Galium sherardia

Family:RUBIACEAE
Species:Galium sherardia (L.) E.H.L. Krause
Common Name:Field Madder
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:SHAR2
Plant Notes:Field Madder is an introduced herbaceous annual in the Madder family (Rubiaceae). It is native to Europe, north Africa, and Asia. In Alabama it can be found statewide. Field Madder occurs in lawns, on roadsides, and in fields. It is an annual with a fibrous root system. The stems are branched at the base, decumbent, and green in color. The stems are 4-angled and pubescent. Leaves are sessile and occur in whorls of 5-6. The leaves are lanceolate to oblanceolate in outline with an acute tip. Flowers are produced in axillary fascicles. The fascicles have 2-3 flowers subtended by an involucre composed of a ring of six bracts. The corolla is salverform, 4-lobed, and pink or purple in color. The fruit is a nutlet. The roots of Field Madder can be used to produce a red dye. This species until recently was placed in the monotypic genus Sherardia. It was separated from Gallium based on flower color, flower shape, and by having a bracteate inflorescence.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyRUBIACEAE - Madder/Coffee family
Genus Galium
Species Galium sherardia (L.) E.H.L. Krause - Field Madder

Citation

Citation Galium sherardia (L.) E.H.L. Krause, Deutschl. Fl. ed. 2, 12: 187. 1904.
Basionym: Sherardia arvensis L. 1753.
Type: Without data, Herb. Clifford 33 (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Natali, in C. E. Jarvis et al., Regnum Veg. 127: 88. 1993.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Hexodontocarpus arvensis Hexodontocarpus arvensis (Linnaeus) Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyrenees 467. 1867.Sherardia arvensis Linnaeus 1753. 
Sherardia arvensis Sherardia arvensis L., Sp. Pl. 102. 1753. Without data, Herb. Clifford 33 (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Natali, in C. E. Jarvis et al., Regnum Veg. 127: 88. 1993.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Chilton, Cleburne, Colbert, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Dallas, Elmore, Etowah, Fayette, Greene, Hale, Henry, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lamar, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Lowndes, Macon, Madison, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Montgomery, Morgan, Perry, Pickens, Pike, Randolph, Russell, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU132144 Jefferson 30 Jun 1984 J. P. Barber
704
JSU
Galium sherardia E.H.L. Krause
UNA00043920 Marengo 15 May 1969 Joab L. Thomas
2092
UNA
Sherardia arvensis L.
JSU132135 Cleburne 25 Mar 1973 Susan Windsor
s.n.
JSU
Galium sherardia E.H.L. Krause
UWAL0003953 Marengo 06 Feb 2009 England, J. Kevin
1576
UWAL
Galium sherardia E.H.L. Krause
TROY000008786 Crenshaw 22 Apr 2001 Alvin R. Diamond
12387
TROY
Sherardia arvensis Linnaeus
JSU132139 Jackson 19 Apr 1999 K. R. Brodeur
1704
JSU
Galium sherardia E.H.L. Krause
29236 Tallapoosa 6 APR 1976 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
2028
AUA
GALIUM SHERARDIA KRAUSE
UNA00061299 Lawrence 26 Mar 2000 Kevin England
131
UNA
Sherardia arvensis L.
73098 Limestone 25 APR 2015 ENGLAND, J. KEVIN
5410
AUA
GALIUM SHERARDIA KRAUSE
JSU132137 Cleburne 13 Apr 1996 C. P. Rogers
037
JSU
Galium sherardia E.H.L. Krause
UNA00053800 Blount 13 May 1997 Brian R. Keener
147
UNA
Sherardia arvensis L.
UNA00043925 Hale 9 May 1966 Sherrie E. Maginness
226
UNA
Sherardia arvensis L.
USAM000014068 Mobile 26 Apr 1967 Michael G. LeLong
3073
USAM
Sherardia arvensis Linnaeus
TROY000008789 Montgomery 28 Mar 2004 Robert Kral
94731
TROY
Sherardia arvensis Linnaeus
UNA00043923 Hale 28 Apr 1969 Joab L. Thomas
2006
UNA
Sherardia arvensis L.
JSU132156 Sumter 7 Apr 1973 Susan Windsor
s.n.
