Sarracenia psittacina

Family:SARRACENIACEAE
Species:Sarracenia psittacina Michaux
Common Name:Parrot Pitcher Plant; Parrot Beaks
Habitat:Pitcher Plant Bog
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:**
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:SAPS2
Plant Notes:Parrot Pitcher Plant is a native herbaceous perennial in the Pitcher-Plant family (Sarraceniaceae). It is an insectivorous species that can be found in the southern third of Alabama. Parrot Pitcher Plant occurs in bogs, seeps, wet savannas and pine flatwoods, titi swamps, and roadside ditches. It is a clump forming perennial from a woody rhizome. The hollow leaves form a rosette, radiating out from the growing point. The leaves are decumbent or rarely slightly ascending. The end of the leaf is almost completely enclosed, with a small round hole in the hood located at the end of a wing of vertical tissue that runs the length of the leaf. The hood is rounded and the leaf looks something like a golf club. Leaves are green and white with red veins in shade forms and almost completely red in forms growing in strong sunlight. Prey (often ants) are attracted to nectar produced near the hole in the hollow leaf. They enter the hole and downward pointing hairs lining the inside of the leaf force them deeper into the hollow trap. Water containing digestive fluids secreted by the plant fill the lower portion of the leaf. The vertical wing of tissue on the leaf may function as a “fence”, directing small ground crawling insects towards the opening of the trap. Flowers are produced singly on scapes that are 6-12 inches in height. The flowers are red in color. The fruit is a capsule. Parrot Pitcher Plant is often hidden by grasses and other vegetation. It is most noticeable when in flower. Parrot Pitcher Plant grows in wetter habitats than most other Pitcher Plant species. It can survive submerged for extended periods of time. Parrot Pitcher Plant is available from nurseries that specialize in “carnivorous” plants. It requires a wet, acidic potting mixture such as peat moss or sphagnum. Best growth and flowering occurs with plants grown in full sun. Parrot Pitcher Plant can be grown in a bog garden, in the shallow ends of pool gardens, and in terrariums. Only purchase plants from d
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, OBL (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilySARRACENIACEAE - Pitcher-Plant family
Genus Sarracenia
Species Sarracenia psittacina Michaux - Parrot Pitcher Plant; Parrot Beaks

Citation

Citation SARRACENIA PSITTACINA Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 311. 1803.
Basionym: **
Type: "ad urbe Augusta ad Floridam", without data, Michaux s.n. (holotype: P).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Sarracenia calceolata Sarracenia calceolata Nuttall, Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., ser. 2. 4: 49. 1834.  
Sarracenia parviflora Sarracenia parviflora Rafinesque, Autik. Bot. 33. 1840. FLORIDA
Sarracenia pulchella Sarracenia pulchella Croom, Amer. J. Sci. Arts 25: 75. 1834. FLORIDA

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Conecuh, Covington, Escambia, Geneva, Mobile, Monroe, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1878 - 2015

