8880
AUA
Aureolaria Pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
JSU138877 Cleburne 02 Sep 1983 Bussey, Melanie G.
861
JSU
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
AUA_ACC_62512 Talladega 19 Sep 2002 Hansen, Curtis J.
02-14
AUA
Aureolaria Pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
ALNHS00002567 Mobile 10 Jul 2014 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#1404
ALNHS
Aureolaria pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
SAMF0004722 Shelby 24 Sep 1993 Davenport, Lawrence J.
2763
SAMF
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
JSU139302 Randolph 28 Jul 1988 Nixon, Christopher F.
4131
JSU
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
UWAL0004077 Autauga 06 Oct 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3119
UWAL
Aureolaria pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
AUA_ACC_44358 Conecuh 30 Aug 1986 Diamond, Alvin R.
2752
AUA
Aureolaria Pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
TROY000041183 Elmore 19 Sep 2011 Pullen, Robert
263
TROY
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
TROY000008999 Barbour 02 Oct 1999 MacDonald, John R.
13514
TROY
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
UNA00041511 Autauga 28 Sep 1966 McDaniel, Sidney
7769
UNA
Aureolaria pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
AUA_ACC_69516 Escambia 15 Aug 2008 Hansen, Curtis J.
3490
AUA
Aureolaria Pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
JSU138872 Clay 09 Oct 1982 Whetstone, R. David
12759
JSU
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
AUA_ACC_52043 Pike 27 Jul 1989 Diamond, Alvin R.
6435
AUA
Aureolaria Pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
JSU138879 DeKalb 11 Aug 1974 Whetstone, R. David
3532
JSU
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
ALNHS00002217 Clarke 15 May 2013 Horne, Howard E.
SWS-216
ALNHS
Aureolaria pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
JSU139301 Etowah 14 Aug 1994 Hodge, Lesley M.
3025
JSU
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
AUA000043489 Cullman Aug 1904 Wolf, Wolfgang
1213A
AUA
Aureolaria Pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
AUA_ACC_35917 Bibb 11 Sep 1979 Beckett, Scott W.
266
AUA
Aureolaria Pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
JSU138880 Etowah 24 Sep 1994 Hodge, Lesley M.
3884
JSU
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
TROY000023750 Sumter 29 Sep 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3094
TROY
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
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