JSU
Galium sherardia E.H.L. Krause
UWAL0014986 Bullock 22 Mar 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0377
UWAL
Galium sherardia E.H.L. Krause
TROY000008784 Butler 22 Apr 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17436
TROY
Sherardia arvensis Linnaeus
JSU132138 Etowah 16 Apr 1994 L. M. Hodge
1175
JSU
Galium sherardia E.H.L. Krause
15347 Lee 16 APR 1966 SEARCY, JAMES W.
AUA
GALIUM SHERARDIA KRAUSE
TROY000026122 Montgomery 08 Feb 2009 Alvin R. Diamond
20490
TROY
Sherardia arvensis Linnaeus
SAMF0006425 Jefferson 23 Mar 2016 Davenport, L. J.
6095
SAMF
Sherardia arvensis Linnaeus
JSU132148 Madison 11 May 1996 D. D. Spaulding
8341
JSU
Galium sherardia E.H.L. Krause
UNA00055697 Lamar 28 Apr 2002 Brian R. Keener
2015
UNA
Sherardia arvensis L.
TROY000037696 Conecuh 20 Apr 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
23922
TROY
Sherardia arvensis Linnaeus
USAM000014069 Mobile 30 May 1968 Michael G. LeLong
4698
USAM
Sherardia arvensis Linnaeus
JSU132155 Sumter 19 May 1989 Loran C. Anderson
11981
JSU
Galium sherardia E.H.L. Krause
JSU132147 Limestone 29 Jun 1996 J. M. Ballard
5932
JSU
Galium sherardia E.H.L. Krause
TROY000008787 Dale 04 Apr 2000 Tiffany Pennington
485
TROY
Sherardia arvensis Linnaeus
UWAL0018522 Lowndes 06 Apr 1993 Kral, R.
82007
UWAL
Galium sherardia Krause
UNA00043916 Chilton 29 Apr 1987 Robert R. Haynes
8940
UNA
Sherardia arvensis L.
JSU132146 Limestone 26 May 1996 R. D. Whetstone
17804
JSU
Galium sherardia E.H.L. Krause
TROY000023299 Henry 01 May 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19137
TROY
Sherardia arvensis Linnaeus
TROY000023463 Pickens 06 Apr 2002 Daniel D. Spaulding
11153
TROY
Sherardia arvensis Linnaeus
UWAL0003957 Sumter 29 Mar 1993 Beane, Lynn
s.n.
UWAL
Galium sherardia E.H.L. Krause
51620 Crenshaw 21 APR 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7342
AUA
GALIUM SHERARDIA KRAUSE
UWAL0003955 Marengo 17 May 1993 Harris, J.W.
s.n.
UWAL
Galium sherardia E.H.L. Krause
JSU132151 Marshall 3 Apr 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1268
JSU
Galium sherardia E.H.L. Krause
TROY000023461 Marshall 11 Jun 1993 J. M. Ballard
2586
TROY
Sherardia arvensis Linnaeus
12368 Tallapoosa 11 APR 1965 KOELLING, ALFRED C.
2166
AUA
GALIUM SHERARDIA KRAUSE
TROY000034901 Perry 30 Apr 2006 Robert Kral
97236
TROY
Sherardia arvensis Linnaeus
JSU132140 Jackson 1 Jun 1993 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Galium sherardia E.H.L. Krause
JSU132136 Cleburne 25 Mar 1995 S. E. Hruska
561
JSU
Galium sherardia E.H.L. Krause
50137 Montgomery 15 MAR 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5716
AUA
GALIUM SHERARDIA KRAUSE
JSU132142 Jefferson 23 May 1985 J. P. Barber
1528
JSU
Galium sherardia E.H.L. Krause
UNA00043922 Greene 14 Apr 1969 Joab L. Thomas
1964
UNA
Sherardia arvensis L.
JSU132153 St. Clair 5 May 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13063
JSU
Galium sherardia E.H.L. Krause
TROY000046255 Elmore 20 Mar 2018 Alvin R. Diamond
28104
TROY
Galium sherardia (L.) E.H.L. Krause
JSU132131 Calhoun 8 May 1970 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Galium sherardia E.H.L. Krause
14075 Calhoun 10 APR 1968 O'NEAL, JUDY
AUA
GALIUM SHERARDIA KRAUSE
52398 Pike 9 APR 1994 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9051
AUA
GALIUM SHERARDIA KRAUSE
UWAL0034845 Madison 19 May 1995 Kral, R.