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AUA_ACC_12262 Escambia 30 Apr 1965 Koelling, Alfred C.
2304
AUA
Sarracenia Psittacina Michx.
AUA_ACC_50764 Escambia 6 Jun 1990 Diamond, Alvin R.
6958
AUA
Sarracenia Psittacina Michx.
USAM000014251 Mobile 23 Apr 1976 LeLong, Michel G.
9139
USAM
Sarracenia psittacina Michaux
UNA00011121 Geneva 26 Apr 1967 McDaniel, Sidney
8774
UNA
Sarracenia psittacina Michx.
AUA_ACC_65501 Baldwin 11 May 2005 Hansen, Curtis J.
1746
AUA
Sarracenia Psittacina Michx.
UWAL0018384 Baldwin 02 May 1987 Kral, Robert
73856
UWAL
Sarracenia psittacina Michx.
JSU133443 Baldwin 17 May 1974 Whetstone, R. David
2661
JSU
Sarracenia psittacina Michaux
AUA_ACC_12897 Covington 30 Apr 1965 Valentine, Gary
AUA
Sarracenia Psittacina Michx.
UNA00054770 Baldwin 28 Apr 2001 Haynes, Robert R.
10160
UNA
Sarracenia psittacina Michx.
UNA00053464 Mobile 27 Apr 1968 Thomas, Joab L.
1654
UNA
Sarracenia psittacina Michx.
USAM000014254 Baldwin 12 May 1980 Ewing, Elvin G. Jr.
s.n.
USAM
Sarracenia psittacina Michaux
AUA000039142 Baldwin 28 Jul 1969 Thornhill, Randy
163
AUA
Sarracenia Psittacina Michx.
AUA_ACC_2467 Baldwin 19 Apr 1953 Scott, Edwin
AUA
Sarracenia Psittacina Michx.
UWAL0017614 Escambia 03 May 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26258
UWAL
Sarracenia psittacina Michaux
UWAL0043697 Baldwin 18 Jul 2001 Larsen, Harry S.
960
UWAL
Sarracenia psittacina Michx.
JSU133446 Baldwin 17 May 1974 Whetstone, R. David
2661
JSU
Sarracenia psittacina Michaux
AUA_ACC_60995 Baldwin 26 Jul 1968 Cooper, W.L.
AUA
Sarracenia Psittacina Michx.
UWAL0017085 Baldwin 19 May 2014 Keener, Brian R.
8442
UWAL
Sarracenia psittacina Michx.
UNA00055720 Mobile 29 Apr 2001 Haynes, Robert R.
10209
UNA
Sarracenia psittacina Michx.
AUA_ACC_72583 Baldwin 19 Jun 2008 Barger, T. Wayne
PERD-416
AUA
Sarracenia Psittacina Michx.
UWAL0017929 Geneva 10 Jun 1976 Kral, Robert
58251
UWAL
Sarracenia psittacina Michx.
TROY000038433 Conecuh 18 Sep 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24555
TROY
Sarracenia psittacina Michaux
UWAL0050982 Mobile 21 Aug 1968 Dean, Blanche E.
216
UWAL
Sarracenia psittacina
UNA00016797 Mobile 27 Apr 1968 Thomas, Joab L.
1654
UNA
Sarracenia psittacina Michx.
JSU133450 Baldwin 17 May 1974 Whetstone, R. David
2661
JSU
Sarracenia psittacina Michaux
UWAL0034902 Escambia 09 May 1984 Kral, Robert
71389
UWAL
Sarracenia psittacina Michx.
TROY000008913 Baldwin 11 May 2005 Hansen, Curtis J.
1746
TROY
Sarracenia psittacina Michaux
UNA00054712 Mobile 27 Apr 2001 Haynes, Robert R.
10102
UNA
Sarracenia psittacina Michx.
JSU133449 Baldwin 17 May 1974 Landers, Kenneth E.
s.n.
JSU
Sarracenia psittacina Michaux
AUA_ACC_2469 Baldwin 19 Apr 1953 Bennett, Orus L.
AUA
Sarracenia Psittacina Michx.
TROY000042123 Escambia 03 May 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26258
TROY
Sarracenia psittacina Michaux
UNA00023576 Escambia 16 Aug 1994 Haynes, Robert R.
9469
UNA
Sarracenia psittacina Michx.
AUA_ACC_17187 Baldwin 25 Jul 1969 Simonds, E.P.
096
AUA
Sarracenia Psittacina Michx.
TROY000008914 Escambia 19 May 2004 Kral, Robert
95245
TROY
Sarracenia psittacina Michaux
JSU133442 Baldwin 26 Jul 1968 Johnson, Stephen C.
X-49-225
JSU
Sarracenia psittacina Michaux
JSU133451 Mobile 16 May 1974 Whetstone, R. David
2613
JSU
Sarracenia psittacina Michaux
AUA_ACC_50814 Geneva 25 May 1990 Diamond, Alvin R.
6927
AUA
Sarracenia Psittacina Michx.
UNA00054768 Baldwin 28 Apr 2001 Haynes, Robert R.
10158
UNA
Sarracenia psittacina Michx.
JSU133444 Baldwin 28 Sep 1985 Whetstone, R. David
15278
JSU
Sarracenia psittacina Michaux
AUA_ACC_13974 Baldwin 5 Aug 1966 Schmitton, H.R.
AUA
Sarracenia Psittacina Michx.
