Cardiospermum halicacabum

Family:SAPINDACEAE
Species:Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus
Common Name:Balloon Vine; Love in a Puff; Heart Seed
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Vine
Duration:Biennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Balloon Vine is an introduced herbaceous perennial in the Soapberry family (Sapindaceae). It is native to South and Central America, but is now found in tropical and subtropical areas worldwide. In Alabama it is found across the state, usually near major rivers. Balloon Vine occurs on roadsides, in swamp forests, on sand bars, in fields, and in other moist disturbed areas. It is a perennial herbaceous vine from a taproot. It can reach lengths of 10 feet or more and may become woody towards the base. The stems climb by tendrils from the axils of the leaves. The stems are green in color, grooved, and glabrous or sparsely pubescent. Leaves are alternate, petiolate, triangular in outline, and biternately dissected. The segments of the leaf are lanceolate in outline, serrate, and sparsely pubescent. The functionally unisexual flowers are produced in panicles of 3-7 from the axils of the leaves. Each flower has 4 unequal green sepals, 4 unequal white or yellowish petals, and 8 anthers. The fruit is an obovoid papery, pubescent capsule. The seed are black and white. Balloon Vine is sometimes cultivated for its unusual fruit. It can be grown from cuttings or seed. Balloon Vine is considered an invasive species in many tropical countries and in some states.—A. Diamond.
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native, FAC (NWI)
References:**

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilySAPINDACEAE - Soapberry family
Genus Cardiospermum
Species Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus - Balloon Vine; Love in a Puff; Heart Seed

Citation

Citation CARDIOSPERMUM HALICACABUM Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 366. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: Without data, Herb. Clifford 151(Cardiospermum 1b) (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Barrie, in C. E. Jarvis et al., Regnum Veg. 127: 30. 1993.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Cardiospermum corycodes Cardiospermum corycodes Kunze, Linnaea 17: 579. 1843. CUBA
Cardiospermum glabrum Cardiospermum glabrum Schumacher & Thonning, in Schumacher, Beskr. Guin. Pl. 197. 1827. GHANA
Cardiospermum halicacabum var. arabicum Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus, var. arabicum Blume, Rumphia 3: 185. 1847.  
Cardiospermum halicacabum var. senegalense Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus, var. senegalense Blume, Rumphia 3: 185. 1847.  
Cardiospermum inflatum Cardiospermum inflatum Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 379. 1796, nom. illegit.Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus 1753. 
Cardiospermum luridum Cardiospermum luridum Blume, Rumphia 3: 184. 1847. INDONESIA: Java:
Corindum halicacabum Corindum halicacabum (Linnaeus) Medikus, Malvenfam. 110. 1787.Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus 1753. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Bibb, Bullock, Calhoun, Cherokee, Choctaw, Clarke, Cullman, Dallas, Etowah, Greene, Hale, Jackson, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Lowndes, Madison, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Perry, Sumter, Talladega, Tuscaloosa, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, JSU, NY, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL, UWFP