84674
UWAL
Galium sherardia E.H.L. Krause
UNA00058340 Covington 6 Apr 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13016
UNA
Sherardia arvensis L.
UWAL0018156 Colbert 20 May 1993 Kral, R.
82336
UWAL
Galium sherardia Krause
JSU132145 Limestone 1 Apr 1997 T. L. Hofmann
00344
JSU
Galium sherardia E.H.L. Krause
58494 Blount 27 APR 1997 MILLS, D.
043
AUA
GALIUM SHERARDIA KRAUSE
UWAL0003956 Montgomery 28 Mar 2004 Kral, R.
94731
UWAL
Galium sherardia E.H.L. Krause
JSU132132 Calhoun 30 Mar 1978 Rene Morris
s.n.
JSU
Galium sherardia E.H.L. Krause
TROY000023462 Morgan 26 Apr 1989 Tammy Walden
s.n.
TROY
Sherardia arvensis Linnaeus
JSU132152 St. Clair 29 Jun 1997 J. M. Ballard
7281
JSU
Galium sherardia E.H.L. Krause
UNA00043924 Greene 13 May 1967 H. Naugle
G 296
UNA
Sherardia arvensis L.
UWAL0033879 Fayette 30 Mar 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9407
UWAL
Galium sherardia E.H.L. Krause
JSU132134 Chilton 27 Apr 1979 R. D. Whetstone
9674
JSU
Galium sherardia E.H.L. Krause
TROY000023297 Washington 05 May 2002 Robert Kral
92550
TROY
Sherardia arvensis Linnaeus
TROY000038536 Bullock 22 Mar 2012 Bailee Dykes
377
TROY
Sherardia arvensis Linnaeus
UWAL0018146 Limestone 25 Apr 2015 England, J. Kevin
5410
UWAL
Galium sherardia E.H.L Krause
51231 Crenshaw 5 MAY 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6876
AUA
GALIUM SHERARDIA KRAUSE
UWAL0003954 St. Clair 01 Apr 2006 Keener, Brian R.
2763
UWAL
Galium sherardia E.H.L. Krause
JSU132127 Calhoun 17 Mar 1992 F. W. Clearman
060
JSU
Galium sherardia E.H.L. Krause
SAMF0006079 Pickens 19 Apr 2016 Davenport, L. J.
6162
SAMF
Sherardia arvensis Linnaeus
25759 Sumter 20 APR 1965 KRAL, ROBERT
23801
AUA
GALIUM SHERARDIA KRAUSE
UWAL0013866 Conecuh 20 Apr 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23922
UWAL
Galium sherardia E.H.L. Krause
TROY000008785 Covington 06 Apr 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13016
TROY
Sherardia arvensis Linnaeus
JSU132143 Jefferson 17 May 1985 J. P. Barber
1462
JSU
Galium sherardia E.H.L. Krause
UNA00043919 Marengo 11 Apr 1969 Joab L. Thomas
1922
UNA
Sherardia arvensis L.
UWAL0034763 Calhoun 02 Apr 1995 Kral, R.
84397
UWAL
Galium sherardia E.H.L. Krause
JSU132129 Calhoun 22 Mar 1995 S. E. Hruska
575
JSU
Galium sherardia E.H.L. Krause
71116 Dallas 16 APR 2010 BARGER, T. WAYNE
OC-142
AUA
GALIUM SHERARDIA KRAUSE
JSU132154 Shelby 4 Apr 1993 R. D. Whetstone
16307
JSU
Galium sherardia E.H.L. Krause
SAMF0004277 Jefferson 12 Mar 2009 Burns, Kelly L.
5
SAMF
Sherardia arvensis Linnaeus
34471 Montgomery 9 MAY 1970 MURCHISON, GROVER R.
AUA
GALIUM SHERARDIA KRAUSE
UWAL0037644 Limestone 03 Apr 2018 England, J. Kevin
8922
UWAL
Galium sherardia E.H.L. Krause
51271 Covington 5 MAY 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6885
AUA
GALIUM SHERARDIA KRAUSE
UWAL0032299 Jackson 08 Apr 2016 England, J. Kevin
6089
UWAL
Galium sherardia E.H.L. Krause
UNA00060607 Pike 19 Mar 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
13796
UNA
Sherardia arvensis L.