AUA000043466 Baldwin 21 Jul 1926 Wolf, Wolfgang
2576
AUA
Sarracenia Psittacina Michx.
AUA_ACC_37551 Mobile 14 Sep 1981 Henderson, T.
525
AUA
Sarracenia Psittacina Michx.
JSU133440 Baldwin 10 Aug 1993 Spaulding, Daniel D.
4272
JSU
Sarracenia psittacina Michaux
AUA_ACC_14033 Baldwin 30 Apr 1967 Rankin, H.Taylor
169
AUA
Sarracenia Psittacina Michx.
UWAL0018385 Baldwin 03 May 1987 Kral, Robert
73895
UWAL
Sarracenia psittacina Michx.
JSU133445 Baldwin 17 May 1974 Whetstone, R. David
2661
JSU
Sarracenia psittacina Michaux
AUA_ACC_61862 Baldwin 30 Apr 1965 Brown, Jimmy E.
44
AUA
Sarracenia Psittacina Michx.
AUA_ACC_14365 Baldwin 3 Apr 1969 Whatley, James L.
199
AUA
Sarracenia Psittacina Michx.
UNA00055710 Mobile 29 Apr 2001 Haynes, Robert R.
10199
UNA
Sarracenia psittacina Michx.
AUA_ACC_11692 Baldwin 29 Apr 1967 Barrick, William E.
AUA
Sarracenia Psittacina Michx.
UWAL0043698 Baldwin 09 Sep 2002 Nation, N. Fred
1109
UWAL
Sarracenia psittacina Michx.
AUA_ACC_8414 Baldwin 30 Apr 1965 Gamble, Tom
79
AUA
Sarracenia Psittacina Michx.
USAM000014252 Mobile 14 May 1968 LeLong, Michel G.
4586
USAM
Sarracenia psittacina Michaux
JSU133441 Baldwin 26 Jul 1968 Johnson, Stephen C.
X-49-224
JSU
Sarracenia psittacina Michaux
UNA00017090 Mobile 27 Apr 1968 Thomas, Joab L.
1670
UNA
Sarracenia psittacina Michx.
ALNHS00003438 Baldwin 26 Aug 2015 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#2026
ALNHS
Sarracenia psittacina Michx.
UNA00011111 Washington 08 Sep 1949 Harvill, Jr., A.M.
5795
UNA
Sarracenia psittacina Michx.
TROY000008915 Geneva 26 May 2001 Kral, Robert
91157
TROY
Sarracenia psittacina Michaux
UNA00054725 Mobile 27 Apr 2001 Haynes, Robert R.
10114
UNA
Sarracenia psittacina Michx.
JSU133448 Baldwin 17 May 1974 Landers, Kenneth E.
s.n.
JSU
Sarracenia psittacina Michaux
AUA_ACC_9464 Baldwin 6 May 1960 Jones, Jr., Samuel B.
540
AUA
Sarracenia Psittacina Michx.
AUA_ACC_22084 Washington 24 May 1970 Blankinship, B.P.
149
AUA
Sarracenia Psittacina Michx.
UNA00060413 Baldwin 25 Nov 2002 Zebryk, Tad M.
8089
UNA
Sarracenia psittacina Michx.
UWAL0017816 Washington 02 May 1987 Kral, Robert
73866
UWAL
Sarracenia psittacina Michx.
AUA_ACC_40352 Geneva 14 May 1972 Hanning, D.W.
156
AUA
Sarracenia Psittacina Michx.
UWAL0053403 Baldwin 01 Jul 1926 Wolf, W.
2575
UWAL
Sarracenia psittacina Michx.
AUA_ACC_26458 Geneva 7 Jun 1969 Kral, Robert
35081
AUA
Sarracenia Psittacina Michx.
JSU133452 Mobile 16 May 1974 Whetstone, R. David
2613
JSU
Sarracenia psittacina Michaux
AUA_ACC_19644 Baldwin 3 May 1969 Moore, Harold D.
172-69
AUA
Sarracenia Psittacina Michx.
UNA00054769 Baldwin 28 Apr 2001 Haynes, Robert R.
10159
UNA
Sarracenia psittacina Michx.
USAM000014253 Mobile 06 Apr 1970 Freeland, D.G.
9
USAM
Sarracenia psittacina Michaux
UWAL0047468 Escambia 26 Aug 2018 Keener, Brian R.
10857
UWAL
Sarracenia psittacina Michx.
UNA00053467 Mobile 27 Apr 1968 Thomas, Joab L.
1670
UNA
Sarracenia psittacina Michx.
UWAL0017877 Monroe 21 Aug 1981 Kral, Robert
67814
UWAL
Sarracenia psittacina Michx.
UWAL0011780 Washington 14 May 2013 Keener, Brian R.
7817
UWAL
Sarracenia psittacina Michaux
UNA00011116 Baldwin 07 Aug 1979 Davenport, Lawrence J.
1472
UNA
Sarracenia psittacina Michx.
JSU133447 Baldwin 17 May 1974 Whetstone, R. David
2661
JSU
Sarracenia psittacina Michaux
AUA_ACC_37629 Baldwin 22 Sep 1981 O'Halloran, K.
592
AUA
Sarracenia Psittacina Michx.
USAM000011193 Mobile 28 May 2004 Zebryk, Tad
8539
USAM
Sarracenia psittacina Michaux
UNA00054710 Mobile 27 Apr 2001 Haynes, Robert R.
10100
UNA
Sarracenia psittacina Michx.
UNA00011100 Mobile 12 Apr 1878 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Sarracenia psittacina Michx.
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