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1962 - 1982

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU133136 Jackson 6 Aug 1998 Brodeur, Kristin R.
1064
JSU
Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus
UWAL0004015 Sumter 10 Jul 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3206
UWAL
Cardiospermum halicacabum L.
UWAL0031122 Cullman 13 Sep 2014 Spaulding, Daniel D.
14121
UWAL
Cardiospermum halicacabum L.
UWAL0004012 Monroe 20 Sep 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
18233
UWAL
Cardiospermum halicacabum L.
TROY000050104 10 Sep 2011 England, J. Kevin
3136
TROY
Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus
JSU133138 Jackson 31 Aug 1997 Ballard, J. Mark
7437
JSU
Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus
SAMF0003279 Sumter 07 Aug 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19728
SAMF
Cardiospermum halicacacum Linnaeus
JSU133140 Madison 22 Sep 1995 Whetstone, R. David
s.n.
JSU
Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus
JSU133144 Talladega 13 Oct 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
3253
JSU
Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus
TROY000029421 Montgomery 29 Sep 2009 Diamond, Alvin R.
20959
TROY
Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus
UWAL0004011 Clarke 07 Sep 2003 Keener, Brian R.
2971
UWAL
Cardiospermum halicacabum L.
NY02490623 Montgomery 31 Oct 1943 Justice Koepper
s.n.
NY
Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus
UWAL0014673 Bullock 31 Aug 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1175
UWAL
Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_20829 Marengo 28 Aug 1969 Moore, Harold D.
685-69
AUA
Cardiospermum Halicacabum L.
TROY000008873 Monroe 20 Sep 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
18233
TROY
Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus
JSU133141 Marshall 25 Jun 1993 Ballard, J. Mark
2662
JSU
Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus
JSU133130 Calhoun 30 Jul 1986 Lawler, Carol L.
876
JSU
Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus
JSU133139 Limestone 13 Jul 1996 Spaulding, Daniel D.
9080
JSU
Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus
TROY000036684 Bullock 31 Aug 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1175
TROY
Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus
ALNHS00004085 Montgomery 24 Aug 2016 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#2396
ALNHS
Cardiospermum halicacabum L.
AUA_ACC_72047 Sumter 2 Oct 2008 England, J. Kevin
1291
AUA
Cardiospermum Halicacabum L.
JSU133147 Washington 16 Aug 1993 Ballard, J. Mark
3219
JSU
Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus
UWAL0037757 Mobile 22 Sep 1973 LeLong, Michel G.
7303.6
UWAL
Cardiospermum halicacabum L.
USAM000014199 Greene 19 Oct 1979 LeLong, Michel G.
10974
USAM
Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus
UNA00066966 Sumter 06 Nov 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3274
UNA
Cardiospermum halicacabum L.
UWAL0051942 Madison 04 Oct 2020 England, J. Kevin
11241
UWAL
Cardiospermum halicacabum L.
UNA00063621 Jackson 06 Aug 1998 Brodeur, Kristin R.
1064
UNA
Cardiospermum halicacabum L.
AUA_ACC_61059 Choctaw 26 Jul 1994 Crouch, Virginia E.
1098
AUA
Cardiospermum Halicacabum L.
NY02490564 Dallas 22 Aug 1909 Samuel M. Tracy
8009
NY
Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus
JSU133133 Clarke 13 Sep 1997 Whetstone, R. David
18872
JSU
Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus
TROY000023561 Jackson 12 Oct 2002 Edmonds, Wes
4
TROY
Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus
UNA00009804 Hale 06 Sep 1965 Maginness, Sherrie E.
73
UNA
Cardiospermum halicacabum L.
UWAL0042832 Baldwin 06 Sep 2001 Larsen, Harry S.
802
UWAL
Cardiospermum halicacbum L.
AUA_ACC_9838 Lee 29 Aug 1960 Roberts, D.R.
AUA
Cardiospermum Halicacabum L.
JSU133132 Cherokee 19 Sep 1972 Landers, Kenneth E.
RDW-1269
JSU
Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_67353 Sumter 26 Oct 2007 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12785
AUA
Cardiospermum Halicacabum L.
TROY000029143 Sumter 26 Oct 2007 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12785
TROY
Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus
JSU133145 Tuscaloosa 19 Aug 2000 Spaulding, Daniel D.
10820
JSU
Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_37704 Washington 5 Oct 1981 Henderson, T.
692
AUA
Cardiospermum Halicacabum L.
UNA00009803 Montgomery 23 Jul 1969 Thomas, Joab L.
2311
UNA
Cardiospermum halicacabum L.
AUA_ACC_73204 Limestone 9 Sep 2012 England, J. Kevin
3934
AUA
Cardiospermum Halicacabum L.
JSU133148 Washington 16 Aug 1993 Ballard, J. Mark
3219
JSU
Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus
TROY000031480 Limestone 05 Aug 1981 Henderson, T.
342
TROY
Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus
TROY000023562 Sumter 07 Aug 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19728
TROY
Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus
UWAL0038729 Lawrence 01 Sep 2018 England, J. Kevin
9412
UWAL
Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus
UNA00009805 Autauga s.d. Smith, Eugene A.
s.n.
UNA
Cardiospermum halicacabum L.
AUA_ACC_61021 Choctaw 6 Jun 1994 Crouch, Virginia E.
965
AUA
Cardiospermum Halicacabum L.
NY02490560 Greene 26 Aug 1990 Steven R. Hill
21889
NY
Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_51106 Lowndes 5 Aug 1990 Diamond, Alvin R.
7068
AUA
Cardiospermum Halicacabum L.
JSU133146 Washington 13 Sep 1997 Whetstone, R. David
18670
JSU
Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus
TROY000028207 Sumter 02 Oct 2008 England, J. Kevin
1291
TROY
Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus
UNA00069119 Sumter 26 Oct 2007 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12785
UNA
Cardiospermum halicacabum L.
UNA00009808 Lowndes 16 Aug 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
1045
UNA
Cardiospermum halicacabum L.
UWAL0013155 Morgan 10 Sep 2011 England, J. Kevin
3136
UWAL
Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus
ALNHS00004085 Montgomery 24 Aug 2016 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#2396
ALNHS
Cardiospermum halicacabum L.
UWAL0011917 Perry 21 Oct 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7658
UWAL
Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_61020 Choctaw 24 Aug 1994 Crouch, Virginia E.
1147
AUA
Cardiospermum Halicacabum L.
UWAL0018124 Limestone 09 Sep 2012 England, J. Kevin
3934
UWAL
Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus
UWAL0004014 Sumter 06 Nov 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3274
UWAL
Cardiospermum halicacabum L.
JSU133134 Etowah 7 Aug 1994 Hodge, Lesley M.
2999
JSU
Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus
UWFP016584 Baldwin 13 Jul 2008 Michael J. Jordan
UWFP
Cardiospermum halicacabum L.
UNA00009802 Greene 28 Sep 1962 Thomas, Joab L.
703
UNA
Cardiospermum halicacabum L.
AUA_ACC_39430 Lowndes 16 Aug 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
1045
AUA
Cardiospermum Halicacabum L.
UNA00009807 Montgomery 03 Sep 1977 Haynes, Robert R.
6362
UNA
Cardiospermum halicacabum L.
UNA00009806 Bibb s.d. Smith, Eugene A.
s.n.
UNA
Cardiospermum halicacabum L.
UNA00064883 Clarke 07 Sep 2003 Keener, Brian R.
2971
UNA
Cardiospermum halicacabum L.
USAM000014198 Mobile 22 Sep 1973 LeLong, Michel G.
7303.1
USAM
Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus
JSU133131 Calhoun 5 Aug 1982 Whetstone, R. David
11827
JSU
Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus
UWAL0004013 Montgomery 29 Sep 2009 Diamond, Alvin R.
20959
UWAL
Cardiospermum halicacabum L.
JSU133142 Monroe 12 Sep 1997 Whetstone, R. David
18575
JSU
Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus
JSU133135 Jackson 30 Jun 1996 Spaulding, Daniel D.
8986
JSU
Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus
UWAL0008714 Marengo 27 Jun 2011 England, J. Kevin
2931
UWAL
Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus
TROY000047297 Mobile 22 Sep 1973 Lelong, Michel G.
7303
TROY
Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus
JSU133137 Jackson 5 Aug 1994 Ballard, J. Mark
4545
JSU
Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_48317 Lee 11 Nov 1980 Beard, Ben
132
AUA
Cardiospermum Halicacabum L.
TROY000029783 Jackson 26 Aug 2009 Barger, T. Wayne
354
TROY
Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus
JSU133143 Morgan 15 Sep 1996 Spaulding, Daniel D.
9199
JSU
Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_46253 Limestone 5 Aug 1981 Henderson, T.
342
AUA
Cardiospermum Halicacabum L.
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