SAMF0004278 Jefferson 19 Mar 2007 Davenport, L. J.
3632
SAMF
Sherardia arvensis Linnaeus
JSU132149 Madison 6 Apr 1976 T. A. Atkinson
1258
JSU
Galium sherardia E.H.L. Krause
10150 Lee 29 MAR 1962 LANDERS, KENNETH E.
AUA
GALIUM SHERARDIA KRAUSE
UWAL0031512 Morgan 12 Mar 2016 England, J. Kevin
5916
UWAL
Galium sherardia EHL Krause
TROY000023464 Randolph 23 Apr 1988 C. F. Nixon
3732
TROY
Sherardia arvensis Linnaeus
JSU132157 Talladega 8 Apr 1979 Gary Knight
031
JSU
Galium sherardia E.H.L. Krause
TROY000008788 Macon 26 Mar 2001 Steven J. Threlkeld
1362
TROY
Sherardia arvensis Linnaeus
SAMF0004276 Marshall 14 Apr 2010 Davenport, L. J.
4203
SAMF
Sherardia arvensis Linnaeus
UNA00055459 Lamar 17 Mar 2002 Robert R. Haynes
10228
UNA
Sherardia arvensis L.
JSU142185 Dallas 16 Apr 2010 T. Wayne Barger
OC-142
JSU
Sherardia arvensis Linneaus
JSU132128 Calhoun 28 Feb 1993 L. Weninegar
16
JSU
Galium sherardia E.H.L. Krause
TROY000044725 Autauga 24 Jan 2017 Matthew R. Parker
323
TROY
Galium sherardia (L.) E.H.L. Krause
TROY000023298 Covington 16 Mar 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
18788
TROY
Sherardia arvensis Linnaeus
TROY000043671 Limestone 25 Apr 2015 J. Kevin England
5410
TROY
Galium sherardia E.H.L. Krause
JSU132150 Marshall 22 Apr 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1355
JSU
Galium sherardia E.H.L. Krause
TROY000022728 Marengo 06 Feb 2009 J. Kevin England
1576
TROY
Sherardia arvensis Linnaeus
45824 Jefferson 15 MAY 1971 JAMES, AUDREY
152
AUA
GALIUM SHERARDIA KRAUSE
TROY000030823 Lee 06 May 1961 PGB
s.n.
TROY
Sherardia arvensis Linnaeus
JSU132133 Calhoun 3 Apr 1968 Martha Stuart
s.n.
JSU
Galium sherardia E.H.L. Krause
JSU132130 Calhoun 18 Feb 1993 Susan Hruska
1
JSU
Galium sherardia E.H.L. Krause
SAMF0006505 Fayette 06 May 2016 Davenport, L. J.
6252
SAMF
Galium arvensis (Linnaeus) E. H. L. Krause
JSU132141 Jefferson 28 May 1984 J. P. Barber
652
JSU
Galium sherardia E.H.L. Krause
UNA00043921 Sumter 14 Apr 1969 Joab L. Thomas
1972
UNA
Sherardia arvensis L.
TROY000008790 Pike 19 Mar 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
13796
TROY
Sherardia arvensis Linnaeus
UWAL0031210 Pickens 26 Mar 2015 Keener, Brian R.
8693
UWAL
Galium sherardia Krause
JSU132126 Bibb 1 Apr 1999 K. R. Brodeur
1634
JSU
Galium sherardia E.H.L. Krause
29567 Tallapoosa 1 APR 1976 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
1963
AUA
GALIUM SHERARDIA KRAUSE
UNA00045705 Houston 15 Apr 1995 John R. MacDonald
8395
UNA
Sherardia arvensis L.
45825 Russell 3 APR 1971 DONOVAN, LOIS A.
052
AUA
GALIUM SHERARDIA KRAUSE
UNA00058565 St. Clair 1 Apr 2006 Brian R. Keener
2763
UNA
Sherardia arvensis L.
UNA00043931 Sumter 11 Apr 1959 Roland M. Harper
4414
UNA
Sherardia arvensis L.
SAMF0004279 Hale 09 May 1966 Maginness, Sherrie E.
226
SAMF
Sherardia arvensis Linnaeus
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